Nor for De Argentine alone,
Through Ninian's church these torches shone,

Go forth, my song, upon thy vent'rous way,

Go boldly forth; nor yet thy master blame,
And rose the death-prayer's awful tone. (25)
That yellow lustre glimmer'd pale,

Who chose no patron for his humble lay,
On broken plate and bloodied mail,

And graced thy numbers with no friendly name, Rent crest and shatter'd coronet,

Whose partial zeal might smooth thy path to fame.

There was--and O! how many sorrows crowd
Of baron, earl, and banneret;

Into these two brief words!-there was a claim
And the best names that England knew,
Claim'd in the death-prayer dismal due.

By generous friendship given-had fate allow'd, Yet mourn not, Land of Fame!

It well had bid thee rank the proudest of the proud! Though ne'er the leopards on thy shield Retreated from so sad a field,

All angel now—yet little less than all, Since Norman William came,

While still a pilgrim in our world below! Uft may thine annals justly boast

What 'vails it us that patience to recal, Of battles stern by Scotland lost;

Which hid its own, to soothe all other woe; Grudge not her victory,

What 'vails to tell, how virtue's purest glow When for her frce-born rights she strove;

Shone yet more lovely in a form so fair ;Rights dear to all who freedom love,

And, least of all, what 'vails the world should know, To nope so dear as thee!

That one poor garland, twined to deck thy hair,

Is hung upon thy hearse, to droop and wither there! XXXVI. Turn we to Bruce, whose curious ear Must from Fitz-Louis tidings hear; With him an hundred voices tell

NOTES. Of prodigy and miracle,

« For the mute page had spoke.»— « Page !» said Fitz-Louis, « rather

say An angel sent from realms of day,

CANTO I. To burst the English yoke.

Note 1. Stanza i.
I saw his plume and bonnet drop,

Thy ragged balls, Artornish! rung.
When hurrying from the mountain top;
A lovely brow, dark locks that wave,

The' ruins of the castle of Artornish are situated To his bright eyes new lustre gave,

upon a promontory, on the Morven, or main-land side A step as light upon the green,

of the Sound of Mull, a name given to the deep arm of As if his pinions waved unseen.»

the sea which divides that island from the continent. « Spoke he with none ?»—« With none-one word The situation is wild and romantic in the highest deBurst when he saw the Island Lord,

gree, having on the one hand a high and precipitous Returning from the battle-field.»

chain of rocks overhanging the sea, and on the other « What answer made the chief ?»-« He kneeld,

the narrow entrance to the beautiful salt-water lake, Durst not look up, but mutter'd low,

called Loch-Alline, which is in many places finely Some mingled sounds that none might know, fringed with copse-wood. The ruins of Artornish are And greeted him 'wixt joy and fear,

not now very considerable, and consist chiefly of the As being of superior sphere.»—

remains of an old keep, or tower, with fragments of

outward defences. But, in former days, it was a place XXXVII.

of great consequence, being one of the principal strongE’en upon Bannock's bloody plain,

holds which the Lords of the Isles, during the period of Heap'd then with thousands of the slain,

their stormy independence, possessed upon the mainMid victor monarch's musings high,

land of Argyleshire. Here they assembled wliat popuMirth laugh'd in good King Robert's eye.

lar tradition calls their parliaments, meaning, I suppose, « And bore he such angelic air,

their cour plenière, or assembly of feudal and patriSuch noble front, such waving hair?

archal vassals and dependents. From this castle of Hath Ronald kneel'd to him?» he said,

Artornish, upon the 19th day of October, 1461, John « Then must we call the church to aid

de Yle, designing himself Earl of Ross and Lord of the Our will be to the abbot known,

Isles, granted, in the style of an independent sovereign, Ere these strange news are wider blown,

a commission to his trusty and well-beloved cousins, To Cambus-Kenneth straight he pass,

Ronald of the Isles, and Duncan, Archdean of the Isles, And deck the church for solemn mass,

for empowering them to enter into a treaty with the To pay, for high deliverance given,

most excellent Prince Edward, by the grace of God, A nation's thanks to gracious Heaven.

