[ocr errors]

apostate-haters were anxious to make If public good demand that the
him one of their leaders! We find landowner shall lose half his income
ourselves as much opposed to the and property, the farmer shall be re-
Tories amidst public men, as to the duced to insolvency, and the hus-
Whigs and Liberals; from this plain bandry labourer shall be deprived of
reason, that such Tories are now in bread that agriculture shall be
creed Whigs and Liberals. This gives transformed into a mass of debt, beg-
us no concern, because we have fol. gary, want, crime, and insurrection
lowed neither individual nor party; - let the barsh necessity be submit-
and the fruits of the new Tory prin- ted to. But add not insult and mock-
ciples are abundantly sufficient to ery to ruin and starvation. Let the
satisfy us, that in obeying conscience proofs of the necessity appear : and
we have adhered to the cause of let old English truth be told touch-
truth and our country. On one point ing cause and effect.
we deem it a gain; that we can no But public good demands the con-
longer be numbered amidst those trary; it adjures you, in the demon-
who are called Tory writers, is to us, strations of all history, to give pros.
as any one may easily believe, a mat- perity to agriculture. If the present
ter of unfeigned rejoicing.

prices of corn could be generally Yet, unchanged in faith and cause maintained, they would be sufficient; as we are and shall remain, we feel but they exist only for the moment most anxious, in utter scorn of names, through speculation, and the belief to see a party arise which will strike that there will be scarcity abroad. for the empire. Turning, then, from What has the rise in them produthe dependents, to those on whom ced ? General benefit, but not evil. the debt of atonement for past errors, The whole matter in dispute amounts and personal interest in the public only to eight or ten shillings per weal, impose the duty of providing quarter; this sum makes the differsuch a party, we say to the Lons ence to agriculture between modedales and Northumberlands, the rate prosperity and great suffering; Hertfords and Rutlands-How long the consumer cannot lose or obtain is the empire to be scourged and de this trifle to himself, without enjoyvastated by the doctrines which have ing the mighty profit, or sustaining placed it in its present appalling con the tremendous loss, arising from the dition ?

prosperity or distress of half the poYou see that no change of mea pulation! To give the sum to the sures can be hoped for from the producer, is evidently to confer a Ministry; and you know that the gain on the consumer. policy it is pursuing has been proved, Insurrection is quelled for the and is generally acknowledged, to time, but how long can it be kept be a total and destructive failure. down? The causes are not removed, Here is the country distressed, con but enlarged; the farmers are alvulsed, and on the brink of revolu- ready taking off the advance of tion; yet, from this Ministry, only the wages it extorted; bad feelings have reverse of remedy can be expected. been aggravated by punishment,

Are you, too, landowners as you which would have been more just are, ignorant of the causes which had it been less severe; and the distress your tenants and their la breach between servant and master bourers ? Are you, too, Englishmen is greatly widened. It cannot be exas you are, dupes of the disgraceful pected that the landowner will give infatuation, that the import of foreign up his property, and make himself corn, to the extent of two millions a pauper, to relieve the pauperism of and a half of quarters in a single year, others. Where, then, is the security can have no effect on the price of that the incendiary and rebel will British corn— that the farmers of not again appear? And if they do, this country cannot be injured by what looking at the gigantic extent being brought into competition, in of country in which their spirit has almost every article, with foreign been manifested-will they not acones? Are you, too, sane as you complish ? are, cheated into the vulgar delusion Can you be ignorant that the that a paltry repeal of taxes is all wretched system of sacrificing part that is necessary for removing loss after part of the community to the and suffering?

whole, has been proved to be ruin

ous ? Where is the general prospe- becility which envelopes the conrity which has been drawn from the tinental aristocracy - because you distress of agriculture, the shipping have made yourselves the instruinterest, and the silk trade ? What ments of innovators, empirics, and perceptible benefit does the suffering mercenary traffickers in creeds and of the souls engaged in manufactu- parties—because you have become ring kelp, the lead miners, &c. &c. the tools of men who use you to sayield to the community at large ? crifice public good for the conceal

And can you be ignorant that the ment of their own incapacity and prosperity of the part is essential profligacy, and to enable themselves for that of the whole ? Is it not as to adhere to principle and pledge, clear in reason, as it is in fact, that if when they are faithless to all but the the community have to pay some- false and ruinous ! what higher prices to the producers Arise! and let England once more of corn, ships, silks, &c. &c., in order find worthy leaders in her nobles ! to give them prosperity, the loss is Let her proud coronet again adorn nothing in the balance against the the foreheads of the patriotic, the gigantic profit their prosperity gives chivalrous, and the princely, who can it in the

increase of its general prices only find gain and enjoyment in her and trade?

