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By Lieuts. Tuttle and Quimby yesterday, I was informed that a number of militia were draughted from below to come up and
re inforce us at this place, as it is expected we shall soon be attacked by 7000 of the enemy said to be at Oswego; a formidable enemy for us to encounter, indeed !
Sat on a Court Martial to-day.
All hands at this post are daily ordered out upon fatigue at sun. rise, to labor at the Fort, wbich they are enlarging to a very great extent, enclosing near half an acre of ground. At 4 o'clock, P. M., Lieuts. Gordon and Anderson arrived here with Capt. Dickinson's Company. I went with them to wait on Col. Elmer for orders; they, after staying some time, proceeded on up to the batteaux and slept by them. I waited on the Colonel, and after considerable persuasion, prevailed on him to let me go up, provided I took with me ail our men possibly able. Accordingly, after getting Dr. Cooke to take care of the sick behind, I made preparations for marching to-morrow morning. The baitcaux were so loaded I could not get my chest nor any luggage up but what I carried. Settled all my accounts at this place, and took a parting drink with the officers here, as it may possibly be the last; and though they are all stran. gers to me, yet being embarked in the same cause, united by one common band, and suffering and obeying together with me, they appear near.
Thursday, September, 12th, 1776.--At reveilee beat I arose and prepared everything; and about sunrise took my leave of all and departed from this place, with my knapsack and accoutrements on my back, and joined Capt. Dickinson's company 3 miles on the road. We marched on up to Thompson's, and there tarried until the batteaux arrived. One Mr. Hanson, a lawyer from Albany, came up also, who is going to the Fort as Commissary to our Regi ment. After a considerable halt, we proceeded on and marched up through the woods to old Fort Schuyler, now called Fort Desolation, the batteaux overtaking us again there, and night coming on we concluded to put up on the banks of the river, where Capt. Dickinson, Lt. Gordon, Mr. Hanson and self, built a very large fire; and although we had no other building but what the God of na. ture had formed, having the wide extended universe for both parlor and kitchen and the canopy of heaven as the roof thereof; yet having a little rum we took a drink to cheer us, and having eaten a little of such provision as we had with us, we lay down in good spirits, though I had travelled all day through the woods with very heavy luggage.
Friday, September 13th, 1776.--Got up tolerably refreshed, and
wading over the river we proceeded on our march. About 10 o'clock A, M., we arrived at Oreska ; it coming on to rain very hard we put up there and staid all day, it continued to rain incessantly. Went over towards evening to Indian Georges, who has just come from the Oneida Castle, and by the help of an inhabitant for an in: terpreter, we discoursed considerably with him. He informs us that the Sachems had been in council and were determined to stand by their engagements--the whole of the Six Nations; that few Indians only were at Oswego; nor any more whites at Oswego than wbat have deserted and went with Sir John. He apprehends we shall be in no danger at this place.
Saturday, September 14th, 1776.—The morning was cloudy and some small matter of rain ; we, however, got up and proceeded on through mud and mire up the river, which proved a fatiguing ronte, and arrived at the Fort about 10 o'clock. I found, upon my arrival the men here in pretty good health and spirits, and much pleased at meeting, verifying the saying, enemies become friends, in distress. About 1 o'clock P. M., Capt. Indian John with his party came in from Oswego, and informs us that very few Indians or whites are at Oswego; and by what he can learn does not imagine there are 1000 in all at Oswegacha. He was told that the last they heard from Sir John he was in Canada, and it is believed he is now there; he further says, the troops at those places are disheartened and almost perishing for provisions. God grant them no relief till their hearts are turned. Scouts were sent out to-day upon occasion of an alarm happening last evening from three persons coming round the camp, supposed to be Indians, but could not be found afterwards. The scouts soon returned, in. forming us that they discovered some tracks of Indians, as they supposed, and by the route they took, believe they were gone down the river and might molest our batteauxs ; upon which a scout of 30 men was immediately ordered to take them, of which I took the command, though just returned from a wearisome march We discovered some tracks, and proceeded until we found all the bat. teauxs safe, and making no further discovery, nor like to, and night coming on, returned to the fort. The night proved wet. men all slept in a barn surrounded with dung and mire; contiguous to which is our tent in which I lodged all night, Lt. Gifford being on guard, and the Captain, as usual, sleeping in a house. Slept quietly all night, except what molestation proceeded from the biting of flees, which are here as thick as ever mosquetoes were in the salt marsh.
Sunday, September 15th, 1776.-Ensign Kinney set out on express
to General Schuyler. Scouts were again sent into the bushstruck and pitched our tent again some distance off. This day, as is the usual custom on the Sabbath, the flag was hoisted, which is engravad in capitals with Liberty, defended with a flaming sword. The scouts ordered out to-day soon returned.
Mr. Kirtland, who supplies the place of Mr. Caldwell in this Battalion, and among the Indians, whose language he speaks very well, gave us a sermon this afternoon from Matt. xii: 31.4" He that is not for me, is against me ; and he that gathereth not with me, scattereth abroad.”—From which he shewed what it was to be on the Lord's side, which, in a word, is to be conformable to Jesus Christ in heart and life and then drew the conclusion from the nature of things and reason, that unless they are thus conformable to him, they are in reality utter enemies against him.