King of France and England, and Lord of Ireland, EdLet him array, besides, such state,

ward IV, on his part, named Laurence Bishop of DurAs should on princes' nuptials wait.

ham, the Earl of Worcester, the Prior of St John's, Ourself the cause, through fortune's spite, Lord Wenlock, and Mr Robert Stillington, keeper of the That once broke short that spousal rite,

privy seal, his deputies and commissioners, to confer Ourself will grace, with early morn,

with those named by the Lord of the Isles. The bridal of the Maid of Lorn.»

ference terminated in a treaty, by which the Lord of

The con

the Isles agreed to become a vassal to the crown of shall have, enjoic, and inherite all his own possessions, England, and to assist Edward IV and James Earl of landes, and inheritance, on this syde the seid ScotDouglas, then in banishment, in subduing the realm of tishe see; that is to saye, hetwixt the seid Scottishe see Scotland.

and England, such he hath enjoied and be possessed The first article provides, that John de Islc, Earl of of before this; there to holle them of the seid most Ross, with liis son Donald Balloch, and his grandson high and christien prince, his heires, and successours, John de Isle, with all their subjects, men, people, and as is aboveseid, for evermore in right of the croune of inhabitants, become vassals and licgemen to Edward Englande, as weel the seid Erle of Douglas, as his heires IV of England, and assist him in his wars in Scotland and successours, by homage and feaute to be done or Ireland ; and then follow the allowances to be made therefore.»—Rymer's Federa, Conventiones, Literæ et to the Lord of the Isles, in recompense of his military cujuscunque generis Acta Publica, fol. vol. V, 1741. service, and the provisions for dividing such conquests Such was the treaty of Artornish; but it does not apas their united arms should make upon the main-land pear that the allies ever made any very active effort to of Scotland among the confederates. These appear such realise their ambitious designs. It will serve to showcurious illustrations of the period, that they are here both the power of these reguli, and their independence subjoined :

of the crown of Scotland. « Item, The said John Erle of Rosse, shall, from the It is only farther necessary to say of the castle of seid fest of Whittesontyde next comyng, yerely, durying Artornish, that it is almost opposite to the bay of Aros, his lyf, have and take, for fees and wages in tym of in the Island of Mull, where there was another castle, peas, of the seid most high and christien prince c. marc the occasional residence of the Lord of the Isles. sterlynges of Englysh money; and in tyme of

werre, as long as he shall entend with his myght and power in

Note 2. Stanza ii. the seid werres, in maner and fourme aboveseid, he

Rude Heiskar's seal through surges dark shall have wages of cc. lib. sterlyng of Englysh money

Will long pursue the minstrel's bark. yerely; and after the rate of the tyme that he shall be occupyed in the seid werres.

The scal displays a taste for music, which could « Item, The seid Donald shall, from the seid feste of scarcely be expected from his habits and local prediWhittesontyde, have and take, during his lyf, yerely, musical instrument is played, and even a tune simply

lections. They will long follow a boat in which any in time of peas, for his fees and wages, xx. I. sterlynges whistled has attractions for them. The Dean of the of Englysh money; and, when he shall be occupied anıl

Isles says of Heiskar, a small uninhabited rock, about in tend to the werre, with his myght and power, and in maner and fourme aboveseid, he shall have and take, finite slaughter of seals takes place there.

twelve (Scottish) miles from the Isle of Uist, that an infor his wages, yerely, xl. I. sterlynge of Englysh money; or for the rate of the tyme of werre.-

Note 3. Stanza vii. « Item, The seid John, sonn and heire apparent of the said Donald, shall have and take, yerely, from the

