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he should pass over, and unite his arms to those tatorship for himself. After he had come to of the people. “No!” replied he instantly; Lafitte's, a deputation from the Republicans “propose nothing which would dishonor me." came to offer the military command of Paris to Arago next implored him to lay down the com- Lafayette and General Gérard. The second mand, and retire to St. Cloud, offering his sword answered in an evasive manner; the first acto the King for his personal defense, but with-cepted the proffered honor with puerile eagerdrawing from the contest occasioned by the ness. “Gentlemen," said he to the persons faults of his Ministers. “You know well,” said assembled at Lafitte's, “I am pressed to take Marmont " whether or not I approve those the command of Paris.” “If we can not now fatal and odious measures : but I am a soldier; find M. Bailly, the virtuous mayor of 1789," I am in the post which has been intrusted to cried M. Bertin de Vaux, “let us at least conme. To abandon that post under fire of sedi- gratulate ourselves that we have found the tion, to desert my troops, to be wanting to my illustrious chief of the National Guard.” Laprince, would be desertion, flight, ignominy. fayette accepted, and proceeded to 1 Lam. viii. My fate is frightful, but it is the arrêt of destiny, the Ilôtel de Ville, the head-quar- 290, 291, Cap. and I must go through with it.” Arago still | ters of the insurgents, accompa- ll. 47, 48; An.

Hist. xiii. 154, insisted, and the conference was still going on, nied by an immense concourse of 155

155; Louis when officers, covered with dust and blood, Republicans. For a day he had the Blanc, i. 273, came to request reinforcements for the outposts destinies of France in his hands. 276. most varmly engaged. “I have none to send During the night the information they rethem," replied the general, in despair; "they ceived from all quarters of Paris as must defend themselves.” After a long and to the defeat of the Royalist forces, Interview melancholy conference, Arago withdrew, hav- and the report of Marshal Marmont with M. de I Cap. ii. 44, 1 ing in vain endeavored to induce as to the impossibility of his main- Semonville

and M. 45; Lam, vị

i: Marmont to desert his duty, but taining his position at the Tuileries d'Argout 980, 282; An. leaving him not the less convinced with the small force at his disposal, Hist. xiii. 154, that further resistance was hope-opened the eyes of Ministers to their real situa156 : Louis Blanc, i. 272.

less, and that the last hour of the tion. Orders were dispatched with the utmost monarchy had struck.

expedition to the regiments of the Guard staThe deputies assembled at the hotel of M. tioned at Orleans, Rouen, Beauvais, and other

79. Lafitte now no longer hesitated. | places, to move instantly on Paris; but this Decisive reso. A deputation they had sent the resolution, which, adopted earlier, might bave lution of the preceding day, to have a confer- altered the whole course of events, was now deputies at M.

