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prisoners. There were other small bodies of French on different parts of the plain ; but they were soon routed, slain, or taken. The conclusion was a complete victory on the part of the king of England, who only lost about sixteen hundred men of all ranks *; among the slain was the duke of York t, uncle to the king. On the eve of this battle, and the following morning, before it began, there were upwards of five hundred knights made by the French.
When the king of England found himself master of the field of battle, and that the French, excepting such as had been killed or taken, were flying in all directions, he made the circuit of the plain, attended by his princes ; and while his men were employed in stripping the dead, he called to him the French herald, Montjoye, king-at-arms, and with him many other French and English heralds, and said to them, “ It is not we who have made this great slaughter, but the omnipotent God, and, as we believe, for a punishment of the sins of the French.“ He then asked Montjoye, to whom the victory belonged ; to him, or to the king of France ? Montjoye replied, that the victory was his, and could not be claimed by the king of France. The king then asked the name of the castle he saw near him : he was told, it was called Azincourt. “ Well then,” added he, “ since all battles should bear the names of the fortress nearest to the spot where they were fought, this battle shall, from henceforth, bear the everdurable name of Azincourt."
The English remained a eonsiderable time on the field, and seeing they were delivered from their enemies, and that night was approaching, they retreated in a body to Maisoncelles, where they had lodged the preceding night : they again fixed their quarters there, carrying with them many of their wounded. After they had quitted the field of battle, several of the French, half dead and wounded, crawled away into an adjoining wood, or to some villages, as well as they could, where many expired. On the morrow, very early, king Henry dislodged with his army from Maisoncelles, and returned to the field of battle: all the French they found there alive were put to death or made prisoners. Then, pursuing their road toward the sea-coast, they marched away: three parts of the army were on foot, sorely fatigued with their efforts in the late battle, and greatly distressed by famine and other wants. In this manner did the king of England return, without any hindrance, to Calais, rejoicing at his great victory, and leaving the French in the utmost distress and consternation at the enormous loss they had suffered.
CHAPTER CXLVII.—THE NAMES OF THE PRINCES, AND OTHER LORDS FROM DIVERS COUN
TRIES, WHIO PERISHED AT TUIS UNFORTUNATE BATTLE, AND OP THOSE WHO WERE
MADE PRISONERS. Here follow the names of those lords and gentlemen who were slain at the battle of Azincourt, on the side of the French.
We shall begin with the king's officers : the lord Charles d'Albreth, constable of France I, the marshal Boucicaut, carried a prisoner to England, where he died, sir James de Chastillon, lord de Dampierre ||, admiral of France, the lord de Rambures, master of the cross-bows, sir Guichard Daulphin, master of the king's household . Of the princes were, duke Anthony of Brabant, brother to the duke of Burgundy**, Edward duke of Bar, the duke d'Alençon, the
• This account of the loss of the English, is much The name of sir Guichard Dauplrin appears to have more probable than that given by most English historians, betrayed Shakspeare into the error of making the Dauphin who state that the total loss amounted to only forty.- Ep. of Fiance present at the battle of Azincourt, which he
† He was very corpulent, and is said to have been was not, -unless we suppose the error to lie with the pressed to death in the throng. The earl of Suffolk was editors, in confounding two persons meant by Shakspeare also among the slain.
to be distinct. In the camp scene before the battle, his Charles d'Albret, count de Dreux, succeeded by his dauphin does not hold such a rank in the debate and conson Charles II.
versation as is suitablo to the heir of the French monarchy, Boucicaut died in England two years after. He left but precisely that which the master of the household might no issue.
hold with propriety. In one scene, he is thus mentioned, || He married Jane de la Riviere, and had issue by her “Enter Rambures, Châtillon, Dauphin, and others." one son, James II., lord de Dampierre, who served the ** Of the princes, Anthony, duke of Brabant, left two dauphin faithfully, and was mado grand-pannetior de sons, Philip and John, successively dukes of Brabant, France.
and both dying 1. Pa, Philip count of Nevers left Charles
count de Nevers, brother to the duke of Burgundy, sir Robert de Bar, count de Marle, the count de Vaudemont, John brother to the duke of Bar, the count de Blaumont, the count de Grand-pré, the count de Roussy, the count de Fauquembergh, sir Louis de Bourbon, son te the lord de Préaux.