-dark Mall! thy mighty Sound. seid feste, for his fees and

wages, in the tyme of peas, The Sound of Mull, which divides that island from x. I. sterlynges of Euglysh money; and for tyme of the continent of Scotland, is one of the most striking werre, and his intendyng thereto, in maner and fourme scenes which the Hebrides afford to the traveller. Sailaboveseid, he shall have, for his fees and wages, yerely, ing from Oban to Aros, or Tobermory, through a narxx. I. sterlynges of English money; or after the rate of row channel, yet deep enough to bear vessels of the the tyme that he shall be occupied in the werre: and largest burthen, he has on his left the bold and mounthe seid John, the Erle Donald and John, and eche oftainous shores of Mull; on the right those of that disthem, shall have good and sufficiaunt paiment of the trict of Argyleshire called Morven, or Morvern, successeid fees and wages, as wel for tyme of peas as of werre, sively indented by deep salt-water lochs, running up accordyng to these articules and appoyntements. Item, many miles inland. To the south-eastward arises a proIt is appointed, accorded, concluded, and finally deter- digious range of mountains, among which Cruachan mined, that, if it so be that hereafter the seid reanme Ben is pre-eminent. And to the north-east is the no of Scotlande, or the more part thereof, be conquered, less huge and picturesque range of the Ardnamurchan subdued, and brought to the obeissance of the seid most hills. Many ruinous castles, situated generally upon high and christien' prince, and his heires, or succes- cliffs overhanging the ocean, add interest to the scene. soures, of the said Lionnell, in fourme aboveseid de- Those of Dunolly and Dunstaffnage are first passed, scendyng, be the assistance, helpe, and aide of the seid | then that of Duart, formerly belonging to the chief of John Erle of Rossc, and Donald, and of James Erle of the warlike and powerful sept of Macleans, and the Douglas, then, the seid fees and wages for the time of scene of Miss Baillie's beautiful tragedy, entitled the peas cessyog, the same erles and Donald shall have, Family Legend. Still passing on to the northward, by the graunte of the same most christien prince, all Artornish and Aros become visible upon the opposite the possessions of the seid reaume beyonde Scottish shores, and, lastly, Mingarry, and other ruins of less see, they to be departed equally betwixt them; eche of distinguished nole. In fine weather, a grander and them, bis heires and successours, to holde his parte of more impressive scene, both from its natural beauties, the seid most christien prince, his heires, and succes and associations with ancient history and tradition, can sours, for evermore, in right of his croune of England, hardly be imagined. When the weather is rough, the by homage and feaute to be done therefore.

passage is both difficult and dangerous, from the nar« Item, If so be that, by the aide and assistance of rowness of the channel, and in part from the number the seid James Erle of Douglas, the said reaume of of inland lakes, out of which sally forth a number of Scotlande he conquered and subdued as above, then he conflicting and thwarting tides, making the navigation

From Hirt

perilous to open boats. The sudden flaws and gusts of began his enterprise in 1644, by taking the castles of wind, which issue without a moment's warning from Kinloch-Alline and Mingarry, the last of which made the mountain glens, are equally formidable. So that considerable resistance, as might, from the strength of in unsettled weather, a stranger, if not much accus the situation, be expected. In the mean while, Alister tomed to the sea, may sometimes add to the other sub- Mac-Donnel's ships, which had brought him over, were lime sensations excited by the scene, that feeling of attacked in Loch Eisord, in Skye, by an armament sent dignity which arises from a sense of danger.

round by the covenanting parliament, and his own

vessel was taken. This circumstance is said chiefly to Note 4. Stanza viii.

have induced him to continue in Scotland, where there

seemed little prospect of raising an army in behalf of To the green Ilay's fertile shore.

