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his willingness to combat tlicm and their allies, if they would fix on the time and place. T this they returned no other answer" than that, under the pleasure of God and of our b! -• Saviour, they would not engage in battle but when it should be agreeable to themselvev.; that they would bring their present enterprise to a happy conclusion.
The French advanced in handsome array, in three divisions, to a small river witliis; quarter of a league of the town; and the duke of Bedford, having drawn np his armv i three divisions also, marched thither to defend the passage. When the two armies were as several severe skirmishes took place at different parts : especially on the quarter where i> heir of Warwick and the lord de l'lsle-Adam were posted, a sharp attack was madek Rodrique de Villandras, the lord de Saintrailles, and other captains, who were esconc.'i convoy of provision for the town. In spite of their adversaries, they forced a passage for;;: of their convoy to the very gates, and drove in from twenty to thirty bullocks, a number.; sacks of flour, and a reinforcement to the garrison of about four score men-at-arras; but li; was not effected without great effusion of blood, for very many were killed and woundw -i both sides.
On the part of the French was killed the lord de Saintrailles, eldest brother to Potoi i Saintraillcs. In another quarter, where sir Thomas Kiriel, sir John bastard of St. Pol. >'lord d'Amont, and Philibert de Vaudray were posted, many gallant deeds were done. ir. several killed and wounded on both sides. The English lost there a gentleman called 0a* de Remy.
These skirmishes lasted nearly till vespers,—and as it was St. Laurence's day in AujnK and very hot, the two armies suffered greatly from it. The French captains, perceiving tbi they could not gain any advantage, for the English and Burgundians were strongly postoi retreated with their army to Cressy in Brie, where they halted for the night, and thews marched to Chateau-Thierry and to Vitray-le-Francois, where they stayed four days. Ik duke of Bedford, knowing that the French intended entering the Isle of France, and fesri" they might conquer some of his towns, decamped in no very orderly manner from kfe Lagny, for many things were left behind by him, and advanced towards Paris. Hara; collected his men, he followed the French to offer them battle again ; but they sent for aas*ethat they had gained what they had come for.
The lord de Gaucourt was of infinite service to the French by his wisdom and prudes? The French now left Vitry and returned toward Lagny, where the lord de Gancwfi remained: the other captains led their men to the garrisons whence they had come. Tb besieged were much rejoiced, and not without cause, at the departure of their enemies,—f' the siege had lasted upwards of four months, in which tune they had suffered very g"*' hardships from want of provision and other distresses.
At this period, the English lost the castle of Monchas in Normandy, belonging to tk count d'Eu, prisoner in England, and which they had held for a long time. The captain ol' was called Brunclay*, but he was at the time with the duke of Bedford at the siege of Lag1?The French delivered all of their party confined in the prisons, and sent in haste to offer is government to sir Regnault de Fontaines, then at Beauvais, who immediately accepted of it. and marched thither with about eighty combatants. By means of this castle, a sta? warfare was carried on in Vimcu, and the adjacent parts, against all who supported the par? of king Henry and of the duke of Burgundy.
CHAPTER CXXII. THE COMMONALTY OF GIIE.VT RISE AGAINST THEIR MAGISTRATES.
At this season, the commonalty of Ghent rose in arms, to the amount of fifty ttwus>'* against their inagistratesf. Having assembled about ten o'clock in the morning, they *$' to the square of the market-place, and drew up in front of the hall where the magi510'0
* "Brunclay." Q. Brownlow. sedition lasted twelve, not two days onlv, ami «f*]
t The cam- of tbis commotion was the baseness of the by the promise of a new coinage. Pontua Hei*155
gold and silver coin struck in the duke's name. The vit. Philippi Boni.
were. They were obliged instantly to speak with them, or they would have forced an entrance through the doors and windows.
When the magistrates appeared, they immediately put to death the deacon of small trades, called John Boelle, one of the sheriff's, named Jean Danielvan Zcnere, with one of
the counsellors called Jason Habit. The other magistrates were in fear of their lives from the cruelties they saw committed before their eyes; the mob, however, were contented with what they had done. The commonalty then marched away in a body for the abbey of Saint Pierre, to destroy a wood that was hard by; from thence they went to St. Barron, to recover some hereditary rents they had paid the church; but the abbot, by his prudent conduct and kind words, pacified them, and prevented further mischief. He complied with all their requests, and gave them abundantly to eat from the provisions of the monastery.
