« 前へ次へ »
this immutable law of Nature, through years, as per fraction, every intermediate link of the chain, to 10.0000
3991 And the probability that a woman, aged find the probability that a person, whose
its arrival at the extremity of old age, I 40, shall attain to the age of 50, or live age is 20, shall attain to the age of 95,
9.2425 10 years, I find equal to
or live 75 years, is, according to the obo 10,0000 years,
servations of M. De Parcieux, as given in 8.5083 instead of
40.2199 years, as per frac- Mr. Baily's third Table, equal to 10.0000
75.0000 4027 tion, But the probability that years. The probability that a person, 4733
whose age is 30, shall attain to the age both those persons shall live 10 years, I of 95, or live 65 years, is, according to 9.0959
34.0586 find equal to
instead of the same observations, equal to 10.0000
years. And the probability that a pere years, 10.0000
per fractions, son, whose age is 40, shall áttain to the 8096 X 4027
age of 95, or live 55 years, is, according 12467592
same observations, equal to 3991 X 4733 18889403
27.4802 In the third example he states: “ The
years; but the probability that probability that each of three lives, all those persons shall continue in being
55.0000 aged 20, 30, and 40, shall live 15 years, is, according to the observations made at
to the end of a term of 55 years, I find, Northampton, as given in Table 25, equal by the same observations, equal to
33.6807 4010 3248 2448
years, instead of the nonentity to
respectively. 55.0000 5132' 4385 3635 But the probability that all those lives denoted by 0.0000, as necessarily resulte shall continue so long, is equal to the ing from the doctrine subscribed by the
mathematical faithful, enrolled in their product of the three fractions into each Other: whence such probability will be free and ask, whether the expression,
court of chancery. I will here make 31883927040, denoted by
"continue in being to the end of any 81801385700
given term," means any thing, or means Now the probability that each of nothing? Should it so happen as to three lives, aged 20, 30,-and 40, shall mean something, the plain question is, Jive 15 years, (according to the Nor. what is that something that it does mean thampton observations,) I find equal to Can the probable continuation of the 13.3644 13.0701 12.5836
existence of an assigned life be equal to -> and
years, 15.0000' 15.0000 15.0000
itself, and unequal to itself, at one and 11.7205
the same time? The rule given in respectively, instead
page 355, and the result in page 531, 15.0000
imply that it can. To carry this a 11.1106 10.1018
little farther: let it be supposed possible 15.0000 15.0000
to make the expression, “ continue in 4010 8248
being to the end of any given term,” to tively, as per fractions,
5132 4335 signify some real entity in nature, and 2448
that it may be attempted to form in the aud respectively; but the pro- mind a clear and distinct conception of
3635 bability that all those lives shall continue such entity; and that the immediate ob
ject so conceived be a specific period of
13.0505 so long, I find equal to
time; then will the probability that a 15.0000
persov, whose age is 15, shall continue in 58466 instead of
being to the end of a term of ten years,
as deduced by the law of nature from the
2418 register of life and death (as given in tions, 5132 Х 4383 X
page 550, table the third) be equal to a
period of nine years, and the traction
.5837; the probability that the same 8 180 1385700
person shall continue in being, to the By following up the inflexibility of end of a terin of 20 years, will be equal
to a period of 18 years, and the fraction To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. .2994. The probability that the same
SIR, person shall continue in being to the end of a term of thirty years, will be
EING always an admirer of painte equal to a period of 25 years, and the fraction .9894. The probability that acquainted with the late Adelphi Barry, the same person shall continue in being from whose writings I have received more to the end of a term of forty years, wil solid information on the subject of the be equal to a period of 32 years, and the art he professed, than from any other fraction .8101. The probability that modern author, not excepting Reynolds; the same person shall continue in being I was eager, after perusing a late account to the end of a term of fifty years, will be of his life and writings, to hear what equal to a period of 38 years, and the were the sentiments on those valuable fraction .2624. The probability that niemoirs of the Edinburgh Review, so well the same person shall continue in being versed in the art of bestowing profitable to the end of a term of sixty years, will praise, or plausible condemnation. be equal to a period of 41 years, and the
But, after wading through thirty-four fraction .8909. The probability that pages of the vainest nonsense that ever the same person shall continue in being was uttered on the subject of the art, to to the end of a term of sixty-five years, prove that Barry possessed, which we al! will be equal to a period of 42 years, and know, a great deal of inspiring vanity; the fraction .8573. The probability that
we come to charges, without proofs, of the same person shall continue in being his misanthropy, uttered in the language to the end of a term of seventy years, he had enemies, produced in the most
of the boldest malice, and a denial that will be equal to a period of 43 years, inimical terms; and then we begin to and the fraction .3278. And the probability that the same person shall con
see that Barry was not so far out in his tinue in being to the end of a term of suspicions, as this reviewer would have eighty years, will be equal to a period us believe; for no hyena of the desert, of 43 years, and the fraction .5094.