the king. He had po sooner moved eastward to join The number of the western isles of Scotland, exceeds Montrose, a junction which he effected in the braes of two hundred, of which St Kilda is the most northerly, Athole, than the Marquis of Argyle besieged the castle anciently called Hirth or Hirt, probably from «earth,» of Mingarry, but without success. Among other warbeing in fact the whole globe to its inhabitants. Ilay, riors and chiefs whom Argyle summoned to his camp which now belongs almost entirely to Walter Campbell, to assist upon this occasion, was John of Moidart, the Esq. of Shawfield, is by far the most fertile of the Ile- Captain of Clapronald. Clanronald appeared; but, far brides, and has been greatly improved under the spirited from yielding effectual assistance to Argyle, he took and sagacious management of the present proprietor. the opportunity of being in arms to lay waste the disThis was in ancient times the principal abode of the trict of Sunard, then belonging to the adherents of ArLords of the Isles, being, if not the largest, the most eyle, and sent part of the spoil to relieve the castle of important island of their archipelago. In Martin's time, Mingarry. Thus the castle was maintained until resome relics of their grandeur were yet extant. « Loch- lieved by Alister Mac-Donnel (Colkitto), who had been Finlagan, about three miles in circumference, affords detached for the purpose by Montrose. These parsalmou, trouts, and eels: this lake lies in the centre of ticulars are hardly worth mentioning, were they not the isle. The isle Finlagan, from which this lake hath connected with the memorable successes of Montrose, its name, is in it. It is famous for being once the court related by an eye-witness, and hitherto unknown to in which the great Mack-Donald, King of the Isles, had Scottish historiaus. his residence; his houses, chappel, etc. are now ruinous. His gardes du corps, called Luicht-tach, kept guard on

Note 6. Stanza viii. the lakeside nearest to the isle; the walls of their houses

The Heir of mighty Somerled. are still to be seen there. The high court of judicature, consisting of fourteen, sat always here; and there was

Somerled was Thane of Argyle and Lord of the Isles, an appeal to them from all the courts in the isles; the about the middle of the twelfth century. He seems to eleventh share of the sum in debate was due to the

have exercised his authority in both capacities indeprincipal judge. There was a big stone of seven foot pendent of the crown of Scotland, against which he square, in which there was a decp impression made to

often stood in hostility. He made various incursions receive the feet of Mack-Donald; for he was crowned upon the western Lowlands during the reign of Malcolm King of the Isles standing in this stone, and swore that IV, and seems to have made peace with him upon the he would continue his vassals in the possession of their terms of an independent prince, about the year 1157. lands, and do exact justice to all his subjects: and then

In 1164, he resumed the war against Malcolm, and inhis father's sword was put into his hands. The Bishop vaded Scotland with a large, but probably a tumultuary of Argyle and seven priests anointed him king, in pre- army, collected in the isles, in the main-land of Argylesence of all the heads of the tribes in the isles and con- shire, and in the neighbouring provinces of Ireland. tinent, and were his vassals; at which time the orator

He was defeated and slain in an engagement with a rehearsed a catalogue of his ancestors, etc.»— Martin's very inferior force, near Renfrew. His son Gillicolane Account of the Western Isles, octavo, London, 1916, fell in the same battle. This mighty chieftain married p. 240, 1.

a daughter of Olaus, king of Man.

From him our geNote 5. Stanza viii.

nealogists deduce two dynasties, distinguished in the -Mingarry, sternly placed,

stormy history of the middle ages; the Lords of the

Isles descendeil from his elder son Ronald, and the The castle of Mingarry is situated on the seacoast of Lords of Lorn, who took their surname of M'Dougal, as the district of Ardnamurcban. The ruins, which are

descended of his second son Dougal. That Somerled's tolerably entire, are surrounded by a very high wall, should have been thus divided between his two sons,

territories upon the main-land, and upon the islands, forming a kind of polygon, for the purpose of adapting iustead of passing to the elder exclusively, may illusitself to the projecting angles of a precipice overhang- trate the uncertainty of descent among the great Highing the sea, on which the castle stands. It was anciently the residence of the Mac-lans, a clan of Mac

land families, which we shall presently notice. Donalds descended from lan, or John, a grandson of Angus Og, Lord of the Isles. The last time that Mingarry

Note 7. Stanza viii. was of military importance, occurs in the celebrated Leabhar-dearg, or Red-book of Clanronald, a MS. re The representative of this independent principality, nowned in the Ossianic controversy. Alister Mac- for such it seems to have been, though acknowledging Donnel, commonly called Colkitto, who commanded occasionally the pre-eminence of the Scottish crown, the Irish auxiliaries, sent over by the Earl of Antrim was, at the period of the poem, Angus, called Angus during the great civil war to the assistance of Montrose, Og; but the name has been, euphoniæ gratia, exchanged

O'erawes the woodland and the waste.


