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the voters, on account of the delin- tional importance as the representaquency of a part-a view of the ques- tion of the people in Parliament, is tion which no suggestion would en- revolution ; and if it were done withable thein to take in the East Retford out popular tumult, and general tercase—and with sundry symptoms of ror, and consequent misery, it would extreme ill-temper, they avowed a be a miracle. In the present crisis, decided hostility to the motion. They therefore, nothing could be more were, however, destitute of strength politic, than to stop the progress of to resist the party of the Marquess of the writ for such a place as Evesham, Chandos, and he carried his motion and put the abused franchise into in the teeth of their opposition. With better hands; and it must tend, along respect to the real merits of the ques- with many other things, very much tion, it is scarcely to be denied, that to lower the character of Lord Grey's many cases, as bad as that of Eve- government, that for the paltry sake sham, notoriously exist, and have oc- of a temporary convenience, to be casionally been brought before com- derived from the corrupt purchase mittees of the House of Commons, of two seats, they should, in this without any such special notice lia- instance, have not only eaten up their ving been taken of them, as has been own words, but their own princi. on the present occasion ; but if it be ples. true, as has been so loudly stated on The question respecting Evesham one side, and not denied on the other, election writ being settled, the rethat in consequence of the pressure mainder of the evening was devoted of public opinion, reform is a thing to the lawyers; first, Mr John Campof more urgent necessity now, than bell moved for leave to bring in a bill it has hitherto been, there is no in- for establishing a general register for. consistency in laying hold of a fla- all deeds and instruments affecting grant case of corruption, which is real property in England and Wales presented with the proper and formal Sir Edward Sugden said, that the evidence, and demanding that the question was as great and as important evil should be remedied. Mr War. a one as ever was introduced to the burton, who is, for a man affecting attention of the House, and announscience, sometimes strangely illogi- ced his intention of opposing the bill cal, would persuade us, that it is un- upon the second reading. Sir Charles just to punish one borough, without Wetherell also gave notice of his ina sweeping measure for the punish- tended opposition, and treated the ment of the whole-he might as well proposition with ridicule and some argue, that one of a gang of thieves asperity. As neither of these emihaving been found guilty by good nent lawyers entered into any arguevidence, we should let him go, until ment upon the motion, we must be evidence can be found for the pro- content to remain in expectation, secution of the whole party. But the until the debate on the second readmost important view of the matter is ing shall develope what the objecthis, that expediency and sound prac- tions are to making a system general tical policy demand, that whatever throughout England, which already produces so very important a change prevails in the great counties of in the circumstances of society, as York and Middlesex, and in the Parliamentary Reform, should be ac- kingdoms of Scotland and Ireland. complished gradually, so as to afford Though not in general disposed to opportunity for the new relations of very profound admiration of the wismen and things to adjust themselves dom, or the manner of its display in peaceably, and in a solid and perma- Mr John Campbell, we cannot help nent form. What infatuation is it, thinking, while we remain unenlightthat makes men blind to the rash ened by the arguments of his learnfolly of attempting, at one legislative ed opponents, that a general public blow, to destroy the institutions of a registry of deeds is an establishment thousand years ? If reform is to be of most important necessity, and it accomplished peaceably, it must be is a matter of some astonishment done gradually, taking up the worst that the kingdom should remain at cases as they arise, or perhaps seek this day without such an important ing them out. A sudden and general security in the transfer of landed reform in a matter of such bigh na- property.With regard to the in
interest in land,” says Mr Campbell, forward his motion respecting im“ the occupier may be tenant at will provements in the administration of -tenant for a year-tenant for his justice in the Court of Chancery. It own life-tenant in tail, or tenant in is a great pity that his statement was fee. The nature of his tenure can only so prolix, and so devoid of force be ascertained by reference to title- and spirit, for few persons, except deeds or other writings, and these those particularly interested, will must be procured and consulted be- have courage to attempt reading the fore a purchase can be made. But speech, and yet it would be well then a difficulty immediately pre- that the country at large knew the sents itself-how do you know that abuses of the present system in the the writings which the vender pro Chancery Court, and cried out as duces are all the writings which can one man for their reformation. There be presented to shew that the title seems to be no clearness, no certainto the estate is good ? He may sup- ty, no provision for dispatch in any press or conceal some; wbile, on the one stage of the proceedings of a other hand, documents may exist cause, while the profits of