lasses spread all over it, in the full belief that there would be more of it and that it would last longer if spread out in this way. My share of the syrup was usually about two tablespoonfuls, and those two spoonfuls of molasses were much more enjoyable to me than is a fourteen-course dinner after which I am to speak.

Booker T. Washington: Up from Slavery."


And while he pray'd, the master of that ship
Enoch had served in, hearing his mischance,
Came, for he knew the man and valued him,
Reporting of his vessel China-bound,
And wanting yet a boatswain. Would he go?
There yet were many weeks before she sailid,
Sail'd from this port. Would Enoch have the place?
And Enoch all at once assented to it,
Rejoicing at that answer to his prayer.

Tennyson: Enoch Arden.


4. Subordination and interrupted clauses Bo-bo was in the utmost consternation, as you may think, not so much for the sake of the tenement, which his father and he could easily build up again with a few dry branches, and the labor of an hour or two, at any time, as for the loss of the pigs.

Lamb: A Dissertation on Roast Pig.


To try thy eloquence, now 't is time; dispatch.
From Antony win Cleopatra; promise,
And in our name, what she requires ; add more,
From thine invention, offers.

Shakespeare: Antony and Cleopatra, III, I.


But a brook hath ta'en
A little rill of scanty stream and bed
A name of blood from that day's sanguine rain.

Byron : Childe Harold. (Canto IV, 65.) 1 Copyright, 1901, by Booker T. Washington. Used with the kind permission of the publishers, Doubleday, Page and Company.


Which blood, like sacrificing Abel's, cries,
Even from the tongueless caverns of the earth,
To me for justice and rough chastisement.

Shakespeare: Richard II, 1, i.


Cowards die many times before their deaths,
The valiant never taste of death but once.
Of all the wonders that I yet have heard,
It seems to me most strange that men should fear;
Seeing that death, a necessary end,
Will come when it will come.

Shakespeare: Julius Cæsar, 11, ii.


The genius of the people, stimulated to prodigious activity by freedom, by individualisin, by universal education, has subjected the desert and abolished the frontier.


As, when from mountain-tops the dusky clouds
Ascending, while the North-wind sleeps, o'erspread
Heaven's cheerful face, the louring elemeno
Scowls o'er the darkened landscape srow or shower,
If chance the radiant sun, with farewell sweet,
Extend his evening beam, the fields revive,
The birds their notes renew, and bleating herds
Attest their joy, that hill and valley rings.
O shame to men! Devil with devil damned
Firm concord holds ; men only disagree
Of creatures rational, though under hope
Of heavenly grace, and, God proclaiming peace,
Yet live in hatred, enmity, and strife
Among themselves, and levy cruel wars,
Wasting the earth, each other to destroy.

Milton: Paradise Lost, 11, 488-502.

32. The mind of man is peopled, like some silent city, with a

sleeping company of reminiscences, associations, impressions, attitudes, emotions, to be awakened into fierce activity at the touch of words. By one way or another, with a fanfaronnade of the marching trumpets, or stealthily, by noiseless passages and dark posterns, the troop of suggesters enters the citadel to do its work within. The procession of beautiful sounds that is a poem passes in through the main

gate, and forthwith the by-ways resound to the hurry of ghostly feet, until the small company of adventurers is well-nigh lost and overwhelmed in that throng of insurgent spirits.

Raleigh : Style.

33. And Ardennes waves above them her green leaves,

Dewy with nature's tear-drops as they pass,
Grieving, if aught inanimate e'er grieves,
Over the unreturning brave, --- alas!
Ere evening to be trodden like the grass
Which now beneath them, but above shall

In its next verdure, when this fiery mass
Of living valor, rolling on the foe
And burning with high hope shall moulder cold and low.

Byron: Childe Harold. (Canto III, 27.)


But, though forsaken by the fickle and the selfish, a solemn enthusiasm, a stern and determined depth of principle, a confidence in the sincerity of their own motives, and the manly English pride which inclined them to cling to their former opinions, like the traveller in the fable to his cloak, the more strongly that the tempest blew around them, detained in the ranks of the Puritans many, who, if no longer formidable from numbers, were still so from their character.

Scott: Peveril of the Peak, chap. IV.

5. Contrast and comparison 35. Think not the king did banish thee,

But thou the king. Shakespeare: Richard II, 1, iii.


Does not the South need peace ? And, since free labor is inevitable, will


have it in its worst forms or in its best? Shall it be ignorant, impertinent, indolent, or shall it be educated, self-respecting, moral. and self-supporting? Will you have men as drudges, or will you have them as citizens ?

Beecher: Raising the Flag over Fort Sumter.


As gold
Outvalues dross, light darkness, Abel Cain,
The soul the body, and the Church the Throne,
I charge thee, upon pain of mine anathema,
That thou obey, not me, but Gud in me,
Rather than Henry.

Tennyson : Becket, i, iii.

38. What is the rule of honor to be observed by a Power so

strong and so advantageously situated as this Republic is? Of course, I do not expect it meekly to pocket real insults if they should be offered to it. But surely, it should not, as our boyish jingoes wish it to do, swagger about among the nations of the world, with a chip on its shoulder, and shaking its fist in everybody's face. Of course, it should not tamely submit to real encroachments upon its rights. But, surely, it should not, whenever its own notions of right or interest collide with the notions of others, fall into hysterics and act as if it really feared for its own security and its very independence. As a true gentleman, conscious of his strength and his dignity, it should be slow to take offense. In its dealings with other nations it should have scrupulous regard, not only for their rights, but also for their selfrespect. With all its latent resources for war, it should be the great peace Power of the world. It should never forget what a proud privilege and what an inestimable blessing it is not to need and not to have big armies or navies to support. It should seek to influence mankind, not by heavy artillery, but by good example and wise counsel. It should see its highest glory, not in battles won, but in wars prevented. It should be so invariably just and fair, so trustworthy, so good tempered, so conciliatory that other nations would instinctively turn to it as their mutual friend and the natural adjuster of their differences, thus making it the greatest preserver of the world's peace.

Schurz: The Venezuelan Question. (Speech before the

New York Chamber of Commerce, Jan. 2, 1896.)' 1 Copyright, 1913, by Schurz víemorial Committee. Used with the kind permission of the publishers, G. P. Putnam's Sons.

39. And what sort of business do we mean? Surely the larger

sorts of legitimate and honorable business; that business which is of advantage both to buyer and seller, and to producer, distributor and consumer alike, whether individuals or nations, which makes common some useful thing which has been rare, or makes accessible to the masses good things which have been within reach only of a few.

Eliot: Uses of Education for Business.


Look, as I blow this feather from my face,
And as the air blows it to me again,
Obeying with my wind when I do blow,
And yielding to another when it blows,
Commanded always by the greater gust;
Such is the lightness of you common men.

Shakespeare: Henry VI, Part III, III, i.


I presume
That as my hand has open'd bounty to you,
My heart dropp'd love, my power rain’d honour, mor
you than
any ; so your

hand and heart,
Your brain, and every function of your power,
Should, notwithstanding that your bond of duty,
As 't were in love's particular, be more
To me, your friend, than any.

Shakespeare: Henry VIII, 11, ii.


Therefore doth heaven divide
The state of man in divers functions,
Setting endeavour in continual motion ;
To which is fixed, as an aim or butt,
Obedience: for so work the honey-bees,
Creatures that by a rule in nature teach
The act of order to a peopled kingdom.
They have a king and officers of sorts ;
Where some, like magistrates, correct at home,
Others, like merchants, venture trade abroad,
Others, like soldiers, armed in their stings,
Make boot upon the summer's velvet buds,

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