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They are a nest of hornets: strike one, and stir all of them about your ears. Indeed, if they promise safely to conduct a traveller, they will perform it with the fidelity of aTurkish janizary: otherwise, woe be to him that falleth into their quarters!

3. It Height. Amounting, forty years since, to some thousands. These compelled the vicinage to purchase their security, by paying a constant rent to them.When in their greatest height, they had two great enemies-—the Laws of the Land, and the Lord William Howard of Naurorth. He sent many of them to Carlisle, to that place where the officer doth always his work by day-light. Yet these moss-troopers, if possibly they could procure the pardon for a condemned person oftheir company, would advance great sums out of their common stock, who, in such a case, cast in their lot: amongst themselves, and all have one purse.

1|. -Decay. Caused by the wisdom, valour, and diligence, of the Right Honourable Charles Lord Howard, Earl of Carlisle, who routed these English Tories with his regiment. His severity unto them will not only be excused, butcommended, by thejudicious, who consider how our great lawyer doth describe such persons, who are solemnly outlawed. BRACTON, lib. 8. trac. 2. cap. tt.—‘ Ex tunc gerunt eapttt lupinum, ita quad sine judiciali tnquisitione rite peremtt, et secum sutun judicium pot-tent; et merito sine lege pereunt, qui secundum legem viverc reutsarunt.‘—‘Thenceforward, (after that they are outlawed) they wear a wolfs head, so that they lawfully may be destroyed, without any judicial inquisition, as who carry their own condemnation about them, and deservedly die without law, because they refused to live according to law.‘

5. - Ruiue. Such was the success of this worthy lord's severity, that he made a thorough reformation among them; and the ringleadcrs being destroyed, the rest are reduced to legall obedience, and so, I trust, will continue.--Fu t.t.nn's Worthie: ofEn.g!mid, p, 316,

The last public mention of moss-troopers occurs during the civil wars of the t7th century, when many ordinances of parliament were directed against them.

Note 14. Stanza xix.
How the brave boy, in future wlr,
Should tame the unicorn‘: pride,
Exllt the crescent and the star.

The arms of the Kerrs of Cessford, werc, Vert on a chevcron, betwixt three unicorns' heads erased urgent, three mullets sable; crest, a unicoru's head erased proper. The Scotts of Buccleuch bore, Or on a bend azure; a star of six points betwixt two crescents of the first.

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The lands of Deloraine are joined to those of Buccleuch, in Ettrick Forest. They were immemorially possessed by the But-cleuch family, under the strong title of occupancy, although no charter was obtained from the crown until I545 —-Like other possessions, the lands of Deloraine were occasionally granted by them to vassals, or kinsmen, for Border service. Satchells mentions, among the twenty-four gentlemen pensioners of the family, “William Scott, commonly called Cutal-the-Blaclc, who had the lands of Nether Deloraine, for his service,» And again, it This William of Deloraine, commonly called Cut-at-the-Black, was a brother of the ancient house of Ilaining, which house of Ilaining isa