counsel, which he would be willing to pro- solicitors, masters, clerks, and others duce, but which he is entirely igno- that we have neither memory, time, rant of.” Every one at all conver nor space, to enumerate, are in direct sant with such matters, knows that proportion to the delay of justice this statement is true, and it will be which takes place. But so sbamefor those who oppose a general re- fully loose is the system, that even gistry, to shew in what other manner when all the delays are overcome, this doubtfulness in so serious a and a decree obtained, the contromatter as the conveyance of landed versy may possibly have to begin property is to be done away with. In afresh, to find out what the decree England it is no uncommon thing for was, and the unfortunate suitor be the agent of a purchaser of property as far from an actual decision as to be furnished with a mass of parch ever. Let it be remembered that the ments in support of an abstract of following statement is from no ranttitle, which if spread out, would al ing Oppositionist, who talks at ranmost carpetthe whole estate, meadow dom about what he does not accuand pasture, toft and croft, park and rately know, but has been given in paddock-a mass which no human the House of Commons by the ablest patience can ever carefully examine; Chancery lawyer in the kingdom, and after all, there is no certainty that and the one most constantly employsome others may not exist, which ed. Sir Edward Sugden says, render all those no better than so pressure of business is such, that much waste paper. How much more after every decision, no one can dissafe, expeditious, and satisfactory tinctly say what it is, and one barriwould it not be, to have an authentic ster having one, and another another, abstract from a registry-office, where the registrar is not able to draw it up. you would be certain that all valid Then come hearings and re-hearings deeds respecting the property must in the registrar's office, before a perbe entered, and where its various son incompetent to decide the mattransfers would be briefly set forth, ter, to settle wbat the decree of the while for particular investigations court was; and after an enormous copies at length of the conveyances expense for attendances, not to mencould be had. The talk about “ ex tion the loss of two or three months' posure” is mere affectation. If a time perhaps, the parties again come man be honest and not a fool, he will to the court—when judge, barristers, not care about his transfer of landed and every one have forgotten every property being entered in a public thing about the cause to have decided office; if he be not honest, so much what the court decided three months the better that he should have a re before.” gistry-office to thwart and perplex " That,” continued the lawyer, “ is his plans.
not the way that justice should be Leave was given to bring in the administered in a free country.” bill.
Why, no, truly ! it requires but little Sir Edward Sugden then brought profundity of knowledge to arrive VOL. XXIX. NO, CLXXVII.
at that conclusion. Not the way that fice, on account of his legal knowjustice should be administered! How ledge. What would be thought of wretchedly tame is this manner of Mr Justice Littledale, as a Secretary speaking! It is most abominably of State for Foreign Affairs ? wrong, and so incredibly stupid and On the 17th, the House of Lords absurd withal, that, unless with such discussed the subject of the Scotch grave authority as that under which representation, and the desire existwe have received it, we should have ing in Scotland for a reform therein. found it impossible to believe that a Lord King, a worthy champion for thing so monstrous could occur in any thing having a dash of absurd the English Court of Chancery. Sir extravagance, mingled with its radiEdward announced his determina- cal principles, presented what purtion, however, to be so fixed for the ported to be the Reform petition of removal of this evil, that if it were the county of Renfrew. The recepnot taken up by the government, he tion of the petition was opposed by would himself bring forward a mea- the Earl of Haddington, on account sure for its remedy. In the present of the violence of the expressions it instance, he contented himself with contained; and his Lordship's speech, a statement of his view of the evils after Lord King had consented to existing in the Chancery administra- withdraw the petition, was one of tion generally, and made no motion that description which always makes with a view to their remedy, leaving us honour the House of Lords-dethat in the hands of the government. liberate and manly, well considered Mr Hume, it appears, has invented and well expressed; with the moa term to designate these speeches, deration that belongs to truth, and which lead to nothing specific-hé the dignity that belongs to high calls them “splash ;” and poor Sir station. The Marquis of Bute, too, Edward was astounded in the midst spoke with a zeal and spirit worthy of his grave speech, by hearing Mr of the country which takes “ Nemo Hume announce, in a tone loud me impune lacesset” for its motto. enough to be distinctly heard, “This “Epithets,” said the noble Lord, is mere splash.” The honourable "have been applied to the people of member for Middlesex subsequently Scotland, which will justify the obexplained, that he was merely talking servations which I am about to make. aside at the time, and did not intend These expressions have not only to address the House at large, or to been used by a noble English Peer offend the learned ex-Solicitor-Ge- (King), but they also fell from a noble neral.
