Poles, and to stir up rebellion in sive, have been railed against as Portugal; the principle, as it is prac- things of persecution and oppression tised, really means that the great to Ireland. The Whigs—the Broughpowers shall form a kind of Holyams and Plunketts--have constantly Alliance, for intervening to make re- charged Irish suffering on the disabellion successful in every quarter. bilities, and imputed the worst mo

There must be a radical change tives to those who defended them. here, or it will be idle to think of Whig and Tory, Minister and Legisgoverning and retaining Ireland, or lator, have incited the Irish people to preventing revolution in England. regard England as a despotic opIf the continent is to be kept in con pressor, themselves as the most pervulsion, rebellion, and change of fect of human beings, and their perulers, fomented and eulogised by nury and misery as matters created the Cabinet, Legislature, and Press, solely by English rulers. think not that the United Kingdom Radical change must be made here. will escape.

If France is to be ex The Cabinet and Legislature must alted into a general “ Liberator" -a speak truth plainly, severely, and untyrant to stalk through the world for reservedly to the people of Ireland: the purpose of establishing universal they must assure them, that if they liberty, flatter not yourselves that proceed in destroying themselves, she will overlook Ireland. Theoretic under the hope of having impossidefinitions, touching right and claim bilities performed for them by Engto revolution and independence, will land, their hope will not be realized be of no avail ; the plea of tyranny —that they are the parents of their urged by the Irish traitors will be own sufferings—that they will have held as good as that of the Belgians nothing beyond impartiality granted or Poles; the old French and Spanish them—and that they must exert themLiberals proclaimed the English go- selves, as the people of England and vernment to be a tyranny, and no Scotland are compelled to do, or resmall number of the inhabitants of main as they are. England have long proclaimed the Who created the Catholic Associa

tion? In reality, the Whigs and LiWhigs and Tories, Ministers and berals. The atrocities of this body Legislators, must combine to teach were connived at by the Irish Gothe principles of peace, order, and vernment, and defended by the Whig obedience; they must convince the Opposition; Peers and Legislators inhabitants of the United Kingdom, made themselves its members, pathat changes are only to be sought trons, and protectors. The present by constitutional means, and for con- English Lord Chancellor, and keeper stitutional objects. The law of non of the King's conscience, placed it interference between ruler and sub- above the constitution and saws, and ject, must be restored and firmly was its furious champion; the premaintained ; and instead of joining sent Irish Chancellor lavished unin a mad crusade to envelope the measured panegyric on the Papist Continent in revolution and anarchy, priests in the midst of their labours every effort must be used to keep it to produce crime, disaffection, and in tranquillity and order. Let it convulsion. Every thing was done never be forgotten, that England has by these men and their coadjutors as much cause to tremble at revolu- calculated to make the Irish Cathotion as Austria, or any other power. lics hate England and the Protest

In combination with this general ants, trample on the laws, and regard revolutionary instruction, the people guilt, insubordination, and treason, of Ireland have been regularly taught as praiseworthy matters. to ascribe every thing wrong in their Because Lords Brougham and condition to English tyranny and mis- Plunkett were supporters of the Cagovernment. The old penal laws have tholic Question, they decided it ought been declaimed against, as matters to be advocated by crime and lawwholly unprovoked. The Catholic lessness; because they are hostile to disabilities, which in their origin had the Repeal one, they decide it shall no reference to Ireland, and which be put down by unsparing despotwere contended for by the English ism. But their will is not law, and people from motives purely defens their opinion is not an infallible dog


ma of the Catholic church; there as monsters of iniquity; the latter fore the Catholics naturally conceive were not only thus defamed, but exthat the same things are innocent and cluded from public trusts and emomeritorious in the one question, luments. The marvel is, that the which these lawyers pronounced to Orangemen were not made, to a man, be so in the other. If “ agitation" the enemies of England by the treatbe a proper means for obtaining one ment they met with. They have now thing, it unquestionably is for ob- glorious revenge. The very public taining another.

men and newspaper scribes, who The Catholics never durst act as covered them with scurrility, almost they are now acting, they never durst supplicate them to resume their forname the objects they are now pur

mer conduct. Lord Plunkett courts suing, until they received the sanc them; and even Lord Brougham's tion of the Whigs and Liberal Tories. newspapers exult over the informaTo the latter, both their ungovern- tion, that the Orangemen will again able conduct and treasonable inten- take the field against the Catholics. tions are clearly owing.

