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zhence to Melrose, where he was interred with great pomp, and where his tomb is still shown.
The moon on the east oriel shone.-P. 31.
It is impossible to conceive a more beautiful specimen of the lightness and elegance of Gothic architec
when in its purity, than the eastern window of Melrose Abbey. Sir James Hall of Dunglass, Bart. has, with great ingenuity and plausibility, traced the Gothje order through its various forms, and seemingly eccentric ornaments, to an architectural imitation of wicker work; of which, as we learn from some of the legends, the earliest Christian churches were constructed. In such an edifice, the original of the clustered pillars is traced to a set of round posts, begirt with slender rods of willow, whose loose summits were brought to meet from all quarters, and bound together artificially, so as to produce the frame-work of the roof: and the tracery of our Gothic windows is displayed in the meeting and interlacing of rods and hoops, afford. ing an inexhaustible variety of beautiful forms of open work. This ingenious system is alluded to in the romance. Sir James Hall's Essay on Gothic Architec. ture is poblished in The Edinburgh Philosophical Transactions.
They sate them down on a marble stone,
A Scottish monarch slept below.-P. 32. A large marble stone, in the chancel of Melrose, is pointed out as the monument of Alexander II. one of the greatest of our early kings; others say, it is the resting place of Waldeve, one of the early abbats, who died in the odour of sanctity.
Sir Michael Scott of Balwearie flourished during the 23th century, and was one of the ambassadors sent io bring the Maid of Norway to Scotland upon the death of Alexander III. By a poetical anachronism, he is here placed in a later æra. He was a man of much learning, chiefly acquired in foreign countries. He wrote a commentary upon Aristotle, printed at Venice in 1496 ; and several treatises upon natural philosophy, Bom which he appears to have been addicted to the abstruse studies of judicial astrology, alchymy, physiog. momy, and chiromancy. Hence he passed among his contemporaries for a skilful magician. Dempster ia. forms us, that he remembers to have heard in his youth, that the magic books of Michael Scott were still än existence, but could not be opened without danger, on account of the malignant fiends who were thereby invoked. Dempsteri Historia Ecclesiastica, 1627, lib. xii.
p. 495. Lesly characterises Michael Scott, as sitsularii philosophiæ, astronomia, ac medicinæ laude prestans ; dicebatur penitissimos magiæ recessus indagasse Dante also mentions him as a renowned wizard:
Quell altro chi ne fianchi e cosi poce
Divina Comedia, Canto xxmo A personage, thus spoken of by biographers and his torians, loses little of his mystical fame in vulgar tradition. Accordingly, the memory of Sir Michael Scott survives in many a legend ; and in the south of Scots land, any work of great labour and antiquity, is ascrib ed, either to the agency of Auld Michael, of Sir WilJiam Wallace, or of the devil. Tradition varies con cerving the place of bis burial: some contend for Holme Coltraine, in Cumberland ; others for Melrose abbey. But all agree, that his books of magic were in. terred in his grave, or preserved in the content where
he died. Satehells, wishing to give some authority for his account of the origin of the name of Scott, pretends, that, in 1629, he chanced to be at Burgh under Bowness, in Cumberland, where a person, named Lancelot Seott, showed hiin an extract from Michael Scott's works, containing that story:
« He said the book which he gave me :
History of the Right Honourable name of Scots.
Salamanca's cave.-P. 32. Spain, from the reliques, doubtless, of Arabian learning and superstition, was accounted a favourite residence of magicians. Pope Sylvester, who actually im. ported from Spain the use of the Arabian numerals was supposed to have learned there the magic, for which he was stigmatized by the ignorance of his age. William of Malinsbury, lib. ii. cap. 10. There were public schools, where magic, or rather the sciences supposed to involve its mysteries, were regularly taught,
at Toledo, Seville, and Salamanca. In the latter eur they were held in a deep eavern; the mouth of whick was walled up by Queen Isabella, wife of King Ferdi nand.-D'Autun on Learned Incredulity, p. 45. These Spanish schools of magic are celebrated also by the ItaIlan poets of romance:
Questo citta di Tolletto solea
Il Morgante Maggiore, Canto XXV. St. 259. The celebrated magician Maugis, cousin to Rinaldo of Montalban, called by Ariosto, MaJagigi, studied the black art at Toledo, as we learn from L'Histoire de Maugis D'Aygremont. He even held a professor's chair in the necromantic university; for so I interpret the passage, “qu'en tous les sept ars d'enchantement, des charmes et conjurations il n'y avoit meilleur maistre que lui; et en tel renom qu'on le laissoit en cherise, et Pappela loit on maistre Maugis. This Salamancan Domdanjel is said to have been founded by Hercules. If the classic reader inquires where Hercules himself learned magic, he may consult « Les faicts et proesses du noble et vail. lant Hercules," wbere he will learn, that the fable of his aiding Atlas to support the heavens, arose from the said Atlas having taught Hercules, the noble knight er. rant, the seven liberal sciences, and, in particular, that of judicial astrology. Such, according to the idea of the middle ages, were the studies, "maximus quæ do cuit Atlas."--In a romantic history of Roderic, the last Gothic king of Spain, he is said to have entered one of those enchanted caverns. It was situated beneath an ancient tower near Toledo; and, when the iron gates which secured the entrance, were unfolded, there rushe ed forth so dreadfula whirlwind, that hitherto no one bad dared to penetrate into its recesses. Byt Roderie
threatened with an invasion of the Moors, resolred to enter the cavern, where he expected to find some prophetic bitimation of the event of the war. Accordingly, his train being furnished with torches, so artificially composed, that the tempest could not extinguish them, the king, with great difficulty, penetrated into a square hall, inscribed all over with Arabian characters. In the inidst stood a colossal statue of brass, representing a Saracen wielding a Moorish mace, with which it discharged furious blows on all sides, and seemed thus to excite the tempest wbich raged around. Being conjured by Roderic, it ceased from striking, until he read, inscribed on the right hand, “ Wretched Monarch, for thy evil hast thou come hither ;" on the left hand, “ Thou shalt be dispossessed by a strange people ;" on one shoulder," I invoke the sons of Hagar;" on the other, “ I do mine office.” When the king had decyphered these oninous inscriptions, the statue returned to its exercise, the tempest commenced anew, and Roderic retired, to mourn over the predicted evils which approached his throne. He caused the gates of the cavern to be locked and barricaded; but, in the course of the night, the tower fell with a tremendous noise, and under its ruins concealed for ever the entrance to tbe mystic ca. vern. The conquest of Spain by the Saracens, and the death of the unfortunate Don Roderic, fulfilled the prophecy of the brazen statue. Historia verdadera del Rey Don Rodrigo por el sabio Alcayde Abulcacim, traduzeda de la lengua Arabiga por Miquel de Luna, 1654, cap. vi.
The bells would ring in Notre Dame.-P. 32. “ Tantamne rem tam negligenter ? says Tyrwhitt, of lis predecessor Speight; who, in his commentary on Chaucer, had omitted, as trivial and fabulous, the story of Wade and his boat Guingelot, to the great prejudice of posterity ; the memory of the hero, and the boat, being now entirely lost. That future antiquarits may lay no such omission to my charge, I have noted one or two