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POLITICAL. Art. 32. Considerations on the Indignity suffered by the Crown,
and the Dishonour brought upon the Nation, by the Marriage of his Royal Highness the Duke of CUMBERLAND wich an ENGLISH Subject. By a King's Friend. 400. 1 s. 6 d. Almon. 1772.
An artful production of “A Duke of Cumberland's Friend,' covertly intended to divert the resentment of both king and people, occasioned by the Duke's indiscreet marriage, into such a channel, as may finally lose itself in the full tide of popularity; and we should not wonder to see the stream (in time) take this course, notwithstanding the past irregularities in the conduct of his Royal Highness, by which he hath, for the present, so juftly forfeited the esteem of the public. Art. 33. Reasons against the intended Bill for laying fome Restraint
upon the Liberty of the Press Wherein all the Arguments yet advanced by the Promoters of it, are unanswerably answered. Svo.
15. 6 d. Wilkie. . This pamphlet is written in a strain of continued irony, and is intended as a satire against the friends of liberty. The freedom of the press instead of being defended is attacked; and the Author is aukwardly pleasant, to make our patriots alhamed of having supo ported our natural, inherent, and constitutional rights. It discovers but a very sender share of ability; and sensible men and good citizens, if they happen to peruse it, will feel that degree of contempt, which it is proper they fould feel, when the partizans of a court employ themselves in weak attempts to impose on the understandings of the people, and to infinuate the deteftable maxims of tyranny.
.. MISCELLANEO U S. Art. 34. Something New. In two Volumes. 12mo. 68.
Dilly, &c. 1772. A series of original essays, observations, remarks, &c. by a man of parts and literature; written a little in the Shandy-way, and, probably, by the pen of the ingenious writer of Sterne's posthumous works; of which see our centure, Review, vol. xlii. p. 360. Art. 35. The History of the Life of Jonathan Britair, continued
down to his present Confinement in Reading Jail. - Written by himself. 8vo. is, 6 d. Printed for the Author, and sold by Roíon.
Jonathan Britain appears, from his own account of his adventures, to have been as unprincipled a rogue as Jonathan Wild, though his villainies have been of a different ftamp from Wild's. His representations, however, of the facts contained in his narrative, are not, in any degree, to be depended on; and it is more than probable that his story of the fire in Portsmouth dock-yard (the particu. lars of which he has so often inserted in the news papers) together with the plot to assassinate his Majesty,-may be all fillion, devised to answer his particular ends: yet it will seem very odd if his pretended treason Thould operate in bar of every other title to the gal. lows. He is yet to be tried for several forgeries.
L A w.
. Art. 36. Imprisonment for Debt confdered, with respect to the bad Policy, Inhumanity, and evil Tendency of that Practice. Translated from the Italian. 8vo. 1s. Newberry. 1772.
It is time, that the severity of the treatment of debtors should be remitted. Long custom, and an idle respect for ancient times, thould not give a sanction to injustice and oppreffion. The present advocate for the honest bankrupt has proved very abły the cruelty and dangerous consequences of imprisonment for debt. But is there a man of common humanity and understanding in the dominions of Great Britain, or indeed in those of any other country, who is not ready to defend the same positions. The members of our legislature fhould' blush for their continuing to give authority to proceedings, which are found, sometimes, to thock the feelings even of catchpoles anu pectifogging attorneys! Art. 37. A Letter to Richard Whitworth, E[; Member of Par
liament for the Town of Stafford; on his publishing a Bill, proposed to be brought into parliament, for amending the Laws reJating to Game, and pretended to be for the Ease and Liberty of the People. Svo. is. Wilkie. 1772.
We have here several valuable strictures on a bill for amending the laws relating to the game. The Author seems to be a friend to li. berty and his country. :
tion, revised, and considerably enlarged. To which is added
These valuable Essays, are, in this second edition, rendered fill more useful and complete by fome additional experiments, facts, and observations.--The Appendix contains our ingenious Author's essays on Water t, and on Inoculation 1.