If Ireland is to be retained, atThe Catholic Association was tachment to England must no more avowedly the parent of the English be subjected to ban and punishment; ones which are spreading in every it must be created and nurtured by direction, for the attainment of de- the usual means of favour and restructive innovation and change, by ward. It is clearly one of the highlicentiousness and turbulence. est duties of Government to keep up

Here radical change must also be and strengthen' in every way the adopted. In the first place, leading English party. We say not, that questions which produce bad feel- Protestants only ought to be favourings, ought to be set at rest. That ed; let all well-disposed Catholics be of Reform is on the point of being favoured equally; but confine the disposed of, and every thing is in favour, and dispense it bountifully, favour of an immediate settlement of to good feelings and conduct. the Tithe one. In the second place, It is asserted, that the Marquis of no new questions of a similar kind Anglesey is yet anxious to extinguish ought to be raised. And in the third religious distinctions and strife beplace, all such associations, Irish and tween Protestant and Catholic, by British, should be put under legal making the former the friend of the prohibition. If leading public men latter. He cannot, we think, be inflame the passions of the people guilty of the egregious folly. Let against national institutions, place the Orangemen and lower orders of the subject above the ruler, and Protestants be reconciled with the shield with the authority of both Catholics, and what will follow ? Parliament and the Cabinet, guilt, They will be made Catholics and contempt of law, defiance of consti- Repealers. The religious strife is tuted authorities, and ungovernable the great bond of religious and civil clubs, vain will be the attempt to fidelity. Is it this strife on the part save Ireland and the empire.

of the Protestants which prompts It has long been the fashion for the present conduct of the Cathoboth the Ministry and the Legislature lics? Are the traitors moved by to discountenance and insult the loyal animosity, provoked by Orangemen, part of the Irish people. The atro to call for the Repeal? O'Connelí cious abuse, which, from the diffe- is covering even the Orangemen rent sides of Parliament, was perpe- with his blandishments; while he is tually cast on the Orangemen, and labouring to make the Protestants all who were sufficiently well affected his brethren and followers, the Lord to oppose Catholic criminality, can Lieutenant, as it is said, is playing not have been forgotten. Irish attach- into his hands, by attempting to rement to the constitution, and fidelity move the principal thing which preto England, were denounced and vents them from becoming so. At treated as crimes; while Ministers the very best, the extinction of Proand Members of Parliament pretend- testant party feeling would free the ed to call for religious peace and Catholics from opponents, and strip union, they held up the anti-Catho- the Government of moral support: lics to Catholic hatred and vengeance that it would not in the least amend

the pare

the spirit and conduct of the former, now. To the danger of revolution is manifest to all men. At present in England, it has been added that the Protestants are united on the of Irish rebellion for the sake of inright side of things; but let Govern- dependence. ment again raise the absurd cry of Demonstration flashes from every Peace and Union, and they will once side, that a few steps farther will be more be arrayed against each other the loss of every thing—will be the in favour of Catholic treason. certain downfall of the empire; yet Who must place these restrictions

of the tremendous peril on public men, in office and out of insist on proceeding: the same prinit? The reflecting, and patriotic ciples are to be acted on, the same part of the community, if it desire instruction is to be disseminated, to escape irretrievable ruin. Let all and the same men are still to dictate men who love their country-all and govern. who value their own interests, put Let those who have a stake in the far from them party and personal public weal, look at these matters feelings; and examine dispassionate- and do their duty: let them espely the fruits of the liberal system of cially consider how the English clubs Government, and the situation in -clamour against Church property which they are placed.