prosperity and happiness! To you, Are those men capable of teaching your country looks for deliverance political economy who make no dis- from the official quack, the imbecile tinction in regard to importation be- party, and the unprincipled faction. tween commodities produced by this Shake off your chains; display the country, and those which are not, manly port, courageous spirit, and between articles used in manufac- sterling sense of the Barons of old; tures, and those only used in indivi- and take the place amidst your dual consumption-who place corn countrymen which belongs to you. and cotton, wrought silks and indigo, Only deserve it, and you will again on an equality ? Are they capable of be followed ! In utter scorn of instructing a nation who insist, that theorist, demagogue, and pledged the ruin of half the population must partisan, form a paternal govern: of necessity greatly benefit the other ment-one which will think as well half ?

as act, feel as well as speak; and Are those just and equal laws banish loss, want, and wretchedness, which give enlarged means of wealth according to the precepts of the great to the manufacturers and merchants fathers of British riches and granby stripping the landowners, farmers, deur. In this lies not only the reshipowners, &c. &c. of income and covery of what you have lost, but property—which increase the means the preservation of what you still of subsistence of the lesser part of have. Deceive not yourselves, for the labouring classes, by taking food the charged mine is beneath you; and morals from the greater-which the fatal taint has reached the heart plunge portion after portion of the of the body politic. population into ruin and hunger to For ourselves we speak not; we give riches and abundance to the re- have no alliance to offer, and we can mainder ? In the name of England accept no counsel. We shall steadily we protest against them; in virtue of adhere to that course of independour birthright, we demand at your ence, which has been ours for many hands equal law, and equal protec- years, without enquiring who are tion of property.

friends or enemies; and without Why are you and your aristocratic caring whether it bring us into conbrethren no longer followed ? Why flict with Whig or Liberal, old Tory are you so far fallen that even your or Peelite, manly assailant or imown tenants are in rebellion against postor and cut-throat. If any men you, and in the battles of agriculture stand forward and strike in singleare ranged with your enemies ? Be- mindedness for the empire, they cause you no longer act as leaders— shall, in total disregard of party because you have degraded your names and distinctions, have our unselves into followers-because you solicited assistance; and they will have sunk into the spiritless, trem- find it neither lukewarm nor powerbling, indolent, womanish, sordid im- less.



The Spectre-Smitten. Few topics of medical literature took in an animated discussion, in have occasioned more wide and con the presence of about thirty of the tradictory speculation than that of most elegant women that could well insanity, with reference, as well to be brought together, he found himits predisposing and immediate self becoming the subject of a most causes, as its best method of treat unaccountable depression of spirits. ment;-since experience is the only Even while at Lady 's, he had latsubstratum of real knowledge, the terly perceived himself talking often easiest and surest way of arriving for mere talking's sake—the chain at those general principles which of his thoughts perpetually broken may regulate both our pathological and an impatience and irritability and therapeutical researches, especi- of manner towards those whom he ally concerning the subtle, almost in- addressed, which he readily resolscrutable disorder-mania-is, when ved into the reaction following one does meet with some striking, high excitement.

M - I ought well-marked case, to watch it closely before, perhaps, to have mentioned, throughout, and be particularly anx was a man of great talent, chiefious to seize on all those smaller ly, however, imaginative, and bad features, those more transient evanes that evening been particularly brilcent indications which are truer cha liant on his favourite topic-diablerie racteristics of the complaint than and mysticism; towards which he perhaps any other. With this object generally contrived to incline every did I pay close attention to the very conversation in which he bore a part. singular and affecting case detailed He had been dilating, in particular, in the following narrative. I have on the power which Mr Maturin had not given the whole of my observa of exciting the most fearful and hortions-far from it; those only are rific ideas in the minds of his readrecorded which seemed to me to ers, instancing one of his romances, have some claims to the consider the title of which I have forgotten. ation of both medical and general

