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e rie ? the same. Fize to be devered up to justice, 221 sep 2 23 is to be set co teen as the ori deserte.-Iten, Guichart de Sear, Piata de Lug. 11ta R vert de Gerne POS de Garacts, and John

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a Serty.-14, 23 ste E , Wet, Sects, aci Irish sojects to the king of E-rii s tad en in ize ietence of ide place, were to be deäraed up to the two kiz-Inn, acabe persos, as well :0-31-SIS as berdas see to kare their fires spars bat to retain priser to the two E S -I:ctn, the cocDi de Coarazsan was to be 205.aitis of 2 is er marcat: to Pierron de Lazel resectisz kis ranson; and the latter

28 to frcise that be to i tim acaitted of the above, wittcat fraud or malice. -Inn, the beseed, wit in einer days preceding the surrender of the town, were to carry a their effects is an appointed place, wiibuat any way in -ring them, and so delirer intentores theref to ostmissaries namel by the said kirds. They were to carry all relies, ornaments, or church-fartiture, to a separate place.-Itc, they were to deliver up al prispers, whether confined in the market-place or in other forts, and acquit them of their psz.-Item, they were not to suffer any person to quit the place before the surrender of the town, and, in like Lanner, were not to permit any one to enter it, unless so ordered by the kics.-Item, fur the dae observance of these articles the besieged were to give assurances sized with the band and seal of one hundred of the principal townsen, four-and-twenty of whom were to remain as hostages so long as the two kings might please.-Item, on the signing this treats all hostilities were to cease on each side.

Matters now remained in this state until the 10th day of May, when the substance of the abore articles was put into execution by commissaries appointed by the two kings who sent off the prisoners under a strong guard. Some of the principal were carried to Rouen and thence to England, and others to Paris, where they were confined. The whole of the prisoners of war might be about eight hundred; and their commander-in-chief, the bastard de Vaurus, was, by king Henry's command, bebeaded, and his body hung on a tree without the walls of Meaux, called thenceforth Vaurus's Tree. This Vaurus had, in his time, hung many a Burgundian and Englishman: his head was fixed to a lance and fastened on the tree over his body.

Sir Louis Gast, Denis de Vaurus, master John de Rourieres, and he who had sounded the trumpet, were beheaded at Paris,-their heads fixed on lances orer the market-place, and their bodies hung by the arms to a gibbet. All the wealth found in Meaux, and which was very great, was distributed according to the pleasure of king Henry. He was very proud of his victory, and entered the place in great pomp, and remained there some days with his princes to repose and solace himself, having given orders for the complete reparation of the walls that had been so much damaged by artillery at the siege.

CHAPTER CCLX.-AFTER THE REDUCTION OF MEATX, MANY TOWXS AND CASTLES STRRENDER

TO THE KING OF ENGLAND, WHO REGARRISONS THEM WITH HIS OWX MEX. In consequence of the reduction of Meaux, many considerable towns and forts, as well in the county of Valois as in the surrounding parts, submitted to king Henry, through the intervention of the lord d'Offemont, under whose power they were. In the number were, the town of Crespy in the Valois, the castle of Pierrepont, Merlo, Offemont and others. The lord d'Offemont, however, kept possession of his own towns and forts, and was acquitted of his ransom as prisoner, on condition that he swore obedience to the terms of the peace last concluded between the two kings at Troyes, and gave sufficient securities for his so doing. The bishop of Noyon and the lord de Cauny were his sureties, who pledged their lives and fortunes in his favour. Those who had been made prisoners in Meaux likewise submitted many towns and castles to the kings of France and England. When the leaders of the Dauphinois in the Beauvoisis heard that king Henry was proceeding so vigorously, and reducing to obedience, by various means, towns and castles that were thought impregnable, they began to be seriously alarmed, and sent ambassadors to treat with him for their safe retreat, in case they were not relieved by the dauphin on a certain day, which they would make known to him.

Among them was the lord de Gamaches, who treated for the surrender of the town of Compiègne, of which he was governor, and for the fortresses of Remy, Gournay sur Aronde, Mortemer, Neufville in Hez, Tressousart, and others in that district. He also gave hostages to deliver them up to such commissaries as the two kings should appoint, on the 18th day of June following. Sir Louis de Tbierbronne made a similar treaty for the garrison of the town of Gamaches, on condition of their having passports to retire whithersoever they pleased with their arms and baggage, and that the inhabitants were to remain in peace, on taking the oaths of allegiance.