M. ence with Polignac and the Minis too late: before the directions could even reach Lafitte's.

ters, had been refused adinittance the troops, all was decided. The Ministers were at the Tuileries. It was determined to appear on the point of setting ont for St. Cloud to lay no longer as mediators but as principals in the the state of matters before the King, and, if fight, to hoist the tricolor flag, put themselves necessary, tender their resignations, when a at the head of the movement, and close the deputation of four members of the House of door against all reconciliation, by declaring the Peers made their appearance at the gates of the King and his Ministers public enemies. This | Tuileries, and in virtue of their privilege as decisive resolution was taken at six in the peers demanded an audience. They were M. morning of the 29th, at the hôtel of M. Lafitte. I de Semon ville, M. d'Argout, M. de Vitrolles, General Sebastiani alone protested against a and M. de Girardin, who had been at St. Cloud resolution which amounted to a dethronement with the King the evening before, and came of the sovereign. M. Guizot remained silent fortified with his last resolutions. They were and pensive; Lafayette was overjoyed at seeing | admitted, accordingly, and painted in the stronthe wishes which he had formed during forty gest colors, and without either circumlocution years so nearly approaching their accomplish- or disguise, the frightful state of the metropo. ment. Orders were immediately sent to the lis—the entire population in insurrection, the Hôtel de Ville to make arrangements for the troops of the line joined to the insurgents, and reception of provisional authorities, and to the the Royal Guard, the last resource of the moninsurgents to prepare for the offensive, and a archy, hemmed in on all sides, and all but made general attack on the position of the Tuileries prisoners in the ancient palace of its kings. on all sides. Meanwhile the Royalist outposts Prince Polignac answered, “The question at which surrounded it, sensible of their weak- issue is the authority of the King and his preness, drew back in all directions; and soon the rogative; in my opinion, the monarchy is lost uniforms of the Guard were to be seen only in the moment a concession is made.” These reprethe close vicinity of the Louvre and the palace.sentations, however, which were too obviously Though the successor to the monarchy, or the supported by facts to permit their truth being form of government, was not yet divulged to seriously doubted, had such weight with the the people, they were not the less resolved on Ministers that they consented to take M. de by the leaders of the insurrection. Early in Semon vile and M. d'Argout with them to St. the morning, M. Audry de Puyraveau had been cloud. Before setting out they called in Mar. dispatched to request General Lafayette to mont to hear his opinions as to the means of come to Lafitte's." In going there, Audry de defense which vet remained to them. “You Puyraveau met in the Rue d'Artois a number may tell the King,” said the marshal, “that of people in a violent state of excitement, to come what may, and though the entire popuwhom M. Mignet exclaimed, “Be quiet, my lation of Paris should rise up against me, I can friends; this evening you will have the Duke hold this position for fifteen days without furof Orleans for your King.” Lafayette, how ther reinforcements. This position is impreg. ever, had other views; he had visions of a dic-nable.” When the party arrived at St. Cloud

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at nine o'clock, the whole state of affairs was seum, from the inner windows of which they laid before the King; but, trusting to this rep- opened a plunging fire upon the Swiss, who still resentation of Marmont, he remained immova- remained in the Place of the Carrousel. Upon ble. “Jire!" said M. de Semonville, on taking this, seeing themselves assailed both in front his leave, “if in an hour the ordonnances are and flank, a sudden panic seized the troopa not revoked, there is no longer either a King there, and they fled in wild disorder under the or a monarchy.” “You will surely allow nie arch of the palace into the garden of the Tuiltwo hours," replied the King, with polite irony. eries. By a strange coincidence they passed M. de Semonville upon this threw himself on over the same spot where their predecessors his knees, and exclaimed, “The Dauphin, sire! had gloriously fallen on the 10th August, 1792. think of the Dauphin!” But even this appeal | Marmont, regaining his resolution with the apto the sensibility and early recollections of the proach of danger, hastened to the rear, which King failed, and the deputation withdrew with- was retiring before the insurgents, did every out having effected any accommodation. Prince thing that courage and conduct could , Lam, vili Polignac, in entering the royal cabinet, met M. suggest to arrest the disorder, and 298, 2003

... de Semonville coming out. “You succeeded in restoring some degree of Cap. ii. 67, 1 Lam. viii

70. Ann. 1. have been demanding my head," said order, withdrawing the troops in tol. i 294, 297;

Hist. xiii. Cap. ii. 52, he, making, while smiling, the sign erable array into the Champs Ely- 162, 165; 55, 66; An. of decapitation. "It matters not; Isées. He was the last man who left Lac, iv. 492,

495. Hist, mil. was determined the King should hear the garden of the Tuileries.? my accuser."!

This success proved decisive, as a similar adBut while these events were in progress at vantage had invariably done through

St. Cloud, matters were so precipi. all the phases of the former Revolu- Decisiveer81.

