tion, stones lying at the bottom of a pond appear nigh the surface of the water.

Phil. Trans. of R. S. vol. i. p. 637.

to the laws of His Divine Providence ; of which this is one, that a man must see himself therein, desire to depart, and endeavour of himself to do so. This a man can do while in the world, but not after death : he then abides to all eternity in the society, which he had introduced himself into, while in the world. This is the reason why a man ought to examine himself, to see and acknowledge his sias, to repeat of them, and then to persevere to his life’s end.

SweDENBORG's Div. Prov. n. 278.

1347. [Acts a. 11–16.] Sailing along the coast of Tartary, June 16th, 1787, at fuur in the evening, we discovered, says J. F. G. DE LA PEROUSE, the continent, which extended from west by south to north by east; and very soon after, to the south, an extensive land, running west towards Tartary, so as not to leave an opening of 15 degrees between it and the continent. We distinguished the mountains, the vallies, and all the particulars of the land ; and could not conceive how we had entered into this strait, which could be no other than that of Tessoy, the search after which we had given up. In this situation I thought it adviseable to haul our wind, and steer south-south-east. But soon these hills and valles disappeared. The most extraordinary foy-bank I had ever beheld was the cause of our illusion. We saw it disperse; its shapes, its colors, ascended, and vanished in the region of the clouds ; and we had still day-light enough' left to remove every doubt about the existence of this fantastie land. I sailed all night over the space of sea it had appeared to occupy, and at day-break nothing of it was visible, though our horizon was so extensive, that we distinctly saw the coast of Tartary upwards of fifteen leagues distant.

Voyage round the World, vol. ii. p. 7.

1350. [Matt. xxiv. 35.] In the Intermediate State, earthly objects are imaged upwards in the different spheres arising from our terraqueous globe; whilst all the sacred buildings, cities, plantations, &c., that have been executed according to the divisie directions given in Scripture, still remain permanently fixed in the four concentric spheres of the Sun of Righteousness which correspond with the spiritual spheres around our earth. Now, as our earth in its revolution from west to east, is continually removing with all its spiritual appearances in its imagery heavens, it may with strict propriety be said in this case, as also when eartbly objects perish, that heaven and earth do really pass away. But, as the objects taken up into the Angelic Heavens apparently come down to the extremities of the solar spheres thence, and are thus perma• nently fixed over the revolving earth, those heavenly ideas, images, or words “shall not pass away.”

See Heb. xi. 10. - Rev. xxi. 2.

1348. [Rev. xvii. 8.) On Wednesday July 26th, 1797, WILLIAM LATham Esq. being informed that the Coast of France might plainly be distinguished froin the Sea-side at Hastings by the naked eye, went down from his house there immediately to the shore, and was surprised to find that, even without the assistance of a Telescope, he could very plainly see the cliffs on the opposite coast; which, at the nearest part, are between 40 and 50 miles distant, and are not discerpible, froin that low situation, by the aid of the best glasses. —He then went upon the Easteru Cliff, which is of a considerable height, from whence he could at once see Dover Cliffs, and the French Cuast, all along from talais, Boulogne, &c. to St. Vallery ; aud as far to the westward eveu as D eppe. By the Telescope, the French fishing-boats were plainly to be seen at Anchor; and the different colors of the land upon the heights, togt ther with the buildinys, were perfectly discernible. This curious phenomenon continued in the highest splendor (though a black cloud totally obscured the face of the sun tor some time) froin about 5 till past 8 o'clock in the afternoon, when it gradually vanished. He learnt that the same phenomenon bad been equally visible at Winchelsea, and other places along the coast.

