of the real face itself, or of any the least part of it; but by a clear and total resemblance, and a distinct similitude only of the entire supernatural reality.

Bp. BROWNE's Divine Analogy, p. 184.

jointly, when to call the whole congregation ; with a constant and even sound, when they proclaimed a march; and with a tremulous interrupted one, when they sounded to battle.

Univer. Hist. dol. iii. p. 54.

5615. [1 Cor. xiji. 9.] We do not know things as they are in themselves, but ouly as they appear to us.


5620. [1 Cor. xiv. 11.) The term barbarian in its origin, siguifies' nothing more than a peasant, a labourer of the ground, an inhabitant of the wilderness. It is composed of bar, the Syriac for son; and barr, a field, the country, a forest. Barbarians therefore, in the Oriental dialect, meant only sons of the country; and it is only in regard to their want of civilization, confined to the inhabitants of polished cities and states, that the term came to signify strangers, men of rude, savage, and cruel dispositions and manners.

See No. 5466. Month. Mag. for Aug. 1814, p. 29.


As the light of the Moon is sometimes increasing, and sometimes in the wane, and not only is sometimes totally eclipsed, but even when she is at the full, is never free from dark spots ; so the mind of man, nay, even of a Christian, is but partly enlightened, and partly in the dark, and is sometimes more, and sometimes less, illustrated by the beams of heavenly light and joy, and not only now and then quite eclipsed by disconsolate desertions, but even when it receives the most light, and shines the brightest, knows but in part, and is in part blemished by its native darknesses and imperfections.

Boyle's Reflections, p. 59, of Works

vol. iv,

5621. [

-34.] It is evidont from this circumstance of woman's obedience to man, that the woman-preacher is only prohibited from speaking in a congregation of men.

5617. (12.] En ainigmati (Grk.) means per involucrum, indirectly, or covertly and in a mystery as it is sometimes used, or by a sign or semblance as it is in the Arabic Version.

Bp. BROWNE's Divine Analogy, p. 185.

6622. (1 Cor. xv. 3.} As Christ first broke, and gave to the disciples, the bread, which they afterwards, from Him, distributed to the people. See No. 1284.


5623. [ 17.] Ye are yet in your sins ; sin being the separation of the human spirit from the Divine.


The mind of man has no direct perception, or immediate consciousness beyond things sensible and human. So that in all its noblest efforts and most lofty flights, it must ever have a steady eye to the earth from whence it took its rise; and always consider that it mouuts upward with borrowed wings : For, when once it presumes upon their being of its own natural growth, and attempts a direct flight to the heavenly regions; then it falls headlong to the ground, where it lies groveling in superstition, or infidelity.

Bp. Browne's Procedure of the Under

standing, p. 477. See No. 1213, 1218, 1219, 1197, 1352.

5624. [

-20. First-fruits]. It has been satisfactorily proved, that in Judea the harvest, to which the Apostle here appropriately alludes, began at the passover, and ended at pentecost.

See Deut. xvi. 9.

In the order of time, at the passion of Christ, first there was the Passover, and the day following was a sabbatic day, and on the day following that, the first-fruits were offered. So Christ, our Passover, was crucified : the day following his crucifixion, was the sabbath ; and the day following that, he, the first-fruits (as to the material part) of them that slept, rose again.


5619. [1 Cor. xiv. 8.] The silver trumpets, made by God's command, were differently blown according to the sig. nal they were to give: singly, when to call the elders;

5625. - 22.] The Rev. J. FLETCHER comprises the whole of Mr. Wesley's doctrine in the six following positions :

1. The total fall of man in Adam.
2. Christ the only way of salvation.
3. Holiness of heart and life.
4. General Redemption.
5. All our salvation is of God in Christ.
6. All our damnation is of ourselves.

See Fletcher's Vindication of Mr. W—'s

Minutes, pp. 9 — 21.

kind of cup, and then form a cacoon as large and nearly as hard as a hen's egg : this cod has one of its 'ends open like a reversed funnel. It is a passage prepared for the butterfly which is to come out; by the aid of the juice with which it is moistened the humid threads give way to its efforts, aud it releases itself from its prison in due season.