vre tated at Paris that an accommoda- tion. Since the bones and sinews of sects of this The Louvre is carried by tion was no longer possible. One France had been broken by the Con- success. the insur- by one the whole barracks there, stituent Assembly, by the destruction of the gents. stripped of their defenders, had fallen nobility, the church, and the incorporations, no into the hands of the insurgents; the Hôtel de power has existed in France capable of withVille, where General Dubourg had assumed a standing any party in possession of the capital, fleeting dictatorship, had become their head- its treasury, post-office, and telegraph. They quarters, where General Lafayette was estab- were all soon entirely in the hands of the insurlished; the whole left bank of the Seine oppo-gents. The only posts of importance still oesite the Tuileries was in their hands; and dense cupied by the royal troops-the Invalides and masses of them, headed by the scholars of the barracks of Babylone, where the Swiss were Polytechnic School, had come close to the artil- | located—were evacuated, the latter after a lery of the Guard in the Rue St. Honoré, oppo- severe conflict, in which great numbers of the site the Louvre. Already a sort of parley had gallant defenders perished, and the trooss in taken place between them; and the officer in them rejoined their comrades in the Champs command, fearful of taking so strong a step on Elysées. One melancholy event alone darkened his own responsibility, had sent to Marmont to the universal triumph, and cast a tragic yet say his pieces were charged with grape, and heroic air over the fall of the monarchy. “A asking if he might fire? He was forbidden to hundred Swiss, placed in a house at the junedo so, and immediately the guns fell into the tion of the Rue de Richelieu and the Rue St. hands of the insurgents. At the same time, the Honoré, who, in the confusion of the retreat, regiment of the Seine, stationed in the Place had been forgotten, defended themselves to the Vendôme, opened its ranks to let them into the last, and perished, like their predecessors on garden of the Tuileries. Informed of this shame the 10th of August, to the last man. Several ful treachery, Marmont ordered M. de Salis, Swiss, betrayed by their uniform, were purwho commanded the two battalions of the Swiss sued and massacred by the people; but with Guard in the Carrousel, to send one of them to these exceptions, which happily were not 10occupy the important position of the Place Ven- merous, the insurgents made a noble use of their dôme, which barred the great entrance by the victory. They broke, indeed, into the Tuil. Rue de la Paix from the boulerards, which eries, the Louvre, and the palace of the Archwere crowded with insurgents. M. de Salis, bishop of Paris, traversed their stately galleries desirous to relieve the battalions which had and splendid balls, and evinced their batred of combated since daybreak in the colonnade of royalty by firing at several of the pictures, the Louvre, with the insurgents in and around piercing them with their bayonets, and tearing the church of St. Germains l'Auxerrois opposite, in pieces the gorgeous furniture and decorations gave orders for them to retire, with a view to of the princesses' apartments. The archbishop's their being sent to the Place Vendôme, and an- palace was sacked, and the cellars of the Tuiother in the Carrousel to take their place. Dur-leries emptied of their contents. But, with these ing the transposition the fire from the colon- exceptions, they abstained from acts of pillage; nade ceased for a few minutes, and the insur- they disdained to sully the victory of the people gents opposite, thinking it was a permanent re- by the exhibition of vulgar vices; and the mutreat, rushed with the utmost vehemence across nicipal authorities at the Hôtel de Ville took the Place St. Germains l'Auxerrois, and stormed the most vigorous measures to arrest . An. Uist. the building. In an instant the windows were the disorder, and preserve the pub- wit, 164. broken through, the gates forced open, the stairs lic monuments from injury. Mean- 107, Lam, mounted, the inner court of the Louvre carried; while the Royal Guard, sad and de

viji. 301,

" 304Cap and the bravest of the insurgents, forcing their jected, pursued their way under the ai. 69, 71, way through the interior doors and communi- triumphal arch at the barrier of Neu- Lac. iv. cations, penetrated into the gallery of the Mu- lilly, crected to commemorate the glo. 198, 984.

ries of their predecessors in the Grand Army; Crown does not abandon itself, with such supand the regiments of the line, which had joined port it will triumph over this fresh revolutionthe insurgents, withdrew to their barracks, ary attempt. If, however, the Genius of Evil amidst external applause and secret shame. | is again to prove triumphant, if the legitimate Meanwhile Marmont, having stationed his throne is again to fall, let it fall with honor;

83. troops in the Bois de Boulogne, where shame alone has no future. It is indispensable Marmont's all pursuit and hostilities ceased, gal to recall some of the ordonnances, not to satisfy first inter- loped across the wood to St. Cloud, the insurgents, but because it is just to do so view with Charles X.

to lay the account of his disasters be- because the interests of the Crown require such at St. Cloud. fore the King. “Sire!" said he on a concession. The government of the King was July 29. arriving, “it is my painful duty to in the legal path when it dissolved the Chamannounce to your majesty, that I have not been her, for it had a right to do so; his Majesty will able to maintain your authority in Paris. The be all-powerful against the revolutionists when Swiss, to whom I intrusted the defense of the he is supported by the Chamber. Should this Louvre, seized with a sudden panic, have aban- line be adopted, it will be necessary to postdoned that important post; carried away my- pone, by a few days, the opening of,

