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He took l\latilda's hand :—<t Dear maid !
it Of thy poor friend so basely deem,
As blend him with this barbarous scheme? Alas! my efforts, made in vain,
Might well have saved this added pain.
But now, bear witness earth and heaven,
So twisted with the strings of life,
As this—to call Matilda wife I
I hid it now for ever part,
And with the effort bursts my heart.»-
With wounds, with watching, and with woe,
The agony of mental pain.
He kneel'd—his lip her hand had press'd,— Just then he felt the stern arrest;
Lower and lower sunk his head,
Tltey raised him, but the life was fled!
The soul, too soft its ills to bear,
llad left our mortal hemisphere,
And S0ught, in better world, the meet!
To blameless life by Heaven decreed.
XXX]. The wretched sire beheld, aghast,
With Wilfrid all his projects past.
All turn'd and centc-r'd on his son,
On Wilfrid all—and he was gone.
rt And l am childless now,» he said,
tt Childless, through that relentless maid‘!
Are bursting on their artist's head l—
Eager to knit in happy band
With Rokcbys heiress Redn:ond’s hand.
The schemes deep-laid to work their fall!
The mttrderess weeps upon his bier
] 'll change to real that feigned tear! They all shall share destruction's shock :— Ho ! lead the captives to the block!»
But ill his provost could divine
His feelings, and forbore the sign.
<< Slave! to the block !—or I, or they, Shall face thejudgment-seat this day !»-—
The outmost crowd have heard a sound,
‘T is in the church-yard now—the tread
All eyes upon the gate-way hung,
His charger with the spurs he strook—-
For all knew Bertram Bisingham!
Bring the report—-the bullet sped-
All was so quick, that it might seem
A flash of lightning, or a dream.
Sword, halbcrt, musket-butt, their blows
A score of pikes, with each a wound,
Bore down and pinn'd him to the ground;
He took a hundred mortal wounds,
As mute as fox 'mongst mangling hounds; And when he died, his parting groan
Had more of laughter than of moan! —'l'hcy gazed, as when a liott dies,
And hunters scarcely trust their eyes,
But bend their weapons on the slain,
Lest the grim king should rouse again !-
And from the trunk tlte head had hew'd,
A mantle o'er the corse he laid :—
¢ Fell as he was in act and mind,
Ue left no bolder heart behind :
Then give him, for a soldier meet,
A soldier's cloak for winding-sheet.»
No more of death and dying pang,
No more of trump and bugle clang,
And back'd with such a band of horse
As might less ample powers enforce;
That gave an heir to Mortham's line,
And yielded to a father's arms
An image of his Editlfs charms,hiortham is come, to hear and see
Of this strange morn the history.
What saw he'!—not the church's floor, Cumberd with dead and stain'd with gore. \\'hat heard he 7- not the clamorous crowd, 'l'hat shout their gratulations loud; Iledtnond lte saw and heard alone,
Cla.sp'd him, and sobb'd, w My son, my son!»—
This chanced upon a summer morn,
A gladsome sight the sylvao road
From Eglistonc to Mortham show'd.
The task to bind and pile the sheaves,
To gaze on bridegroom and on bride,
‘T was then the Maid of Rokeby gave
tunate dynasty of that name, which succeeded to the Scottish throne under the patronage of Edward I and Edward Ill. Baliol's tower, afterwards mentioned in the poem, is a round tower of great size, situated at the western extremity of the building. It bears marks of great antiquity, and was remarkable for the curious construction of its vaulted roof, which has been lately greatly injured hy the operations of some persons to whom the tower has been leased for the purpose of making patent shot! The prospect from the top of llaliol's tower commands a rich and magnificent view of the wooded valley of the Tees.
Barnard Castle often changed masters during the middle ages. Upon the forfeiture of the unfortunate John Baliol, the first king of Scotland of that family, Edward I seized this fortress among the other English estates of his refractory vassal. It was afterwards vested in the lieauchamps of Warwick, and in the Staffords of Buckingham, and was also sometimes in the possession of the Bishops of Durham, and sometimes in that of the crown. Richard III is said to have enlaryed and strengthened its fortifications, and to have made it for some time his principal residence, for the purpose of bridling and suppressing the Lancnstrian faction in the northern counties. From the Staffords, Barnard Castle passed, probably by marriage, into the possession of the powerful Nevilles, Earls of Westmoreland, and belonged to the last representative of that family when he engaged with the Earl of Northumberland in the illconcerted insurrection of the twelfth of Queen Elizabeth. Upon this occasion, however. Sir George Bowes of Sheatlam, who held great possessions in the neighbourhood, anticipated the two insurgent earls, by seizing upon and garrisouing Barnard Castle, which he held out for ten days against all their forces, and then surrendered it upon honourable terms. See Sadler's State Papers, vol. II, p. 330. In a ballad, contained in Percy's Reliques of Ancient Poetry, vol. I, the siege is thu.scommemorated :
The use of complete suits of armour was fallen into
disuse during the civil war, though they were still worn illg such an inconsiderate letter.