Through the management of Pierron de Luppel, the strong castle of Montagu surrendered to the two kings, which fortress had kept a large tract of country under subjection from its strength; and its garrison had done much mischief to the towns of Rheims and Laon, and the adjacent parts. On the other hand, those in the castle of Moy, hearing of all these conquests, and fearing lest sir John de Luxembourg and the English should unexpectedly besiege them, 'set fire to it, and withdrew to Guise. In like manner were the castles of Montescourt and Brissy destroyed.

CHAPTER CCLXI.-THE QUEEN OF ENGLAND RETURNS TO FRANCE IN GRAND STATE.—AN

ASSEMBLY OF THE THREE ESTATES IS HELD IN PARIS. -OTHER MATTERS. On the 21st day of May in this year 1422, Catherine queen of England, who had been some time recovered of her lying-in of her first-born child Henry, arrived at Harfleur in

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grand state, attended by ladies without number, and escorted by a large fleet filled with men-at-arms and archers under the command of the duke of Bedford, brother to the king.

On la: 202. ste Test :- Rre, and those to ite ease of TDSS to meet the king. Qoca Caicrise rat in royal care, 2 y 3000cpanied by the date of Bedri ani the 1.4-25-2016

Koz Hezri danared from JI 2:1 with tis prass to meet ber, spise is received by then se il are had been an orl fra besten Great r its Fee sade by the king and quen Frasce frste bars arrival of their son-in-la- soi their dasar; api on tke Era day of May, Whitso-eve, the kios Frasce and a Escapi 100coganied by their que left Vincenns, and entered Paris with mach pomp Tue kinz and queen of France wute Brzed at the Lord of St. Pol and the king of Eazland i lis company at the LAT?. In each of itse piacs, the two kings solemnly celebrated the feast of Pentecost, which fell on the day after tt ir arrival

On this day, the king and qon of England were seated at table gorgeous, apparelled, having CTWTe on their heads The English princes, dakes, knichts, and prelates were partakers of the feast, each kated according to his rank, and the tables were covered with the rarest siands and chciest wines. The kinz and queen this day held a grand court, which was attended by all the English at Paris; and the Parisians went to the castle of the Louvre to see the king and queen at table crowned with their most precious diadems; but as no meat or drink was offered to the populace by the attendants, they went away much discontinued; for in forint tirnos, when the kings of France kept open court, meat and drink was distributed abundantly to all comers by the king's servants.

King Charles had indeed been as liberal and courteous as his predecessors, but he was now wated in his hotel of St. Pol at table with his queen, deserted by the grandees and others of his subjects, as if he had been quite forgotten. The government and power of the kingdom were now transferred from his hands into those of his son-in-law king Henry; and he had so little share, that he was managed as the king of England pleased, and no attention was paid him, which created much sorrow in the hearts of all loyal Frenchmen, and not without caure. During the king of England's residence at Paris, he ordered the tas of silver to be collected, for the coinage of new money, in the manner before described. This gave rise to great murmurings and discontent; but, from dread of king Henry, the Parisians dared not show any other signs of disobedience and rebellion than by words.

CHAPTER CCLXII.—THE KINGS OF FRANCE AND ENGLAND GO PROM PARIS TO SENLIS.

THE SIEGE OF SAINT VALERY.-THE REDUCTION OF COMPIEGNE.-AX EMBASSY SENT

TO SIR JAMES DE HARCOURT. The two kings, with their queens and attendants, departed from Paris and went to Senlis, where they made some stay. As the day for the surrender of Gamaches was near at hand, the king of England sent the earl of Warwick thither with three thousand combatants ; and, according to the terms of the treaty, he entered the town on the 18th of June. Having delivered back the hostages safe and well, he received the oaths of allegiance from the inhabitants, in the pame of the two kings, and then appointed sir John Felton, an Englishman, governor, with a sufficient garrison of men-at-arms and archers. Having finished this business, the earl of Warwick marched for St. Valery, which was in the possession of the Dauphinois. When he was near the town, he sent forward the van of his army to reconnoitre the place; but the garrison made a sally, of a hundred picked men-at-arms well mounted, who instantly attacked the English, and a sharp conflict ensued, in which many were killed and wounded, and some prisoners taken from the English.