There is a short article at the end of the Appendix, which we have not yet reviewed ; and in which Dr. Percival judiciously recommends fome efficacious external remedies in the angina maligna or ulcerous sore throat.' These are especially to be had recourse to in the cases of children, where the administration of such internal remedies, as, are Itrongly indicated, often becomes impracticable.
. D DRAMA TI c. Art. 39. The Fashoinable Lover ; A Comedy: As it is acted at
the Theatre in Drury-lane, 8vo. Is. 6 d. Griffin. 1772.
Having, in the Review for February 1771, given our opinion of the. merit of this Writer, in our ample criticism on his Wif Indian, a comedy, we fall only remark, in few words, that his faJhionable. Lover has not ill supported the reputation which he gained by his former piece. Perhaps there is less spirit in this than in the latt winter's production ; but it is more correct; more chalie, and, consequently, on the whole, a more moral performance ; yet it is
* Monthly Review, vol. xxxviii. p. 21.
not wanting in vivacity, nor totally void of humour, and well-aimed satire. It is principally deficient with refpect to originality of character ; but for this the Author has made a very allowable apolary in his preface. In brief, Mr. Cumberland has so much improved his acquaintance with the Comic Muse, that we fcraple not to pro. nounce him one of the best of our present dramatic writers.
-POETICA L. Art. 40. Sanitas, Daughter of Esculapius, to David Garrick,
Efq; a Poem. 4to. 2 s. Kearsly, &c. 1772. Sanitas, or Hygeia, presents herself before Apollo, to receive his commands relative to the prayers of Mortals. Among other Petis tioners (whose requests are all particularized, with various touches of characteristic satire) the Tragic and Comic Muses, appear as fuppliants in behalf of their favourite. In consequence of their requeit, the daughter of Æfculapius receives the following command:
Fly, Sonitas, this Mortal find
The ftrong conceptions of his heart. This poem, the Author fays, in his prefatory advertisement, was Seni to Mr. Garrick, in his late illness; and the polite reception which that gentleman (the favourite, 'perhaps, in some degree of a very muse) afforded to this affectionate compliment, induced the Author to submit it to the inspection of the public. We could not peruse this piece without frequently recollcéting the late Mr. Robert Lloyd, of whose manner several parts of it bear some resemblance'; though, perhaps, it seldoms equals him, either in strength or tersenefs. Art. 41. An irregular Ole on the Death of Mr. Gray, 4to. Is.
White. 1772. There is considerable merit in this little elegiac poem, although it is by no means a faultless piece:- but when the Muse feelingly làments the loss of a favourite, it were iin pertinence of cruelty to criticise the expresions of her grief.
We are very glad to hear that justice will be done to the fame of this eminent bard, by his surviving friend, the ingenious Mr. Mason ; who has advertised his design of giving to the public, “ Tbs Life of Mr. Gray.” Art. 42. The Conquest ef Corfia by the French; a Tragedy. By 2 Lady, izmo, 6 d. Printed for the Author. Sold by Chater.
Although this piece is entitled to no praise, it is too humble for censure. The Writer is probably an object of compassion; as we are led to infer, not only from her style, but from seeing a six-penny pamphlet printed by fubfcription.
TO ARTHUR YOUNG, Esquire. SIR, UV/E will here, according to our promise t, fairly lay before you
Vy and the Public, ihole mo:ives on which we engaged in the review of your “ Course of Experimental Agriculture, and the manner in which we conducted it.
We knew the experimental method to be the only one in which agriculture can be ftudied as a science *, lamented its having been fo ious generally neglecied, and we rejoiced at a more confiderable opening ran usual, in this waik, being made by a person of your supposed actual practice.
We refolved, Sir, therefore to give your work an accurate review; and we reasonably 'beticve we are the only persons who have fo aitentively peruicd it.
i hat we might properly execute this laborious talk, we determined to lay before the Public the state and result of many of your most in portant experiments, and not to select but take them in course, that our Readers might be the better enabled to form their judgment of the whole. We resolved also to consider you as a farmer, not as a fine writer, unless you forced us upon a review of your flyle; and we are not conicious of having misrepresented any part of any one of your experiments through design, or even through ir:attention.