1351. [Jer. i. 11, 13.] From Jer. i. 11, 13. and other passages of sacred Writ, it should seem that, in the spiri. tual world, the things which exist around angels and spi. rits according to their affections and thoughts, represent a kind of universe. The Prophets testify that, in that world, there appear lands, mountains, hills, vallies, plains, fields, lakes, rivers, fountains, as in the natural world; consequently all things of the mineral kingdom. That there appear alse paradises, gardens, groves, woods, in which are trees and shrubs of all kinds with fruits and seeds; also plants, flowers, herbs and

grasses: consequently all things of the vegetable kingdom. That there appear, in short, animals, birds and fishes of all kinds ; consequently all things of the animal kingdom. Such things appear to the life and exist around an angel, aud around angelic societies, as things produced or created from them. They remain also around those that produce them; and do not recedé, except when the producing angel, or society, departs to some other place. They then disappear. Also when other angels succeed in their place, the appearance of things around where they had been is changed: the paradises are changed as to their trees and fruits; the gardens are changed as to their roses and seeds; also the fields, as to their herbs and grasses ; ani the kinds of animals and birds are changed likewise. The reason why such things so esist, and are so changed, is, because they are correspondent exhibi. tions and representative images of the affectious and thoughts of spiritual beings, irradiased and displayed under the crea.

1349. [Heb. xii. 22, 23.] Every man, with respect to his spirit, is in some association ; in a celestial one, if he be in the affection of what is good; in an infernal one, if he be in the concupiscence of what is evil. From an unfernal association he canuot be extricated, by the Lord, but accordivg

tive iufluence of the Divine Glory Divine Lode, nn. 321, 322.

1352. [1 Cor. xiii. 12.] In the spiritual world are exhibited the essential images of all things in the animal, vegetable and mineral kingdoms. Amidst such appearances there is an augel, who sees them around him, and knows that they are representations of himself. When also the inmost of his intelleet is opened, he sees his image and knows himself in them, even as in a glass.

Ibid. n. 63.

1357. [2 Pet. iii, 10, 12.] On Hewit Conion, about three miles from York, my attention, says N. Pigotr, Esq. (F. R. S.) was attracted towards the W.N.W. by some luminous matter in motion, which, collecting together from several directions, and immediately taking fire, presented itself ander the form of a ball, of so vivid a brightness, that the whole horizon was illuminated, so that the · sínallest object might have been seen on the ground. —Nine or ten minutes after its dissipation, I heard a noise, much resembling the report of a cannon at a very great distance. ---Supposing sound to move 1106 feet in one second of time, I calculate its perpendicular altitude above the earth's surface to have been about 40 miles.

Phil. Trans. Abridg. vol. xv. p. 620.


[Rev. xx. 12.] And the dead were judged, out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.

1353. [Ezek. xviii. 14–17.] No one ever suffers punishment in the other life, on account of hereditary evil; because it is not his, consequently he is not blameable for it: but he suffers punishinent on account of actual evil, which is his own ; consequently in proportion as, by actual life, he has appropriated to himself the hereditary evil.

SWEDENBORG's Arcana, n. 2308.

1354. [John iii. 19.] God's sentence of condemnation, is only a leaving them that are lost, in such a misery of their own nature, as has finally rejected all that was possible to relieve it. John v. 40.

Law's Appeal, p. 89.

1355. [1 Cor. xiii. 5.] Evil enters into the will by being detained in the thought, by consent, especially by act and the delight thence derived. When a man thus appropriates to himself evil, he procures to himself a sphere of that evil; which sphere is that to which spirits from hell adjoin themselves, who are in the sphere of a like evil; for like is conjoined to like.

See SWEDENBORG's Arcana, nn. 6207, 6206.