While this was passing, the earl hastened the march of his army to the support of the van, which forced the Dauphinois to retreat within their town. The earl marched round part of the town with his army, and quartered some of his men in the monastery, and the rest in tents and pavilions. After this he caused his engines to play incessantly on the walls, and damaged them in many places. With regard to the frequent sallies of the garrison, I shall, for brevity' sake, pass them over ; but, as the town was open to the sea,

from the besiegers' want of shipping to blockade the port, the garrison and inhabitants could go whither they pleased for provisions, to Crotoy or elsewhere, to the great vexation of the earl of Warwick.

The earl sent to the ports of Normandy for vessels ; and so many came that the harbour of St. Valery was shut up, to the grief of the besieged, who now lost their only hope of holding out the town. In consequence, at the end of three weeks or thereabout, they made a treaty with the earl to surrender on the fourth day of September, on condition of being allowed to depart safely with their baggage, should they not be relieved before that day by the dauphin. During this time, the besieged 'were to abstain from making any inroads, and from foraging the country; and to deliver sufficient good hostages to the earl for the due performance of the articles of this treaty, who, after this, returned with the English to king Henry. The king of England sent also his brother the duke of Bedford, and others of his princes, grandly accompanied, to the town of Compiègne, to receive it from the hands of the lord de Gamaches, who had promised to surrender it to the duke on the 18th day of June.

The lord de Gamaches marched from Compiègne with about twelve hundred combatants, and, under passports from the king of England, conducted them across the Seine to the dauphin. In like manner did the lord de Gamaches yield up the other forts before mentioned according to his promises. Thus were all the places which the Dauphinois had held between Paris and Boulogne-sur-Mer subjected to the obedience of the two kings, excepting the town of Crotoy and the territory of Guise. When the duke of Bedford had received oaths of allegiance from the burghers and inhabitants of Compiègne, and nominated sir Hugh de Lannoy governor thereof, he returned to his brother the king at Senlis.

At this time, ambassadors were sent by the two monarchs to sir James de Harcourt in Crotoy: they were his brother the bishop of Amiens, the bishop of Beauvais, sir Hugh de Lannoy master of the cross-bows of France, with a herald from king Henry, to summon sir James to yield up the town of Crotoy to their obedience; but, notwithstanding their diligence and earnestness, they could not prevail on him to consent, nor to enter into any sort of treaty.

CHAPTER CCLXIII.---THE KING OF ENGLAND GOES FROM SENLIS TO COMPIEGNE. —THE

CAPTURE OF THE TOWN OF SAINT DIZIER.- A CONFLICT BETWEEN THE DAUPHINOIS

AND BURGUNDIANS. At this period, the king of England went from Senlis to Compiègne to see the town. While there, he received intelligence that a plot had been formed to take the town of Paris, through the means of the wife of one of the king of France's armourers. She was discovered one morning very early by a priest who had gone to his garden without the walls, speaking earnestly with some armed men in a valley under his garden. Alarmed at what he saw, he instantly returned to the gate of Paris, told the guard what he had seen, and bade them be careful and attentive. The guard arrested the woman and carried her to prison, where she soon confessed the fact. This intelligence made king Henry return to Paris with his men-at-arms, where he had the woman drowned for her demerits, as well as some of her accomplices : he then returned to the king of France at Senlis.

About this time, sir John and sir Anthony du Vergy gained the town of St. Dizier in Pertois ; but the Dauphinois garrison retired to the castle, wherein they were instantly besieged. La Hire, and some other captains, hearing of it, assembled a body of men for their relief; but the two above-mentioned lords, learning their intentions, collected as large a number of combatants as they could raise, and marched to oppose them ; when they met, they attacked them so vigorously that they were defeated, with about forty slain on the field : the rest saved themselves by flight. After this, the lords du Vergy returned to the siege of the castle of St. Dizier, which was soon surrendered to them; and they regarrisoned it with their people.

HERE FOLLOW THE COMPLAININGS OF THE POOR COMMONALTY AND LABOURERS OF FRANCE.

