When we say that Dr. Randolrh is as able an advocate for sob. fcription as those who have gone before him upon the same subject, we pay no compliment to the cause in which he is engaged; for we think him equally unsuccessful. He has all ged no arguments but what have been urged again and again, and which, in our opinion, have been unan werably refuted. On this account, we are sorry that ihe Dri's charge met with so united an approbation from the clergy of the diocete of Oxford, arnong whom, we know, are many very respectable characters; but it may naturally enough be supposed, that they have not given a minute and critical artention to the arguments which have been used on both sides in this controverfy. Dr. Randolph contends that the thirty-nine Articles ought to be subscribed in the sense of the impofers. This notion will accord very well with his extreme zeal for the Athanalian doctrines, but it does not coincide with the latitude which he seems willing to allow in other respects. It is, indeed, with concern, and almost with surprize, that we perceive such numbers of the Arminian clergy to be eager for a continuance of subscription to the present Articles, though thcfe Articles muft eternally expose them to insuperable difficulties, and afford great occasion of triumph to the Methodists. K. Art. 14. A Letter to his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, on

the Subject of the intended Petition to Parliament, for Relief in the Matter of Subscription to the Thirty-nine Articles, and the Liturgy, of the Church of England. By a Clergyman of the Church of England. Evo. 6 d. Johnson.

This letter is written in favour of the petitioning clergy, and hath suggested several considerations to the Archbishop of Canterbury, which, from the well-known candour of his Grace, and the moderation of his principles, will, it is to be hoped, meet with due regard.

... K. Art. 15. A summary View of the Laws relating to Subscriptions, . &c. with Remarks, humbly offered to the Consideration of the

British Parliament. 8vo. od. Wilkie. 1772.

As Subscriptions are, at present, an object of public attention, a Summary view of the lairs Teluting to them is very reasonable and useful; and the Author hath added a number of judicious remarks, all of them calculated to promote the desirable scheme of the Petitioning Clergy.

Art. 16. Queries, recommended to the Consideration of the , Public, with regard to the 7 hirty nine Articles. (vo. is.

Johnson. 1772. : The absurd and false doctrines contained in several of the 39 Articles, cannot be better exposed than in this little tract, which, by a series of perspicuous and well-digested questions, is fitted to strike

conviction on cvery ingenuous and rational mind. The Author • says, that he cannot think an apology necessary for so free a dir·cussion of Articles of human invention, and bringing them to the

teft of a strict comparison with the word of God; which Articles, upon the most serious confideration, he has been determined, many years ago, never again to subscribe, and he heartily laments his fubscription to them, though an act done in his younger days, at a time when he juged it not unlawful.


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The writer hath subjoined a collection of texts, taken out of the Old and New Testament, which it may be proper for clergymen to read publicly, and to declare their resolution of adhering to them, when they assume the charge of a Christian congregation. To this ho thinks may be added, a folemn protest againit the gross curruptions of popery, and all impofitions upon conscience, not warranted by the express declarations of Christ and his apoftles. K . Art. 17. Letters to the Reverend Doctor Benjamin Dawson, occa

fioned by a late Publication of his, intitled, · Free Thoughts on the Subjects of a farther Reformation of the Church of England, with Remarks.' To which is prefixed, An Address to both Houses of Parliament. By Philalethes. 8vo. 1S. Bladon.

Dr. Priestly, speaking of Dr. Balguy, said, 'I have so good an opinion of Dr. Balguy's good sense,-as to think it a thousand to one, but he himself is an unbeliever in many of the 39 Articles ;' and he nas, likewise, thrown out the following question, "Who among the clergy, that read and think at all, are supposed to believe one third of the 39 Articles ?'

These two passages gave great cffence to Dr. Dawson, and drew from him some fevere ítrictures, in a late publication ; which Ifrica' tures have provoked the wrath of the present writer, who is a warm and spirited advocate for Dr. Priestly. The Author appears to us to have succeeded in proving, that the fuggeftions complained of by Dr. Dawson are actually to be met with in the Free Thoughts, and even in the Dr.'s own writings, though expresied in different language. In other respects, Philalethes hath Thewn himself a notable Controversialist; but we can by no means compliment him upon bis candour, or his knowledge of human nature. What are we to think of his acquaintance with the world, when he calls upon the houses of parliament to down with all human establishments?' His observations, in bis 33d page, concerning the fact related of a prelate and a clergyman, - are unmaniy, and illiberal. In mort, he is one of those zealous, we had almuit said, furious Disenters, who may por:bly please the pe;fons who are already as warmly devoted to the sentiment embraced by him as he is him fo!! ; but, we are persuaded, his method of writing will never gain him a single roseiyte.