If the aspect of the earth be horrible in polar climates, the sky affords the most beautiful spectacle. As soon as the nights grow dark, fires of a thousand colors, and a thousand various shapes lighten the sky. Sometimes they begin by forniing a large scarf of clear aud moving light, whose extremities reach to the horizon, and which rapidly traverses the heavens with a motion resembling the cast of a fisherman's net, preserving in this motion very perceptibly a direction perpendicular to the meridian. Most frequently after these preludes, all the lights unite towards the zenith where they form the head of a kind of crown. To describe all the figures which these lights assume, and all the motions they make, would be an endless task. Their most ordinary motion is one which inakes them resemble curtains flying in the air ; and by the shades of colors which they assume, one would take them to be of those taffeties which are called fame-coloured; sometimes they carpet part of the heavens with scarlet. —On the night between the first and the second of September, 1767, from ten in the evening uutil ove in the morning, the heavens were on fire throughout the arctic hemisphere; the night was as brilliant as the day : I read a letter, says M. DE KERGUELEN TREMAREC, at midnight as casily as I could have done at noou. We first of all saw, remarks this intelligent observer, a luminous cloud in the form of au arch, whịch occupied half the firmanent. From this, about eleven o'clock, rose columns perpendicular to the horizon, and alternately white and red. The upper part of these columns towards midnight changed into sheaves of a flame color, from the centre of which arrows of light issued into the air like rockets ; at length after midnight, these columns, which were arranged with such admirable symmetry, were confounded all at once in a brilliant chaos of copes, pyramids, radii, sheaves, and globes of fire. This celestial appearance disappeared gradually; but the air was full of light even till day. -Phenomena of this description have heen seen in all ages and countries; but what are their origin? Why are they observed towards the north ? As every one is allowed to have his own system, I shall hazard a conjecture on the probable cause fof the aurora borealis, called so froin its luminousness resembling that of dawn, although more commonly known by the name of the northern lights, on account of their being seen in the nurth. Imo, I imagine the matter of the aurora borealis to be the same as that of lightning or electricity. 2do, That the diurnal motion of the earth occasions a con


1356. (2 Pet. iii. 10.] The day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night ; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, an earth also, and the works that are therein, shall be burnt up.

“Whether (this be spoken of) the whole world, or our great vortex only, I dispute not,” says the Honourable Robert Boyle (in his Considerations about the Reconcileubleness of Reason and Religion, p. 88). The probable opinion of the Cartesians is, that the earth and divers other mundane globes, as the planets, are turned about their own axes by the motion of the respective ethereal vortices or whirlpools, in which they swim.

Boyle, on the High Veneration Man's

Intellect owes tu God, p. 20.

tinual flux of this matter towards the poles; which makes common fire, are only different effects of the same cause these meteors most visible in their neighbouring regions. differently acted upon, disposed, modified and circumstanced. 3rio, That a certain density, temper, and particular constitu- These aurora borealis are greatly useful to the inhabitants tion of air be requisite to canse the igneous particles to ap- of the polar regions; it seems as if nature were desirous by proach, leap together, and compress so as by their fermen- them to make amends for the absence of the sun, and the tation to produce those sheaves, rockets, and luminous co- privation of his beams. lumns which are peculiar to the aurora borealis. 410, That

PINKERTON's Coll. of Voy. and Trau. all the rapid inovennents, the lateral diverzences, the sudden

dol. i. pp. 246, 785, &c. appearance of columns, &c., result from their mutual attraction and repulsion, a natural property of electric fire, as is proved by the alternate attraction and repaision of gold leaves 1358.

Light occasions the rapid combustion and light bodies by electrical globes. 5to, That if this meteor of hydrogen in oxymuriatic acid gas. The more powerful appear but rarely, it is because the air possesses seldorn the the light, the more rapid is the diminution of the mixture. requisite density, or is properly constituted to produce it. — But if, in experiments, the hand, or any opaque body, be inThe most celebrated philosophers have long maintained an terposed to cut off the solar light, the diminution is instantly opinion that the element of fire is dispersed throughout suspended. — The effect of light is nearly the same on mixexistence, and that solid and fluid bodies are abundantly tures of this gas with carburetted hydrogen and carbonic impregnated with igneous particles. I conceive that the oxyde. - If hydrogen and oxymuriatic acid be mixed in a ether of Newton, the elementary fire of Boerbaave, and elec. strong phial, and the mixture exposed to the solar rays, an tric fire, are the same substauce, whose different effects vary explosion alınost instantly takes place with a loud report (or in proportion to the impulse, agitation, direction, strength great no se'). and quantity of the assembled matter; hence the action of

