—so that this fortification could not be forced by the French. Seeing this, they had a culverine brought from their fort, and, at the second shot, hit the earl near the ancle, so that he was grievously wounded, and could scarcely support himself.

When La Hire was returning from the pursuit, with the many prisoners he had made, he observed this body of English under the earl quite entire: collecting more forces, he began to combat them,-and they were soon reduced to a similar state with their companions, the whole of them being killed or taken. Among the last, those of name were: the earl of Arundel, sir Richard de Dondeville", Mondot de Montferrant, Restandiff and others, to the amount of six score, that remained prisoners in the hands of the French. Upward of twelve score were slain,_and the remainder saved themselves by flight where they could.

When the business was over, the French collected their men, and found that they had" lost more than twenty. They were very joyful for this signal victory, and, having devoutly returned thanks for it to their Creator, they returned to their castle. The earl of Arundel was removed thence to Beauvais, where he died of his wound, and was buried in the church of the cordelier-friars. The other English prisoners redeemed themselves by r*. and thus those in Rue remained unmolested. They daily increased their strength, and made excursions over the countries far and near.



In these days, while the duke of Burgundy was in men-at-arms from Picardy, and other countries under march into Antwerp, by means of certain connexions which he h to punish the magistrates and inhabitants, who had. incurred his displeasure. l belonging to his anger was, that a long time before they had seized by force a large vesse th of their the duke, and filled with his men, which vessel he had stationed at the . the duke's harbour, so that all vessels trafficking to Antwerp must P* close to it, on w : and men laid several taxes that were, as they said, highly prejudicial to their i. in contrary to the oaths which the late dukes of Brabant had always made on taking Po of the dukedom, and which the duke of Burgundy himself had also taken. to the duke, hod

On this account, the townsmen of Antwerp, without giving *% *. was so much seized the vessel, and confined those found within it in Pro*: The o to punish displeased with their conduct that he had collected the force beforemon 10 who, though them.–In the meantime, his intentions were known to the men of . o shou greatly surprised thereat, lost no time in providing men-at-arms to defen h t the ike Was it be attacked. They went in a body to the abbey of St. Michael, * e enemies were in lodged whenever he visited Antwerp, having suspicions that some of their one, they broke it; but after searching every part both above and below, and finding * they reti down the walls, to prevent them becoming places of defence. After * continue their warlike preparations. - - nd were

When the duke of j found that they had discovered his .. it to preparing to resist them, he disbanded his men-at-arms. At the o: o: dependencies, be proclaimed through the principal towns in Flanders, Brabant, an ". nsor stores of */ that no one, under pain of being capitally punished, should carry provoo The Antwerp" kind to Antwerp, nor give to the inhabitants any counsel or aid whatever.

Brabant, he collected a large force of his obedience, whom he intended to ad established in that to". The cause of

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• Richard de woodville, was seneschal of Normandy 1448, he wo." o o po o, advan" under Henry V. ; constable of the Tower in 1425; lieu- (his daughter being then quee table of England o:

jolai, in to ad in 1429, served the king to the dignity of ear!”.'." castrian P" in his wars with one hundred men-at-arms and three years after he "* beheaded by the L” hundred archers. In 1437, he married the duchess of Forthampton.—Dugdale. Bedford (Jacqueline de Luxembourg) without licence, f Sir Ralph Standish. for which he was condemned to pay a fine of £1000. In

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were in great distress and dismay on hearing of these proclamations,—but they carefully guarded their town, and remained a considerable time in this situation. However, at length a treaty was entered into between them, by which the duke received a very large sum of money, and the magistrates recovered his good graces.


While these things were passing in Brabant, the French won the town of St. Denis from the English by storm. They were about twelve hundred combatants, under the command of sir John Foulcault, sir Louis de Vaucourt, sir Regnault de St. Jean, and other captains, who put to death some of the English whom they found in the town. The Parisians began to be alarmed by this conquest, as it was so near, and would probably cut off all provision coming to Paris, for the French made frequent excursions to their walls. To prevent any supplies being delayed from Normandy, they sent deputations to the duke of Bedford at Rouen, and to Louis de Luxembourg, bishop of Therouenne and chancellor of France for king Henry, to request that a sufficiency of men-at-arms might be ordered to Paris, to defend them against the enemy.