on the scent after a corpse long fallen in But the probabilities that a person, whose the sand, can be imagined to more closely age is 15, shall continue in being to the track liis prey, than this prowling assassin end of the said terms of ten, twenty, of departed genius has endeavoured to thirty, forty, fifty, sixty, sixty-five, se.
come up with, and mangle, the honest venty, and eighty, years, respectively, as fame of a long-neglected, and late-rededuced by the rule of faith, from the warded, artist. same register of life and death, will be In his rage to delay the award of merit, equal to the respective periods of 9.1973, which he now sees' must, ere long, be 16.3679, 22.0047, 24.8113, 23.2901,
allotted to the manes of this generous. 14.9292, 9.0448, 3.9622, and 0.0000,
minded and high-spirited artist, lie falls years. Can the probability, therefore, upon the whole tribe of inen of geof the continuance in being of such a nius, who have followed the profession life, to the extremity of old age, be, ac- time out of mind; and, not content with cording to the result, in page 581, equal advising parents and friends to be cauto something, and at the same time equal
tious how they indulge its whisperings in to nothing, according to the necessary young minds, he would allow no encourageconsequence of Mr. Baily's rule, in pagement to be given to juvenile artists, but 355? Thus it is, that error always con such as would enable them to live " comtradicts itself.
fortably by severe toil and study;" for Trusting that I have made the abore the reviewer thinks that the stimulus of statement sufficiently plain to be tho want, is no less necessary than the allure roughly understood, and thereby having ments of ambition, to procure success in succeeded in representing the fallacy of a this elegant accomplishment. doctrine so confidentially authorised, so
How he reconciles the living comfortmathematically tolerated, and so implio ably amid "the stimulant of want," I citly acquiesced in, during the last hun. leave to his cold heart to explain, who dred years; it is only leit ine now to perhaps thought they had in this way enquire, on which side of the question made Burns a good poet; by creating him conviction preponderates?
an exciseman, as bird-fanciers put out NATHANIEL Hawes. the eyes of nightingales to make thein sing.
Yet in the mouths of these miserable the talent for composition; for, while Reycompass-men, and frigid calculators, (not nolds only produced, by long studying, a man of whom is ever destined to taste, one forced progeny worthy to be called much lest produce a work of genius,) we an historical picture, (I mean his Ugofind terms of art, and all the jargon of en- lino) Barry's prolific pencil turned out cyclopædial knowledge, so pat, so much of dozens, the slightest of which might rival the gist of the critical gah, that many that expressive composition. To be sure, half-informed people even take their Sir Joshua was deprived of the reviewer's notions of art from them; they
advantageous stimulus, want; and thence, " Talk of their Raphaels, Corregios, and perhaps, it came to pass, that, while one stuff',”
was obliged to avail himself of the talents as Goldsmith has it, so cleverly, that if of the best engraver of inezzotinto this you should never hear of their names, country, or any other, has ever seen, in you might be induced to think thern real order to give the public the most favours artists; that is, provided you knew able impression of the work, (not being nothing whatever of the art yourself.
able hiinself to execute such a plate any The great object of this calumnious Re- more than a copper-plate printer;) the view, becomes however very clear, to other not only made the design of his clear-sighted people, about the tenth Job and Palemon, pictures that might page, where we find, that next to the have made a Poussin jealous, much more reviewer's hatred of Barry, is bis anger a Sir Josliua, but actually engraved them that Sir Joshua Reynolds should be supe in so painter-like a manner, and with so posed to have at one time been jealous much effect, without affectation, nay, of his rising fame, whom he calls, in italics, coloured effect, that, if he had never done “the* great painter of the age, and the any thing besides, posterity would have great painter of the country." And, as it been from them forced to confess, that unravels the inalignant web of his sophis- he was a truly great artist; and, if he was try rather more than any other
not the “ first dignitary” in his art, from of this' hoarded venon, allow me to the pictures now before the public, at quote it at length.
the Society's rooms, let those who can This unfortunate reviewer, so great an
sbew a better series, from any English enemy to irascibility in Barry, and who, artist, cast the first stone.