BRETON's China, vol. ix. p. 62.

5631. (1 Cor. xv. 38.) Sig. Paulo Boccone, of Sicily, asserts, in an account of some natural curiosities presented to the Royal Society, that he can shew a salt of coral, which, being cast into water and there dissolved, on the evaporation of the water by a gentle heat is presently coagulated, and converted into many small sticks, resembling a little forest.

Phil. Trans. of R. S. vol. ii. p. 117.

5626. [1 Cor. xv. 29.] Dr. Teller, one of the most sensible expositors of the New Testament, candidly confesses, that he is unable to comprehend the meaning of this passage. And Gilbert Wakefield ascribes its obscurity to the second uper ton nekron (Grk.), a clause, says he, not acknowledged by the Coptic and Ethiopic versions. Sir Richard Ellys, in his “ Fortuita Sacra,” p. 137, interprets the words in the following manner : What should they do who are baptized, in token of their embracing the christian faith, in the room.of the dead, who are just fallen in the cause of Christ, but are yet supported by a succession of new converts, -who immediately offer themselves to fill up their place, as ranks of soldiers that advance to the combat in the room of their companions, who have just been slain in their sight.”

Doddr. in loco.

5632. [-39 ] He who is bound by a vow to abstain from flesh, is bound to abstain from the flesh of fish.

Nedarim, fol. 40, as quoted by SCHOETTGEN.

5633. (- 40.] The Apostle here speaks of human beings; some of whom were clothed with celestial, others with terrestrial bodies.


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5634. [ 41, 42.] Every idea we have of God, and every name or word we use for one of those ideas, are taken comparatively, either positively or negatively from the things or actions of the things he has created ; and they cannot otherwise be expressed or comprehended by us. This is not a diminution of God, but the measure of our capacity: the word for the material heaven is used for the immaterial heaven; the word for the material light is used for the ineffable light; the future state is represented by this system, as God emitting light, and that (light as) reflecting (itself in different degrees of glory) from the angels, the bodies of the saints.

See HUTCHINSON's Introduc. 10 Part ii. oj

his Principia, p. xvii.

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5635. [ 44.] The Siamese ascribe to the soul all the same members, with the same solid and fuid substances, whereof human bodies are composed. They suppose only that souls are of a matter subtile enough to be free from touch and sight.

Modern Unider. Hist. vol. vii. p. 243.


5630. [

38.] The silkworms curve a leaf into a

5636. [51.] Some men will say, How can a thing There were Jubilee trumpets in every considerable town throughout Judea.

See Hist. of the Works of the Learned, for March

1699. And Christ. Research. in Asia, p. 221. The whole surface of the earth contains no more than 5507,634452,576256 square feet.



5640.[1 Cor. xv. 52.] And the incorruptible dead, the immortal souls, shall be raised, and we shall be changed as to our state of existence.

We shall be changed] from spiritual to celestial beings, by receiving within what previously came from God on the outside of man.

be revealed, and yet remain a mystery ? — Very consistently ; if we consider, that a christian mystery consists of two very different parts at once. First, the real nature and true manner of the divine and supernatural objects; whereof we cau have no ideas or conceptions at all either in whole or in part, distinct or confused, clear or obscure, determinale or indeterminate ; and for which we can have no strictly proper terms or expressions : And accordingly we can form no judyments, conclusions, or any propositions whatsoever concerning those objects as they are in themselves ; and therefore these are not to be called indistinct, confused, or mysterious, but things utterly unknown and imperceptible to us. Secondly, the real nature and true manner of something in this world whereof we have clear, distinct and determinale conceptions, expressed in terms of common and familiar speech ; subitituted for, and representing the other analogically. In respect of the former, it is truly and properly called a mystery ; because the divine truth which is contained in the proposition could not bave entered at all into the head or heart of man, otherwise than by immediate revelation from heaven : and because even after this, the divine and heavenly objects to which it ultimately relates, are still as imperceptible and inconceivable as they were before, in respect of the real nature and true manner of them; and will continue so till we come to see directly, or face to face in another life. In respect of the latter, the important truth is clearly and distinctly revealed by lively representation and correspondent similitude in the inirror of nature; and casily conceived and understood by a well grounded analogy and unerring parity of reason.

