interval in his rooms at Brazenose, owing to the flippancies of her meand even conversed both with him- dical attendant upon the subject, for self and his friend W-, seated in Mr I-bas, somehow or other, his arm-chair, and gazing through got an inkling that she has been much the window full upon the statue of agitated by a dream, and thinks to Cain, as it stands in the centre laugh off the impression, in my opiof the quadrangle. I told her of nion injudiciously; but though a the pain I underwent both at the skilful and a kindhearted, he is a commencement and termination of young man, and of a disposition, my attack, of the extreme lassitude perhaps, rather too mercurial for the that succeeded; but my efforts were chamber of a nervous invalid. Her all in vain: she listened to me, in. manner has since been much more deed, with an interest almost breath- reserved to both of us: in my case less, especially when I informed her probably because she suspects me of of my having actually experienced betraying her secret.” the burning sensation in the brain alluded to, no doubt strong attendant symptoms of this peculiar affec

August 26th.—Mary G- is yet tion, and a proof of the identity of alive, but sinking fast; her cordiality the complaint; but I could plainly ter confessed yesterday that she had

towards me has returned since her sisperceive that I failed entirely in shaking the rooted opinion which

herself told MrI- that his patient's possessed her, that her spirit bad, by mind had been affected by a terrible some nefarious and unhallowed vision. I am evidently restored to means, been actually subtracted for her confidence. She asked me this a time from its earthly tenement."

morning, with much earnestness,

• What I believed to be the state of The next extract which I shall departed spirits during the interval give from my old friend's memoran

between dissolution and the final day da, is dated August 24th, more than

of account? And whether I thought a week subsequent to his first visit they would be safe in another world at Mrs

G's. He appears, from from the influence of wicked perhis papers, to have visited the poor

sons employing an agency more than

human? Poor child !-One cau. young woman more than once during the interval, and to have afford

not mistake the still prevailing bias ed her those spiritual consolations

of her mind-Poor child!" which no one was more capable of communicating. His patient, for so August 27th. It is nearly over,she in a religious sense she may well be is sinking rapidly, but quietly and termed, had been sinking under the without pain. I have just adminiagitation she had experienced; and stered to her the sacred elements, the constant dread she was under of of which her mother partook. Elizasimilar sufferings, operated so strong- beth declined doing the same; she ly, on a frame already enervated, that cannot, she says, yet bring herself to life at length seemed to hang only by forgive the villain who has destroyed a thread. His papers go on to say, her sister. It is singular that she, a

“ I have just seen poor Mary young woman of good plain sense in G-, I fear for the last time. Na- ordinary matters, should so easily ture is evidently quite worn out, she adopt, and so pertinaciously retain, a is aware that she is dying, and looks superstition so puerile and ridicuforward to the termination of her lous. This must be matter of future existence here, not only with resig- conversation between us; at present, nation, but with joy. It is clear with the form of the dying girl before that her dream, or what she persists her eyes, it were vain to argue with in calling her · subtraction,' has her. The mother, I find, has written much to do with this. For the last to young Somers, stating the dangerthree days, her behaviour has been ous situation of his aflianced wife; altered ; she has avoided conversing indignant, as she justly is, at his long on the subject of her delusion, and silence. It is fortunate that she has no seems to wish that I should consi- knowledge of the suspicions enterder her as a convert to my view of tained by her daughter. I have seen her case. This may perhaps be partly her letter, it is addressed to Mr Fran



cis Somers, in the Hogewoert, at he had himself been severely woundLeyden, a fellow-student, then, of ed in the face. Frederick's.- I must remember to From the same authority, I learned enquire if he is acquainted with this that my poor friend was much afyoung man.”