-projected change of the corn law The liberal doctrines were not —and war against the aristocracyonly to give abundance to the la are calculated to operate on the feelbouring classes, but to fill these and ings and interests of Ireland. other classes with knowledge and The intelligent part of the Irish the best feelings. These classes Protestants must be well aware, that have been sunk into unexampled their religious existence is now struck penury, and filled with the most erro at—that the independence of their neous and dangerous opinions. The country would be the extermination same opinions have been very largely of its Protestantism; and this will adopted by the middle classes. The keep them on the right side, if they wholesome party-war between Whig be not disunited by folly in the goand Tory, has been changed into a vernment. How long the humbler revolutionary one between the de- part of them can be depended on, is mocracy and aristocracy. The Whigs a question which cannot be looked no more lead the bulk of the com at without apprehension: it is inanimunity than the Tories. Earl Grey fest to all, that every effort should and Lord Brougham may protest be made to attach them to proper against the ballot and radical reform, feelings. or defend the aristocracy; but they The Catholics may assure themare scorned by their liberal pupils. selves, that there is no Englishman While the control of both parties of who desires to profit at their cost, public men is wholly cast off in or who is not willing to make a safavour of revolutionary objects, the crifice for their legitimate benefit. country is covered with lawless com For many years the people of Engbinations, and clubs for the attain- land have been as anxious as any ment of these objects. The Whigs Irishman to remove, regardless of and Liberals are themselves pro- their own loss, the penury and miclaiming that the empire is in great sery of Ireland. And they may asdanger from the bad feelings of the sure themselves farther, that EngEnglish population.

land, however divided and misled Catholic emancipation has produ- she may be in other respects, sees ced a very violent, however neces and feels as she ought on the Repeal; sary, abridgment of privilege and that she regards it as a matter of liberty to the Catholics themselves : vitality a blow at, not a limb, but it has greatly injured their condition. the heart, and will never consent to Ireland could have been governed it, so long as she has blood to shed with much less despotic means be- and a weapon to contend with. fore it was granted, than she can



The Martyr-Philosopher. It has been my lot to witness many evening sun--who smiles sadly on dreadful deatb-beds. I am not over the sweet scenes he is quitting, and stating the truth, when I assert that a holy lustre glows long on the feanearly eight out of every ten that have tures of naturecome under my personal observation

“ Quiet as a nun -of course excluding children-have “ Breathless with adoration.”+ more or less partaken of this character. I know only one way of accounting for it, and some may accuse me Even were I disposed, I could not of cant for adverting to it,-men will gratify the reader with any thing like not live as if they were to die. They a fair sketch of the early days of Mr are content to let that event come E- I have often lamented, that, upon them “ like a thief in the knowing as I did the simplicity and night."* They grapple with their frankness of his disposition, I did final foe, not merely unprepared, but not once avail myself of several opabsolutely incapacitated for the strug- portunities which fell in my way of gle, and then wonder and wail at becoming acquainted with the leadtheir being overcome and “ trodden ing particulars of his life. Now, howunder foot.” I have, in some of the ever, as is generally the case, I can foregoing chapters, attempted to but deplore my negligence, when resketch three or four dreary scenes of medying it is impossible. All that I this description, my pencil trembling have it now in my power to record, in my hand the while; and could I is some particulars of his latter days. but command colours dark enough, Interesting I know they will be conit is yet in my power to pourtray sidered : may they prove instructive. others far more appalling than any I hope the few records I have here that have gone before-cases of those preserved, will shew how a mind who have left life “ clad in horror's fong disciplined by philosophy, and hideous robe"-whose sun has gone strengthened by religious principle, down in darkness—if I may be par may triumph over the assault of evils doned for quoting the fearful lan- and misfortunes combined against its guage of a very unfashionable book! expiring energies. It is fitting, I say,

Now, however, for a while at least, the world should hear how nobly let the storm pass away; the accu E- surmounted such a sudden mulated clouds of guilt, despair, mad- influx of disasters as have seldom beness, disperse; and the lightning of fore burst overwhelmingly upon a the fiercer passions cease to shed its death-bed. disastrous glare over our minds. Let And should this chapter of my us rejoice beneath the serened hea- diary chance to be seen by any of vens; let us seek sunnier spots—by his relatives and early friends, I hope turning to the more peaceful pages the reception it shall meet with from of humanity. Let me attempt to lay the public may stimulate them to before the reader a short account of give the world some fuller particuone whose exit was eminently calm, lars of Mr E-'s valuable, if not tranquil, and dignified; who did not very varied, life. More than seven skulk into his grave with shame and years have elapsed since his death ; fear, but laid down life with honour: and, as yet, the only intimation the leaving behind him the influence of public has had of the event, has been his greatness and goodness, like the in the dreary corner of the public

* One of my patients, whom a long course of profligacy had brought to a painful and premature death-bed, once quoted this striking and scriptural expression when within less than an hour of his end, and with a thrill of horror.

