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the

his

where

* Incorrect in attaching the connecting line to the under side of whose.

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7. LAW FOR THE LINE OF PREDICATIVE SEPARATION. Seventhly. The line of separation is used only to indicate a grammatical distinction between the several parts of a predicate composed of both verbal and non-verbal elements. It is drawn vertically within the predicate or subsequent figure, attached to its lower line, and between the two kinds of elements, as follows : see waxed strong, is true, is base, tasted sweet, are good, look at, having been scholar, is not, have to go.

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Enighthly. Elements necessary to the grammatical construction in complex forms, and not regularly abbreviated, but simply suppressed, take the proper figure, but have the suppression indicated by the letter x, as seen in the following examples, in the case of to understood before home, to be in the infinitive phrase to be wondrous wise, and which in the second subordinate proposition in the last diagram.

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mankind

х

freedom

can bave

at stako

9. LAW FOR COMPLEX TERMS WITH DOUBLE OFFICES. Ninthly. Figures for complex terms performing double offices must be drawn so as to conform substantially to the rules for those performing the same offices separately, simply varying the form and position to indicate the combination. This rule applies to complex substantives, either double relative pronouns or equivalent terms, and is exemplified below in the case of what, what, nothing and money.

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10. LAW FOR COMPLEX SUBSTANTIVE ELEMENTS.

Tenthly. Diagrams for complex elements used as principal elements in propositions or phrases, besides being enclosed in the required general figure symbolic of the principal element as a whole, must also be drawn complete in themselves, as if they stood alone or in some subordinate adjunct office. This rule applies to all sub

stantive propositions and phrases, and is exemplified below, in writing letters, his having been a soldier, that I have taken this old man's daughter, and that their northern mountains encompassed the globe.

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Eleventhly. Words, ordinarily independent representatives of some proposition or phrase, but used substantively as principal elements in propositions or phrases, must not only be enclosed in the general figure symbolic of such elements, but must also have their own figures drawn complete, the same as if they stood alone ; see, in the following, No, no indeed, Amen.

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