fected on finding that his arrival had been deferred too long. Every at

tention was shewn him by the proMary G—, it appears, died the prietor of the house, a respectable same night. Before her departure, she tradesman, and a chamber was prerepeated to my friend the singular pared for his accommodation; the story she had before told him, with- books, and few effects of his deceaout any material variation from the sed grandson, were delivered over to detail she had formerly given. To him, duly inventoried, and, late as it the last she persisted in believing was in the evening when he reached that her unworthy lover had prac- Leyden, he insisted on being contised upon her by forbidden arts. ducted to the apartments which FreShe once more described the apart- derick had occupied, there to inment with great minuteness, and dulge the first ebullitions of his soreven the person of Francis's alleged row, before he retired to his own. companion, who was, she said, about Madame Müller, accordingly, led the the middle height, hard featured, way to an upper room, which, being with a rather remarkable scar upon situated at the top of the house, had his left cheek, extending in a trans- been, from its privacy and distance verse direction from below the eye from the street, selected by Fredeto the nose. Several pages of my rick as his study. The Doctor enterreverend friend's manuscript are fill- ed, and, taking the lamp from his ed with reflections upon this extra conductress, motioned to be left ordinary confession, which, joined alone. His implied wish was, of with its melancholy termination, course, complied with ; and nearly seems to have produced no common two hours had elapsed before his effect upon him. He alludes to more kind-hearted hostess reascended, in than one subsequent discussion with the hope of prevailing upon him to the surviving sister, and piques him- return with her, and partake of that self on having made some progress refreshment which he had in the first in convincing her of the folly of her instance peremptorily declined. Her theory respecting the origin and na- application for admission was unture of the illness itself.

noticed; she repeated it more than His memoranda on this, and other once, without success ; then, becosubjects, are continued tils about the ming somewhat alarmed at the conmiddle of September, when a break tinued silence, opened the door, and ensues, occasioned, no doubt, by the perceived her new inmate stretched unwelcome news of his grandson's on the floor, in a fainting fit. Restodangerous state, which induced him ratives were instantly administered, to set out forthwith for Holland. His and prompt medical aid succeeded arrival at Leyden, was, as I have al- at length in restoring him to conready said, too late. Frederick S sciousness. But his mind bad rehad expired, after thirty hours in- ceived a shock, from which, during the tense suffering, from a wound recei- few weeks he survived, it never enved in a duel with a brother student. tirely recovered. His thoughts wanThe cause of quarrel was variously dered perpetually; and though, from related; but, according to his land- the very slight acquaintance which lord's version, it had originated in his hosts held with the English lan. some silly dispute about a dream of guage, the greater part of what fell bis antagonist's, who had been the from him remained unknown, yet challenger. Such, at least, was the enough was understood to induce account given to him, as he said, by them to believe that something more Frederick's friend and fellow lodger, than the mere death of his grandson W-, who had acted as second on had contributed thus to paralyze his the occasion, thus acquitting himself faculties. of an obligation of the same kind, due When his situation was first discoto the deceased, whose services he vered, a small miniature was found had put in requisition about a year tightly grasped in his right hand. It before, on a similar occasion, when had been the property of Frederick,

and had more than once been seen melancholy details I had read, I rose by the Müllers in his possession. and walked to the window. The To this the patient made continued beautiful planet rode high in the firreference, and would not suffer it mament, and gave to the snowy roofs one moment from his sight: it was of the houses, and the pendant iciin his hand when he expired. At cles, all the sparkling radiance of my request, it was produced to me. clustering, gems.