The gentle for ten pages of sly strokes of plausible Reynolds had his virtues, his talents, bis abuse of all the lovers of the grand, tasie, duly appreciated; his colouring chaste, and severe, style, has
could not be over-rated; but it cannot be “Nursed his wrath to keep it warm,”
concealed that his drawing was so defec. is at length tempted to a short quotation tive, that no prudent friend would wish from his biographer, (whom he calls also But the indignant Barry never found a
to bring the subject into discussion. his panegyrist, to lessen the force of his friend capable of being a patron, who just praise,) wherein it is asserted, that “ perhaps there was a mutual jealousy
was a sufficient judge of art to know the
extent of his abilities: and, if Reynolds between Barry and Sir Joshua ;" and here the cloven foot appears, when he really possessed that judgment which the
world allows him, (and which inany says, with ridiculous gravity, " that the first part of the statement is true, even” doubted from the time he presented the to a much greater degree than is stated. he ought, as president, to have publicly
Neptune of Bernini to the Academy,) We have no doubt but the concluding afforded that testimony, and promoted insinuation is so grossly calumnious, that
that excellence, in his cotemporary. scorn' at its absurdity only restrains our indignation at its malignity:—“ Reynolds voked by this half-bred man of taste,
On this tender subject, it I am not projealous of Barry! it were as reasonable to suppose him jealous of the weaver of I shall say no more; and the reviewer his canvas, or the grinder of his colours.” may console himself in the certainty, Yet, if it kills this enraged reviewer; friends reputation by idle comparisons,
that if he does not injure his deceased he must be told, that, if Sir Joshua had I shall be the Inst to withdraw a veil been of a jealous temper, he might have been pardoned for indulging it in this from the sacred urn of those departed
virtues. case; as he must have felt Barry's great superiority in the grand feature of his art, weaknesses ; but I cannot but also re
I remember Barry, and regret his See Barry's excellent ridicule of these member his almost intuitive talents, his
scrupulous probity, his strict sincerity, MONTHLY Mag. No. 211,
his manly, though rough, freedom; his just rational prose, she would have hesitated indignation at meanness and vice; and I to apply the harsh terms of • fiends aco hereby call upon the author of the Re- curse to rational beings, endowed by view I am exposing, in the name of a nature with equal rights of judgment, man, whom, if he were living, he would and even with the equal, although undenot dare to look in the face without trem- sirable, privilege, of making the retort bling, after this unjust assault, to come courteous of damned phanatiques.' forth from his concealment, and produce We may go still farther in apologizing for that “ tale of his early perfidy,” which, a lady and a poetess, who may have been he says, he has heard from authority that misled by authority as well as imagia ppears to him unguestionable. “ But nation, and who inay have relied with the man, (he adds) is gone to his audit! implicit confidence on the unanimous and we have no desire to load his me. decisions of those doctors who teach, if mory with any other accusations, than not openly, that no faith is to be kept those of which his biographer has here with infidels, at least, that no quarter supplied the materials. Thus closing is to be allowed them. Does not that his attacks on the virtuous dead with rational and liberal christian, Dr. Rees, dark insinuations, and that affectation of assure us in his sermons, that the chief candour which bespeaks a Turtuffe of the motive of every sceptic is vanity, and his first water, instead of a fit critic for a intention evil; and who would venture thinking nation.
to controvert the opinion of a learned Let this tale therefore be manfully separatist from the churclı, whose very brought forward, with the names of its vocation implies every thing which is authors; and, if they fail in proof, of liberal, philosophical, and condescending which I doubt not they will, we shall in short, every christian virtue? then have the pleasure to clear these February 11, 1811.
L. aspersions from the character of an honest man; and instead of one libeller, For the Monthly Magazine. expose two, contempt of an in
CRITICAL REMARKS ON SHAKESPEARE. sulted pub
ALL'. WILL THAT ENDS WELL. A FOIEND TO Merit.
Act I. Scene 3. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. "THE composition that your valoer
and fear make in you, is a virtue of a SIR,
good wing, and I like the wear well.” “The IN N the important duty of correcting true reading," says Dr, Warburton, “is
that which I apprehend to be a dan- doubtless a good ming, a word common to gerous, as well as too common, illiberality, the writers of this age;" but this common I regret to find myself in the most un- word ming, Dr. Johnson tells us, he was pleasant predicament of having a lady never able to find. Mr. Sleevens, bowe for iny antagonist. But mere politeness ever, has given us several examples of its ought, in reason, to give place to a more being in current use as a verb; but, as a serious duty; a sentiment in which I am substantive, even his indefatigable indos, sure of being joined by the lady herself, try could find none.
Thus, Thomas whose genius and acquirements are so Drant, in his translation of one of the respectable. I allude to certain objec- Epistles of Horace ; tionable sentiments in Miss Starke's truly poetic ode, On the Goodness of Provi.