They went away well pleased with the abbot, and then broke into three or four houses of the principal burghers, carrying away all they thought proper, and destroying the rest of the furniture. They threw open the gates of all the prisons of the duke, setting those confined at liberty,—more especially one called George Goscath, who was a strong partisan of theirs against the magistrates. After they had thus acted for two days, by the interference of several of the chief men of Ghent they were appeased, and returned quietly to their former occupations. During these riots, the duke's officers left the town, fearful that the inob would put them to death, as they had done others; and the duke of Burgundy, by reason of the many weighty affairs he had on his hands, was advised to act mercifully toward them. They entreated forgiveness of the duke's council, who, on their paying a fine, pardoned them, and they afterward remained peaceable.
CHAPTER CXXIII. SIR JOHN BASTARD OF ST. POL AND THE LORD DE HUMIERES ABE
TAKEN PRISONERS BY THE FRENCH.
"while these things were passing at Ghent, sir John bastard de St. Pol and the lord if Humieres marched from Artois, with about sixty combatants, to join the duke of Bedford in Paris. They went to Mondidier and to l'Isle-Adam, thinking to proceed thence insafetr to Paris; but they were met by a detachment from the garrison of Creil, who had rewire! notice of their intended march, and were instantly attacked with such vigour that, in sphs of their resistance, they were both made prisoners, with the greater part of their men, ail carried to Creil.
A few saved themselves by flight; and the two knights, after some little time, ransomri themselves by paying a large sum of money to those who had taken them.
CHAPTER CXXIV. GREAT DISORDERS ARE COMMITTED BY THE FRENCH IN THE AMIEX.V*
SANTERRE, AND VIMETJ.
At this time, Blanchefort*, who held the castle of Breteuil for king Charles of Fran*, did infinite mischief to the countries of Amiens, Santerre, and Vimeu, by fire, sword, and pillaging,—insomuch that most of the inhabitants had deserted the country, and retim within the fortified towns; for they were by these means deprived of the power of parffi the tributes levied on them for forbearance. This party had also repaired some of m castles in Vimeu, such as Araines, Horhoy, and others, in which they posted garrisons, ww much annoyed the adjacent parts. They were likewise harassed by those of the Burgunar faction. The poor labourers knew not whither to fly, for they were not defended by ite lords of either party; and what added to their distress, sir Philibert de Vaudray and tfe lord d'Amont-f, on their return from serving the duke of Bedford, took possession of P<* de Remy, by driving away the lord de Saveuses' men, who had the guard of it.
The lord de Saveuses was very indignant at this conduct, and assembled his friends m dependants to expel them thence; but as he found they were superior to him in numbs* he gave up the attempt,—and they remained in the quiet possession of the post, to the gr» annoyance of the country round.
CHAPTER CXXV.—THE HEIR OF COMMERCY TAKES THE TOWN OF LIONY IN THE BABW*i BELONGING TO SIR JOHN DE LUXEMBOURG.
In the month of September of this year, the heir of Commercy, who had a long stands enmity against sir John de Luxembourg, as well for his detaining from him the cast'6 Montague as for other matters of quarrel between them, assembled from divers parte » or five hundred combatants, whom he led secretly to Ligny in the Barrois, and, V^ neglect of the guard, took it by scalado. The town was instantly alarmed, and the majon j of the inhabitants precipitately withdrew into the castle, which had not been conqueror' whence they defended themselves gallantly against the enemy, who summoned tt repeatedly to surrender. They would never listen to the summons, but despatched "f sengers in all speed to inform sir John de Luxembourg of their distress, and to re? his aid.