1 Lam. vi. self by the torrent of fugitives, I was unable to the Chamber, which is fixed for the

308, 311; rally the troops till they arrived at the arch of 3d August; and, above all, to ap- Cap. ii. 1o, the Etoile; and I have ordered them to con- point another place of assembly than 71; Ann. tinue their retreat to St. Cloud. A ball, di- | Paris, which is expressly permitted 100

mitted Hist. xiii. rected at me, has killed the horse of my aid by the Charter.” de-camp by my side. I regret it did not pass "These courageous sentiments were strongly through my head; death would be nothing to supported by the Duke d’Angou- og me compared to the sad spectacle which I have lême. “I regret,” said he, “that The King witnessed." The King, without addressing a the majority of the Council does submits, disword of reproach to the marshal, raised his eyes not go into these ideas. If we are misses his to heaven; he recognized the fortune of his reduced to the terrible necessity of and sends for race. Then he desired Marmont to take his prolonging the strife, we shall find M. de Monteorders from the Duke d'Angoulême, whom he numerous auxiliaries in the fidelity mart. had appointed generalissimo of his armies. He of the provinces; but even if we are abandoned then directed the Ministers to be called in; and by all--if this sun is to be the last which shines 1 Can 20 before they could enter, intelligence on the monarchy, let us at least dignify our fall 71; Lam. viii. arrived of the final evacuation of by perishing with arms in our hands." Had 305, 306; Lac. Paris, and retreat of the troops to the King gone into these sentiments he might iv. 503, 504. ward St. Cloud."

have preserved the throne, for the insurgents The final interview of the King with his in Paris were powerless out of its streets, and

Ministers was not of long duration. twenty thousand of the Royal Guard, who Delibera. Events had crowded on one another might speedily have been assembled, would tion in the with such rapidity that there was have enabled the Royalists to keep the field till Council. scarcely any room for doubt or hesi- the remainder of the army and the provinces tation. The metropolis had been lost, the gov- had declared themselves. But, like Louis XVI., ernment changed, the monarchy overthrown, in he had the resignation of a martyr, not the spira single day. Waterloo itself had not been more it of a hero. He had the moral courage requidecisive. The monarch opened the conference site to undertake bold designs, but not the physby detailing the disastrous news communicated ical energy necessary for their execution. He by Marmont, and the concessions pressed upon discerned, as he thought, the stroke of fate, and him by M. de Semonville and M. d'Argout, which prepared to submit with patience to its inflicwere such a capitulation as amounted to a praction. Turning to the majority of the Council, tical abdication of the crown. Struck with con- who recommended submission, he said, “Do sternation, the majority of the Council thought what you think best, my cause is conquered.” nothing remained but to yield to a force which Upon this the final resolution was taken, and they had not the means of resisting. M. Guer- the King signed an ordonnance, revoking the non de Ranville, though he had counseled an former ordonnances, dismissing the Ministers, accommodation the evening before, when the and appointing M. de Montemart President of victory was still undecided, now, like a true the Council, M. Casimir Perier to the Interior, soldier, strongly supported the opposite side. and General Gérard Minister at War. It was "The throne is overturned, we are told," said an attempt at capitulation for the monarchy. he; "the evil is great; but I believe it is exag- The Duke d'Angoulême, silent, but quivering gerated. I can not believe that the monarchy | with indignation, paced round the table where is to fall without a combat. We must recollect the signing of the ordonnance was 2 Lam. viii. that the deplorable fighting in the streets, which going on. The Ministers for the last 311, 312; we have witnessed during the last two days, time left the council chamber, with Cap. ii. 10,

71; Lac. iv. though it has unfortunately caused much blood tears in their eyes and despair in God to flow, does not constitute the energetic resist-| their hearts. ance which we are entitled to expect from the It belongs to a succeeding volume to recount best troops in Europe. Happen what may, the important events which at this 86. Paris is not France; the masses may be for a period took place in Paris, and which Ineffectual moment deluded by the promises of Liberalism, prepared the ascent of the Duke of attempt to

make a but they do not desire revolution. The Cham | Orleans, so well known afterward Mi