Bp. Browne's Divine Analogy, p. 238.

5641. [-56. O death where is thy sting! O yrave where is thy victory!] How great must be the trausports of man whey), escaped from the agony of life, he sees the gates of Heaven open to him. He is now no longer a creatare of the dust; he is an angel, a superior being, advanced to an upper region. After remaining during a season a slave and in irons, now behold him free, and the possessor of a new domain ! But lately sad and suffering he dragged his step towards death, and he rises from it full of glory. He inhabited a world covered with the funeral cypress, bedewed with tears, where all is subject to change and to death ; where we indulge love only to experience suffering, and where we meet our friends only to part with them. He is now transported to an abode where all is eternal ; his soul is kindled with everlasting love, and he casts, from the height of the firmament, a sympathizing look towards his fellow creatures in this lower world.

St. Pierre's Harmonies of Nature, vol. iii. p. 364.

5637. (1 Cor. xv. 61, 62.) Thus, by lighting a candle that is just blown out, you observe an opacous, dark, languid smoke changed, in the twinkling of an eye, into a most active, penetrant, and shining body.

See Boyle, on the Resurrection, p. 39.


The natural dread, which more or less rises in all men at the approach of death, is what the Indians are less susceptible of than any other people. Their contempt of those evils which make the strongest impressions on the minds of men, is such, that they view the approacli of death without perturbation : and the pain of the distemper affects them more than the danger of it.

Ulloa's Voy. 10 S. America, in Pinkerton's

Coll. part lviii. p. 522. See No. 1284, 1294, 1296, 1280, 123, 1299, 1298, 1302.

5638. [— 52.) The memorial of blowing with trumpets, was on the first day of the seventh month; the day of expiation, on the tenth ; and the feast of tabernacles began on the fifteenth, and lasted seven days. See Lev, xxiii. 24, &c.


Rabbi Samuel a Levite of Jerusalem, and his son Rabbi Jehuda Levita, brought to Malabar the silver trumpets made use of at the time of the Jubilee, which were saved when the second Temple was destroyed.

5643. [1 Cor. xvi. 22. Let him be Anathema Maranatha] Excommunicated till the Lord come in the Jubilee, or Judgment year.

See Univer. Hist. vol. iii. p. 314. 5648. (iii. 6. The letter killeth] where the spirit of the law is lost in its letter, and where the word in the mouth is not accompanied by the law in the heart.




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When we contemplate a christian mystery, in one part of it we have direct, clear, distinct, and determinate couceptions; in the other no idea or couception at all as it is in itself, but only a correspondent, analogous, representative conception : yet both parts stand together amicably and remain inseparable in one and the same proposition, as body and spirit are combined and blended logelher in the constituting of one aud the same man. The terms of each proposition in which a doctrine of mystery is revealed, bave originally a strictly proper and literal and worldly sig. nification; and the first ideas or conceptions affixed to those terms are of objects purely natural and human; and both are clear, and distinct, and determinate. When those literal terms with the worldly conceptions annexed, are substituted to express and represent things divine and supernatural, then is the gross and earthly proposition sanctified; not into a signification purely divine and supernatural, or entirely abstracted from all ideas and conceptions of things natural and human, for then it could have no intelligible ineaning; and the whole inystery, as our adversaries object, would be altogether uniutelligible and inconceivable to us;- but into a compound, secondary, representative, and analogical signification: So that together with the easy and obvious and worldly propriety, it connotes a correspondent reality in the very nature of divine and supernatural objects; and thus the letter of the proposition is sanc

5647. ii. 17. In the sight of God speak we in Christ], who from his birth to his thirtieth year was preeminently a good man; after his first baptism by John, he was made or became Infinite Man, superior to the highest Arch-angel ; after his second baptism, or glorification by the passion of the cross, he became God, or Father, Son and Holy Spirit in one Divine Person, on earth and above.

tified and exalted into a religious and gospel meaning. Now, if you divide these two distinct significations, thus joined an united together into one doctrine or proposition by the wisdom of the Holy Spirit; so as to consider them quite asunder, and to understand the proposition either in a sense entirely abstracted from all things worldly and human ; or in a sense strictly proper and literal only, in order afterwards insidiously to convert the terms of it into hollow empty figure when applied to heaven and the Divinity : Then it ceases to be mystery; which is thereby as surely destroyed, as a man dies on the separation of soul and hody : the religious and heavenly sense entirely disappears, returning to God who gave it in his revelation; and the merely human and worldly sense or strict propriety of the proposition siuks into a dead lelter, and returns to the earth from whence it was taken.