In order to do justice both to the Public and to you, we saw it necelsary to begin our review with your promises in your preface, that the Public might form neither too high nor too low expectations, both disadvantageous (and perhaps almost equally fo) to any Author.
We found you, Sir, confefling several great imperfections in your work, and characterising it as “ an imperfect ketch," which you was ashamed of giving to the Public; and we thought it would be inju. rious to you to conceal from that Public this rare testimony of your modesty, especially as the work was so voluminous, and the price very high,
But how, Sir, do you recompence us for this record of your judg. ment and modelty? In your ulual manner, by gross abuse! " IF I had not told the Monthly Reviewers (say you) that my work was an imperfil Petch, they could not have found out its imperfections."
- Really, Sir, this vindication of yourself, by a confestion of your faults, is a pleasant effort of your wit! You are an adroit apologit ! But (not to flatter your vanity) if you had not owned this great and glaring truth, we could have seen, without pretending to extraor. dinary discernment, that a course of experiments, many of which were undertaken under a full conviction that they could not answer the proposed end (particularly attempts to get crops without manure on poor worn-out land) leaving a farm when it began to come into order, burning, or losing, or never recording many experiments,
+ This Letter was intended for the last APPENDIX; but, on second thoughts, it was judged improper to mingle an article of this kind with our account of FOREIGN LUERATURE. See Home on Vegetation,
whole whose result might have been contrary to what is recorded, trusting a bailiff, &c. must occasion a very imperfect sketch, and afford a strong and clear proof that you have been often, as you confess, a. very bad husbandman !
What will a judge say to a culprit, who, in arrest of judgment, pleads only his confession of guilt ? Will he not answer, “ If you had relied on the formality of trial, your jury would certainly have convicted you. Your confession was prudent, and may have its force in abatement of fentence, but cannot acquit you.” Thus may the Public reply to Mr. Young
Entering on the detail of your long, uniform, unentertaining work, we owned ourselves glad that your review of a group of agricultural writers, chiefly ancient ones, might afford your readers some little amusement, by the variety of their ítyle, manner, and subjects.
But here, to our surprize, we found you, Şir, assuming the chara&ter of critic in Riyle (which you frequently affect to despise, as old maids despise beauty, and dull men wit) and lashing your predeceffors with unmerciful severity.
When we saw you, Sir, thus quitting the experimental path, in which you might walk with dignity, and gather useful fruits, and beheld you deviating into that of the Belles Lettres, where you usually pluck weed's for flowers, we thought it an act of common justice to the old agricultural writers, and charity to you, to whisper, “ Şir, you are out of your way!" In return for this gentle admonision you have in the Appendix to the Eastern Tour) poured upon us such a torrent of abuse, as seldom flows even at Billingsgate, But we have contented ourselves with calmly shewing the injustice of your hypercriticisms, in every instance, in notes to our review of the Eatern Tour. .
You exclaim, “The Rowe don't go to the bottom of one experiment in my Course." - Principles of natural philosophy are the bot. tom, or ground-work, of all judicious experiments in agriculture. These we studied in an English University, famous for improvements in this part of knowledge, while you, Şir, were otherwise employed; and we have always applied them to the study of agriculture. But to tell a plain truth, which you appear not even to dream about, a judicious Reviewer can have nothing to do with the bettom of experiments: it is his duty to itate only the experiment and the result from it. He adopts your principles, credits your facts, and has no objection to your conclufions, unless they do not result from your premises. But we beg your pardon : this is the language of an university, not of a farmer.
And now, Sir, you avow your preference of the M. R rs of ancient days to those of the present. It is a llale trick of culprits to praise deceased judges, from whom they have nothing to fear. In the opinion of true gentlemen, comparisons are always odious, because in vidious ; and we mean not to compare ourselves with our predecer. fors of immorial fame. That we may not seem infected with that fever of vanity, under which you suffer so much, we will only say, “ Our predecessors could not have reviewed your Course with more care or candour than we have done. Frobably they would not have bestowed