ページの画像
PDF
ePub

expressing my sentiments on the subject, in all the warmth with which they flow from my Heart; I hope and pray the facts I have stated may meet with that calm attention which is due to their Importance, and that such measures may be taken as shall redound to the Union & Interest of the United States. I am Yr's &c.

ROBT. MORRIS.

COPY OF A JOURNAL,

By ANDREW BELL, Esq., At one time Confidential Secretary of General Sir Henry Clinton. Kept during the

march of the British Army through New Jersey, in 1778.

Presented by Rev. A. BELL PATERSON. June 17th, 1778, W.-At night, about 9, crossed at Cooper's ferry, where was all the baggage of the army. The movement from Phil. adelphia was sooner by several days than was expected, the whole of the baggage being on Jersey side, the Grenadiers and Light Infantry were marched to the lines, where they lay on their arms till next morning.

T., 18th.—Sir Henry Clinton, with the army from the lines, crossed at Gloucester, having marched on the back of the town. Early this morning, Gen. Leslie marched from Coopers with the Rangers and Yagers in the van of the baggage, to Haddonfield, where we arrived about 9 o'clock, and were soon after joined by Gen. Clinton with the whole armyfrom Gloucester. Gen. Knyphausen having already arriv. ed at this place.

F., 19th.-Gen. Clinton moved with 3 Brigades of British,- leaving Gen. Knyphausen with the Hessians and two British Brigades at Haddonfield, -to Evesham, about 8 miles, and encamped. Gen. Leslie, with the advance guard as before, fell in with a small party of the Rebels, who only kept a running fire in a scattered manner, but the Yagers did the business with the Captain who commanded, (Beasly) who was buried this evening.

S., 2012,-Marched from this place at 4, and met with no interruption from the Rebels the whole day. Saw a man sitting by the road side who belonged to the forementioned party, and had been wounded by the Yagers with swords, in a dangerous way. He proved a deserter from the 28th regiment-(executed.) A light horseman of theirs was found in the wood, wounded, yesterday, but was so obstinate as not to tell the route his comrades had taken. We arrived at Mount Holly at 11, and halted. The Rebels, to the number of 1300, ander Maxwell, had been here 16 days, and marched with precipita. tion yesterday morning, having received information from a Yager who deserted to them. Major Joe Bloomfield was among them.The inhabitants had sent all their effects out of this place, but were sorry for it when they met with such civility from the army. Ata small distance from this town a bridge was broken down by the Rebels, which when our people were repairing, were fired upon by those villains from a house, two of whom were taken, three killed, and other two ran into the cellar, and fastened it, so that were obliged to burn the house and consume them in it. June 21, S.-Remained here all day. At 9 o'clock A. M.,

Gen. Knyphusen arrived with his Division from Haddonfield by way of Moorestown : he had no kind of interruption.

June 22, M.—The whole army moved from Holly, and halted at Black Horse, 7 miles, which place the Rebels left this morning. Max. well and Dickerson, with 2 or 3,000 men, were informed here that Washington was crossing the Delaware to oppose us. The rebels appear to be throwing up works at a little distance from us on the road to Crosswicks. 'Tis said Stirling and Wayne are there. Their for. ces cannot be great, and therefore can give us very little trouble.The people have all left their houses here except the women,

who expect that by the regard commonly shown to their sex, to save the property of those who, from their conscious guilt, have fled from the hand of justice. Sir Henry Clinton took the utmost care on the march to preserve the peaceable inhabitants by placing a light horseman to protect them till that wing had passed. Gen. Leslie, with his brigade, flanked the army at 17 miles distant, and joined us here at three o'clock.

June 23, T.-Gen. Clinton, with Lord Cornwallis' Column, con sisting of 1st and 2d Battalions Grenadiers and 1st and 2d Light Infantry, with Hessian Grenadiers 2 Battalions, and 1st, 2d and 3d Brigade British, moved on at 5 o'clock A. M. to Crosswicks. Gen. Knyphausen with the Hessians, and Gen. Grant with 2d British Brigade followed in another column. Brig. Gen. Leslie with 5th Brigade British and Yagers took the Bordentown road. About : mile before we reached Crosswicks, information was received that the rebels were making a show of resistance there. The 16th Dragoons flew to the place and received the fire of about 500 musketry, without loss. The rebels had retired over the bridge and destroyed it, which gave them an opportunity of getting off with safety, and prevented us pursuing them. During the firing across the bridge and along the creek, the Rangers behaved with their usual spirit. Capt.

Stevenson, of their light company, unfortunately had a wound through his left breast, which it is thought will prove mortal. He was the only one we had hurt. There were three rebels killed by our cannon, which came up in good time to cover our workmen at the bridge, over which, when repaired, the Light Horse Rangers and 1st Battalion, Light Infantry instantly crossed and pursued them two miles—but a creek being in the way, and the rebels having taken up the bridge, were obliged to return with seven prisoners. This place is eight miles from where we started this morning; we halted here all night.

June 24, W.-The army marched in the before mentioned order to Allentown, four miles—the rebels had been here in the morning and torn up the bridge, which retarded us a short time. The Light Horse and Infantry pursued them four miles, but could not come up with any number, and brought in a few stragglers prisoners. Gen. Knyphausen's column encamped this night in and about Emlaystown, three miles distant. Gen. Leslie's Brigade joined us here.

