« 前へ次へ »
III.-specific Laws of the Diagrams. Logical
Classification. The specific laws of the diagrams classified, in the second place, according to the functional relations of elements, are applicable to individual relations, clause relations, and comparative subordination, as comprehensively exhibited in the following TABULAR SCHEMES for the sentence and the phrase.
First. Figures representative of principal elements are placed uppermost, on the same general horizontal line, in the natural order of the radical form of the proposition or phrase attached, as follows :
Secondly. If there are several elements of the same kind, in the same clause, the first figure is placed uppermost, the others below it in the order of their succession, the lowest resting on the horizontal line, and all attached in the general order of their relation as indicated in rule first. Thus in propositions, - see subjects, predicates, and objects, as follows :
* Incorrect in omitting the line of separation.
Or in phrases as follows,—see relatives ("Leaders”), subsequents and objects.
buying o selling
3. LAW FOR ADJUNCT ELEMENTS.
Thirdly. Figures for adjunct elements must be placed below those of the elements on which the adjuncts depend, --if the latter are words, the first at the extreme left of the superior figure or its proper section, and the rest successively towards the right, in the order of their
PHRASE ADJUNCTS. If the adjuncts are phrases, they are placed in reverse order,* the first at the extreme right of the superior
* This reversed order for the attachment of phrase adjuncts is demanded for convenience in compact drawing.
figure and so on successively toward the left ; all properly attached to the superior, element figure.
SENTENCE ADJUNCTS. Sentence adjuncts have their connecting lines attached to the central part of the superior figure, below and between the two former, where there are several, the order conforming to that of word adjuncts. See as follows, his, own, that getteth wisdom, my, agreeable, most, The, first, third, on page, the, sixth, enclosed, carefully, so, in brackets, neither, not, only, not, not, and others.