By the advice of the chancellor, sir John bastard of St. Pol, Louis his brother, Waleran de Moreul, sir Ferry de Mailly, Robert de Neuf-ville, and some other gentlemen, with five hundred men, were sent to them from the frontiers of Picardy. They took the road from Rouen, and safely arrived in Paris, where they were most joyously received; and, with the counsels and aid of the lord de l'Isle-Adam, governor of Paris for king Henry, they commenced a sharp warfare with the French in St. Denis.

The French, notwithstanding the resistance they experienced, frequently advanced near to Paris; and many severe conflicts took place between that town and Saint Denis. They also gained the castle of Escouen, near Montmorency, from the English, and put to death about thirty whom they found in it. They then marched to the castle of Orville, near to Louvres, belonging to Anglois d'Aunay, knight, attached to the party of Henry of Lancaster. When they had been before it two days, a treaty was concluded for its surrender on a certain day, unless the English should appear there in force to offer the French battle. Before the term expired, the lords Talbot, Scales, and Warwick, with George de Richammes, the bastard de Thian, sir François | Arragonois, and others, to the amount of three thousand combatants, assembled, and marched to join the lord de l'Isle-Adam in Paris; and, when united, they all came to the castle of Orville to keep the appointment made with the French for its surrender; but the French neither appeared nor sent any message, so that this castle remained in the peaceful possession of its lord. Henceforward, the English were superior in the field to their enemies in the Isle de France, and subjected the whole of the open country to their obedience, reconquering several castles held by the French.

CHAPTER CLxxv.—THE FRENCH, AFTER HAviNG AGREED To A TRUCE witH THE BURGUNDIANs on THE FRONTIERs of THE BEAUvoisis, over RUN THE BOULONOIS AND OTHER PARTS. At this time, a truce was concluded by the partisans of the duke of Burgundy on the frontiers of Santerre and Mondidier, with La Hire and his men. The last engaged, for a large sum of money paid down, to demolish the strong castle of Bretueil, in the Beauvoisis, which was done. On the conclusion of this truce, the great and little Blanchefort", Poton the Burgundian, and about six hundred combatants, marched away from the country of Beauvais to the town of Rue. They had not been long there, when they made an excursion, together with the garrison, into the country of the Boulonnois. They marched silently by the town of Estaples, not to alarm it, and advanced to Deure, and thence to Sameraux-bois.

• Little Blanchesort is said to have been made prisoner, in the 171st chapter.

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The inhabitants of this part of the country were totally unsuspecting of any attack likely to be made on them, and were therefore a defenceless prey to the enemy, who made prisoners of the greater part, bound them, and carried them away, with all their most valuable furni. ture and stock. They ransomed the town of Samer for a considerable sum of money; and on their return, spread themselves over the country, destroying everything with fire and sword without meeting any opposition. Having burnt many houses in the town of Fresnes, and done unnumbered mischiefs to the Boulonnois, they returned with a multitude of prisoners to Estaples, where they halted and refreshed themselves for some time; and because the inhabitants had retreated within the castle, and would not ransom their town, they set it on fire, and committed every damage on their departure, which was a grievous loss, for it was well built and very populous. They made their retreat good to the town of Rue, notwithstanding that sir John de Croy, the lord de Crequi, the lord de Humieres, and others of the country, had assembled, to the amount of three hundred combatants, in the hopes of cutting off their retreat: it was in vain, for the French rode in such compact order that no advantage could be taken of them; and they arrived safely at the places whence they had conne.

When the French had remained some days at Rue, and divided their plunder, they made another excursion toward Dourlens and Hédin, burning and destroying the countries they traversed, and bringing home many prisoners and great pillage of everything that . portable. They returned by La Broi, and made an attack on the castle; but it . o defended by those whom the vidame of Amiens had placed therein, that several o R e assailants were wounded. Perceiving that they were losing time, they retreated i. . with their plunder. They continued these inroads on the territories of *: - . e 0 Burgundy; but, in one of them, Harpin de Richammes made prisoner sir John de . near Montreuil. At another time, the little Blanchefort was taken by one of the oi. Renty. In this manner did the French destroy those parts that were near to Rue of o even burnt the town of Cression the Authie, which was part of the Proper domain o



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