Dalton's Chem. Phil. part ii. p. 301. the sun on this substance produces the double advantage of light and heat. Thus the attrition of a globe of glass re-unites a certain quantity of it, which managed and directed 1359. [2 Pet. iii. 11, 12.] It is somewhat remarkable that with art, produces the various phenomena of electricity. those gases which are known to combine occasionally, as Thus the sudden and violent collision of two hard bodies azote and oxygen, and those which are never known to comelicits sparks, and the continual friction of two bodies of bine, as hydrogen and carbonic acid, should dissolve one whatever description they be, excites and originates elemen- another with equal facility; nay, these last exercise this tary fire in sufficieut quantity to inflame and consume any solvent power with more effect than the former; for, hydrogen combustible watter exposed to its action. —When a great can draw up carbonic acid from the bottom to the top of any quantity of particles of fire is accumulated in condensed vessel, not withstanding the latter is 20 times the specific clouds which compress and drive them together, the particles | gravity of the former. of fire then striking the one against the other, infame,

Ibid. part i. p. 179. sparkle, kindle into a blaze, and burst with explosion the prison which incloses them. Hence the flash of lightning and the thunder-clap; and if the lightning be seen before 1360. (2 Pet. iii. 10.] The earth, ir stretching forth its the thunder be heard, it is because the vibrations which ex- sphere, necessarily exhibits itself and every object that covers pand from the igneous matter are more rapid of light than it, at the extremity of every degree in its atmosphere. Couthe undulations of the air which bring us the sound. -Wheu sequently in the judgment, when the Light of God preys upon clouds have less density; when they pass over space more or cousuines the spheres of the wicked as the light of the lightly and more freely; when they contain only a small sun also destroys correspondent gases, the appearance then is quantity of the particles of fire, then, should they unite and that the earth, its works, and all that do wickedly, are burued clash together, they kindle into fiame without explosion ; up as stubble. See Mal. iv. 1. they produce that silent lightning, and those falling stars which shine and disappear. When the atmosphere is not too much overspread with clouds, and those have no more than 1361. [2 Pet. i. 19.) This sure word of prophecy, resthe density requisite for sustaining and leading ou the parti- pecting the coming of Christ to judgment, is delivered by cles of fire iu their sphere of mutual attraction, without keep- our Lord Himself in Matt. xvi. 28, John xxi. 22; where it ing them in, without beaping or pressing them, then no ex- is positively declared, that the disciple whom Jesus loved plosion succeeds; but the particles of fire inflame in the open should survive the great event when the Son of man should air, and according to the different figures, though different come in the glory of his Father to reward every man accordconsistence of the inflammable matter, and the different re- ing to his works. -Sce the accomplishment, Rev. i. 9--18. fractious of light, those globes, pyramids, radii, sheaves, and See No. 963. columas differently coloured of the aurora borealis are seen. The identity of the essence of lightning and that of electricity, which has lately been discovered, and whose respec- 1362. [Matt. xvi. 28.] The Book of Revelation opens tive effects are very various, greatly supports the hypothesis, with deciaring Jesus Christ's appearance to John, comthat the light of the sun, of lightning, electric phenomena, li manding him to write what he (actually) saw : and he END OF PART FIRST.



the dead which were in them : and they were judged every man according to his works. And,” mark the awful consequence ! “ Death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the Book of Life", the Lamb's Book of Life,

was cast into the lake of fire.” Rev. xx. 12, &c.

accordingly thus describes the fulfilment of our Lord's prediction in Matt. xxiv. 29, 30, 34, 40, 41: _“I BEHELD (says he), and lo! the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, the moon becaine as blood; and the stars of heaven fell to the earth.” “And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud sat one like the son of man,” &c. Rev. vi. 12, 13; xiv. 14. -" And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God: and the books were opened ; and another book was opened, which is the Book of Life : and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and Death and Hades deliv.

0! that men were wise, that they even understood this; —their latter end in this world, and the uncertainty of it; the resurrection to another world, and then, the final judgment, either to everlasting punishment, or to the life eternal, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

Printed by Joseph Pratt, at the Academy Press,


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