Long before he had reached home, the readers... The apparent eccentricity fumes of wine had evaporated, and of the title will be found accounted the influence of excitement subsifor in the course of the narrative. ded; and, with reference to intoxiMr M

as one of a very large cation, he was as sober and calm as party, had been enjoying the splen- ever he was in his life. Why-he did hospitality of Lady and did knew not, but his heart seemed to not leave till a late-or rather, early, grow heavier and heavier, and his hour in the morning. Pretty women, thoughts gloomier, every step by music, and champaigne, had almost which he neared Lincoln's-Inn. It turned his head ; and it was rather struck three o'clock as he entered fortunate for him that a hackney- the sombrous portals of the ancient coach stand was within a stone's inn of court. The perfect silence, throw of the house he was leaving. the moonlight shining sadly on the Muffing his cloak closely around dusky buildings—the cold quivering him, he contrived to move towards stars-all these, together, combined it in a tolerably direct line, and a few to enhance his nervousness. He demoments time beheld him driving, scribed it to me as though things at the usual snail's pace of those seemed to wear a strange, spectral, ricketty vehicles, to Lincoln's Inn; supernatural aspect. Not a watchfor Mr M-was a law student. In man of the inn was heard crying the spite of the transient exhilaration hour-nota porter moving-no living produced by the scenes he had just being but himself visible in the large quitted, and the excitement conse square

he was crossing. As he nearquent on the prominent share he

ed his staircase, he felt his heart

He open

fluttering; in short, he felt under on the floor, as if smitten with some strange unaccountable in- apoplexy. He recollected nothing fluence, which, had he reflected a more, till he found himself, about little, he would have discovered to the middle of the next day, in bed, arise merely from an excitable ner his laundress, myself, an apothecary, vous temperament, operating on an and several others, standing round imagination peculiarly attuned to bim. His situation was not discosympathize with terror. His cham vered till more than an hour after bers lay on the third floor of the he had fallen, as nearly as could be staircase; and on reaching it, he subsequently ascertained, nor would found his door-lamp glimmering it then, but for a truly fortunate acciwith its last expiring ray.

dent. He had neglected to close ed his door, and after groping some either of his outer-doors, (I believe time in the dark of his sitting-room, it is usual for chambers in the inns found his chamber candlestick. In of court to bave double outer-doors,) attempting to light it, he put out the and a woman, who happened to be lamp: He went down stairs, but leaving the adjoining set, about five found that the lamp of every landing o'clock, on seeing Mr M—'s doors had shared the fate of his own; so both open at such an untimely hour, he returned, rather irritated, thinking was induced, by feelings of curiosity to amerce the porter of his customary and alarm, to return to the rooms Christmas-box for his niggard supply she had left for a light, with which of oil. After some time spent in the she entered his chambers, after having search, he discovered his tinder-box, repeatedly called his name without and proceeded to strike a light. This receiving any answer. What will it was not the work of a moment. And be supposed had been her occupawhere is the bachelor to whom it is? tion at such an early hour in the The potent spark, however, dropped adjoining chambers ? Laying out the at last into the very centre of the soft corpse of their occupant, a Mr Ttinder. Mblew—it caught, who had expired about eight o'clock spread—the match quickly kindled, the preceding evening ! and he lighted bis candle. He took MrMhad known him, though it in his hand, and was making for not very intimately: and there were bed, when his eyes caught a glimpse some painful circumstances attendof an object which brought him sense- ing his death, which, even though on less to the floor. The furniture of no other grounds than mere sympahis room was disposed as when he thy, M had laid much to heart. had left it; for his laundress had In addition to this, he had been obneglected to come and put things in served by his friends as being latorder; the table, with a few books terly the subject of very high exciteon it, drawn towards the fire-place, ment, owing to the successful proand by its side the ample-cushioned secution of an affair of great interest easy-chair. The first object visible, and importance. We all accounted with sudden distinctness, was a figure for his present situation, referring sitting in the arm-chair. It was that it to some apoplectic seizure; for we of a gentleman, dressed in dark-co were of course ignorant of the real loured clothes, his hands, white as occasion, fright, which I did not learn alabaster, closed together over his till long afterwards. The laundress Jap, and the face looking away; but told me that she found Mr Mit turned slowly towards — to her great terror, stretched motionrevealing to him a countenance of a less along the floor, in his cloak and ghastly hue-the features glowing full dress, and with a candlestick lylike steel heated to a white heat, and ing beside him. She at first supthe two eyes turned full towards him, posed him drunk; but on finding all and blazing_absolutely blazing-he her efforts to rouse him unsuccessdescribed it—with a most horrible ful, and seing his fixed features and lustre. The appalling spectre, while rigid frame, she hastily summoued M's eyes were riveted upon it, to her assistance a fellow-laundress, though glazing fast with fright, slow- whom she had left in charge of the ly rose from its seat, stretched out corpse next door, undressed him, both its arms, and seemed approach- and laid him on the bed. A neighing him, when he fell down senseless bouring medical man was then call

