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well supplied but very dear. There is a new fort erected containing an acre of ground, a stockade fort with three block houses, an arsenal of brick, &c., with barracks with 30 rooms. Back of the town there is a high bill overlooking the town, affording a beautiful summer evening walk; the river is beautiful, and at Fort Pitt forms the Ohio river. The flat bottom boats built on the Monongahela are 12 feet wide and about 40 feet in length, with a cover on some part, calculated to move family and stock down the Ohio.*
Saturday, November 22d.-Marched from MacNeir's after raising two companies of infantry and one artillery, to Helmens and encamped. Being officer of the day, put the troops in motion at 3 o'clock and passed Turtle Creek in good season, found a hill almost impassable, and with Col. Crane and the rear guard spent the day and part of the evening in the most fatiguing manner in the mud helping out the teams, after which went to camp and was almost perished with the cold ; remained at lelmens until Monday morning.
Monday, November 24th.-Marched from Helmens at sunrise to Greensburgh, the county of Westmoreland settled seven years ago, and now containing 200 houses, some elegantly built, the situation agreeable, but the streets muddy, like all the rest of the towns in this country.
On the subsequent day, at the same hour, the residue of the Pennsylvania line now on this ground will march under the command of Brig. Gen. Chambers, taking the route heretofore mentioned, and making the same stays as shall have been made by the leading division.
Major General Frelinghuysen with the light corps of the right wing will follow the next day, and pursue the same route.
Brigadier Smith of the Maryland line will move to Union Town agreeably to orders heretofore communicated to him, and from thence to proceed on to Braddock's road."
CAMP AT MAcNrR's, Nov. 20th, 1794. *"By orders from the Commavder-in-Chief, confirmed by General Bloomfield, tive men from each company may be furloughed, of such as have near connexions in this part of the country, or such as are unable to march, but their furloughs must not extend to a longer term of time than to join their regiments again at Bed. ford. The men furloughed must take with them their arms and clothing, in order to prevent the regiments from being embarrassed with heavy baggage. Officers need not apply for leave of absence, as none can be granted them. Gen. Bloomfield directs that his brigade will hold themselves in perfect readiness to march to-morrow, and be feels confident that they will move in an orderly and very regular manner, for which the Jersey Blues have generally distinguished themselves, and on marching in order the company oflicers are absolutely and particularly called on to attend.
[In the book containing the foregoing Journal is the following Song, composed by GOVERNOR HOWELL, of New Jersey, which our old citizens remember, as exceedingly popular at the time:]
Dash to the mountains, Jersey Blue,
Jersey Blue, Jersey Blue,
EXTRACTS FROM A DIARY
BY MR. JACOB SPICER,
OF CAPE MAY COUNTY.
[Continued from Page 104.] November 1st, 1775.- Attended at the Baptist meeting house according to previous notice, to confer with and receive the advice of my constituents upon the subject of the Governor's calling the Assembly, which it was expected would insist on great matters to be done for the defence of the country; but so trivial was this affair of importance, that only Messrs. James Whilldon, Jeremiah Hand, Thomas Leaming, John Leonard, and some few others to about the number of 8 or 10 in the whole attended, whereas but a short time before I happened to be riding by the Court House on a court day and saw a great number of people convened, by estiniation not less than 200, which to all appearance nothing but idle curiosity or trifling speculation had congregated. Is it not astonishing that man, dignified by nature, should esteem himself at leisure to attend idle curiosity, trifling speculation, from the pitching of a bar, heaving of a stone, hopping, jumping, wrestling, dancing, drinking, though contrary to law, running a horse, or trifling conference, and at the same time not think bimself obliged to attend to the defence of his country or their exemption from debt and bondage. Surely this is most surprising and hard to :ccount for, if we consider man as a reasonable creature; but very easy to reconcile, if he is void of that superior and distinguishing principle. But this great indifference to my request has obliged me to think the next time I attend the public, it will rc. main with them to crave my attendance, as I have theirs hereto. tore without being regarded. Though I was zealons for their welfare, and fond of conducting myself according to their reasonable commands, as a faithful servant is ever disposed, and do, and shall be my firm resolution while I remain their servant.