The names of other great lords, as well from Picardy as elsewhere : the vidame of Amiens, the lord de Croy*, and his son sir John de Croy, the lords de Helly, d’Auxit, de Brimen, de Poix, l'Estendart, lord de Crequi!, the lord de Lauvroy, sir Vitart de Bours, sir Philippe d'Auxi, lord de Dampierres, bailiff of Amiens, his son the lord de Raineval ||, his brother sir Alain, the lord de Maillys, and bis eldest son the lord d'Inchy, sir William de Saveuses, the lord de Neufville, and his son the castellan of Lens, sir John de Moreul, sir Rogue de Poix, sir John de Bethune, lord of Moreul in Brie**, sir Symon de Craon, lord de Clarsytt, the lord de Rocheguyon , and his brother the vidame de Launois, the lord de Galigny, the lord d'Alegres in Auvergne, the lord de Bauffremont in Champagne, sir James de Heu |III. the lord de Saint Bris, Philippe de Fosseux, sir Regnault de Crequy, lord de Comptes, and his son sir Philippe, the lord de Mannes, and his brother Lancelot, Mathieu and John de Humieres , brothers, sir Louis de Beausault, the lord de Ront, sir Raoul de Manne, sir Oudart de Renty, and two of his brothers ***, the lord d’Applincourt, and his son sir James, sir Louis de Guistelle, the lord de Vaurin, and his son the lord de Lidequerke, sir James de Lescuelle, the lord de Hames, the lord de Hondescocte, the lord de Pulchres, sir John Baleul, sir Raoul de Flandres, sir Collart de Fosseux, the lord de Boissimbos, and his brother Louis de Boussy, the lord de Thiennes, the lord d’Azincourt and his son, sir Hustin Kieretttt, le bègue de Caen and his brother Payen, the lord de Varigines, the lord d'Auffemont 17 and his son sir Raulequin, sir Raoul de Neele, the lord de St. Crêpin, the viscount de Quesnes, sir Pierre de Beauvoir, bailiff of the Vermandois, sir John de Lully and his brother sir Griffon, the lord de St. Symon and his brother Gallois $$$, Collart count of Nevers, who died s.p., and John, count of Il Raoul II., lord of Rayneval, grand-pannetier de Estampes and of Nevers after the death of his brother. France, left four sons, of whom Waleran, the eldest, was
Edward, duke of Bar, and John de Bar, lord of Puisaye, count of Fauquemberg, and killed at this battle; John, were brothers, and both died s. p.
the third, was lord de Meracourt, also killed here ; Aubert, Robert de Bar, count of Marle and Soissons, was son to the fourth, lord of Betencourt, also killed here: Henry de Bar another brother, and also died, s. p. Upon Raoulequin, lord of Cardonnia, was the second ;-but these deaths the succession was disputed between Louis, there must be some mistake about their father the bailiff cardinal de Bar, the surviving brother, and Yoland, queen of Amiens, and also about the brother sir Allain. of Arragon, their sister. This dispute was terminated in Colard, or Nicholas, lord of Mailly, and his eldest 1419, when the cardinal resigned his right in favour of son Colrd. René of Anjou (duke of Lorraine, &c.), grandson of ** John de Bethune, lord of Mareuil, Autrêche, &c. Yoland.
youngest son of John, lord of Vendeul and Vergier. John I., count of Alençon, suoceeded by his son, John tt Simon, lord of Dommart and Claed, son of John de 11.
Craon, lord of Dommart, and brother of William, lord of Ferry, count de Vaudemont. He was of the house of Nouastre, and John, lord of Dommart, who was also taken Lorraine, and acquired Vaudemont by his marriage with prisoner at Azincourt, and died in 1420. the heiress of Vaudemont and Joinville.
