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Virgilian demiverse, “ facilis descen- such is the inevitable recoil of nasus Averni.” Chaos seemed to have tural sentiment in the minds of racome again—and that Anarch Old to tional beings, soon as the pressure of be howling from the Calton to the some accidental external force has Acropolis.®“ Oh!king, live for ever!" been removed, and the energies was still the cry that saluted the Lord within suffered to exert their inheAdvocate's ears—those of the Lord rent elasticity. Provost were regaled with, “ Throw But, in the fourth place, after hahim over the Bridge !"
ving “looked on this picture and on But as in “the soul are many lesser this," and seeing that both are true faculties, reason the chief,” false or to nature and to life-quoad istam exaggerated impressions fade or fall diem-of which—had you given you away from the sensorium, and the your choice-could, would, or should soul sets her reason to see the truth. you wish to have been the originalIf for a time, times, or half a time, the Mob-Victim, or the Mob-King ? she has been deluded by her senses, In the fifth place, when the Lord Ad. she dismisses those bad and faith- vocate, after his double-deification, less servants to their cells, and leaves condescended to revisit the earthly the sole management of her house Exchange, and once more to miogle and kingdom to reason, her cham- . with mortals, at the written request berlain and her prime minister. Now, of Bailie Learmonth, as yet but a twice during the course of that day mortal citizen, (and a narrow escape was the Lord Provost assaulted to did he too make of immortality from the danger of his life, and after being immolation by the mob,) ought he driven to shelter, or rather save him- not to have remembered that he had self from death, in a shop, he was once been but human, like the poor pursued by the murderous Mac. blind creatures who were now askadamers to his own door, which was ing his advice and his aid? There opened and shut hastily, and then they were, in what may be called barricaded against the gang, while durance vile, in the custody of the dragoons guarded the porch. Next leaders, if not of his party, of his carday his Lordship's indignation was riage, nay, of the entire team. But much abated-and he pitied more ruth and pity his lordship had left than blamed the wretches that had behind him in the mansions of the sky forgotten they were Now, —and "fire-eyed fury was his conduct twice during the course of that day now.” That the magistrates had orwas the Lord Advocate hoisted into dered out the military he heard with his carriage, not to the danger of his visible indignation. It was an absurd life, though to the disarrangement of and needless step for men to take his habiliments, and after being in their position. There was his dragged by a posse of the élite of own sweet, subservient, servile, lacthose "animals that chew the thistle," quey and cattle-mob; and there were from the Lesser along the Greater two companies of the seventy-ninth Mound, and so on in his career of Highlanders! How he frowned with glory, he was safely deposited at his his black bent brows, like the Jupiter own door too, which opened and shut of Phidias, on the tartan-kilt, plaid, slowly upon the godlike man, who in and plume! How he smiled with a few moments afterwards reap- fairest forehead, like the Venus of peared on a balcony, and on the Praxiteles, on the fustian-breeches, haunted heads of his idolaters “than buff, and beaver-all much the worse honey from the honey-comb, that for wear - while the evening air droppeth sweeter far” distilled the would have been aswarm with ineloquence of his speech. Next day, sects, had niggard nature but gifted wethinks, his Lordship’s adıniration them with wings! He sweetenedmust have somewhat abated, of the he soothed-he promised-he beman creatures he had changed into seeched-he implored-he prayedcattle; and he too must have pitied and he pledged! And as the last more than condemned the wretches echoes of the measured military who had forgotten that they were tread died away in the distance, men. Both their Lordships, in short mayhap he had a dream of Forfar, and in long, were next day placed and, in the midst of all his triumphs, nearly in the same predicament a shade of sadness did fall upon his spirit, to think how inconsistent and body was in any danger but himself contradictory a composition of clay, and his friends, and that danger, by at the best, is that poor weak crea- all accounts, so very slight as almost ture-Whig-man!