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for that of Ronald, which frequently occurs in the ge « Ronald, son of John, was chief ruler of the Isles in nealogy. Angus was a protector of Robert Bruce, whom his father's life-time, and was old in the government at he received in his castle of Dunnaverty, during the time his father's death. of his greatest distress. As I shall be equally liable to « He assembled the gentry of the Isles, brought the censure for attempting to decide a controversy which sceptre from Kildonan in Eig, and delivered it to his has long existed between three distinguished chieftains brother Donald, who was thereupon called M.Donald, of this family, who have long disputed the representa- and Donald Lord of the Isles, contrary to the opinion tion of the Lord of the Isles, or for leaving a question of the men of the Isles. of such importance altogether untouched, I chuse, in « Ronald, son of John, son of Angus Og, was a great the first place, to give such information as I have been supporter of the church and clergy; his descendants able to derive from Highland genealogists, and which, are called Clanronald. He gave the lands of Tiruma, for those who have patience to investigate such sub- in Vist, to the minister of it for ever, for the honour of jects, really contains some curious information con- God and Columkill; he was proprietor of all the lands cerning the history of the Isles. In the second place, I of the north along the coast and the isles; he died in shall offer a few remarks upon the rules of succession the year of Christ 1386, in his own mansion of Castle at that period, without pretending to decide their bear- Tirim, leaving five children. Donald of the Isles, son ing upon the question at issue, which must depend of John, son of Angus Og, the brother of Ronald ; took upon evidence which I have had no opportunity to ex- possession of Innisgall by the consent of his brother and amine.

the gentry thereof; they were all obedient to him; he « Angus Og,» says an ancient manuscript translated married Mary Lesly, daughter to the Earl of Ross, and from the Gaelic, « son of Angus Mor, son of Donald, by her came the earldom of Ross to the M‘Donalds. son of Ronald, son of Somerled, high chief and superior After his succession to that earldom, he was called Lord of Ipnisgall (or the Isles of the Gael, the general M‘Donald, Lord of the Isles, and Earl of Ross. There name given to the Hebrides), he married a daughter of are many things written of him'in other places. Cunbui, namely, Cathan; she was mother to John, son « He fought the battle of Garioch (i, e. Harlaw), of Angus, and with her came an unusual portion from against Duke Murdoch, the governor : the Earl of Mar Ireland, viz. twenty-four clans, of whom twenty-four commanded the army, in support of his claim to the families in Scotland are descended. Angus had another earldom of Ross; which was ceded to him by King son, namely, young John Fraoch, whose descendants James the First, after his release from the King of Engare called Clan-Ean of Glencoe, and the M'Donalds of land, and Duke Murdoch, his two sons and retainers, Fraoch. This Angus Og died in Isla, where his body were beheaded : he gave lands in Mull and Isla to the was interred; his son John succeeded to the inheritance minister of Hi, and every privilege which the minister of Innisyall. He had good descendants, namely, three of Jona had formerly, beside vessels of gold and silver sons procreate of Ann, daughter of Rodric, high chief to Columkill, for the monastery, and became himself of Lorn; and one daughter, Mary, married to John one of the fraternity. He left issue, a lawful heir to Maclean, Laird of Duart, and Lauchlan, his brother, Innisgall and Ross, namely, Alexander, the son of DoLaird of Coll; she was interred in the church of the nald: he died in Isla, and his body was interred in the Black Nuns. The elder sons of John were Ronald, south side of the temple of Oran. Alexander, called Godfrey, and Angus.—He gave Ronald a great inhe- John of the Isles, son of Alexander of the Isles, son of ritance. These were the lands which he gave him, viz. Donald of the Isles. Angus, the third son of John, son from Kilcumin in Abertarf to the river Seil, and from of Angus Og, married the daughter of John, the son of thence to Beilli, north of Eig and Rum, and the two Allan, which connexion caused some disagreement beUists, and from thence to the foot of the river Glaichan, twixt the two families about their marches and division and threescore long ships. John married afterwards of lands, the one party adhering to Angus, and the Margaret Stewart, daughter to Robert Stewart, King of other to John : the differences increased so much, that Scotland, called John Fernyear; she bore him three John obtained from Allan all the lands betwixt Abhan good sons, Donald of the Isles, the heir, Jolin the Tain- Fahda (i. e. the long river) and ald na sionnach (i. e. ister (i. e. Thane), the second son, and Alexander Car- the fox-burn brook), in the upper part of Cantyre. rach. John had another son called Marcos, of whom Allan went to the king to complain of his son-in-law; the clan Macdonald of Cnoc, in Tirowen, are descended. in a short time thereafter, there happened to be a great This John lived long, and made donations to Icolumkill; meeting about this young Angus's lands to the north of he covered the chapel of Eorsay-Elan, the chapel of Inverness, where he was murdered by his owr. harper, Finlagan, and the chapel of the Isle of Tsuibhne, and Mac-Cairbre, by cutting his throat with a long knife. gave proper