" He bears the bell in all respects, who good
with sweet doch ming." dence. (Monthly Magazine for December, 1810.) The words in which they And Sir A. Gorges, in his translation of are conveyed are indicated by italics, Lucan, 1614: in the following quotation :
" Which never minge with other stream." But man, too fond of earth, ne'er looks on But the passage in question wants no high,
alteration; the metaphor is taken, like To read the mystic wonders of the sky; inany others in the works of this poet, Or, if he read, no steady credence gives, Becaus: be hears, and ofi, ales ! believes.
from falconry; and it seems to denote
firmness of contestare. “Certainly," says Tbose fiends accurst, who fain will sceptic leav'n Would poison all bis confidence in Heaven.
Lord Bacon, in his Natural History, ex
periment 886, “many birds of a good Out of respect however to the lady, I wing, as kites and the like, would bear up will suppose that she availed herself of a good weight as they fly.” King James I. one species of the poetica licentie, by in his progress fro:n Edinburgh to Love clothing, ardent images in words of core don, was splendidly entertained at Hin. responding ardour, and that, in sober and chinbrook-louse, the seat of Sir Oliver
Cromwell; and at parting, as we are forcibly deduced from the premises. told, Sir Oliver presented his royal guest, Since this note was written, I have the who was much attached to the sports of satisfaction to find, that the author of the the field, with “ six hawks of an excellent Revisal has offered a similar interpretation wing."
of the passage.
Act: V. Scene. 3. Dr. Johnson ob. No more of that, I prithee, do not strive against my vows,
serves, “ that Parolles has many of the I was compellid to her. As IV. Scene 3. lineaments of Falstaff, a fellow that had Dr. Johnson endeavours to obviate the more wit than virtue; and though justice difficulty of this passage, by exchanging required that he should be detected and the word strive, for drive or shride; nei. he is not at last suffered to starve." I
exposed, yet his vices sit so fit in him, that ther of which alterations can claim any confess, however, that I see but little rópreference to the present reading. “Do not strive against my vows,” &c. appa. It is true, they are equally destitute of
semblance between these two characters. rently means, Do not let my vows be the obstacle against which your virtue strives virtye; but
, as to the wit of Parolles, I am or contends ; for, being compelled to her, yet to learn where it is to be found.' He. they were involuntary and consequently him a great way fool;" and the vices
lena scruples not to say that she thinks igralid.
which sit so fit in him, are totally differBertr, How have I sworn?
ent from those which enter into the com. Diaz. 'Tis not the many oaths that make position of Falstaff. He recommends
the truth, But the plain single route that is vowd himself to Bertram, who is himself res
presented as a man of no great penetra. true; What is not holy that we swear not by,
tion, by his servile complaisance and pa
rasitical obsequiousness; and imposes But take the Highest to witness-then pray tell me
upon him, by a superficial parade of If I should swear by Jove's great attributes knowledge and ostentation of valour. I lov'd you dearly, would you believe my These are vices with which Falstaff is not oaths
chargeable; for the braggardism of FalWhen I did love you ill? This has ao hold. staff, which is mere flighty,rhodomontade, ing
not calculated or intended for serious beTo swear by him whom I protest to love, lief, is not at all akin to the grave and That I will work against him: therefore, your poinpous lies of Parolles. Nor is there a
oathis Are words, and poor conditions but unsealed,
single trait in the character of this pol. Ibid. Il.
troon, which bears any analogy to the hu,
mour, the hilarity, the sagacity, of the fat The scope of Diana's reasonings in this knight, to his vigour and force of mind, speech have been entirely mistaken; and or the irresistible attraction of his com, the alterations proposed by the learned
pany and conversation : and we may cercommentators, Warburton and Johnson, tainly add also, to his natural fortitude however specious, are beyond all quese and courage: thongh the unlucky and lution inadmissible. Bertram, to obviate dicrous circumstances in which he is in: the charge of inconstancy, says, “how volved, render this part of his character have I sworn?” to which Diana replies, liable to strong apparent imputations, “'Tis not the many vows that make the A most able analysis of this extraordinary truth,” &c. that is, 'Tis not the multiplic dramatic personage, is to be found in city nor the solemnity of your proteșta• the admirable Essay on the Character tions that can evince your fidelity, for, of Sir John Falstaff, written by the late to make such appeals to Heaven, is easy Mş. Morgan. and common. But would you yourself, whose oaths are offered as demonstrati.
MACBITI. . ons, give inê credit, if I should swear by The observations of Dr. Johnson, all that is sacred my love to you was sin which precede the first and fourth acts cere, when my conduct contradicted my of this tragedy, upon the now almost professions? Oaths such as your's are, in obsolete subject of witchcraft, are very their own nature, void of all title to con- masterly; and exhibit a curious compen. fidence, which swear by him whorn you dium of the once popular system of enprofess to revérence, that you will be true chantment, upon which the play is to engagements contracted in opposition founded. to his wilt. Therefore your oathis, &c. There I go to meet Macbeth. The conclusion is here very justly and
Ali I. Stone 1.