to be beneath the ludicrous, comes In the sixth place, his Lordship painfully across one's mind, do what ought, we humbly think and say, to one will, when one thinks of his seekhave remembered throughout all ing to soothe the infuriated Edinburgh these transactions, that he was not on- rabble then threatening destruction ly“ the Right Honourable Francis Jef- to so many of his opponents, by tellfrey, Lord Advocate of Scotland,” in ing the mob that the soldiers should the eyes and ears of the many foolish not have been called out, and propeople who had no idea whatever of mising that they should immediatewhat those sonorous words may mean, ly be withdrawn, (a promise he had and of the many more blackguard no power to perform,) at the same people who in their hearts wish such tiine pledging himself " for their an office had never been invented, good and peaceable conduct!” Such but that he was so before his coun- were his Lordship’s words — the try, and in that character had not good and peaceable conduct of the only privileges but powers, and not identical set of ruffians - the few only rights but duties. His chief seized by the police excepted-who duty, as Lord Advocate, during great had twice attempted the life of the part of that day and that night, was Lord Provost, wounded hundreds to to assist the other authorities to co- the effusion of their blood, and who erce the mob. That mob, he has were still breathing vengeance against told us himself, grievously and gross- those they had so savagely insulted ly offended against the law; and why and injured! Long before this time did he not interpose the shield of his (it was about seven o'clock when his power between them and the peo- Lordship thus addressed the miliple? There can be but one answer, - tary, having been sent for, as we have because he was a candidate for their said, to Moray Place by one of the favour,-and hoped on another oc- Magistrates still imprisoned in the casion to have their sweet voices. Exchange), the Riot Act had been Nor let any timid trimmer hint that read, and placards posted up warning in saying so, we are doing injustice the mob of the dangers they would to a high-minded gentleman. We re- face by continuing on the streets after spect the character of Mr Jeffrey such a warning, and these placards more truly, and on firmer and broad. lis Lordship ordered to be destroyer grounds too, than perhaps most ed, as we have been told, with apof his noisy friends, and certainly parently much indignation. He has than all the insinuating sycophants not ventured to say that the Riot Act who, incapable of appreciating the ought not to have been read-nor will worth of such a man, yet eat his figs he venture; and if it was right to and lick his phlegm, and, after all
, read it, it was incumbent on the Ma. care not, so that they gain their ends, gistrates, as men of common humaif he were dead to-morrow. But nity, as well as common firmness, it was natural that he should have to forewarn the deluded miscreants been with the mob, for the mob (and who else but miscreants would was with him; and it seems worse continue to rage along the streets of than ungracious, most ungrateful, to a city after that reading ?)—of the do even one's duty to a mob of fearful liabilities they incurred by the plainer that duty may be ; for in law? Why did the Lord Advocate this case, what could it be but to as- angrily order or enjoin that those sist the magistrates and the military placards should be effaced? Could with baton or with bayonet to charge, he for one instant have been so dedisperse, arrest, imprison, and pu- luded as to dream that the Magisnish ? So far from shewing a vigour trates were instigated by the same beyond the law, he shewed a weak- sort of feeling—anger-to bid them ness that was nothing less than dan- be put up-as he seemed to be ingerous injustice; and the recollection stigated by in bidding them be of his having called dragoons into For- pulled down? If so, then notwithfar all the way from Perth, when no standing the lesson they had already read to him, he little knew his men. cases, each piece of the inexplicable They were actuated by a thoughtful monster becomes not only a quiet humanity-he by a thoughtless gra- citizen, but a not unexemplary titude-to the mob. The voices of Christian. A friend of ours insists the Magistrates who read the Riot that not one man in a million dies Act, though at different places, could without having committed a capital not be heard over all the streets and crime; a severe libel, we hold, if the squares where the niob was raging; truth be so, either on human nature, but the stone-deaf are not always or the criminal law of England. 'stone-blind too; and by such pla- Without feeling ourselves necessitacards alone could proclamation be ted either by experience or observamade to the mob that had so long tion to acquiesce with that dictum of had possession of the city, that the our wicked friend, who we hope time had come when they might be may escape hanging, there can be lawfully treated as its enemies, and little doubt that few men deserving visited with extremest punishment. the name but have been in a row, But in the teeth of such telling, the and that a row is uterine brother to Lord Advocate delivered another a mob. Their constituents are somedoctrine more palateable to those times pretty much the same; they who had drawn him in triumph to differ-by the by, like almost every his house, and driven the Lord Pro- thing else—but in degrees. In the yost in terror (no-in peril) to his; meal-mob which we described a and Mob, being assured on the few pages back, there was the flower authority of their own member, that of our village population. Had they were safe from the soldiers, and you fired upon it, there had been that the ugly placards were sent broken the 'stalk of rose or lily, to Pozzi, after such pause in their full-blown or budding, and there proceedings as they thought in po- would have been grief both in field Jiteness, or rather in loyalty, due to and garden. The mob we have been their King, (for they have no God,) treating of just now was a very difsent him back to bis palace in tri- ferent mob indeed-hardly human on umph under guard of the drag-divi- the day of election, and many of its sion, and with increased courage re- members not human yet, nor likely sumed the campaign-in many a
ever to become so,-yet, generally savage skirmish, for they aye refused speaking, human, and in the long the offer of a pitched battle-through run, though it will again lose its huall quarters of the town.