John the young, lord of Midens, brother of John IV., Henry II., count of Blamont, of the house of Salms. lord of Crequy, Canaples, &c. was also killed at Azincourt Edward II., count of Grandpré, of the house of Poroien. II Guy VI., lord de Rocheguyon, counsellor and
John VI., count of Roussy and Braine, descended from chamberlain to the king. His son, Guy VII., was the the old counts of Rheims. He left one daughter, Jane, last male of this illustrious house. I find nothing of his married to Robert de Sarreback, count of Commercy. brother. He was recognised among the dead by a wound which had $$ Morinot de Tourzel, lord of Alegre. But I find in made one arm shorter than the other,
Moreri, that he lived to the year 1418. Waleran, eldest son of Raoul II., lord of Rayneval and || || Heu, a family of Lo Pays Messin, celebrated in the grand-pannetier de France, and his wife Philippa, daughter sixteenth century. of John de Luxembourg, count de Ligny and castellan of Sf Matthew and John de Humieres, sons of Matthew, Lille.
Waleran possessed the lands of Fauquemberg by lord de Humieres, and brothers of Philip de Humieres, the will of his aunt, Jane de Luxembourg, widow of Guy made prisoner on the same day. de Châtillon, count of St. Pol. This count Waleran lett *** Renty, a branch of the house of Croy. only a daughter, married to Baldwin d'Ailly, vidame of ttt Heory Quieret, lord of Tours en Vimeu, died in Amiens.
1406, leaving two sons, Guy, and Peter, lord of Haucourt, John, lord de Croy, and his two eldest sons, John both made prisoners at Azincourt; but I find none of and Archambaud. + David, lord of Auxi.
the family killed there. . Raoul, surnamed L'Estendart, on account of the 111 Guy III., de Nesle, of the family of Clermont-enmany standards he had won from the English, son of Beauvoisis. John IV., lord of Crequy.
$$$ Matthieu de Rouvroy, and Guillaume le Gallois, his § Philip, brother of David, lord of Dompierre, not brother,- descended in the female line from the old Dampierre, which was in the house of Châtillon.
counts of Vermandois,
de la Porte, lord of Bellincourt, sir Yvain de Cramailles, the lord de Cerny in the Laonnois, sir Drieu d'Orgiers, lord de Bethencourt, sir Gobert de la Bove, lord de Savoisy, the lord de Becqueville * and his son sir John Marthel, the lord d'Utrecht, the seneschal d'Eu, the lord de la Riviere, de Tybouville, the lord de Courcy, the lord de St. Beuve, the lord de Beauinainnil t, the lord de Combouchis, the lord de la Heuse, the lord Viesport, sir Bertrand Painel, the lord Chambois, the lord de St. Cler, the lord de Montcheveul, the lord d'Ouffreville , sir Enguerrand de Fontaines and his brother sir Charles, sir Almaury de Craon, lord de Brolay ş, the lord de Montejan, the lord de la Haye, the lord de l'Isle-Bouchart, sir John de Craon, lord de Montbason ||, the lord de Bueuil I, the lord de Laumont-sur-Loire, sir Anthony de Craon, lord de Beau Vergier **, the lord d’Asse, the lord de la Tour tt, the lord de l'Isle-Gonnort, sir John de Dreux, sir Germain de Dreux, the viscount de Tremblay, sir Robert de Bouvay, sir Robert de Challus 11, sir John de Bonnebault, the lord de Mongaugier $8, sir John de Valcourt, the lord de Sainteron, sir Ferry de Sardonne, sir Peter d’Argie, sir Henry d'Ornay, the lord des Roches, sir John de Montenay, the lord de Bethencourt, the lord de Combourt, the viscount de la Belliere || II, the lord de la Tute, sir Bertrand de Montauban (1, Bertrand de St. Gille, seneschal of Hainault, the lord de la Hamecte, the lord du Quesnoy, the lord de Montigny, the lord de Quiervran, the lord de Jumont, the lord de Chin, sir Symon de Havrech, the lord de Poctes, sir John de Gres, sir Allemand