Viscount, connected with Scotland, Sir Edward Sugden, who is a (Duncan.) They stated that the bold little man in professional mat- people of Scotland are oppressed ters, and not a little confident in his and degraded; but I tell these noble reputation as a lawyer, thought pro- Jords, as well as the rest of your per to inform the House, in the Lordships, that if the people of Scotcourse of his speech, that the present and considered themselves oppressChancellor was "entirely uninform- ed and degraded, they would not ed on the law of equity, which he tamely submit without addressing was called upon to administer,” and your 'Lordships in a very different in any case, nothing was more likely manner; they would make their comthan that he should decide wrong. plaints heard throughout the empire. This, from the greatest practitioner I will assert that the people of Scotin the Court, concerning the judge land are well satisfied with the conbefore whom he must daily plead duct of their representatives, or we the causes of his clients ; this, stated should before now have heard of in the House of Commons, respect- their dissatisfaction. It is quite a ing the principal judge in the king- new thing to hear that Scotland is dom, is sufficient to fill the public not well represented in the United with disgust against a system which Parliament. I defy any man in the makes such a gross anomaly possible. House to say, that out of the fortyThe selection of a judge, on the five Scotch Members, there is any ene ground of political ability merely, is, man who is corruptly returned. I after all, just as absurd as it would do not hesitate to affirm, that at least be to choose a man for political of- forty-four out of the forty-five mem
bers returned for Scotland, are di- of resolutions," to exhibit the cause rectly connected with the place which of all our misfortunes. There are they represent—this cannot be alle- less sensible fellows in the world ged of the English Members. I say than Alderman Waithman; but he the people are well satisfied with had better take care of Hunt. Two their representation, and do not de- stars cannot shine at once in the sire a change."
same firmament. This is something like what a On the 20th, in the Lords, Lord speech should be—it stirs a man's Stanhope poured forth upon the blood, and relieves one from the dull Lord Chancellor the wrath which insipidity which is the ordinary in- had been swelling in his bosom since Aliction of speeches.
the 10th, when Lord Brougham In the House of Commons, Mr thought fit to be sarcastically witty Wilson Patton drew the attention of at his lordship’s expense. Lord the House to the duties un printed Stanhope's severity was bitter and cottons. It appears that two millions contemptuous enough ; it produced a-year are levied for this tax, of no reply. which, at least three-fourths are The Lord Chancellor announced paid back in the shape of drawbacks, his intention of looking particularly and no more than from four to five to the care of the numerous lunatics hundred thousand pounds reaches of whom he is the official guardian ; the Exchequer. The tax, moreover, and spoke of the appointment of a presses very unequally, as the dearest small medical board, as a kind of and the cheapest printed cottons pay cabinet council, to advise the Lord the same duty per yard. A tax, in Chancellor respecting these unhappy every respect so objectionable, can- persons. We hope there is no job not long continue to exist in its pre- in this. There are many “ doctors” sent form.
about the London University, who Lord Nugent postponed his “ La- would be happy to accept the assubouring Poor Bill,” until after the rances of the Lord Chancellor's disholydays. He attempted an apolo- tinguished consideration, conveyed ge explanation of the postpone. in the form of a snug little appointment; but he need not have given ment of this sort. himself the trouble. Every one In the Commons, Mr Robinson knows how necessary postponement presented a petition complaining of is at present to the health of any the proceedings at the late Liverpool measure, to which a member of the election ; upon which Mr Ewart, the government stands godfather. member returned at that election,
A conversation arose on the pre- said, that he came in for the representation of some petitions by Mrsentation of Liverpool by the supCurteis, as to the benefit of support- port of the most respectable middle ing the labouring poor by small classes of society, and with the most grants of land, to be cultivated by cordial and enthusiastic demonstraspade labour, when Sir John Se- tions of popular approbation. “Even bright, member for Hertfordshire, this circumstance,
;" he continued, maintained the extraordinary doc “ however gratifying and delightful trine, that a free gift of ground, be- it is to my feelings, is nothing when yond the quantity necessary for a compared with my own deep conkitchen-garden, would be not a boon, sciousness of rectitude ;-with that but a disadvantage, to the labourers. mens conscia recti, within my breast, What dogma is there so strange that to which extraneous circumstances will not find some supporters in the can add little or nothing." All this British House of Commons ? There is modest; and very pleasant, after were some men there who supported the notorious and prodigious briM'Culloch’sinsanity about absentees. bery, at that seat of cotton and the
The enlightened and liberal Alder- muses, which lieth by the western man Waithman said, there was scarce- main, a few weeks ago. How hard ly a position in political economy it is to come at truth! that experience did not contradict Sir George Clerk took advantage Et tu Brute! The worthy alderman of Mr Ellice's motion for the third said, that, on the 15th of February, reading of the Consolidation Fund he would lay on the table " a string Bill, to put a question to the Vice.