manity on passing of the Bill. Even In the seventh place,who would wish in it, on that day, besides loungers, to fire wantonly upon a mob? Not we, spectators, lookers-on, bystanders, as we hope to be saved. We are confi- idlers, amateurs, connoisseurs, et id dent, that even the Whigs and Radi- genus omne, there were doubtless cals themselves will believe us; for some innocent, some thoughtless, we never fired wantonly upon them, some joyous, some reckless, some when threatening to blow up our very drunk, and some dismal souls, enMagazine, not even after we had read corpsed with its brute-bulk, any sinthe Riot Act in their hearing, with the gle one of whom almost under any voice of a Stentor. A mob is not, imaginable circumstances, it would like other great big wild beasts— have been as pleasant to a good citizen always a beast. It is not with him to knock down, as painful to fracture once a mob always a mob, as it is his skull, and most miserable to shoot with a war-wolf, once a war-wolf through the heart. Here a knave, always a war-wolf. Were it so, we there a fool-yonder a simpleton should not wait for the Riot Act to who believes in a hell of Gilmerton fire upon him, but fling him a pill to coal, and by his side an atheist—the swallow, of such wondrous potency bully of a bad-house arm-in-arm that he should be “hoist with his own with the teacher of a Sunday school petard.” But soon as this multiform – the jail-bird who has broken bis Polypus has fallen into pieces and parents' hearts" keeps together in he is almost sure to do so within his chivalry” with a journeymantwenty-four hours of his birth at the mason who supports both his wifarthest-the same being of the race dowed mother and his grandmother of the ephemerals-why, in many that is the hoary head of a thricetransported felon, who, had he not individuals whatever"—and who they turned king's evidence, must have were is known to all reformers. been hanged for murder, cresting But let Juvenis answer Senex if he the bright poll of a boy, who last can. Hear Senex addressing the able week saved a stranger's life, by leap. Editor of the Edinburgh Advertiser : ing, though a poor swimmer, from Leith pier in a surf--and that, we “But I wish to call the attention of perceive, is a pastry-cook's appren- yourself and the public to the pretice, whose greatest guilt, up to this cious placard by the Right Hon. . hour, has consisted in being an ac- Francis Jeffrey, Lord Advocate of complice of his master's in passing (N. B. it should be for) Scotland, off cat for hare soup, and kitten for posted up since the riot of Tuesday. veal-pâtes, cheek-by-jowl with an in. This most extraordinary composicendiary worse than Jack the Painter, tion, by the First Law Officer of the for he was an instigator of the Kent Crown-an Officer of State--and, burnings. Such and such-like is the since the abolition of the Scots Privý composition-if sifted by practical Council, the principal officer of Pomoral philosophy-of that mob, lice in Scotland, begins thus— The which we should be most loath in- Lord Advocate intreats all who bear deed to fire on, for that might be in- him any friendship or respect in this human—and just as loath to pledge city to abstain, and so on. A second ourselves, as the Lord Advocate did Daniel ! but it is a Daniel O'Conthat evening, “ for their good and nell!! What! the Lord Advocate for peaceable behaviour,” for that would Scotland does not enjoin and combe irrational—and still more loath, mand the people to respect and obey for that we know not what to call, to the King's authority-to keep the post up, of and to them, in different King's peace, and not to invade the parts of the city, as the Lord Advo- persons or property of his Majesty's cate did on the night following- peaceable subjects—but he humbly en“ The Lord Advocate entreats all treats them, out of friendship and who bear him any friendship or re- respect for him, forsooth,- for him, spect in this city, to abstain at this the late, if not present Editor of time, from any public demonstration the Edinburgh Review !—for him, of their feeling, and especially to whom your Correspondent Consistwithhold their countenance, either ENCY shews up as the decided eneby their presence or otherwise, from my of all rash projects—all wholeany indication of hostility or disre- sale reforms—all theoretical systemspect to any individuals whatever.” mongers, who will have every thing To say no more about mobs—we feel