by leaders of rank and importance.—t< In the reign of
Eron the following curious account of a dispute rcspecting a buff coat, between an old roundhead captain and a justice of peace, by whom his arms were seized after the Restoration, we learn that the value and importance of this defensive garment were considerable. it A party of horse came to my house, commandcdby Mr Peebles; and he told me he was come for my arms, and that I must deliver them. I asked him for his order. lie told me he had a better order than Oliver used to give, and, clapping his hand upon his sword-hilt, be said that was his order. I told him, if he had none but that, it was not sufficient to take my arms; and then he pulled out his warrant, and I read it. It was signed by Wentworth Armitage, a general warrant to search all persons they suspected, and so left the power to the soldiers at their pleasure. They came to us at Coalley-hall, about sun-setting; and I caused a candle to be lighted, and conveyed Peebles into the room where my arms were. My arms were near the kitchen fire; and there they took away fowling-pieces, pistols, muskcts, carbines and such like, better than zol. Then Mr Peebles asked me for my buff coat; andl told him they had no order to take away my apparel. He told me I was not to dispute their orders; but if I would not deliver it, he would carry me away prisoner, and had me out of doors. Yet he let me alone unto the next morning, that I must wait upon Sir John, at Halifax; and coming before him, he threatened me, and said, if I did not send the coat, for it was too good for me to keep. I told him it was not in his power to demand my apparel; and he, growing into a fit, called me rebel and traitor, and said if I did not send the coat with all speed, he would send me where I did not like well. I told him I was no rebel, and he did not well to call me so before these soldiers and gentlemen, to make me the mark for every one to shoot at. I departed the room, yet, notwithstanding all the threatenings, did not send the coat. But the next day he sent John Lyster, the son of Mr Thomas Lyster, of Shipden-hall, for this coat, with a letter verbatim thus: ‘Mr Hodgson, I admire you will play the child so with me as you have done, in writLet me have the buff coat sent forthwith, otherwise you shall so hear from
King James I,» says our military antiquary, u no great I me as will not very well please you.’ I was not at home alterations were made in the article of defensive armour, - when this messenger came; but I had ordered my wife
except that the buff coat, orjerkin, which was originally worn under the cuirass, now became frequently a
not to deliver it, but ifthey would take it, let them look to it; and he took it away; and one of Sir John's bre
substitute for it, it having been found that a good buff] thren wore it many years after. They sent Captain Batt
leather would ofitself resist the stroke of a sword; this, however, only occasionally took place among the lightarmed cavalry and infantry, complete suits of armour being still used among the heavy horse. Buff coats continued to be worn by the city trained-bands till within the memory of persons now living, so that defensive armour may in some measure be said to have terminated in the same materials with which it IJCJZIII, that is, the skins of animals or leather.»—Gaosa’s Military Antiquities, Lond. 1801, 4to, vol. II, p. 323.
Of the buff coats which were worn over the corslet, several are yet preserved; and Captain Grose has given an engraving of one which was used in the time of Charles I by Sir Francis Rhodes, Bart. of lialbroughhall, Derbyshire. They were usually lined with silk or linen, secured before by buttons, or by a lace, and often richly decorated with gold or silver embroidery.
to compound with my wife about it; but I sent word I would have my own again; but he advised me to take a price for it, and make no more ado. Isaid it was hard to take my arms and apparel too; I had laid out a great deal of money for them; I hoped they did not mean to destroy me, by taking my goods illegally from me. He said he would make up the matter, if I pleased, betwixt us; and, it seems, had brought Sir John to a price for my coat. I would not have taken 101. for it; he would have given about 41.; but wanting my receipt for the money, he kept both sides, and I had never satisfaction.»—1l1emoirs of Captain Hodgson, Edinb. 1806, p. 178. . Note 4. Stanza viii. On his dark face a scorching elime, And toil, had done the work of lifuft, etc.