* Perhaps, Guy III. de Blanchefort, lord of St. Clement, t This must be James lord of Aumont, """^^ &<-., a chamberlain of the king, and seneschal of Lyons, chamberlain to the duke of Burgundy, son of ,^^._ who died in 1460. of Aumont, grand-echanson, who was sliia »t Aaw0"
Sir John, on hearing this, immediately set clerks to write letters to all his friends and relations, to press them most earnestly, from the affection they bore him, now to hasten to the succour of his town of Ligny. Many of the nobles and gentlemen to whom he had applied, made instant preparations to attend him, and would have joined him in great numbers, but, in the mean time, the young lord of Commercy perceiving he could not win the castle, and fearing the great force sir John de Luxembourg would inarch against him, whose power and inclinations he well knew, concluded with those in whom he had the greatest confidence to return whence they had come. Having thus determined, they packed up all the moveables they found in the town that were portable : they set the houses on fire, to the grief and dismay of the inhabitants, and then marched away with their prisoners to Cominercy. Intelligence of this was instantly sent to sir John dc Luxembourg, who was grieved at heart on hearing it; and as his plans were now at an end, he sent letters to countermand the coming of his friends, and gave up his intended expedition.
CHAPTER CXXVI. THE BURGTJNDIANS, UNDER PRETENCE OF BEING ENGLISH, GAIN THE
CASTLE OF LA BOTJE, NEAR TO LAON, OTHER MATTERS.
At this same period, the men of the lord de Ternant, who resided in Rethel, dressed themselves with the red cross to counterfeit being English, and on a certain day won by stratagem the castle of la Boue, within two leagues of Latin. They were under the command of a man-at-arms called Nicholas Chevalier; and, by means of this capture, those of Laon, and other places under the obedience of king Charles, suffered much. The reason why they put on the red cross was on account of the truce between king Charles and the duke of Burgundy, which was not then expired. They had always been of the duke's party; and very many mischiefs were done to the poor countrymen by English, French, and Burgundians.
The count de Yaudemont, at this time also, assembled three or four hundred combatants in Picardy, whom he conducted to his town of Vezelize : one of his captains was the bastard de Humieres: and on their arrival, they commenced a severe warfare on the Barrois and Lorrainers, to whom they did much mischief by fire, sword, and plunder.
In the month of October, the duke and duchess of Burgundy went to Holland, escorted by about six hundred combatants from Picardy. The duke staid there about a month, to examine the country; and during that time, a treaty was concluded between his counsellors and those of the duchess of Bavaria, by which it was settled that the duke of Burgundy should, from the present, enjoy all the honours, profits, and emoluments of the countries of Hainault, Holland, Zealand, and Frizeland, with their dependencies, as his own hereditary right; but that, should the duke die before the said duchess, all these territories were to return to her as the legal heiress of them. Many noble lordships and rich estates were at the same time allotted her, together with the county of Ostrcvant, of which county alone she was now to style herself countess, laying aside all the titles of the above-named places. When these matters had been finally concluded, the duke consented that his cousin, the duchess, should marry sir Francois de Borselle, which had been secretly treated of between the parties. The duke of Burgundy henceforward styled himself, in addition to his former titles, count of Hainault, Holland and Zealand, and lord of Frizeland. On the conclusion of this treaty, he returned to Flanders *.
* Monstrclct appears to have been informed but im- entered the country, caused him to be apprehended and
perfectly of these transactions. In the year 1428. the confined him in the tower of Rupelmonde. It was ru
countess being besieged in Gouda by the Burgundian forces, nioured that he would be beheaded, and Jacqueline,
submitted to a peace, by which she acknowledged Philip alarmed for his safety, conveyed absolutely the whole of
as heir to Hainault, Holland, Zealand, and Friezland, her estates to Philip for his liberation, in consideration of
appointing him protector of the said states during her life- which the generous robber assigned to his late prisoner,
time. It was also stipulated that sheshould not marry without the county of Ostrcvant, the lordships of Brill and South
the consent of Philip and her states. Upon the conclusion Beveland, with the collection of certain tolls and imposts,
of this treaty the duke departed, leaving Francis dc Bor- on which they lived together but a short time before death
stile, a nobleman of high rank attached to the Burgundian put a period to her eventful history, in the month of Octo
party, lieutenant of the provinces. In July 1433, says ber, 1436.—Barlandi Hollandia comilum Historia et
the historian of Holland, the countess married this gentle- hones. man in violation of her engagement, upon which the duke
VOL. I. R R
CHAPTER CXXVII. FRIAR THOMAS GOES TO ROME. HE IS BURNT THERE.