furniture for the service of God, up- Hea lived a year thereafter and many of those conholding the clergy and monks; he built or repaired the cerned were delivered up to the king. Angus's wife church of the Holy Cross immediately before his death. was pregnant at the time of his murder, and she bore He died at his own castle of Ardtorinish; many priests him a son, who was named Donald, and called Donald and monks took the sacrament at his funeral, and they Du. He was kept in confinement until he was thirty embalmed the body of this dear man, and brought it years of age, when he was released by the men of Glento Icolumkill; the abbot, monks, and vicar, came as coe, by the strong hand. After this enlargement, he they ought to meet the King of Fiongal,i and out of came to the Isles, and convened the gentry thereof. great respect to his memory mourned eight days and There happened great feuds betwixt these families while nights over it, and laid it in the same grave with his fa- Donald Du was in confinement, insomuch that Macther, in the church of Oran, 1380.

Cean of Ardnamurchan destroyed the greatest part of

I Innisgall. I Western Isles and adjacent coast.

2 The murderer, I presume; not the man who was murdered.


the posterity of Jolin Mor of the Isles and Cantyre. For army for the purpose of taking possession, and a ship John Cathanach, son of John, son of Donald Ballach, came from England with a supply of money to carry son of Jolin Mor, son of John, son of Angus Og (the on the war, which landed at Mull, and the money was chief of the descendants of John Mor), and John Mor, given to Mac-Lean of Duart 10 be distributed among son of John Cathanach, and young John, son of John the commanders of the army, which they not receiving Cathanach, and young Donald Ballach, son of John in proportion as it should have been distributed among Cathanach, were treacherously taken by Mac-Cean in them, caused the army to disperse, which, when the the island of Finlagan, in Isla, and carried to Edinburgh, Earl of Lennox heard, he disbanded his own men, and where he got them hanged at the Burrow-muir, and made it up with the king : Mac-Donald went to Ireland their bodies were buried in the church of St Anthony, to raise men, but he died on his way to Dublin, at called the New Church. There were none left alive at Drogheda, of a fever, without issue of either sons or that time of the children of John Cathanach, except daughters.» Alexander, the son of John Cathanach, and Agnes In this history may be traced, though the bard or Flach, who concealed themselves in the glens of Ire-seannachie touches such a delicate discussion with a land. Mac-Cean, hearing of their hiding-places, went gentle hand, the point of difference between the three to cut down the woods of these glens, in order to de principal septs descended from the Lords of the Isles. stroy Alexander and extirpate the whole race. At length The first question, and one of no easy solution, where Mac-Cean and Alexander met, were reconciled, and a so little evidence is produced, respects the nature of the marriage alliance took place; Alexander married Mac- connexion of John, called by the Archdean of the Isles Cean's daughter, and she brought him good children. « the Good John of lla,» and « the last Lord of the Isles,» The Mac-Donalds of the north bad also descendants; with Anne, daughter of Roderick Mac-Dougal, high chief for, after the death of John, Lord of the Isles, and Earl of Lorn. In the absence of positive evidence, presumpof Ross, and the murder of Angus, Alexander, the son tive must be resorted to, and I own it appears to render of Archibald, the son of Alexander of the Isles, took it in the highest degree improbable that this connexion possession, and John was in possession of the earldom was otherwise than legitimate. In the wars between of Ross, and the north bordering country; he married David II and Edward Baliol, John of the Isles espoused a daughter of the Earl of Moray, of whom some of the the Baliol interest, to which he was probably determen of the north had descended. The Mac-Kenzies rose mined by his alliance with Roderick of Lorn, who was, against Alexander, and fought the battle called Blar na from every family predilection, friendly to Baliol and Paire. Alexander had only a few of the men of Ross hostile to Bruce. It seems absurd to suppose, that beat the battle. He went after that battle to take posses-tween two chiefs of the same descent, and nearly equal sion of the Isles, and sailed in a ship to the south to see power and rank (though the Mac-Dougals had been if he could find any of the posterity of John Mor alive, much crushed by Robert Bruce), such a connexion to rise, along with him, but Mac-Cean of Ardnamur- should have been that of concubinage; and it appears chan watched him as he sailed past, followed him to more likely that the tempting offer of an alliance with Oransay, and Colonsay, went to the house where he the Bruce family, when they had obtained the decided was, and he and Alexander, son of John Cathanach, superiority in Scotland, induced « the good John of Ila» murdered bim there.