About January, 1756,--Between the 12th of March and the last of December I spent 114 days in attending the house, (of Assembly) besides the time I spent as Commissioner, (with the Indians) so that one-half of my time has been devoted, including the time spent as Commissioner, to the public service for 9 or 10 months past.
July 16th, 1756.-Am informed that within two months past Henry Hand, Thomas Walker, James Reney, and Mercy Ross brought each of them into the lower precinct a hogshead of rum; Hand's and Walker's are expended, and it is supposed Reney and Ross have sold between them one hogshead, which at that rate is three hogsheads in two months, and consequently 18 in a year in the lower precinct, but as it has been harvest time and the consumption something greater than common-say upon a medium 12 hhds. in a year, or 1200 gallons, which at the retailing price, 38. 6d. per gallon, is. £210 per year in cash, a larger sum than ever I have received in cash for goods, both wet and dry, since I have traded in the said precinct, being now upwards of two years. So that it is not the dry goods but the rum that's our hurt, since the former are frequently bartered for the industry of the populace and sold for long credit, and the greater part of them not the superfluities but the actual necessaries of life.
August 15th, 1756.-Went to hear the trial between Jonathan Thompson plaintiff, and Clerks defendants, and the Council for Jonathan, Galloway, Moland and Read, and those for the Clerks, Murray, Smith and Kearny, who interrogated the evidences and read the title, &c. Murray opened the cause and produced the authorities on behalf of the defendants, after Galloway had done the like on the part of the plaintiff. Galloway insisting that the quintipartite line corroborated by the act of Assembly was the line which ought to be regarded, and not Keith's line--because the previous agreement for the ascertainment of that line, and the steps taken, were not conclusive, that it was done by a part of the parties and not the whole, and submitted to reference by
only a part of that part, who even did not pursue the words of · their power :-that a freehold could not pass by arbitrament, that
the submitting parties could only be obliged to pay the obligation, and that the freehold would not pass thereby; hence he inferred that Keith's line was ineffectual, and the quintipartite line con firmed by the legislature and consequently conclusive, which left them land to the westward of it, and they held by a western right
-whereas the defendants were only seized of au castern right, and being so seized could not oust the plaintiff.
Murray, on the opposite side, pleaded first that the deed was void through uncertainty, that the words of the description were not sufficient to support the plaintiff's title, that his survey was never recorded, and therefore declared void by the act of Assembly of 1719, that their survey by the same act was established, and that although the quintipartite line was ascertained by the same act, there were savings in it to secure those in possession of the lands thereto adjacent, so that the very law they had produced militated against the plaintiff and established the defendant in his possession, that it was a settled maxim that the British laws, passed before we had any law of the Legislature here, were extended, and being excellent in their nature, and the right of the British subject, he could not be deprived thereof, but brought 'em over as his birth-right, that by an act passed in the 32 of H. 8, 60 years possession was a bar to claim, that the plaintiff did not come within the savings of that act, because it declared that all persons at that time beyond sea, in a state of minority, or under coverture, &c., and did not regard persons claiming after that act ; that if there could be any dispute about the extension of that act, yet the legislature here had removed all doubt by declaring that it should be in force, and by it the plaintiff was barred from bringing his action, which he esteemed very reasonable, suggesting that titles would be very precarious and uncertain, if a long possession was not favored, and produced an authority to evince that long possession carried a violent presumption of right, and that violent presumption in many cases was evidence, and that this position was grounded upon lawthough I don't remember he produced any authority in support of violent presumptions being evidence, though it was not so im. mediately objected against by those in opposition. Then Smith summed up the whole with brevity, confining it to a more närrow and concise compass, not advancing any new matter of law, ex. patiated upon the former points, improved the matter of evidence and fact, addressing himself to the judgment and passions of the jury, and treating the subject with sundry strokes of rhetoric and oratory, demonstrating himself to be the most completest orator, and exceeding any man I ever heard speak at a bar in point of cloquence. How precarious a man's right, when so ac complished a man undertakes to overthrow it. Then Galloway spoke to the matter, urging again the validity of the quintipartite line and confirmation thereof, urging that those who had not the