Ministry bers desire it still less; the majority of the army as Louis PHILIPPE, to the throne. A under M. is still faithful; the Guard, shaken a moment, few pages will suffice to narrate in de Montewill soon resume its fitting attitude; if the this the melancholy story of the elder m

VOL. II.-M

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branch of the Bourbons, till they left as exiles | secured the Charter on an indestructible fountheir native land. Every hour brought intel-dation."* It was in the spirit of the Charter, ligence of fresh defections, of the immense agi. and to secure it in future times, by founding it tation in Paris, the insurrection of Versailles on the basis of property and religion, that he and the other towns in the vicinity, of the intended for the time to abrogate it. Meantreachery of new regiments of the line. The while the popular party at the Hôtel de Ville. Guard alone remained faithful, a glorious ex- amidst cries of " À bas les Bourbons !” “ Plats ample of fidelity and honor amidst the general de Bourbons !” published a proclamation, signdefection of their companions in arms. M. deed by Count Lobau, M. Audry de Puyraveau, Montemart was a nobleman of ancient family, M. Mauguin, and M. de Schonen, the sentence vast possessions, and honorable character, train- of death to the monarchy-Charles X. " has ed to arms, and as brave as steel; but he want- ceased to reign in France." But even this did ed the political skill and moral resolution to not satisfy the extreme Liberals, who, as usual conduct the affairs of the monarchy in the in such convulsions, had got the asdesperate circumstances in which it was now cendency. “Nous sômmes trahis: A

1 Ann. Hist.

xiii. 174, 176: placed. But this was immaterial; had he pos- on veut nous imposer Henri V.; ce Lam. viii. 328, Bessed the talents of Sully, the energy of Hen- n'est pas pour Henri V. que nous 331 ; Cap. ii. ry IV., and the firmness of Cardinal Richelieu, nous sommes battus!" was the gen- 77,

cen. 77, 81; Lac.

.510, 512 the result would have been the same. The fiat eral cry.' of the Almighty had gone out against the mon- M. de Montemart made a last effort to open archy; nothing remained but to survive the negotiations with the revolutionary S8 shipwreck. M. de Montemart accepted the per authorities at the Hôtel de Ville. Last attempt ilous mission with the utmost reluctance, and Alone, in a peasant's dress, with his at a negotiaonly in obedience to the earnest request and coat over his arm, as if overcome tion, positive mandate of the sovereign. "But his with the heat, he set out on foot

July 31. mission entirely failed of success. In vain were from St. Cloud, passed with difficulty the out. new ordonnances of a liberal character pre-posts of the two armies, and succeeded in getpared in haste by the new Minister and sent ting into Paris through a breach made in the to the Hôtel de Ville, to negotiate with the wall that surrounds it. But he soon saw there Provisional Government there established, of that his mission was fruitless. The tricolor flag which Lafayette was President. It is too late," floated on the summit of every steeple, every said M. de Schonen, a dependant and intimate tower, every public edifice; the arms of the friend of Lafayette; "the throne of Charles X. King, the ensigns of royalty, were nearly all has melted away in blood.” In vain the com-effaced; no one ventured to mention the name mand of the National Guard was offered to of the Bourbons but as an object of horror and Marshal Maison. General Lafayette had al- derision; death awaited any man rash enough ready accepted it, and the whole force was by to propose their restoration. Worn out with this time arrayed against the monarchy. In fatigue, covered with dust and sweat, M. de vain M. Lafitte, M. Bertin de Vaux, and M. Montemart yet feared that he would be recogGuizot, and some others, who had become fear- nized, and refused admittance at the Hôtel de ful of the rapid progress of the revolution, | Ville, and he gave the revocation of the ordonstrove to obtain a hearing for the envoys of nances to his friend M. Collin de Sussy, who the King, and suggested the possibility of still consequently carried them to that centre of coming to an accommodation. Their voices the insurrection. They were received ... . were drowned by vehement cries from all parts only with contempt and derision; 330

a Lam. viii.

sion ; 330, 332; of the hall. “IL EST TROP TARD!-plus de trans- and M. de Montemart returned to St. Cap. ii. 96, 1 Lam. vii. actions, plus de Bourbons!” broke Cloud, convinced by the evidence of 104 ; Ann. 320, 326; An. forth on all sides; and M. de Vit- his own senses that the cause of roy

