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thought to be his body-colour pictures, certain of all testimonies) may be found in the execution of which he was most in that confidence, respect, and attache eminently successful; and which are ment, which attended him through life; rendered more valuable from the very and, though latterly, amongst his surrounde few artists, who have encountered the ing friends, there inust have been few laborious difficulty Attending that scien- with whom he began life, yet there were tific mode of painting, and met with any some. I reinember with infinite pleasure, very considerable success.

being one day about seven years ago at Towards the latter part of his life, he his house, when the late ingenious Mre. accustoined himself to paint in oil, in Grignion, the engraver, came in, who, which he was also successful; the same though then upwards of eighty years of faithfulness, clearness, and accuracy, and age, had come from Kentish-Town, to that appearance of day-light, is to be seen visit his old friend; and, as the venerable in a few oil pictures he left behind him. gentlemens' bands mer, Mr. Grignion

Mr. Sandhy was a great admirer of the exclaimed, “ My dear Paul, I am come works of Marco Ricci, and studied them to spend the day with you; for, by the with fond attention; whenever one of memorandum on this scrap of paper, it Marco's pictures was to be met with, Mr. appears, that, on this day sixty years Sandby, if possible, became its pur. back, you and I first mer; and though, chaser; and, perhaps, he had the largest my dear friend, our hands may be colder collection of that 'master extant in the now than then, I am sure our hearts are country.

hotter." With Wilson he lived in habits of great Those early impressions, formed by intimacy, and it is no little praise to him gentleinanly habits and feeling, which that he early discovered and advocated the are never to be eradicaled or mistaken, genius of that great man; he possessed å were very conspicuous in Mr. Sandby. prodigious number of the finest sketches There was a politeness and affability in and studies of Wilson, obtained from the his address, å sprightliness and vivacity artist himself. His love for the profes. in his conversation, together with a cona sion tempted him to collect, at & con. stant equanimity of temper, which, siderable expense; and, in the course of joined with his having been the friend a great number of years, he had accu- and companion of such mon as Foute, mulated an immense quantity of the Churchill

, Garrick, Goldsmith, Macklin, works of various masters, both ancient and others of the same class, rendered and modern,

bis society and conversation singularly No man communicated with greater animating and interesting. Arrivent at freedom, and with less reserve, than Mr. an age which few are permitted to attain, Sandby, any information he was possessed and spared, almost all those infirmities of; though I am not aware that he ever which so generally accompany thic accue gave to the public any thing respecting mulated years of inan, his vigour of mind his art: but, it is certain, there were few abated not to the last. Till withiu a few persons more perfectly skilled in the the days of his death, he continued to paint, ory and practice of painting than hiin- and, daring fourteen days only preceding sell; and, as he never could be prevailed tha: event, he finished his largest work upon to take under his ivstruction any in oil, which possesses equal spirit and professional pupil but his son, it is to be truth, with any of his former productions presumed, that that gentleman is the in that way: when, ac the conclusion of repository of his discoveries and peculiar his eighty-fourth year, he left this world metbods of working in his art.

affectionately remembered and beloved In his domestic virtues he was excelled by a!l who knew him, ey few, and his private worth (the most

S, T. P.


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It is proposed in future to devore a few Pages of the Blonthly Magazine to the

Insertion of such Source Tracts as are of an interesting Nature, with the Use of which we may be furoured by our Currespondents; and under the same Head to introdure also ihe Analyses of Scurce and Curious Books.

[That wretched parasite, Sir Roger L'Estrange, I do most humbly offer to your royal con.

published the following work to recommend sideration, not presurning in any sort, lo himself to the office of Licenser of the Press, concern your Majesty in the former.

Ion this extract, is presented to your in which he was the creature of the courts of Charles II. and James II. The pamph. Majesties view; first, that spirit of hiyo

pocrisie, scaudal, malice, errour, and illet is in every respect a great curiosity, fusion, that actuated the late rebellion. and, by shewing the sentiments of his party Secondly. A manifestation of the same on this subject, it ought to put the friends spirit reigning still, and working, not only of liberty on their guard. A late vi. by the sanie ineans, but in very many of zier doubtless had this publication be- the same persons, and to the saine ends; , fore him, when, in the years 1793, 4, that is, there is combinati and de.

and 5, he laid so many restrictions on the sign against your sacred life, and dignity, press. At that time ic was contrived to which is carryed on by the same argusegister presses, to compel printers to in. ments, pretences, wayes, and instruments, dorse what they printed, and to pass some

that ruin'd your royal and blessed

father. Jaws which imposed on libellers, under bound, not only in generals, to declare,

All which I think myself certain circumstances, the penalty of trans. portation. L'Estrange's work procured for its discover to your Majesty, as

but, more particularly, to trace, and to

a duty author, the appointment of licenser, and which I owe both to God and to my he played the sycophant till the revolu• sovereign. tion. He wrote other works as contempt. The first part of the conspirator's work, ible for their bad caste, as this is for its is to disaffect the people toward you: principles.]