d'Estaussines, sir Philippe de Lens ***, and sir Henry, brothers to the bishop of Cambray, sir Michel du Chastellier and his brother Guillaume de Vaudripont, Ernoul de Vaudrigien, Pierre de Molin, Jean de Buait, George de Quiervran and his brother Henry, the lord de Saures, sir Briffault his brother, le Baudrain d'Aisne knight, sir Maillart d’Azouville Palamedes des Marquais, the lord de Bousincourt, the lord de Fresencourt, the lurd de Vallusant, the lord de Hectrus, Guernier de Brusquent, the lord de Moy in the Beauvoisis, his son Gamot de Bournouville and his brother Bertrand, Louvelet de Massinguehen and his brother, sir Collart de Phiennes, Alain de Vendôme, Lamont de Launoy, sir Colinet de St. Py, the lord de Bos d'Ancquin, Lancelot de Fremeusent, the lord d'Aumont ttt, sir Robinet de Vancoux, sir Raisse de Moncaurel **+. sir Lancelot de Clary, the lord de la Rachie, sir Guerard d'Herbaines, sir Guerard de Haucourt, sir Robert de Montigny, sir Charles de Montigny, sir Charles de Chastillon $$$, Philippe de Poitiers, the lord de Feuldes, the lord de St. Pierre, Guillaume Fortescu, Burel de Guerames, Robert de Potiaumes, the son to the bailiff of Rouen, the provost to the marshals of France, Bertrand de Belloy ||||), Jacques de Han, the lord de Baisir and Martel du Vauhuon his brother, Jean de Maletraicts, Raoul de Ferrieres, Raoul de Longeul knight, Henry de la Lande, sir Ernault de Corbie, lord d'Aniel, Jean Discoüevelle, sir Yvain de Beauval, sir Brunel Fretel, le Baudrain de Belloy, knight, sir Regnault d’Azincourt, the governor of the county of Rethel, Ponce de Salus knight, lord of Chastel-neuf, the lord de Marquectes, Symmonet de Morviller,
William Martel, lord of Bacqueville, often men a law-family, and Q. if any of the branches were addicted tioned before. He was the last person distinguished by the venerable office of Porte-orisflamme.
ST Oliver V., lord of Montauban, a great house in + Robert VI. de Harcourt, lord of Beaumênil. Bretagne, died soon after 1386, leaving five sons,
I Q. Offrainville ? Denis de Longueil, lord of 1. William, who died in 1432 ; 2. Robert, bailiff of Offiainville, was killed at Azincourt, together with his Cotentin, at the siege of Orleans in 1420 ; 3. Bertrand, clder brother, William lord of Longueville, and his son killed at Azincourt; 4. Renaud, lord of Crépon ; 5. John. Robert.
*** John de Recourt, castellan of Lens, brother to § Amaury de Craon, lord de Briolé, of the branch of Charles, admiral of France, was killed at this battle ; but La Suze.
I find no others of the family. | John de Craon, lord of Montbazon and viscount ttt John Hutin, lord of Aumont, Chars and Chapes, of Châteaudun, grand-échanson de France.
échanson du roi, &c. John, lord of Beuil, master of the cross-bows from *1# John, lord of Montcavrel, was killed at this battle. 1396 to 1399.
He left only one daughter, in whose right Montcavrel ** Antony, lord of Beauvergier, grand-pannetier de passed into the family of Monchy. France.
$$$ Charles de Châtillon, lord of Sourvilliers and t Agne III., de la Tour, lord of Orliergues.
Marigni. 11 Probably Robert de Chabannes, lord of Charlus, Gaspard de Chastillon and Hugh his brother, of the father of Stephen lord of Charlus, James, lord of La Chastillons, lords of Blois and la Bastie, were also killed. Palice, and Anthony, count of Dammartin.
|| || || Hugh, lord of Bellay and Giseux, married Isabel $$ St. Maur, lords of Montgaugier, a house of Touraine. de Montigny, lady of Langey. Bertra:d his son. He
I!!! Anthony de Bellievre, ancestor of the Bellievres, had two other sons, one killed at Crevant, another at presidents and chancellors, lived at this time; but it was Verneuil.
to arms ?