President of the Board of Trade, re- the event of Parliament not sanctionspecting the reduction of the duty on ing the measure. Now,any thing more foreign barilla by an order from the audacious than this, while Parliament Treasury. Mr Poulett Thomson, in was actually sitting, and in a matter his peculiarly disagreeable style, in which no urgent necessity existed, avowed this repeal of a tax, without we can hardly
suppose possible. No the consent of Parliament, and cool- doubt, a government might attempt to ly stated, that he would be ready to impose a tax, as well as to take one justify the conduct of the govern- off, without the consent of Parliament when he brought in the bill, ment, but as this is probably a stretch which is intended to give legislative beyond the reach of even Mr Pousanction to what the executive is lett Thomson's liberal off-hand way now doing out of its mere absolute of managing affairs, we may set down will, and in defiance of an unrepeal- this act of arbitrary authority as about ed act of Parliament. Barilla is one the extremity of executive assurance, of the articles on which, some years and, for the first month of office, it is ago, a heavy importation duty ex- pretty well. What is to become of isted, for the protection of our do- the home manufacture of kelp, the mestic manufacture of kelp, which, Vice-President of the Board of Trade on the coast of Scotland, and, we did not condescend to explain, and believe, on the western shore of Ire- probably the awkwardness of having land also, gave profitable employ- to answer such a question may have ment to a vast number of poor peo- been one of the reasons for doing the ple. Since the prevalence of the thing first, and coming to ask leave " enlightened and Jiberal” doctrines afterwards-doubtless it will be perof free trade, the supporters of mitted to enjoy the same glorious which are for the most part persons martyrdom to the principles of free of understanding too sublime to trade that has already fallen upon trouble themselves about what con- British lead, and wool, and tallow, cerns the welfare of the poor, this and gloves. How happy it is to live protecting duty has been gradually in times when philosophy guides the diminished, first from L.1ỉ to eight principles of government! guineas, and then to five guineas. The delivery of sundry speeches The late government, whose know on the state of Ireland, and the reledge upon matters of trade was cent dismissals and appointments equal to their knowledge on most there, and a continuation of the deother subjects, and who had a strange bate on the administration of justice alacrity in sinking into the worst in the Court of Chancery, which we errors of the worst political quacks, have already noticed, occupied the had an intention of submitting to rest of the evening of the 20th. Parliament a measure for the fur On the 21st, Lord Wynford intro. ther reduction of the duty; but Mr duced to the House of Lords a bill Poulett Thomson, who, on a three for better enabling creditors to avail days' notice of the willingness of themselves of the property of their Lord Grey to give him a place, debtors. The present system of the contrived to separate himself from law is to afford a remedy chiefly a mercantile concern, the princi- against the person of the debtor, and pal branch of which was domiciled the chance of payment for the crediin Saint Petersburg, and who there tor mainly depends upon it being the fore cannot be supposed now to have desire of the debtor, rather to pay any interest in the advance on Rus- the debt than suffer the penalty sian tallow, which the order in coun- awarded by the law against his percil has caused, was determined to son. It frequently happens, however, be impeded by no such old-fashioned that the debtor, either by escaping delays as an application to Parlia- beyond the jurisdiction of the courts ment, to undo what Parliament had of law, or by submitting to that ficdone, but advised an instant reduc- tion of imprisonment, called “ living tion of the duty to L.2, and the Cus. within the rules of the King's Bench," tom-house officers received direc- may continue to enjoy his landed or tions to admit it at that duty-the funded property in England, to live importer giving bond to pay the dif- sumptuously, and laugh at his crediference between L. and L.5, 5s, in for, upon the proceeds of whose cre