† Wordsworth, I believe,

prints allotted to “ Deaths,—and a mated an eager desire to be introdubrief enumeration in one of the quar- ced to him. “ Oh, nothing easier," terly journals of some of his leading replied my friend," for I know him contributions to science. The world more familiarly than any one preat large, however, scarce know that sent, and he is, besides, simple as a he ever lived-or, at least, how he child in his manners, even to eccenlived or died;—but how often is such tricity, and the most amiable man in the fate of modest merit !

the world. I'll introduce you when My first acquaintance with Mr the meeting's over.” While we were E-commenced accidentally, not thus whispering together, the subject long before his death, at one of the of our conversation suddenly rose evening meetings of a learned society from his seat, and with some trepiof which we were both members. dation of manner, addressed a few The first glimpse I caught of him in- words to the chair, in correction of terested me much, and inspired me some assertions which he interruptwith a kind of reverence for him. ed a member in advancing: It was He came into the room within a few something, if I recollect right, about minutes of the chair's being taken, the atomic theory, and was received and walked quietly and slowly, with with marked deference by the prea kind of stooping gait, to one of the sident, and general “ Hear ! hears!" benches near the fire-place, where he from the members. He then resusat down, without taking off his med his seat, in which he was pregreat-coat, and crossing his gloved sently followed by the speaker whom hands on the knob of a high walking, he had evidently discomfited; bis stick, he rested his chin on them, and eyes glistened, and his cheeks were in that attitude continued throughout flushed with the effort he had made, the evening. He removed bis hat and he did not rise again till the conwhen the chairman made his appear- clusion of the sitting. We then made ance; and I never saw a finer head our way to him, and my friend inin my life. The crown was quite troduced me. He received me pobald, but the base was fringed round litely and frankly. He complained, as it were, with a little soft, glossy, in a weak voice, that the walk thither silver-hued hair, which, in the dis- had quite exhausted him—that his tance, looked like a faint halo. His health was failing him, &c. forehead was of noble proportions; “ Why, Mr E- you look very and, in short, there was an express well,” said my friend. sion of serene intelligence in his fea- Ay, perhaps I do, but you know tures, blended with meekness and how little faith is to be put in the dignity, which quite enchanted me. hale looks of an old and weak man.

“ Pray, who is that gentleman ?" Age generally puts a good face on I enquired of my friend Dr D- bad matters, even to the last,” he who was sitting beside me. “ Do added, with a smile and a shake of you mean that elderly thin man sit- the head. ting near the fire-place, with a great- “A sad night!” he exclaimed, on coat on ?"_" The same.”—“Oh, it hearing the wind howling drearily is Mr E-, one of the very ablest without, for we were standing by a men in the room, though he talks the window at the north-east corner of least,” whispered my friend ; ." and the large building; and a March wind a man who comes the nearest to my swept cruelly by, telling bitter things beau ideal of a philosopher, of any to the old and feeble who had to man I ever knew or heard of in the face it. “ Allow me to recommend present day!”

that you wrap up your neck and breast “Why, he does not seem very well well,” said I. known here,” said I, observing that “ I intend it, indeed,” he replied, he neither spoke to, nor was spoken as he was folding up a large silk to by any of the members present. handkerchief. • One must guard " Ah, poor Mr E- is breaking up, one's candle with one's band, or I'm afraid, and that very fast," re- Death will blow it out in a moment. plied my friend, with a sigh.“ He That's the sort of treatment we old comes but seldom to our evening people get from him; no ceremony meetings, and is not ambitious of -he waits for one at a bleak corner, making many acquaintances.” I inti- and puffs out one's expiring light

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