The stillness of The portrait was that of a young the scene harmonized well with the woman, in an English morning dress, state of my feelings. I threw open whose pleasing and regular features, the casement and looked abroad. with their mild and somewhat pen- Far below me, the waters of the sive expression, were not, I thought, principal canal shone like a mirror altogether unknown to me. Her age in the moonlight. To the left rose was apparently about twenty. A pro- the Burght, a huge round tower, of fusion of dark chestnut hair was arran remarkable appearance, pierced with ged in the Madonna style, above a embrasures at its summit; while, a brow of unsullied whiteness, a single little to the right, and in the distance, ringlet depending on the left side. the spire and pinnacles of the catheA glossy lock of the same colour, dral of Leyden rose in all their maand evidently belonging to the origi- jesty, presenting a coup d'æil of surnal, appeared beneath a small crystal, passing, though simple beauty. To a inlaid in the back of the picture spectator of calm, unoccupied mind, which was plainly set in gold, and the scene would have been delightbore in a cypher the letters M.G., ful. On me it acted with an electric with the date 184. From the in effect. I turned hastily to survey the spection of this portrait, I could at apartment in which I had been sitthe time collect nothing, nor from ting. It was the one designated as that of the Doctor himself, which also the study of the late Frederick SI found the next morning in Frede. The sides of the room were covered rick's desk, accompanied by two se with dark wainscot; the spacious fireparate portions of hair. One of them place opposite to me, with its polishwas a lock, short and deeply tingeded andirons, was surmounted by a with grey, and had been taken, I have large old-fashioned mantelpiece, little doubt, from the head of my old heavily carved in the Dutch style friend himself; the other corre with fruits and flowers; above it sponded in colour and appearance frowned a portrait, in a Vandyke with that at the back of the miniature. dress, with peaked beard and musIt was not till a few days had elapsed, taches; one hand of the figure rested and I had seen the worthy Doctor's on a table, while the other bore a remains quietly consigned to the marshal's staff, surmounted with a narrow house, that, while arranging silver dove; and either my imagihis papers previous to my intended nation, already heated by the scene, return upon the morrow, I encoun deceived me, or a smile, as of malitered the narrative I have already cious triumph curled the lip and transcribed. The name of the unfor- glared in the cold leaden eye, that tunate young woman connected with seemed fixed upon my own. The it forcibly arrested my attention. I heavy, antique, cane-backed chairs, recollected it immediately as one the large oaken table, the bookbelonging to a parishioner of my own, shelves, the scattered volumes—all, and at once recognised the original all were there ; while, to complete of the female portrait as its owner. the picture, to my right and left, as,

I rose not from the perusal of his half breathless, I leaned my back very singular statement till I had against the casement, rose on each gone through the whole of it. It was side a tall, dark, ebony cabinet, in late, and the rays of the single lamp whose polished sides the single lamp by which I was reading, did but very upon the table shone reflected as in faintly illumine the remoter parts of a mirror. the room in which I sat. The brilliancy of an unclouded November moon, then some twelve nights old, What am I to think? Can it be and shining full into the apartment, that the story I have been reading did much towards remedying the was written by my poor friend lere, defect. My thoughts filled with the and under the influence of delirium

Impossible! Besides, they all assure tery? No one knows. He abscondme, that, from the fatal night of his ed, it seems, immediately after the arrival, he never left his bed-never duel. No trace of him exists, nor, put pen to paper. His very direc- after repeated and anxious enquiries, tions to have me summoned from can I find that any student has ever England were verbally given, during been known in the University of one of those few and brief intervals Leyden by the name of Francis Soin which reason seemed partially to resume her sway. Can it then be possible that

? W? where “ There are more things in heaven and is he, who alone may be able to earth throw light on this horrible mys- Than are dreamt of in your philosophy.”



No. IV.

THE NATIONAL GUARD. “I am surprised,” said Condorcet Hitherto it has been held the first to Lafayette, upon seeing him en duty of soldiers to adhere with imter the room in the uniform of a pri- plicit devotion to that fidelity which vate of the National Guard of Paris, is the foundation of military duties. of which he had so recently been the Treason to his colours has been concommander,—“ I am surprised at sidered as foul a blot on the soldier's seeing you, General, in that dress.” scutcheon as cowardice in the field.

-“ Not at all,” replied Lafayette, “I Even in the most republican states, was tired of obeying, and wished to this principle of military subordinacommand, and therefore I laid down tion has been felt to be the vital prinmy general's commission, and took a ciple of national strength. It was dumusket on my shoulder.”—“Gnarus," ring the rigorous days of Roman dissays Tacitus,“ bellis civilibus, plus cipline, that their legions conquered militibus quam ducibus licere." It the world; and the decline of the emis curious to observe how, in the pire began at the time that the Præmost remote ages, popular license torian Guards veered with the muproduces effects so precisely similar. table populace, and sold the empire