descended from the ancient house of Hassendeanm The lands of Deloraine now give an earl's title to the de scendant of Henry, the second surviving son of the Duchess of Buccleuch and Monmouth. I have endeavoured to give William of Deloraine the attributes which characterised the Ilorderers ofhis day; for which I can only plead Fr0i&sart's apology, that, 1 it behovcth, in a lynage, some to be fclyshe and outrageous, to maynteync and sustayne the peasable.» Asa contrast to my Marchman, I beg leave to transcribe, from the same author, tlte speeclt of Amergot Marccll, a captain of the Adventurous Companions, a robber, and a pillager of the country of Auvergne, who had been bribed to sell his strong-holds, and to assume a more honourable military life under the banners of the Earl of Armagnac. But it when he remembered alle this, he was sorrowful; his tresour he thought he wolrle not mynysshe; he was wonte dayly to serche for newe pyllztges, wherbye encresed his profyte, and then he sawe that alle was closed fro‘ hym. Then he sayde and itnagyned, that to pyll and to robbe (all thynge considered) was a good lyfe, and so repented hytn of his good doing. On a tyme, he said to his old companyons, ‘Sirs, there is no sporte nor glory in this W0!‘l(l8 amonge men of warre, but to use suche lyfe as we have done in tyme past. What ajoy was it to us when we rode forth at adventure, and somtyme found by the way a riche priour or merchaunt, or a route of mulettes of Mountpellyer, of Narboune, of Lymens, of Fongans, of Besyers, of Tholous, or of Carcassone, laden with cloth of Brussels, or peltre ware comynge fro the fayres, or laden with spycery fro Bruges, fro Damas, or fro Alysaundre : whatsoever we met, all was ours, or els ransoumed at our pleasures; dayly we gate new money, and the vyllayncs ofAuvergne and of Lyntosyn dayly provided and brought to our castell whete mele, good wynes, beffes, and fatte motions, pullayne, and wylde foulez We were ever furnyshed as tho we had been kings. When we rode forthe, all the countrey trymhled for feare: all was ours goyng and comynge. Howe tok wc Carlast_ I and the Bourge of Compayne, and I and Perot of Bernoys took Caluset: how dyd we scalc,witlt lytell ayde, the strong castcll of Marquell, pcrtayning to the Erl Dolphyn : I kept it nat past fyve days, but I receyved for it, on a feyre table,fyve thousand franltes, and forgave one thousande for the love of the Erl Dolphyn's children. by my fayth, this was a fayre and a good lyfc; wherefore I rcpute myselve sore deceyvcd, in that I have rendered up the fortress of Aloys; for it wolde have kept fro alle the worlde, and the day that I gave it up, it was fournyshed with vytaylls, to have been kept seven yere without any re-vytaylynge. This Erl of Armynalte hath deceyved me : Olyve Barbe, and I‘erot le I\ernoys_ shewed to me how I shulde repente myselfc: certayne I sore repente mysclfe of what I have done.'v—FaotssAtt'r, vol. II, p. |95.

Note t6. Stanza Xxi. By wily turns, by desperate hounds. Ilad bofflud Percy’: best blood-ltouudn The kings and heroes of Scotland, as well as the Border-riders, were sometimes obliged to study how to evade the pursuit of blood-hounds. Barbour informs us, that Robert Bruce was repeatedly tracked by sleuth-dogs. On one occasion, he escaped by wading abow-shot down a brook, and ascending into a tree by a branch which

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l\‘ly sheep I neglected, I brolta my sheep-hook,
And all the gay haunts of my youth I fortooltt
No more for Amyntl froth garland: l wove;
Ambition, I said, would soon cure me oflove.
But what had my youth with ambition to do!
Why left I Amyntui why broke I my vowl

Through region! remote in vain dol rove.

And bid the wide world recurs me from love.

Ah. fool! to imagine, that ought could subdue

A love so well founded, a passion so true!

Ah, give me my sheep, and my sheep-hook restore.
And I'll wander from love and Amynta no moral

Alas! 't it too late in thy fate to repiue!

Poor shepherd. Amyntu no more cttn he thine!
Thy tears ure all fruitless. thy wishes are vttln,
The momeuu neglected return not again.
Ah! what had my youth with ambition to do‘!
Why left I Amyntul why broke I my vow ‘I

Note 20. Stanza xxviii.
—ancient Riddelt fair domniu.

The family of Riddcl have been very long in possession of the barony called Riddell, or llyedale, part of which still bears the latter name. Tradition carries their antiquity to a. point extremely remote; and is, in some degree, sanctioned by the discovery of two stone coffins, one containing an earthen pot filled with ashes and arms, bearing a le gible date, A. D. 727; the other dated 936, and filled with the bones of a man of gigantic size. These coffins were discovered in the foundations of what was, but has long ceased to be, the chapel of Riddell; and, as it was argued, with plausibility, that they contained “the remains of some ancestors of the family, they were deposited in the modern place of sepulture, comparatively so termed, though built in tile. But the following curious and authentic documents warrant more conclusively the cpithet of 1 ancient Riddelzu lst, A charter by David l to-Walter Rydale, sheriff of Roxburgh, confirming all the estates of Liliesclive, etc., of which his father, Gervasius de Ry

' Grandfather to the present earl.- 1819.