ed in, who pronounced it to be a I left, considering the case to be one case of epilepsy; and he was suffi- of simple epilepsy. During the rest ciently warranted by the appearance of the day and night, the fits abated of a little froth about the lips-pro- both in violence and frequency ; longed stupor, resembling sleep, but he was left in a state of the utand frequent convulsions of the most most exhaustion, from which, howviolent kind. The remedies resort ever, he seemed to be rapidly recoed to produced no alleviation of the vering, during the space of the four symptoms; and matters continued to succeeding days; when I was sudwear such a threatening and alarm- denly summoned to his bedside, ing aspect, that I was summoned in which I had left only two hours beby his brother, and was at his bed- fore, with the intelligence that he side by two o'clock. His counte- had disclosed symptoms of more nance was dark and highly intellec- alarming illness than ever. I hurtual : its lineaments were naturally ried to his chambers, and found that full of power and energy; but now the danger had not been magnified. overclouded with an expression of One of his friends met me on the trouble and horror. He was seized staircase, and told me that about with a dreadful fit soon after I had half an hour before, while he and entered the room. Oh, is a pite. Mr C-M- the patient's broous and shocking spectacle to see ther, were sitting beside him, he sudthe human frame subject to such denly turned to the latter, and endemoniacal twitchings, and contor- quired, in a tone full of apprehension tions, which are so sudden-so irre- and terror_“ Is Mr T-dead?” sistible, as to give the idea of some “ Oh dear, yes-he died several vague, terrible exciting cause, which days ago”-was the reply, cannot be discovered : as though the « Then it was he" he gasped sufferer lay passive in the grasp of "it was he whom I saw, and he some messenger of darkness “sent is surely-damned !-Yes, merciful to buffet him."*

Maker !-he is !- he is !"--he con- was a very powerful man; tinued, elevating his voice to a perand during the fits, it was next to fect roar—" and the flames have reimpossible for all present, united, to duced his face to ashes !-Horror! control his movements. The foam horror! horror !”—He then shut his at his mouth suggested to his terri- eyes, and relapsed into silence for fied brother the harrowing suspicion about ten minutes : when he exthat the case was one of hydropho- claimed—“ Hark you, there-secure bia. None of my remonstrances or me ! tie me! make me fast, or I assurances to the contrary sufficed shall burst upon you and destroy to quiet him, and his distress added you all--for I'm going mad-I feel to the confusion of the scene. After it !”—He ceased, and commenced prescribing to the best of my ability, breathing fast and heavily—his chest


• The popular etymology of the word epilepsy, sanctioned by several reputable class-books of the profession, which are now lying before me,mi. e. " iwia E14.5,” is totally erroneous, and more-nonsensical. For the information of general readers, I may state, that its true derivation is from haußávw, through its Ionic obsolete form anßw: whence isi-antos-a" seizing,” a “holding fast.” Therefore we speak of an ATTACK of epilepsy. This etymology is highly descriptive of the disease in question ; for the sudden prostration, rigidity, contortions, &c. of the patient, strongly suggest the idea that he has been taken or seized (itampfius) by, as it were, some external, invisible agent. It is worthy of notice, by the way, that ifianatixòs is used by ecclesiastical writers to denote a person possessed by a demon. 'Egia sofos, signifies simply “ failure, deficiency." I shall conclude this note with a practical illustration of the necessity which calls it forth-the correction of a prevalent error. A flippant stildent who, I was given to understand, plumed himself much among his companions on his Greek, was suddenly asked by one of his examiners for a definition of epilepsy, grounded on its etymology. I forget the definition, which was given with infinite self-sufficiency of tone and manner; but the fine trick of scholarship with which it was finished off, I well recollect :-“ From 'eriasates (iTi-2017w-I fail, am wanting ;) therefore, sir, epilepsy is a failure of animal functions ! ! !"— The same sage definition is regularly given by a well-known metropolitan lecturer!

« 前へ次へ »