Majesties person and government; and

their next business is to encourage and Considerations and Proposals in Order to carry on those seditious inclinations into

the Regulation of the Press : together action. with Direrse Instances of Treasonous Touching the foriner; scarce any one sind Sedilinus Pamphlets, proving regicide or traytor has been brought to the necessity thereof. By Roger publique justice, since your Majesties l'Estrange, London, printed by blessed return, whom either tlie pulpie A. C. June 3, M.DC.LXII.

hath not canonized for a saint, or the

press recommended for a patriot, and To the King's Most Eracllent Majesty. martyr, (beside the arraignment of the SIR,

bench, for the very formalityes of their T is not without some force upon my tryals) what is the intent, or what may be dedication: for I have no ambition to that there is no justice to be found, either appear pragmatical, and to become the in your cause or in your courts; (both marque

of a peevish faction : but, since which are struck at in the same blow) is my duty will have it thus, I shall accompt submitted humbly to your royal wisdom, all other interests as nothing in compe. Nor is the faction less industrious to draw tition with my allegiance.

an odium upon your Majesties person, If your Majesty shall vouchsafe to lock and to perplex, seduce, and exasperate, so far, and so low, as into the ensuing the muliitude, in matters of religion, and treatise, you will find it, Sir, to be partly concerning the government of the church. a deliberative discourse about the means There have been printed, and re. of regulating the press ; (the inatter being printed, since your Majescies happy reat this ioscant under publique debate) and stauration, not so few es a hundred schisin part, an extract of certain treasonous matical pamphlets, against bishops, ceand seditious passages and positions remonies, and common-prayer: in many which may serve to evince the necessity of which, your Majesty is directly, and of that regulation. The latter of which, in all of them implicitly, charg'd with an


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inclination to popery. The instruments libelling your sacred Majesty, and the that menage this part of the plot, are guvernment, let but any paper be printed ejecied ministers, bwwkiseliers, and prin-' that touches upon the private benefit of lers: and, it is believed, by men of judy. sone concerned officer; the author of thent, and experience, the trade of that paper is sure to be retriv'd, and the press, that since the late Act for handler with sufficient severity. Unitormity, there have been printed near Finally; to present your Majesty with thirty thousand copies of Fareweil Ser- some common observations: it is noted, irons (as they call them) in defiance of first, as a very rare thing, for any pres. che law. All whici, as they are now byterian pamphlet to be seiz'd, and super drawn together into one binding, (to the pressed, unles: by order from above, number of buwixt chanty and forty) and Secondly, li is observed of those offenrepresented with figures, do certainly ders that are discovered, that generally make up une of the most audacious, and the rich have the fortune to come off, dangerous litels,' that haih been made and the poor to sutter: and, thirdly, that publique unier any governinout; and scarce one of five, though under cushidy, they are now printing it in Dutch too, is ever broughe to either of your Mafor the greater honour of the scandal. jesties principal secretaryes of state. By these arts and practices, the faction I have now discharg'diny soul both to works

is upon the passions and humours of Gid, and to your Majesty; in what I. the coinnon people; and, when they take to be an honest and a necessary giall have put mischiet into their hearts, otfice; and I have done it with this their next business is to put swords in chuice before me, either to suffer the their hands, and to engage them in a worst that malice or calumny can cast direct rebellion ; which inntent of theirs, upon me, or to forfeit my duty. I should together with the means whereby they not speak this but upon experience, nor hope to execute it, I shall buinbly lay dare to inention it upon this occasion,' belire your Majesty in a few words: but that I think it highly imports your