Hist. xiii.

the cause of roya 180, 184. Hist. x. rolles and M. d'Argout, who had alty was lost.2 170, 173; Can' i . come on the mission, returned to St. T'he return of the Duke of Orleans to Paris, 81; Lac. iv. Cloud with the conviction that the which took place on the following so. 506, 509. cause of the monarchy was lost.' day, and the lead which he imme- The Duke of Convinced that it was no longer possible to diately acquired among the revolu- Orleans reGuy resist, Charles, on the return of the tionists, induced Charles X. to make uses the

lieutenancy. Completion of envoys, signed an unqualified re. a last effort to raise the Crown from general or the Revolution vocation of the ordonnances, and the dust. Every thing promised suc- the kingat Paris.

ordered Prince Polignac, whose cess to such an attempt. The Duke dom. July 30.

July 31. presence at the court was a con- had been overwhelmed with acts of su tinual object of jealousy to the revolutionists, kindness from the royal family; he had himto retire from St. Cloud. He had already, in secret, made up his mind that a resignation

* In the estimation of Prince Polignac, the contest in which he had engaged the monarchy was a holy war for

the support of religion. In his secret meditations he said, nity and decorum. He abhorred the idea of

“ Avec quelle douleur l'examen de certains dispositions

de la Charte, nous a-t-il démontré que la foi de nos pères, civil war; he could resign his crown or his life

que la religion Chrétienne, s'y trouve blessée dans des for his people, and what he conceived to be points sensibles et importants ! Tous les cultes également his duty, but he could not be instrumental in

autorisés et protégés peuvent offrir, dans l'état du Roi

très-Chrétien, le spectacle d'outrages continuels dirigés shedding their blood. Prince Polignac entirely

contre l'autel du vrai Dieu." With truth does Lamartine shared these dispositions. When parting from observe on this passage, "Là est tout le secret du règne M. de Montemart at St. Cloud, he pressed his de Charles X. et des ordonnances.” It was the ambitious hand, and said, “What a misfortune that my

intolerant spirit of the Rornish faith was the moving spring

of the whole.-See LAMARTINE, Histoire de la Restaurasword has broken in my hand! I would have | lion, viii, 329, note.

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self owed the final restoration of his immense and a proclamation to that effect was issued by possessions to Charles X., and he always pro- him. This step, which was in a manner å

fessed the most unbounded gratitude surrender of the royal cause, excited the most 1 Ante, c. zií. $ 4.

e for the gift.Every thing conspired violent indignation in the breast of the Duke

or

to recommend to him an alliance with d'Angouléme, who, so far from thinking of the royal family. Their common descent from submitting, was forming plans for the defense Louis XIII.; the cause of the throne, to which, of the strong position of St. Cloud, where he failing Henry V., he was the next heir; the proposed to rally the whole Royal Guard, call noble feeling of disinterested loyalty; the self- upon the troops from the camps of St. Omer and ish principle of individual interest--all tended Nancy, and with their united force, eight-andto recommend it. Charles X. offered him the thirty thousand strong, march again upon Paris, lieutenancy-general of the kingdom, in order to and restore the royal authority in the capital. guard the Crown during his minority for the Such was the indignation of the prince at what Duke de Bordeaux, in whose favor the King he conceived to be the treachery of the marshal and the Duke d'Angoulême offered to renounce that he openly called him a traitor, and in atit. Had he accepted the mission, his descend-tempting to snatch from him his sword, woundants would in all probability have sat upon the ed himself in the hand. Marmont was immethrone of France, for the Duke de Bordeaux diately put under arrest; but the King, trained to this day has no heirs, and the Orleans family to endure suffering, and more master of his pashas ever since been the first in the order of suc- sions, soon after ordered him to be set at libercession. The simple course of honor and of ty, and restored his sword to him. This violent duty would have secured for himself, in the scene, however, and the near approach of the first instance, the substantial power and im- revolutionary forces, which were now close to portance of royalty; for his children, the in- St. Cloud, induced the monarch to withdraw heritance of the crown of France. But he re- himself to Trianon, where he assembled a counfused the offer; he yielded to the whisperings cil of his former Ministers, as M. de Montemart of ambition; he swerved from the cause of duty had not yet returned from Paris, and had not under the attractions of a diadem, and he was been heard of for four-and-twenty hours. But elevated to greatness only to be punished by while they were still in deliberation, and dislosing it. Ne lost the crown for his rightful cussing the formation of a powerful corps d'arsovereign, but he lost its reversion also for his mée at St. Cloud, composed of the Guard and descendants; he died discrowned in a foreign such of the regiments of the line as were still land, and his children, now exiles, and desti- faithful, the Duke d’Angoulême, who had been tule, having lost their property, their honors, left in command of the rear-guard at St. Cloud, their inheritance, remain a lasting monument, arrived with the disheartening intelligence that 2 Lam. viii. not of the mutability of fortune, the regiments of the line posted at the bridge 356, 358; but of the immutability of the laws had refused to fire upon the insurgents, who had, Chateaub., of justice in the Divine administra in consequence, passed the bridge, occupied St. İx. 314, 315. tion."