In this character I have attempted to sketch one of
those West Indian adventurers, who, during the course of the seventeenth century, were popularly known by the name of Buccaneers. The successes of the English in the predatory incursions upon Spanish America, during the reign of Elizabeth,had never been forgotten; and from that period downward, the exploits of Drake and Raleigh were imitated, upon a smaller scale indeed, but with equally desperate valour, by small hands of pirates, gathered from all nations, bttt chiefly French and English. The engrossing policy of the Spaniards tended greatly to increase the number ofthese frccbooters, from whom their commerce and colonies suffered, in the issue, dreadful calamity. The Windward Islands, which tlte Spaniards did not deem worthy their own occupation, ltad been gradually settled by adventurers of the French and English nations. But Frederick of Toledo, who was dispatched in I630, with a powerful fleet against the Dutch, had orders from the court of Madrid to destroy these colonies, whose vicinity at once offended the pride, and excited the jealous suspicions of their Spanish neighhottrs. This order the Spanish admiral executed with sufficient rigour; but the only conseqttence was, that the planters, being rendered desperate by persecution, began, under the well-known name of Buccaneers, to commence a retaliation so horridly savage that the perusal makes the reader shudder. When they carried on their depredations at sea, they boarded, without respect to disparity of number, every Spanish vessel that came in their way; and, demeaning themselves both in the battle and after the conquest more like demons than human beings, they succeeded in impressing their enemies with a sort of superstitious terror, which rendered them incapable of offering effectual resistance. ~From piracy at sea they advanced to making predatory descents on the Spanish territories,in which they displayed the same furious and irresistible valour, the same thirst of spoil, and the same brutal inhumanity to their captives. The large treasures which they acquired in their adventures, they dissipated by the most unbounded licentiousness in gaming, women,wine, and debauchery of every species. When their spoils were thus wasted, they entered into some new association, and undertook new adventures. For furtlter particulars concerning these extraordinary banditti, the reader may consult Raynal, or the common and popular book called the History of the Buccaneers.
Note 5. Stanza xii.
——0tt Mouton heath Met, front to front, the ranks ofdoath.
Thewell-known anddesperate battle of Long-Marston Moor, which terminated so unfortunately for tlte cause of Charles, commenced under very different auspices. Prince Rupert had marched with an army of 20,000 men for the relief of York, then besieged by Sir Thomas Fairfax, at tile head of the parliamentary army, and the Earl of Leven, with the Scottish auxiliary forces. In t.his he so completely succeeded, that he compelled the besiegers to retreat to Marston-moor, a large open plain, about eight miles distant from the city. Thither they were followed by tlte prince, who had now united to his army the garrison of York, probably not less than ten thousand men strong, under tlte gallant Marquis (then Earl) of Newcastle. Wltitelocke has recorded, with much impartiality, the following particulars of this eventful day:—u The right wing of tlte parliament
was commanded by Sir Thomas Fairfax, and consisted of all his horse, and three regiments of the Scots horse; the left wing was commanded by theEarl of Manchester and Colonel Cromwell. One\body of their foot was commanded by Lord Fairfax, and consisted of his foot, and two brigades of the Scots foot for a reserve; and tire main body of the rest of the foot was commanded by General Leven.
u The right wing of the prince's armywas commanded by the Earl of Newcastle, the left wing by the prince himself, and the main body by General Goring, Sir Charles Lucas, and Major-General Porter; thus were both sides drawn up into lJtlllali£l
tt.lttly 3d, 1644. In this posture botlt armies faced each other, and about seven o'clock in the morning the fight began between them. The prince, with his left wing, fell on the parliament's right wing, routed them, and pursued them a great way; the like did General Goring, Lucas, and Porter, upon the parliament's main body. The three generals, giving all for lost, hasted out of tlte field, and many of their soldiers (led, and tltrew down their arms; the king's forces, too eagerly following them, the victory, now altnost achieved by them, was again snatched out of their hands. For Colonel Cromwell, with tlte brave regiment of his countrytnett, and Sir Thomas Fairfax, having rallied some of his horse, fell upon the prince's right wing, where the Earl of Newcastle was, and routed them; and the restof theireompanions tallying, they fell altogether upon tlte divided bodies of Rupert and ‘Goring, and totally dispersed them, and obtained a complete victory after three hours’ fight.
(1 From this battle and the pursuit some reckon were buried 7000 Englishmen; allagree that above 3000 of tlte prince's men were slain in the battle, besides those in tlte cltace, and 3000 prisoners taken, many of their chief officers, 25 pieces of ordnance, 47 colours, to,ooo arms, two waggons of carabines attd pistols, 130 barrels of powder, and all their bag and baggage.» —Warrrt.octtt:‘s Memoirs, Lond. t68z, fol. p. 89.
Lord Clarendon informs us that the king, previous to receiving the true account of tlte battle, had been informed, by an express from Oxford, t< that Prince Rupert had not only relieved York, but totally defeated the Scots, with many particulars to confirm it, all which was so much believed there, that they had made public fires of joy for the victory.»
Monckton and Mitton are villages near tlte river Ouse, and not very distant from the field of battle. The particulars of tlte action were violently disputed at the time; but tlte following extract, from tlte manuscript history of the Baronial House of Somcrville, is decisive as to the flight of tlte Scottish general, tlte Earl of Leven. The particulars are given by tile author of tlte history on the authority of his fatlter, then the representative of the family. This curious manuscript has been published by consent of my noble friend, the present Lord Somerville.
tt The order of this great battell, wherein both armies