In this year, friar Thomas Conette *, of the order of Carmelites, whom we have befurf noticed in this history, made many preachings in divers parts of Champagne, the which k-1 induced numbers of ladies of high rank to lay aside their ridiculous dresses. He tbtu" journeyed to Rome, during the popedom of Eugenius IV., and arrived there with tr Venetian ambassadors. He was lodged at Saint Paul's, whence the pope ordered him » come before him, not with any evil intentions toward him, but for him to preach; for be had heard much of his renown. He refused twice to attend the holy father, under prefct-: of being ill; and the third time, the pope sent his treasurer to bring him.
Friar Thomas, seeing the treasurer enter the house, leaped out of the window to eso:-. but, being directly pursued, was taken and carried before the pope in his palace. T"j; cardinals of Rouen and of Navarre were charged to examine him and his doctrines, «i finding him guilty of heresy, and worthy of death, he was in consequence sentenced to l» publicly burnt in the city of Rome.
CHAPTER CXXV1II. THE DEATH OF THE DUCHESS OF BEDFORD.
In these days, Anne, duchess of Bedford, and sister to the duke of Burgundy, lay ffl, £ the hotel of the Tournclles in Paris, of a lingering disorder, which, in spite of all the cut her physicians, of whom she had many, carried her off from this life. She was buried in tit same chapel of the Celestins where Louis, late duke of Orleans, had been interred. TheiLi of Bedford was sorely afflicted at her death, as were many of his party; for they feared is the connexion, whioh had been continued by her means with her brother, the dute ■.-:' Burgundy, would thereby be weakened.
When she died, ambassadors from the three parties, namely, king Charles, king Henry, and the duke of Burgundy, were assembled at Auxerre, and at Melun, to treat of a pew. ■ but as they could not agree upon terms, they separated and returned to their lords.
CHAPTER CXXIX.—SOME OF THE FRENCH CAPTAINS CROSS THE RIVER SOMME, AXP
In the beginning of December, captain Blanchefort, sir Anthony de Chabannes, the lorJ de Longueval, sir Carados Desquesnes, and others of king Charles's party, assembled aUtt eight hundred or a thousand combatants near Breteuil, and thence marched to cross the river Somme at Capy. They advanced during the night for Dourlens, whither they had sent Fp« to learn if they could not win it by scalado : but the lord de Humieres, having had notice i their intentions, sent in all haste to inform the mayor and magistrates that the French wen marching to attack their town.
Upon this, they made every preparation for a good defence; and sent a messenger to the castle of Beauval to make the garrison acquainted with the above intelligence. The messenftf was met, just before day-break, a quarter of a league from the town, by the French scout-%
* This unfortunate heretic was a Breton by birth. Being tivated many others, alarmed pope Eugenius, who jur.'
seized with an inordinate desire of reforming the dress of dreaded the consequences of his strenuous assertions :i"
the ladies, and the manners of the clergy, he left Renncs marriages ought to lie allowed to the clergy, and tk»t fr»l
and travelled into the Low Countries, where he preached might be eaten by theui without risk of damnation. It
with so much success that the towers of gauze and ribbons was not long after his arrival at the pontifical citr, li«"
railed hennins, which were then the rage, disappeared process was instituted against him for these and other fcrrf
whercver he went. Perhaps he was spared the mortifica- tical doctrines, and father Thomas was at last burnt *v
tion of hearing that they were resumed, several stages not knowing how to confine his eloquence to the iurtr'e
higher, immediately after his departure. From Flanders subject which first called it forth. He suffered with pr.
he travelled into Italy, reformed the order of Carmelites constancy, and was by some, even among the eatholxi
at Mantua, and made himself famous for his zeal and elo- reputed a martyr. For further particulars, consult BV>.
quencc at Venice. The papal ambassadors reported his art. " Conecte." praises at Rome ; but his ardour for reform, which had cap