The Petitioning Ciergy are engaged in so good a cause, that we should be sorry to have them interrupted in the course of their undertaking. As, on this account, we wouid not have them go out of their way to attack the Diffenters, lo, on the other hand, we could with the Diflenters to avoid reproaching them for having subscribed the 39 Articles, and to consider them in the true light wherein they appear, which is, that of generous advocates for religious liberiya We are old enough to remember the time when Clarke, Hoa ley, Sykes, and other eminen: men, in the established church, who, at the beginning of the present century, stood up in the cause of truth, wure spoken of in the highett terms of refpet, by the diffenting clergy. The same regarà is due to the gentlemen who now exert themselves for the rights of conscience; and the same regard w:11, we doubt not, be paid them, by the Candid and liberal part of the Diflenters,

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Art. 18. A short Account of the wonderful Conversion to Chriftianity

of Solomon Duitsch, lately a learned Rabbin and Teacher of several Synagogues. Extracted from the Original published in the Dutch Language by himself, and improved with a Preface and Remarks, by the Rev. Mr. Burgmann, Minister of the Protestant Lutheran Chapel in the Savoy. Now first translated into English. 12mo. 2s. OsWilkie,'

Mr. Rabbin Duitsch's conversion is rightly styled Wonderful, as it proceeded, originally, not from reason and argument, but from cer. tain agonies and diftresses both of mind and body *, which, indeed, with some enthusiaits, are denominated Convictions : They are also called workings of the Spirit; (still more presumptuously) God's dealings, &c. On the whole, it may be questioned whether Mr. Burgmann will gain much reputation by introducing into this country, a translation of a visionary performance ; which can only be acceptable among certain of our Sectaries, who may think it somewhat in their own way.

Art. 19. The Preacher's Directory; or a Series of Subjects proper for public Discourses, with texts under each Head : To which is added a Supplement, containing select Passages from the Apocrypha. 4to. Os. Johnson. 1771.

Though no author's name appears in the title-page of this work, we find the preface subscribed by that of William Enfield, who is already known to the world by some ingenious and useful publications. We must class the present compilement under the same denomination ; as it may prove peculiarly serviceable to persons in the mi. nifterial office: though others may find benefit from it in converfing with the subjects of scripture. There may possibly be a small objection or two raised against the writer's method : fome may think that, as his work is folely confined to the declarations of holy writ, a sufficient regard is hardly paid, in his plan, to those, not merely distinguishing, but etential and important peculiarities to which its other parts bear an immediate regard. Thus, when our Author introduces virtue in the general, they may wish that it should not have appeared as if it was separated from its true foundation in piety, or from the proper chara&er to be given by us, as believers in the New Teitament, of every good disposition and action, as Chrißian virtues. He does, however, pay a particular attention, as indeed he ought, to the Christian (cheme; and notwithstanding any such objection as that mentioned above, the performance is, upon the whole, executed with care and judgment, and will, we doubt not, be very acceptable to those for whom it was designed

We hall extend this article no farther than by inserting the para [.ge with which the Author concludes his preface,

* To shew (íays he) how far freaching is capable of an agreeable and useful variety, and to afford those who compose fermons some autance in the choice of subjects and texts, is the design of the following work. If ic be executed with any degree of accuracy, I

* Whether there was any degree of mental derangement in the case, feerr.s to be a matter of some gowbt.


claim to myself no other merit, than that of one who presents the public with a useful map of a country much frequenttd by travellers. I pretend not to be myself particularly acquainted with the whole of the country which I have described, much less to be master of any part of it. I am sensible that I may possibly have omitted many paths which are well known to others, and that the plan is capable of being much farther enlarged and improved. But the principal lines are, I hope, right, and may serve to Thew those who are entering upon this journey, what a vast extent of country lies before them, and to allist them in chusing such paths as shall afford them the greatest pleasure and advantage.

Hi. MATHEMATICA L. Art. 20. The Ready Observator. By N. D. Falck. 4to. 3 s.