Bp. BROWNE's Divine Analogy, pp. 195,

196, 238, 239, 240.

in the language of Plato, “like the image of the sun, but not the sun itself."

In looking through the atmosphere, as " in looking through a telescope toward an object, we never see the object itself, but only that image of it which is formed (in the lowest stratum of the atmosphere, or) next the eye in the telescope. For, if a mau hold his finger or a stick between his bare eye and an ubject, it will hide part, if not the whole, of the object from his view. But if he tie a stick across the mouth of a telescope, before the object-glass, it will hide no part of the imagiuary object he saw through the telescope before, unless it cover the whole mouth of the tube : for, all the effect will be, to make the object appear dimmer, because it intercepts part of the rays. Whereas, if he put only a piece of wire across the inside of the tube, between the eye-glass and his eye, it will hide part of the object which he thinks he sees: which proves that he sees not the real object, but its image.

FERGUSON, Lecture vii.

5653. [2 Cor. iv. 6.] Thete is, at the junction of our two optic nerves, a sensorium, which receives the images of objects; this sensorium communicates with the heart, as otberwise 'we should not have a consciousness of what we see.

St. Pierre's Harmonies of Nature,

vol. iji. p. I.

5660. (2 Cor. iii. 18.] We contemplate things supernarural and spiritual, not by looking directly upward for an immediate view of them; but as we behold the heavenly bodies, by casting our eyes downward to the water. Which, though it exhibit to us nothing of the real nature and true substance of the firmament, with all its furniture of radiant and delightful objects ; yet affords vs such a goodly appear ance and lively representation of them, that a person (supposed never to have seen those celestial luminaries themselves ; but convinced that there may be a true similitude, and proportion, and correspondency between the resemblances and the reality) would have notions and conceptions of the things unseen, not only just and true, but so clear likewise and distinct, that he would from thence infer their necessary existence ; admire their splendor, and beauty, and use; and reason upon them, to all moral intents and purposes, with as much solid truth and reality as he could upon those things whereof he had either direct ideas, or an immediate consciousness.

Bp. Browne's Procedure of the Under

standing, p. 475.

5654. [- - 9.] A man who, cast down by misfortune, raises himself like a fallen athletic, and instead of whining speaks with a firm tone and rather loftily, is not for that reason to be deemed a boaster, but a person of great courage, and one who is not easily conquered.

Cowper's Iliad, vol. ii. p. 167.

5655. - 17. A weight of glory] From the Hon. Robert Boyle's Experiments, it appears, that bodies are inuch lighter dead than alive. A young cat, for instance, when dead, had lost four grains of its weight. See his Works, vol. vi. Exper. vi; made, as he says,

“ to examine whether Animals be heavier dead than alive.”- It would hence follow that the Apostle's doctrine is truly pbilosophical ; namely, that glory, or the eternal life in and from heaven, is a substantial fluid possessing real weighe.

5651. [2 Cor. iv. 3, 4.) If our gospel be deiled, it is teiled among the things that are abolished, by which the god of this world hus blinded the minds of them who believe not, &c.

Robinson. Bib. Research. dol.i. p. 310. Thus the darkness of Scriptore is no less partial than that of Egypt which benighted all enemies, but involved not the people of God.

Boyle, on the Style of the Iloly Scrip

tures, p. 43.

5656. [-18.] From objects of sight a sphere of rays diffuses itself to a considerable distance, and falls into the sight of man ; and this, to a greater or less distance, according to the sparkling or flaming property in the object : for the object that is flaming, appears at a much greater distance than that which is cloudy or dusky. The case is siunilar

5652. [-4. Who is the image of God] that is,

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