Foleville, butler to the duke of Aquitaine, Gallois de Fougiers, sir Lancelot de Rubempre, Lyonnet Torbis, the lord de Boissay, Anthony d'Ambrine, sir Hector de Chartres the younger and his two brothers *, Tauppinet de la Nefville +, Thibault de Fay, the lord de Beauvoir-sur-Autre, Hue des Autels, the lord de Caucroy and his brother Eustace d'Aubrunes, Lancelot de Couchy, Jean de Launoy, sir Collart de Monbertant, sir Charles Boutry, sir Guy Gourle, with John Gourle his brother, le Bon de Sains, Anthony de Broly, Guillaume de Villers, lord d'Urendone, Floridás du Souys, the lord de Regnauville, Baughois de la Beuvriere, and his brother Gamart, le Plontre de Gerboal, Pierre Aloyer, Percival de Richebourg, the lord de Fiefes and his son the bègue de Quenoulles, Godfrey de St. Marc, the lord de Teneques, the lord de Herlin, Symon de Monchiaux, sir Maillet de Gournay and his brother Porus, Jean de Noyelle, Pierre de Noyelle, and Lancelot de Noyelle, sir Carnel de Hangiers , Jean d'Authville lord de Vaverans §, Regnault de Guerbauval, William lord de Rin, Pierre Remy, Sausset d’Eusne, the lord de Haucourt in Cambresis, sir Guichard d'Ausne, the lord de Raisse ||, the lord d'Espaigny, the lord de Cheppon, Jean de Chaule lord of Bretigny, Jean de Blausel, Guillebert de Gubauval, Haudin de Beleval, sir Guerard de Hauressis, sir Louis de Vertain, sir Estourdy d'Ongines, with his brother Bertrand, sir Henry de Boissy lord of Caule, sir Arthur de Moy, the borgne de Noaille, sir Floridas de Moreul. sir Tristrain de Moy, sir Bridoul de Puiveurs, the lord de Verneul, Langhois de Guerbauval, the viscount de Dommart, Ponchon de la Tour, Gudfrey de Prouville.
In short, the number of persons, including princes, knights, and men of every degree, slain that day, amounted to upwards of ten thousand, according to the estimates of heralds and other able persons.
The bodies of the greater part were carried away by their friends after the departure of the English, and buried where it was agreeable to them. Of these ten thousand, it was supposed only sixteen hundred were of low degree, the rest all gentlemen ; for in counting the princes, there were one hundred and six-score banners destroyed.
During the battle, the duke of Alençon most valiantly broke through the English line, and advanced, fighting, near to the king, — insomuch that he wounded and struck down the duke of York. King Henry, seeing this, stepped forth to his aid; and as he was leaning down to raise him, the duke of Alençon gave him a blow on the helmet that struck off part of his crown.
The king's guards on this surrounded him, when, seeing he could no way escape death but by surrendering, he lifted up his arm, and said to the king.“ I am the duke of Alençon, and yield myself to you;" but, as the king was holding out his hand to receive his pledge, he was put to death by the guards.
At this period, the lord de Longny, marshal of France, as I have said, was hastening with six hundred men-at-arms attached to the king of Sicily, to join the French, and was within one league of them when he met many wounded, and more running away, who bade him return, for that the lords of France were all slain or made prisoners by the English. In consequence, Longry, with grief at heart and in despair, went to the king of France at Rouen. It was supposed that about fifteen hundred knights and gentlemen were this day made prisoners : the names of the principal are-Charles duke of Orleans, the duke of Bourbon, the count d’Eu, the count de Vendôme, the count de Richemont, sir James de Harcourt, sir John de Craon lord of Dommart, the lord de Humieres, the lord de Roye, the lord de Cauny, sir Boors Quieret lord of Heuchin, sir Peter Quieret lord of Hamecourt, the lord de Ligne in Hainault, the lord de Noyelle, surnamed le Chevalier Blanc, Baudo his son, the young lord of Inchy, sir Jolin de Vaucourt, sir Actis de Brimeu, sir Jennet de Poix, the eldest son and heir io the lord de Ligne, sir Gilbert de Launoy, the lord d'Ancob in Ternois.