or nothing'—(the Bill, the whole strongly tempted to say a word or two Bill, and nothing but the Bill)-out on such sweet entreaty and soft re- of friendship for Him, to be so good monstrance, which, did we not know as not again to threaten to throw the the reverse to be the truth from a Lord Provost over the North Bridge hundred quarters, would have gone -not again to attempt to break into far to convince us that his lordship the Council Chamber—not again to is a very selfish and unfeeling per- besiege the Councillors there for sonage. But you say that here he hours after the election was overwas not speaking to the mob? And not again to commit the savage outhas he then such friends as could rages of Tuesday night on the coninstigate the mob in any way to acts stables, soldiers, and yeomanry. In of hostility against the seventeen short, to be good boys in future, not electors? And deigns he thus to ca- in obedience to the laws, but for the jole them, instead of flinging their sake of Him! Francis Jeffrey !! foul friendship from him with a scorn- “ But this is not all. Does the Lord ful sense of contamination and dis- Advocate declare that he will do honour? What had “ all who bear every thing in his power to discover him any friendship or respect been and bring to justice some of the perdoing ? Threatening and attempting sons who were observed to be active to commit murder. On whom? Why in the outrages already committed ? on those whom his lordship alludes Oh, no. He is to let bygones be byto in that pretty periphrasis," any gones; it is only in case of any repetition of their outrages that he tells his electing a Member of Parliament, friends (for so he designated the mob the Councillors had a right to vote at his own house) That he will co- according to their own opinions of operate with the civil and military the candidates, or of their princiauthorities to repress them, and to ples. You report him to have said, bring them, as is his peculiar and * that it is a privilege which they are most important duty, to condign pu- not called on to exercise in their nishment for their offences.' Good ! own right;'-and again, but as to So it is no part of his peculiar and the Town Council, with great submost important duty to bring to mission, he would say, that they condign punishment persons guilty were merely the office-bearers of of past rioting, and assaulting persons the Corporation, merely the organs and property, in proof of their friend. by which it performed certain funcship for him, and to shew their zeal tions.' in his cause ? But if they shall ever “ This is quite new doctrine-that do so again, when their friendship and electors are not in reality electors zeal can no longer serve him and his -to decide and vote according to cause, then, forsooth, bis good friends the dictates of their own consciences shall be brought to condign punish- —but mere organs, puppets, mament!!
chines, to be moved and guided by " Is this the man that is fit to be the petitions of Mr Jeffrey's friends Lord Advocate for Scotland ? Is this out of doors. the man to whom, in times like these, “ Well, be it so. The Town Counwe are to look for wisdom in council cil are to be considered as mere for energy in the exercise of his organs, trustees, as he calls them in office-for protection to our lives another place, for the public. Then, and properties against infuriated pray, what will his 3000, or 4000, or mobs, first inflamed by his own pre- 5000 ten-pound voters be? They vious writings and speeches, then will no doubt be a more numerous treated with impunity for past out- body of trustees. But still, accord, rages, and only threatened with fu- ing to his argument, as they will ture punishment for riots, which, form but a very small proportion of perhaps, may have no reference to the male population of Edinburgh, him or his cause? Was it thus that they will be only organs, or trustees, Lord Advocate Dundas (the late for the public, and ought not to vote Chief Baron), the gentlest but the according to their own opinions and firmest of human beings, acted, in consciences, but according to the order to protect us against Margarot's dictates of the one hundred and and other mobs at the commence- twenty thousand of the most enment of the French Revolution ? No, lightened and intelligent people to indeed. If the Lord Advocate of be found within the bounds of the those days had acted as the Lord empire. By the by, this 120,000 Advocate of this day has done, the enlightened and intelligent people question of Reform would have been includes, at least, 70,000 or 80,000 settled long ago by the British Con- women and children; and, of the vention, à-la-mode of Robespierre men, also includes the thousands of and Marat." *
most enlightened and intelligent But let us hear Senex again, for people' who
acted the dignified part he is no ordinary old man. If not of coach-horses to the Right Hon. restrained by modesty, we should Francis Jeffrey, on his return from call him a second Christopher. the election,
t“Sir,-I have a few remarks to “ Therefore, according to the prinmake on the speech of the Right ciples of the Right Hon. and Learned Hon. Francis Jeffrey, Lord Advocate Lord, his ten-pound voters are only of Scotland (at full length, as his to be the organs of 120,000 enlightfriends affect ostentatiously to call ened and intelligent non-voters. him) to the Town Council, at the late Now, what is this but universal sufelection, as reported in your paper. frage in its worst and most mischie
“ In the first place, he denied, that, vous and equivocal shape ? If we in the exercise of their privilege of bad universal suffrage, out and out,
Edinburgh Advertiser, May 13.
# Ibid. May 17.