“Fort ScHUYLER, Sept. 15, 1776.
" Col. DAYTON'S ORDERS.
“The whole of the men at this post not on duty to parade on Tuesday morning at 9 o'clock for exercise; clean, and completely equipped. The Adjutant to see the regulations of war read to the troops at least once every week.”
Lodged at night in tent on the wet and cold ground very contentedly.
Monday, September 16th, 1776.–We had considerable of a white frost here this morning. Rum is now selling here at a dollar a quart, and yet men will buy and drink, when they have money, even to drunkenness.
The people in this part of the world are just finishing getting in their harvest.
At 9 o'clock, A. M., sat on the Court Martial, and we were busy in trying prisoners till 3 in the afternoon. After which we had a long play at whirl with the Colonel and Mr. Kirtland, (who exercises among us with the greatest familiarity,) some of the Indians, and such of the officers as saw fit: continued at it for a very considerable time. After which I went with some others and took a drink of grog, and then went to rest in the tent almost covered with water, 'as the night proved wet.
Tuesday, September 17th, 1776.—This morning was very showery. At 9 o'clock I again attended the Court Martial, which was adjourned to this time. The wetness of the morning prevented the men parading according to orders; but it clearing up they were turned out at half past 4 o'clock, P. M., for a short time, and went through many of the manœuvres.
Wednesday, September 18th, 1776.–Guard mounting being at 8 o'clock, I came thereon, having the charge of the main guard; Lieut. Anderson, my colleague, having the 2d guard. The Regi. ment exercised 'fore and afternoon, and in the afternoon the Col. onel, Parsons, and a number of us played whirl. In the evening I visited the sentinels, &c., which were all still during the night; when I lay down, which was but little, I had the ground for a bed and the canopy of heaven, from whence fell a very heavy dew, for my covering.
Thursday, September 19th, 1776.- Made a return of the guard and prisoners this morning, which are now reduced to one, as we bad a general delivery last evening-whipping some and clearing others. At 8 was relieved from guard; Lt. Tuttle succeeded me. About 12 o'clock at night we had an alarm by 3 sentinels discharg. ing their pieces; the whole camp was alarmed, and every company separately drawn up in battle array. After which I went forward to the sentinels and the Colonel came examining the cause. They were not sure of sceing any one, but certainly had stones thrown at them ; upon the whole we could not determine how the matter was-but neither seeing nor hearing anything, the Colonel ordered all to retire and lie upon their arms until morning, in which time no farther alarms happened. We had a play at whirl again to day.
Friday, September 20th, 1776.- At 9 o'clock, A. M., the Regi. ment was paraded, and grounded their arms to clear the parade; after which we had a game or two more at whirl; at which Dr. Dunbam gave me a severe blow on my mouth which cut my lip, and came near dislocating my under jaw.
“PAROLE-BURLINGTON. “ Officer of the day, to-morrow, Capt. Bloomfield. “ Officers of the guard, Lt. Gifford and Ensign Thomas.
In the afternoon again had exercise, and went through the firing in divers way---covered the flanks of the Regiment by Grand Divisions, at which the Ist and 8th companies face to the right about, and wheeling upon the centre of 2 companies and making front outwards: the remainder of the battalion facing both ways. A scout set out this morning to the Lake, commanded by Lt. Bellord. Played ball again. Lt. Gifford put on guard.
The Regiment, such as were off fatigue and duty, (which are reduced pow to artificers and their attendants, except some bringing stones down the river in batteaux, and theirs and the Carpenter's guard,) were paraded for exercise at 10 o'clock. Ensign Kinney returned from Albany. News no ways very important. At 3 o'clock, P. M., the Regiment was again paraded and exercised till towards evening, when a number of Sachems and War. riors from the Oneida Castle came in to pay us a visit; who, by the Colonel's invitation, attended him and Mr. Kirtland in review. ing us, when we all behaved in a very alert manner, by this we were detained under arms until quite night. The Indians take possession of a barn to stay in whilst amongst us. By some of the Indians arrived this evening, we got information that an express was sent just before they set out from the Cayugas, that Sir John had arrived at Oswego with a number of cannon and all things in order to attack us; but it is only an Indian story.
This evening a small treaty, or correspondence, was held be. tween the Indians which came in to.day and. Col. Dayton : they seem yet to be very fearful that we shall be attacked this fall by what they can learn, and do not design to join with us in war, but will be standing in their own defence, and give us intelligence if anything should occur, and desire some sign whereby they may at all times know our scouts when they meet thein, that no harm may happen between us—and they seem very serious in their speeches.
Sunday, September 22d, 1776.- The Colonel and Indians again had some friendly speeches together in the barn. They profess a willingness to stand forth in their own defence against an enemy, and to observe the greatest prudence and caution in preventing a surprise, and giving us intelligence of what they discover; but will not join in league with ụs, as their covenant chains do not specify it. The Colonel agreed to send them some provisions to entertain their friends, who are coming among them for counsel -- which seemed agreeable.
Indian matters so far engrossed the Parson's attention to-day we had no sermons, but prayers were attended.
Great confusion was in the camp, as strong liquor is now plenty ; and this day being appointed by the Creator as a day of rest, was allowed to most of them as such : but instead of spending it as he has directed, many were making use of it to satisfy their brutish