That they propise and labour another Majesty to know how dangerous a matter change appears, first, froin the recourse it is to render you a publique service. they have in almost all their schismarical To present your Majesty with a fresh papers to the obligation of the covenant; instance: I was lately engaged as a which is no other, than to conjure the commissioner, in publique debate on people under the peyn of perjury, to the behalf of the loyal officers; and, for treat your Majesty as the covenanters no other crime, or provocation, but for did your father; and (in a dat contra- asserting the profess’d desires of the diction to the blessed Apostle) to pro. whole party; a certain gentleman took nounce, that bee that [beyes) shall re. such a heat, and confidence, as openly to ceire to bunself damnation. A second charge me with writing against your Maproof of their designe may be drawn jesty; affirming witha!, that your Majesty from their still pleading the continuance had accused me for it to the parliament, of the long parliament; and the sove. and that my Lord Chancellor would jusreignty of the people; which is but in tifie it: since which time, it appears, not plain terms, tu disclayme your authority. only that hee himself was the first person royal, and to declare to the world, that that by a private tale had endeavoured to they want nothing but another oppor, exasperate my Lord Chancellor against tunity for another rebellion. What may mee; but that, being called to account by be the event of these libertyes, belongs my Lord's orcier, for so great, and so not to mee to divine; but that such injurious a boldness, both towards your libertyes are taken, I do, with great re- Majesty, and his lordship, he desired verence, presome to enform your Ma- God to renounce him, if ever he spake jesty : and, further, that the visible bold the words, (although delivered in the ness and malice of the faction, seems face of a lull cornmuttee.) If I were ime not to be the only danger; diverse of the pudent enough to trouble your Majesty very instruments, who are entrusted with with a personal character, his familiar the care of the press, being both privy, discourses, both concerning your sacre and tacirly consenting to the corruptions' Majesty and the honourable House at of it; by virtue of which connivence, Commons, would afford matter for it; many hundred thousands of seditious but let God witness for me, that I have papers, since your Majestyes return, no passion, but for your Majesties serhave passed anpunished. And yel in, vice, and for the genen/ good of your this prodigious licence and security of loyal subjects: both which interests, I de humbly conceive to be very much fine upon their heads for whom the concern’d in some provision, that men books were printed, will defray a con. may not suffer in their reputations for siderable part of the aforesaid charge, doing their duties; and that those per- and what is wanting may be abundantly

syns who have chearfully and honourably made up by the like course upon the passed through the utmost extreinities publishers of other sednious painphlets, of a long and barbarous warr, out of a keeping the same proportion betwixt the sence of loyalty to your royal father, profit and the punishment. may not now at last be stung to death Of the Farewel-Sermons, I seiz'd the by the tongues of tale-bearers, and slan- other day in quires, to the quantity of derers for being faithful to your Majesty. Letwixt twenty and thirty ream of paper; Which is the case of many, more con

and I discovered likewise the supposed siderable than myself, and among the author of another pamphlet, entituled ręst in particular of

[A Short Survey of the Grand Case of Your Majesties the Ministry, &c.] Wherein is main. Most loyal and obedient subject tain'd, in opposition to the declarations Roger L'ESTRANGE. required by the Act of Uniformity, that

in some cases it may be lawful to take 10 the Right Honourable the Lords and arms against the King. To take arms

to the Honourable the Commons use by the King's authority against bis persembled in Parliament.

son, or those commissioned by him, Having been lately einploy'd to draw And that the obligation of the covenant up some proposals touching the regu. is a knot cic by the sword of authority, lation of the press, and to scarch for whilst it cannot be loosed by religious certain seditious books, and papers: I reason. Concerning, which, and many think it agreeable both to my reason and other desperate libels, if your honours daty that I dedicate to your honours shall think fit to descend into any par. sone accompt of my proceeding; espe- ticular enquiry, it may be made appear, cially in this juncture, when both ihe Gl.at whereas not one of twenty is now danger and the remedy are the subject taken, scarce one of a hundred could of your present care. The drift and ar. scape, if there were not connivence (at gument of this little treatise is express'd least, if not corruption) juyn'd to the ju the title. One particular only was craft and wariness of the faction. forgotten in the body of the discourse, How the world will understand this which I must now crave leare to insert freedome and confidence in a private in my dedication; (i. e.) an additional person, I do not much concern my selt; expedient for the relief of necessitous (provided that I offend not authority) and supernumerary printers; many of but the question to me seems short and which would be well enough content to easy, Whether it be lawful, or not, for quit the trade, and betake themselves to any man that sees bis countrey in dan other employments, upon condition to ger, to cry out Treason? And nothing be re-imburse for their presses, letter, else hath extorted this singularity of and printing materiais: and it is com practice and address from puted that 4000!. or thereabouts, would

Your honours! buy off their stock; for the raising of

Most dutiful servant, which sum, and so to be employ'd, there

Roger L'ESTRANGE. occurs this expedient.