[Translated by my friend, the Rev. W. Shepherd, of Gateacre in the County of Lancaster.] “Ah, princes, prelates, valiant lords,

Repent ye will, or late or soon, Lawyers and tradesfolk, small and great!

If from our plaints ye turn away : Burghers and warriors girt with swords,

For your tall towers will tumble down, Who fatten on our daily sweat!

Your gorgeous palaces decay : To labouring hinds some comfort give :

Sith true it is, ye lordly great, Whate'er betide, we needs must live.

We are the pillars of your state. But live we cannot long, we trow,

The pillars of your state do crack : If God deny his powerful aid

Your deep foundations turn to dust : Against the poor man's cruel foe,

Nor have ye prop or stay, alack ! Who doth our goods by force invade,

In which to put your steadfast trust. And, flouting us with pride and scorn,

But down ye sink without delay, Beareth away our wine and corn.

Which make us cry, “Ah, welladay!' No corn is in our granary stored,

Ah, welladay! ye bishops grave, No vintage cheers our heavy hearts,

Lords of the faith of Christian folk, But once a week our wretched board

Naked and bare, your help we crave, Scant fare of oaten bread imparts ;

The wretched outcasts of your flock. And when we raise the asking eye,

For love of God, in charity The rich from our distresses fly.

Remonstrate with the rich and proud,

That tho they raise their heads so high, But fly not :-think how ye offend

They are maintained by the crowd, Who shut your ears against our cry.

Whose bread perforce they take away,
And oh! some gracious succour lend,

And make us cry, “Ah, welladay!'
Or else with want we surely die.
Oh hear! and on our wasted frame

Ah, welladay! our gracious king,
Have pity, lords ! in Jesus' name.

The noblest prince in Christian land,

What mischiefs do their counsels bring, Pity our faces, pale and wan,

Who bade-thee lay thy heavy hand Our trembling limbs, our haggard eyes !

On thy poor liege men !--but be wise. Relieve the fainting husbandman,

God gave thee power our rights to guard : And Heaven will count you truly wise.

Then listen to our doleful cries, For God declares to great and small,

And deal th' oppressor's just reward ; Who lacketh kindness, lacketh all.

So shall the poor no longer say, All hope is lost, all trust is gone!

In grief of heart, . Ah, welladay ! For when we beg from door to door,

Ah, welladay! great king of France, All cry, God bless you!' but not one

Remember our unhappy lot : Gives bread or meat to feed the poor.

Long have we borne our sad mischance, The dogs fare better far than we,

And patient are we still, God wot ! Albeit we faithful Christians be.

But if you do not soon apply

Choice remedies to our distress,
Yea, Christians, sons of God we be!
Your brethren too, who trust in wealth,

Eftsoons our tens of thousands fly,

In foreign lands to seek redress.
And think not that at Heaven's decree

And when from hence we haste away,
Gold disappears by force or stealth.
Rich tho' ye be, to death ye bow :

'Tis you will cry, ' Ah, welladay!' Ye little wis, or when, or how.

Ah, welladay! good prince, beware ;

For thoughtless kings, in days of yore, How dare ye say, what oftentimes

Who for their subjects did not care,
Ye utter in a thoughtless mood,

By loss of lands were punish'd sore.
That want we suffer for our crimes,
That misery worketh for our good ?

Are you not sworn to work our weal?

Bid, then, our sore vexations cease : For Christ his sake, no more say so,

Humble the proud with prudent zeal, But look with pity on our woe.

And grant us safety, grant us peace : Our woe regard, and ne'er forget

So shall we no more need to say,
That ye subsist upon the toil

In grief of heart, * Ah, welladay!'
Of weary labourers,—and yet
Their scanty goods ye daily spoil.

Ah, welladay! when thrice a-year,
Yea, thus ye act, of what degree,

Your surly sergeants came perforce, Estate, or rank soe'er ye be.

And, levying tallage on our gear,

Drive from our field both cow and horse. Be then advised, and bear in mind

But yet in Jesus' name, we trow, That perish'd are our little gains,

That scant proportion of the same Whilst no protecting master kind

Doth to the royal coffers flow. Vouchsafes to pay us for our pains.

Then our complaints no longer blame, But if we longer thus are shent,

Nor marvel if our piteous lay Believe us, lords ! ye will repent.

Is burdened still with · Welladay!'

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