Render to Caesar: Jesus, the Early Church, and the Roman Superpower

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Oxford University Press, 2005/08/25 - 200 ページ
At the end of the 20th century, "postcolonialism" described the effort to understand the experience of those who had lived under colonial rule. This kind of thinking has inevitably brought about a reexamination of the rise of Christianity, which took place under Roman colonial rule. How did Rome look from the viewpoint of an ordinary Galilean in the first century of the Christian era? What should this mean for our own understanding of and relationship to Jesus of Nazareth? In the past, Jesus was often "depoliticized," treated as a religious teacher imparting timeless truths for all people. Now, however, many scholars see Jesus as a political leader whose goal was independence from Roman rule so that the people could renew their traditional way of life under the rule of God. In Render to Caesar, Christopher Bryan reexamines the attitude of the early Church toward imperial Rome. Choosing a middle road, he asserts that Jesus and the early Christians did indeed have a critique of the Roman superpower -- a critique that was broadly in line with the entire biblical and prophetic tradition. One cannot worship the biblical God, the God of Israel, he argues, and not be concerned about justice in the here and now. On the other hand, the biblical tradition does not challenge human power structures by attempting to dismantle them or replace them with other power structures. Instead, Jesus' message consistently confronts such structures with the truth about their origin and purpose. Their origin is that God permits them. Their purpose is to promote God's peace and justice. Power is understood as a gift from God, a gift that it is to be used to serve God's will and a gift that can be taken away by God when misused. Render to Caesar transforms our understanding of early Christians and their relationship to Rome and demonstrates how Jesus' teaching continues to challenge those who live under structures of government quite different from those that would have been envisaged by the authors of the New Testament.

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LibraryThing Review

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In Render unto Caesar, Professor Christopher Bryan gives a good but dry read on Roman imperialism and how Christ and his followers related to each other in 1rst century context. Bryan makes two ... レビュー全文を読む

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目次

Prologue
3
From the Egyptians to the Greeks
11
From the Maccabees to the War against Rome
25
The Teacher and the Man of Deed
39
The Crucified
55
Paul
77
LukeActs 1 Peter and Revelation
95
7 Empires Ancient and Modern
113
8 Unscientific Postscript
125
Notes
131
Index of Holy Scripture
175
Index of Authors and Sources
180
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著者について (2005)

Christopher Bryan is the C. K. Benedict Professor of New Testament at the School of Theology, University of the South.

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