Welles and Grosvenor, Sationers. 1771. This treatise is intended to allift the seaman in determining his latitude by any altitudes of the sun at any time of the day, independently of a meridional altitude. The object is undoubtedly of importance ; and the instructions and tables here given for that purpole will be generally acceptable. The Author disclaims the merit of invention, and candidly confesses, that the method here proposed was first suggested by Mr. Douwes, a mathematician of Amsterdam ; and that it was published in England by Mr. R. Harrison of Whitehaven under the title of Harrijon's Solar Tables. This pamphlet, though eagerly purchased at its first publication, was not so useful as it might have been, because it wanted several tables which were necessary to facilitate the computation. These tables are here supplied; their use in determining the latitude from given observations, and the general rule for this purpose are stated and explained by feveral examples. The tables are, logarithmic folar tables of half-elapsed time, middle time, and rising, for six hours, to every minute and half-minute ; a table of the sun's declination ; a table of natural fines and secants less radius, and a table of common logarithms. The Author has likewise given, in his introduction, a table of refraction, and another of the distances of the visible horizon corresponding to altitudes above the surface from 1 to 50 feet. The general rule is as follows:

• Adjust your quadrant, take precise (or as near as you can) to a minute on your watch, the altitude; which correct from refraction, dip, and the sun's femidiameter, and call it the true altitude. Sabtract the hours, minutes and seconds of time when each altitude was taken, from each other; and half the remainder is balf-elapsed time. Subtract the natural fines of both altitudes from each other; and the difference call the remainder. To the fecant less radius of the latitude by account or supposed latitude, add the secant less radius of the sun's declination (whether they are of one denomination or in opposition ;) and that sum is the logarithm ratio. Add the logarithm ratio, the common logariihm of the remainder, and logarithm of half-elapírd time into one sumn, which gives the logarithm of middle time. The hours, muutes and seconds, answering to the logarithm of middle time, fubtract froin half ela pred time; the remainder is that time which the iun had a rise or ascend to the meridian, when toe greatcit altitua. waj taken;

F 3


and is called Rising. Compare the hours and minutes of rising with the apparent time by the watch, and the difference will shew whether the watch is too fast or too slow. From the logarithm of rising subtract logarithm ratio, the remainder is a common logarithm. The number of this last logarithm is a natural sine, whose degrees and minutes is that space which was wanting of the sun's meridian altitude, when the greatest altitude was taken. To the natural fine last found, add the natural fine of the sun's greatest altitude taken : and their sum is the natural fine of the sun's meridional altitude that day, and at the place where the greatest altitude was taken.'

• The problem is an approximation; and a meridian observation, when opportunity offers, will prove the truth of the method best of ạny thing.'

This work, our Author tells us, is only an introduction to a more considerable publication ; and if he meets with encouragement in any degree like that with which the generous public has already honoured him in his first attempt, we apprehend it will not long be delayed. We seldom hear of 1150 copies subscribed for in 3 days application, and without a single advertisement.' - This is, indeed, an instance of generosity, as well as of approbation,' scarce conceivable. We are duly fenible of the liberality and candour of the public, and are ready to join with Mr. F. in acknowledging, that'Treat Britain is justly famed for encouraging every laudable undertaking.' And yet we have had occasion to oblerve, that publications, as · laudable in their design, and as faithful in their execution,' as that now before us, have, with all the aid of connection, correspondence, and advertisement, circulated much more slowly.

*.* The rule for resolving the problem, which occasioned this publication, together with the necessary tables for that purpose, may be found in the Naulical Almanack for 1771, and the T'abies requisite to be ulid with the Ephemeris,

Bons. Art. 21. Every Man his own Gauger. By J. Ilienden. 15. 6 d.

Canterbury. Printed for the Author, and sold by Baidwin, &c, London.

This small treatise contains five tables with their explications, together with some previous instructions, that may be useful to those who wish to be able to estimate the capacity and contents of divers kinds of vessels. The tables are calculated on the supposition that all vessels are of a cylindric figure, whose diameters are always regular ; but the Author has premifcd rules for practice, in order to find a mean diameter of other vellels, whose diameters are irregular; and he has avoided every thing that might prevent his book from being of general use to the public. The itt table contains the superficial contents of diameters, from inch with their tenths, to 1 2 incho's diameter; from thence, inches and quarters, to 40 inches diameter.

T:5le 2, is the inches contained in wine and beer gallons, with their half gallons, quarts, pints, and half.pints; also in the Winchester buhel, half buihel, peck, gallon, quart and pint.

Table 3, news the contents, in 'inches, of the several diameters, from i inch to 4 inches with thcir tenths; and from i inch to 10 inches deep.


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