to disinherit to a certain extent his eldest son Ronald, « A good while after these shings fell out, Donald who came of a stock so unpopular as the Mae-Dougals, Galda, son of Alexander, son of Archibald, became ma- and to call to his succession his younger family, born of jor; he, with the advice and direction of the Earl of Margaret Stuart, daughter of Roberi, afterwards King Moray, came to the isles, and Mac-Leod of the Lewis, of Scotland. The setting aside of this elder branch of and many of the gentry of the isles, rose with him : his family was most probably a condition of bis new they went by the promontory of Ardnamurchan, where alliance, and his being received into favour with the dythey met Alexander, the son of John Cathanach, were nasty he had always opposed. Nor were the laws of reconciled to him; he joined his men with theirs against succession at this early period so clearly understood as Mac-Cean of Ardnamunchan, came upon him at a place to bar such transactions. The numerous and strange called the Silver Craig, where he and his three sons, claims set up to the crown of Scotland, when vacant by and a great number of his people, were killed, and Do- the death of Alexander III, make it manifest how very nald Galda was immediately declared Mac-Donald: And, little the indefeasible hereditary right of primogeniture after the affair of Ardnamurchan, all the men of the was valued at that period. In fact, the title of the isles yielded to him, but he did not live above seven or Bruces themselves to the crown, though justly the most eight weeks after it; he died at Carnaborg, in Mull, popular, when assumed with the determination of aswithout issue. He had three sisters daughters of Alex. serting the independence of Scotland, was, upon pure ander, son of Archibald, who were portioned in the principle, greatly inferior to that of Baliol. For Bruce, north upon the continent, but the earldom of Ross was the competitor, claimed as son of Isabella, second daughkept for them. Alexander the son of Archibald, bad a ter of David, Earl of Huntingdon, and John Baliol, as natural son, called John Cam, of whom is descended grandson of Margaret, the elder daughter of the same Achnacoichan, in Ramoch, and Donald Gorm, son of earl. So that the plea of Bruce was founded upon the Ronald, son of Alexander Duson, of John Cam. Do- very loose idea that, as the great-grandson of David I, nald Du, son of Angus, son of John of the Isles, son of King of Scotland, and the nearest collateral relation of Alexander of the Isles, son of Donald of the Isles, son Alexander III, he was entitled to succeed, in exclusion of John of the Isles, son of Angus Og, namely, the true of the great-great-grandson of the same David, though heir of the Isles and Ross, came after his release from by an elder daughter. This maxim savoured of the ancaptivity to the Isles, and convened the men thereof, cient practice of Scotland, which often called a brother and he and the Earl of Lennox agreed to raise a great to succeed to the crown as nearer in blood than a

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