Cloud, and were preparing to march on Trianon. The failure of the attempt to enlist the Duke On receipt of this intelligence, it was resolved to

of Orleans among the supporters of fall back at all points on Rambou- Lam 90.

1 Lam. vii. ana the royal cause, and the increasing | illet, where the court arrived with 368, 379; Cap. Violent scene between the pressure of the revolutionary forces, I the Royal Guard, still twelve thou- ii. 201, 205 ;

An. Hist. xiii. Duke d'An. induced Marmont to enter into a sand strong, at midnight, in the

186, 187. goulême and

and sort of capitulation for the royal deepest state of depression. Marmont.

troops, in virtue of which hostili- Charles arrived at Rambouillet fully determties were immediately to cease between them, ined to abdicate for himself in favor

91.

of his grandson; he preferred any Abdication of + In making these observations, the Author is well aware of the many extenuating circumstances which may

| thing to the horrors and chances of Charles X. be pleaded in favor of the Duke of Orleans' defection from

August 1. the throne; and it will appear in the next volume, when reverses the chastising hand of Providence, and his accession comes to be narrated, that full weight is

he determined to submit in silence and resignagiven to them. But he can admit no paltering with honor and duty : treason is not the less treason though it may tion to the infliction of its punishment. The be less condemned because it succeeds. If the maxim be Duke d’Angoulême was strongly of an opposite true, "Noblesse oblige," under what obligation did he lie,

opinion, and preferred the chances of a conflict, who, the second in descent of the noblest family in Europe, was at the same tine the first subject in France, and the but, submissive in all things to the will of his largest recipient of the royal munificence? The readiness father, he waived his opposition. On the folwith which the French in every age have rallied round

lowing morning, accordingly, the king assemthe standard of success, renders it probable that, even in the first instance, a cordial union of the Royal and Or

bled his family around him, and announced his leans branches of the house of Bourbon would have se intention of abdicating in favor of his grandson, enred the throne for both. But even had it been other the Duke de Bordeaux, as his son, the Duke wise, what would have been the result in the end of an adherence to the path of honor and duty ? Suppose that

d'Angonlême, shared his sentiments, and rethe torrent of republicanism had been so violent, that innounced his right of succession to the throne. the first instance it was irresistible, and that the Duke He intimated this resolution in a letter* to the of Orleans joined the royal cause only to share its fall, what would have suceeeded? A republic so oppressive,

"RAMBOUILLET, 2 Aôut, 1830. so absurd, so ruinous, that it would have run the course * " Je suis trop profondément peine de maux qui affliof madness, extravagance, and detestation, as quickly as | gent ou qui pourraient menacer mes peuples pour n'avoir it did when erected on the ruins of the Orleans dynasty pas cherché un moyen de les prévenir. J'ai donc pris la in 1818. And when the inevitable hour of its fall came, in résolution d'abdiquer la couronne en faveur de mon petitwhat a different situation would the united Royalist and fils ; le Dauphin, qui partage mes sentimens, renonce aussi Orleans parties, the cause of the white flag, then sans à ses droits en faveur de son neveu. Vous aurez donc, en peur et sans reproche, have been from what it now is- votre qualité de Lieutenant-Général du Royaume, à faire disunited, at variance, discredited, supplanted by the Im proclamer l'avènement de Henri V. à la couronne. Vous perial party, the common enemy of both!

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