It is credibly reported, that there have Considerations and Proposals in Order ta been printed at least ten or twelve im. the Regulation of the Press. pressions of a collection entituled, The · I think no man denyes the necessity First, Second, and Third, Voluine of Fare. of suppressing licentious and unlawful wel-Serinons: (with the figures of the pamphlets, and of regulating the press; ejected ministers) which is no other, but in what manner and by what means than an arraignment of the law, and in this may be effected, that's the question. charge of persecution against the King. The two main-points are printing and and his Parliament.

publishing. Upon a supposition of twelve imprese The instruments of setting the work sjons, (at a thousand a piece, which is afnot are these. The adviser, author, che lowest) the clear prolit, beside the compiler, writer, correcter, and the percharge of paper and printing, comes to ' sons for whom, and by whom; that is, say, 83001, which sum, being impos'd as a the stationer (comiponly), and the printer, To which may be added, the letteré by such person or persons, as shall be founders, and the smiths, and joyners, authorisd for that purpose; neither Ict shat work apon presses:

any joyner, carpeoter, or smith, presume The usual agents for publishing are to work for or upon any printing press, the printers themselves, stichers, binders, without such allowance as aforesaid, acstationers, bawkers, mercury-women, cording to the direction of the late Act pediers, ballad-singers, posts, carryers,

for printing. hackney-coachnien, boat-men, and ma- Secondly, Let all such printers, letter, piners. Other instruments may be like- founders, joyners, carpenters, and siniths, wise employ’d, against whoin a general as shall hereafier be allow'd, as aforesaid, provision may be sufficient. Hiding and be respectively and severally interrogated concealing of unlawful buoks, is but in before their admittance, in order tự the order in publishing, and may be brought discovery of supernumerary printers and under the same rule.

presses. That is; Touching the adviser, author, com- 1. Let the priniers be questiun'd what piler, writer, and correcter, their prac- private presses they have at any time sices are hard to be retrir'd, unless the wrought upou for so many years last past, one discover the other.

and the time when, and for, and with This discovery may be procur'd partly whom: and what other printers and by a penalty upon refusing to discover, presses they know of at present, beside and partly by a reward, to the disco- ihose of the present establishment. verer; but let both the penalty and the 3. Let the founders be also exainin'd, seward be considerable and certain : what letter they have furnish'd since and let the obligation of discovery run such a time; when and for wliom, and quite through, from the first mover of the what other printers, &c. Ut supra. mischief, to the last disperser of it. 3. Let the joyners, carpenters, and That is to say, if any unlawful booksmiths, he question'd likewise what shall be found in the possession of any presses they have erected, or amended, of the agents, or instruments aforesaid, &c. when, and for whom? and what let the person in whose possession it is other presses, printers, &c.—as before. found, be reputed and punishid as the And if after such examination it shall author of the said book, unless he pro- appear at any time within so many duce the person, or persons, from whom months, that any man has willully conhe receiv'd it; or else acquit himself by ceald or deny the truth, let him foroath, that he knows neither directly nor feit his employment as a person not fit indirectly how it came into bis posses- to be trusted, and let the enformer be sion.

taken into his place if he be capable of it, Concerning the confederacy of stą. and desire it; or else, let him be rewarded tioners and printers, we shall speak some other way. The same course may anon: but the thing we are now upon be taken also concerning English printers is singly princing, and what necessarily and presses beyond the seas. Relates to it.


may serve as to the discovery of One great evil is the multiplicity of private printers and presses already in private presses, and consequently of employment: now to prevent undera printers, who for want of publique and hand-dealing for the future, and to prowarrantable employment, are forc'd either vide against certain other abuses in such to play the knaves in corners or to want as are allow'd. bread.

First; Let a special care be taken of The remedy is, to reduce all printers card-makers, leather.guilders, flockóworkanil presses that are now in employment, ers, and quoyf.drawers; either by exbo a limited number; and then to provide presly inhibiting their use of such presses, against private printing for the time to as may be apply'd to printing of books, come, which may be done by the means or by tying them up to the same termes following.

and conditions with printers; and let 110 First; The number of printers and other tradesman whatsoever presume to presses being resolved upon, let the numé make use of a printing press, but upon ber of their journy-men, and apprentices the same conditions, and under the same be likewise limited: and in like inanner, penalties with printers. the number of master-founders, and of 2dly. Let no presse or printing house their jonrny.men, and their apprentices; be erected or leti, and let no joyner, all which to be allow'd of, and approv'd carpenter, sinitb, or letter-founder, work


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