Of the numerous delusions which for a gratuity to themselves. Albeit have overspread the world in such placed in power by the insurrection profusion during the last nine months, of the people, no men knew better there is none so extraordinary and so than the French republican leaders dangerous as the opinion incessantly that their salvation depended on inculcated by the revolutionary press, crushing the military insubordination that the noblest virtue in regular sol to which they had owed their elediers is to prove themselves traitors vation. When the Parisian levies beto their oaths, and that a national gan to evince the mutinous spirit in guard is the only safe and constitu the camp at St Menehould, in Chamtional force to whom arms can be pagne, which they had imbibed duintrusted. The troops of the line, ring the license of the capital, Duwhose revolt decided the three days mourier drew them up in the centre in July in favour of the revolution of his intrenchments, and shewing ary party, have been the subject of them a powerful line of cavalry in the most extravagant eulogium from front, with their sabres drawn, ready the liberal press throughout Europe; to charge, and a stern array of artiland even in this country, the govern lery and cannoneers in rear, with their ment journals have not hesitated to matches in their hands, soon concondemn, in no measured terms, the vinced the most licentious that the Royal Guard, merely because they boasted independence of the soldier adhered, amidst a nation's treason, must yield to the dangers of actual to their honour and their oaths. warfare.* “ The armed force,” said

* Mem. de Dumourier, III. 172.

Carnot, " is essentially obedient;" from all the steeples in Paris by the and in all his commands, that great citizen soldiers, and the image of our man incessantly inculcated upon his Saviour effaced, by their orders, from soldiers the absolute necessity of im every church within its bounds! plicit submission to the power which The two principles stand and fall toemployed them.* When the recre gether. The Chevalier, without fear ant Constable de Bourbon, at the and without reproach, died in obehead of a victorious squadron of dience to his oath, with his eyes fixe Spanish cavalry, approached the spot ed on the Cross; the National Guard where the rear-guard, under the Che- lived in triumph, while their comvalier Bayard, was covering the re rades bore down the venerated emtreat of the French army in the Val blem from the towers of Notre ley of Aosta, he found him seated, Dame. mortally wounded, under a tree, “ I can discover no other reason with his eyes fixed on the cross which for the uniform progress of the reformed the hilt of his sword. Bour- public,” says Cicero, “but the conbon began to express pity for his stant sense of religion which has acfate. “ Pity not me,” said the high- tuated its members. In numbers the minded Chevalier, “ pity those who Spaniards excel us—in military arfight against their king, their coun dour, the Gauls—in hardihood and try, and their oath.”

obstinacy, the Germans; but in veThese generous feelings, common neration to the gods, and fidelity to alike to republican antiquity and mo their oaths, the Roman people ex. dern chivalry, have disappeared du- ceed any nation that ever existed." ring the fumes of the French Revo- We shall see whether the present lution. The soldier who is now ho- times are destined to form an excepnoured, is not he who keeps, but he tion from these principles; whether who violates his oath; the rewards treason and infidelity are to tear the of valour showered, not upon those fabric in modern, which fidelity and who defend, but those who overturn religion constructed in ancient times. the government; the incense of po The extreme peril of such prinpular applause offered, not at the al- ciples renders the enquiry interesttar of fidelity, but at that of treason. ing.–What have been the effects of Honours, rewards, promotion, and military treachery in times past? Has adulation, have been lavished on the it aided the cause of virtue, strengthtroops of the line, who overthrew ened the principles of freedom, conthe government of Charles X. in July tributed to the prosperity of manlast, while the Royal Guard, who ad- kind? Or has it unhinged the fabric hered to the fortune of the falling of society, blasted the cause of limonarch with exemplary fidelity, berty, blighted the happiness of the have been reduced to beg their bread people ? from the bounty of strangers in a fo The first great instance of military reign land. A subscription has re treachery occurred in the revolt of cently been opened in London for the French Guards in June, 1789. the most destitute of those defenders That unparalleled event immediately of royalty ; but the government jour- brought on the Revolution. The fanals have stigmatized, as a highly tal example rapidly spread to the dangerous," any indication of sym other troops brought up to overawe pathy with their fidelity or their mis- the capital, and the King, deprived fortunes.t

of the support of his own troops, was If these ancient ideas of honour, soon compelled to submit to the inhowever, are to be exploded, they surgents. It was these soldiers, not have at least gone out of fashion in the mob of Paris, who stormed the good company. The National Guard Bastile; all the efforts of the popuwho took up arms to overthrow the lace were unavailing till those reguthrone, have not been long in de- lar troops occupied the adjoining stroying the altar. During the re houses, and supported tumultuary volt of February, 1831, the Cross, the enthusiasm by military skill. emblem of salvation, was taken down Extravagant were the eulogiums,

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