* Hector de Chartres, lord of Ons-en-Bray, grand f John de Mailly, lord of Authuille and Warans, one master of waters and forests in Normandy, father of of the twenty-five sons of Giles, lord of Authuille. This kenaud, archbishop of Rheims and chancellor of France. was a branch of the lords de Mailly before-mentioned.
+ Pernaps a son of the mareschal Neufville, who suc || Guy II. de la Val, lord of Retz and Blazon, is ceeded to the estates of sir Arnold d'Andreghen in 1370. said, by Moreri, to have died before 1416. He was
I I can find no such name as Hangiers; but John V. father of the infamous marshal de Retz, by Mary of lord de Hangest, grand-master of cross-bows from 1407 Craon. to 1411, was killed here.
CXLVIII.-ON THE DEPARTURE OF THE ENGLISH, MANY FRENCHMEN VISIT TIIE FIELD OF BATTLE TO SEEK THEIR FRIENDS, WHOM THEY BURY, AND OTHER
MATTERS. When the king of England had on this Saturday begun his march towards Calais, many of the French returned to the field of battle, where the bodies had been turned over more than once, some to seek for their lords, and carry them to their own countries for burial, others to pillage what the English bad left. King Henry's army had only taken gold, silver, rich dresses, helmets, and what was of value; for which reason the greater part of the armour was untouched and on the dead bodies ; but it did not long remain thus, for it was very soon stripped off, and even the shirts, and all other parts of their dress were carried away by the peasants of the adjoining villages. The bodies were left exposed as naked as when they came into the world. On the Saturday, Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, the corpses of many princes were well washed and raised, namely, the dukes of Brabant, Bar, and Alençon, the counts de Nevers, de Blaumont, de Vaudemont, de Fauquemberg, the lord de Dampierre, admiral, sir Charles d'Albreth, constable, and buried in the church of the Friars Minors at Hesdin. Others were carried by their servants, some to their own countries, and others to different churches. All who were recognised were taken away, and buried in the churches of their manors.
When Philippe count de Charolois heard of the unfortunate and melancholy disaster of the French, he was in great grief, more especially for the death of his two uncles, the duke of Brabant and count de Nevers. Moved by compassion, he caused all that had remained exposed on the field of battle to be interred, and commissioned the abbot de Roussianville and the bailiff of Aire to have it done. They measured out a square of twenty-five yards, wherein were dug three trenches twelve feet wide, in which were buried, by an account kept, five thousand eight hundred men. It was not known how many had been carried away by their friends, nor what number of the wounded had died in hospitals, towns, villages, and even in the adjacent woods; but, as I have before said, it must have been very great. This square was consecrated as a burying-ground by the bishop of Guines, at the command and as procurator of Louis de Luxembourg, bishop of Therounne. It was surrounded by a strong hedge of thorns, to prevent wolves or dogs from entering it, and tearing up and devouring the bodies.
In consequence of this sad event, some learned clerks of the realm made the following verses : * A chief, by dolorous mischance oppress'd,
Nobles made noble in dame Nature's spite, A prince who rules by arbitrary will,
A tim'rous clergy fear, and truth conceal, A royal house by discord sore distress'd,
While humble commoners forego their right A council, prejudiced and partial still,
And the harsh yoke of proud oppression feel: Subjects by prodigality brought low,
Thus, while the people mourn, the public woe Will fill the land with beggars, well we trow.
Will fill the land with beggars, well we trow.
I shall here add the names of such principal persons as escaped death or imprisonment in consequence of this battle.
First, the count de Dampmartin, lord de la Riviere, sir Clugnet de Brabant, styling himself admiral of France, sir Louis Bourdon, sir Galiot de Gaules, sir John d'Engeunes.
* I am obliged to my friend, the Rev. W. Shepherd, for the translation of these verses.