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dale, died possessed. ad, A hull of Pope Adrian IV, carved and fretted, containing niches for the statues of

. confirming the will of Walter de Ilidale, knight, in favour of his brother Anschittil de Ilidale, dated 8th April, 1155. 3d, A hull of Pope Alexander III, confirming the said will of Walter de Ridale, bequeathing to his brother Anschittil the lands of Lilicsclive, Whettnnes, etc., and ratifying the bargain betwixt Anschiuil and Huctrcdus, concerning the church of Lilieselive, in consequence of the mediation of Malcolm II, and confirmed by a charter from that monarch. This bull is dated 17th June, t 160. 4th, A hull of the same pope, confirming the will of Sir Auschittil de Itidale in favour of his son Walter, conveying the said lands of Liliesclive and others, dated toth March, 1120. It is remarkable, that I.-ilieselive, otherwise Rydale, or Riddel, and the Whittunes, have descended, through a long train of ancestors, without ever passing into a collateral line, to the person of Sir John Buchanan Riddell, Bart. of Biddell, the lineal descendant and representative of Sir Anschittil.—These circumstances appeared worthy of notice in :1 Border work.

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The ancient and beautiful monastery of Melrose was founded by King David I. Its ruins afford the finest specimen of Gothic architecture and Gothic sculpture which Scotland can boast. The stone of which it is built, though it has resisted the weather for so many ages, retains perfect sharpness, so that even the most minute ornaments seem as entire as when newly wrought. In some of the cloisters, as is hinted in the next Canto, there are representations of flowers, vegetables, etc., carved in stone, with accuracy and precision so delicate, that we almost distrust our senses, when we consider the difficulty of subjecting so hard a substance to such intricate and exquisite modulation. This superb convent was dedicated to St Mary, and the monks were of the Cistertian order. At the time of the Reformation, they shared in the general reproach of sensuality and irregularity, thrown upon the Roman

churchmen. The old words of Galaslticls, a favourite Scottish air, ran thus:

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' Kala, broth.

saints, and labelled with scrolls, bearing appropriate texts of scripture. Most of these statues have been demoliahed. Note 2. Stanza i. ~ ———St David‘: rnin'd pile

David I of Scotland purchased the reputation of sanctity, by founding, and liberally endowing, not only the monastery of Melrose, but those of Kelso, Jedburgh, and many others, which led to the well-known observation of his successor, that he was a. sore saintfor the crown.

Note 3. Stanza ii.

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The Borderers were, as may be supposed, very ignorant about religious matters. Colville, in his Paranesis, or Admonition, states, that the reformed divines were so far from undertaking distant journeys to convert the Heathen, -as I wold wis at God that ye wold only go bot to the Ilielands and Borders of our own realm, to gain our awin countreymen, who, for lack of preching and ministration of the sacraments, must, with tyme, beeum either infidells or atheists.» But we learn, from Lesly, that, however deficient in real religion, they regularly told their heads, and never with more zeal than when going on a plundering expedition.

Note 5. Stanza vii. -_beneath their feet were the bones of the dead.

The cloistcrs were frequently used as places of sepulture. An instance occurs in Dryburgh Abbey, where the cloister has an inscription, bearing, Hicjacetfrater A-rcltibaldus.

Note 6. Stanza viii.
So bad he teen, in fair Caatila,
The youth in glittering squadron: It-art;
Sudden the flying jennet wheel.
And hurl the unexpected dart.

-By my faith,» sayd the Duke of Lancaster (to a Portuguese squire), <1 of all the feates of armes that the Castellyans, and they of your countrey doth use, the castynge of their dartes best pleaseth me, and gladly I wolde se it; for, as I hear say, if they strike one aryghte, without he be well armed, the dart will pierce him thrughe.I--I By my fayth, sir,» sayd the squyer, uyc say trouth; for I have seen many a grete stroke given with them, which at one time cost us derely, and was to us great displeasure; for, at the said skyrmishe, Sir John Laurence of Coygne was striken with a dart in such wise, that the head perced all the plates of his cote

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Spain, from the reliques, doubtless, of Arabian learning and superstition, was accounted a favourite residence of magicians. Pope Sylvester, who actually imported from Spain the use of the Arabian numerals, was supposed to have learned there the magic, for which he was stigmatised by the ignorance of his age.—William of Mu.Im:bury,lib. ii, cap. to. There were public schools, where magic, or rather the sciences supposed to involve its mysteries, were regularly taught, at T0ledo, Seville, and Salamanca. In the latter city, they were held in a deep cavern; the mouth of which was walled up by Queen Isabella wife of King Ferdinand. —D'Autun on learned Incredulity, p. 45. These Spanish schools of magic are celebrated also by the Italian poets of romance:

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The celebrated magician Maugis, cousin to Rinaldo of Montalban, called, by Ariosto, Malagigi, studied the black art at Toledo, as we learn from l'Histai're de Maugis D'Aygremont. He even held it professor's chair in the necromantic university; for so I interpret the passage, I qu'en tau: les rcpt arl: ifencliantentent, lies charmer et conjumtionx, il n’y avail meilleur maistre que lui; el en tel renom r]it'0n le laissoit en chaise, ct l'appelloit on maislre Muugi's.- This Salztmancan Domdaniel is said to have been founded by Hercules. if the classic reader inquires where Hercules himself learned magic, he may consult ~ Les faiecls cl proesses du noble cl unillant Hercules,» where he will learn, that the fable of his aiding Atlas to support the heavens, arose from the said Atlas having taught Hercules, the noble knight-errant, the seven liberal sciences, and, in particular, that of judicial astrology. Such, according to the idea of the middle ages, were the studies I maximus qiuz docuit .4llas.w—ln a romantic history of Roderic, the last Gothic king of Spain, he is said to have entered one of those enchanted caverns. It was situated beneath an ancient tower near Toledo Z and, when the iron gates, which secured the entrance, were unfolded, there rushed forth so dreadful awhirlwind, that hitherto no one had dared to penetrate into its receaes. But Roderic, threatened with an invasion of the Moors, resolved to enter the cavern, where be expected to find some prophetic intimation of the event of the war. Accordingly, his train being furnished with torches, so artificially composed, that the tempest could not extinguish them, the king, with great difficulty, penetrated into a square hall inscribed all over with Arabian characters. In the midst stood acolossal statue of brass, representing a Saracen wielding a Moorish mace, with which it discharged furious blows on all sides, and seemed thus to excite the tempest which raged around. Being conjured by Roderic, it ceased from striking, until he read, inscribed on the right hand, ti Wrvelched manurcli,_for thy evil hast thou. come liither,-- on the left hand, a Thou shalt be dispossessed

'“:\o-:_ 5 llim as a renowned wizard :

Quail‘ altro ché no‘ finnchi 6 coal poco
Michele Scotio fu, chi: verumente
Delle niegiclie frode iieppe il giiiooo-

DAN‘Il.——Dll/ilfl lfumadia, Inferno. Canto XXmo

A personage, thus spoken of by hiographers and his‘oriang, loses little of his mystical fame in vulgar tradi‘ion _ Accordingly, the memory of Sir itlichael Scott survives in many a legend; and in the south of Scothud, any Work of great labour and antiquity is ascribed either to the agency of Auld Michael, of Sir wiyliam Wallace, or of the devil. Tradition varies con

cerning theplace of his burial; some contend for Holme
(jgltrame, in Cumberland; others for Melrose Abbey.
3,11; all agree, that his books of magic were interred in
his grave. or preserved in the convent where he died.
Satchells, Wishing to give some authority for his account
of {he origin of the name of Scott, pretends, that, in
‘G29, he chanced to be at Burgh under Bowness, in
Cumberland,‘ where a person, named Lancelot Scott,
showed him an extract from Michael Scott's works, con-
taining that story:

He nid the book which he gave me

Wiii of Sir Michael Soot‘: hiatorie;

Which hiitory was never yet read through,

Nor never will, for no man dare it do.

Young flfhfilflrs huvc pick'd out something

From the contents, that dare not read within.

fle inrried me along the castle then,

And shew‘d hia written book hanging on an iron pin,
His writing pen did seem to me to be

Oi’ hardened metal. like steel. or accuniie;

The volume of it did seem so large to me,

As the hook of Martyr; and Turks historie

Then in the church he let me lee

A atone where Mr Michael Scott did lie;

I asked at him how that could appear.

Mr Michael had been dead above five hundred year?
He shew'd me none durtl. bury under that atone,
More than he had been dead a few years agono;

For Mr l\lichael'a name doth tcrrify each one.

History of {lie Right Hintoumble Name of Soul.

.-_.-1

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