June 25, T.-Gen. Clinton marched at 5 with his division, and met Gen. Knyphausen's column, having their ground on the road to Freehold, which was the route of the whole army. The rebels bad taken post near Brunswick and Amboy, expecting us that way,

but were outwitted by the march to a different quarter. Gen. Knyphau. sen moved and encamped on the borders of Freehold township, 13 miles in the van. Gen. Leslie followed, and Gen. Clinton, with the rear division, halted at the Rising Sun, seven miles from Allentown.

June 26, F.--Gen Knyphausen's column moved to Freeholdtown, 4 miles, where the remainder of the army arrived at 10 A. M., 19 miles from Rising Sun—a very warm day-very tired.

June 27, S.—The whole army halted here this day. A deserter from Washington's army informs that the rebels are extended along our left flank and are very numerous. A Light Horseman came in soon after and confirmed the other's story, with the addition that they are determined to attack our rear and aim at the baggage.

June 28, S.--The Rangers went at 1 this morning to take post in the wood back of the Court House, where they were attacked by a large body of the enemy, and defended themselves with astonishing bravery. The two flank companies and the mounted, being detached from the regiment with Col. Simcoe, and were principally beset, suf. fered most. The horse charged a great force coming against them in three columns, and when instant destruction threatened the corps, as the rebels had got between them and our army, they got clear of the wood by a finesse of the Colonel's. There were none of them killed, and about 6 or 8 wounced, some dangerously. Col. Simcoe received a wound in the arm. During this time Gen. Clinton was advanced up the lane behind the town, with four regiments drawn up across the field. Gen. Knyphausen marched at 7 with all the baggage of the army in the rear of his column. Gen. Clinton's Division then followed, and as the Grenadiers and light infantry were quitting the town, they were attacked by Fayette's Division, which pressed down the lane above mentioned, but were repulsed the same road, and pur. sued by these 2 corps and the 42d and Guards—a very smart action now ensued, which lasted with great obstinacy half an hour. The rebels stood much better than ever they did, but were finally obliged to give way, though at least four to one. The other part of the ar. my in this division were advanced on their march about 6 miles,

the rebels first attacked, and the heat of the day prevented their coming up in time to join in the action. Col. Monckton and Lt Vaughn, of Artillery, were killed. Major Gardiner, Capt. Powell, Capt. Bellow, Capt. Deighton, and Lieuts. Gilchrist and Willis wounded-about 200 killed and wounded. The weather destroyed more than the action. 'Tis generally thought the rebels have lost 2500, as Gen. Clinton was master of the field, and had an opportunity of ob. serving. 'Tis said Lee is killed, and a French General. We took 60 prisoners; from them we learn the rebels had 25,000 men in the field this day, and Gen. Washington was there. The army remained in the field till 12 at night, when the General withdrew them and pursued his march to Middletown. About 50 of our wounded were obliged to be left at Freehold for want of Wagons, and all the Reb. els, wounded, giving their parole as prisoners. Gen. Knyphausen en. camped within 3 miles of Middletown.

June 29th, M.-Gen. Clinton came up to Knyphausen's encamp. ment at 6 in the morning, about 13 miles from Freehold. At 10 the whole army was in motion, and marched to Middletown, 3 miles, and encamped on the heights about it. Espied Lord Howe's Fleet off the Hook.

June 30, T.-At 11 in the night the army marched towards the Hook about three or four miles, and halted on the Never Sink, near the Bay.

July 1, W.-Remained here all the day. No firing of consequence since the action on Sunday.

July 2, T.—Received with infinite joy permission to go to New. York, which makes this by far the happiest day of any in the march, as I shall embrace those who possess my truest love; the hope of which alone has supported me through the fatigues attending a campaign. Heaven grant that they may be as truly rejoiced to see me as I shall be to see them. I have no reason to be apprehensive, but the effect of absence is doubtful. I thank God that the sacred flame of friendship is as ardent in my breast as when I left them, and that nei. ther time nor absence has produced any abatement.

MEMBERS ELECTED.

SEPTEMBER 11th, 1851.

RESIDENT MEMBERS.
Theodore Rungon, Newark.

George M. Robeson, Newark.
George B. Halsted, Newark.

Rev. Gustavus Abeel, D. D., Newark.
William Taylor, M. D., Newark. Abraham 0. Zabriskie, Jersey Cily.

HONORARY MEMBER.
Rev. William Allen, D. D., Northampton, Mass.

CORRESPONDING MEMBER.
Rev. Edwin Hall, D. D., Norwalk, Conn.

DONATIONS

ANNOUNCED SEPTEMBER 11tx, 1851. From the United Siates.—Thirty-seven Vols. of Public Documents of

1st Session 31st Congress. From the Regents of the University of N. York.—The 64th Annual

Report of the Board of Regents.
The 4th Annual Report of the Regents on the condition of Natural
History—3 copies.
The 3d vol. of the Documentary History of New York, by Dr.

O'Callaghan.
From Thos. S. Allison, Secretary of State N. Jersey.-- Acts of 75th

Legislature of N. J.
Halsted's Chancery Reports. Vol. 2.

« 前へ次へ »