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bring you, through the scriptores, to the mount interest and energetic action, had become knowledge and the fear of the Lord. Seek; almost extinct. In Romanist countries the ancient and by the same Spirit and the same scrip- superstition divided its perverted power and intures ye shall find the way that leadeth unto fuence with an infidel and atheistic philosophical life eternal. Knock; and by the same ap
scepticism, which, as the offspring of its depravity,
soon became its most terrible scourge, and threatpointed means the gate of mercy, will be ened for a while to become its complete destroyer. opened unto you, and the everlasting doors After the devastating wars of the revolution at the will lift up their heads, that as the redeemed close of the last, and during the earlier years of followers of the King of glory ye may en the present century, there was unquestionably a
considerable movement of life among the dry The Lord Jesus Christ, he is that King of vision. As the tide of life in the reformation of
bones which were scattered over the valley of glory
, and, whilst to him we look for light the 16th century may be considered as having reand salvation, to him, with the Father and ceived its first and most powerful impulse on the the Holy Ghost, let us ascribe all honour, continent, and as having urged its sympathetic might , majesty, dominion, and praise. waves towards the shores of Great Britain, so in
the last, less palpable and less striking, but not less real reformation, chiefly as affecting the re
formed churches themselves, the stream of spiSTATE OF RELIGION ON THE CONTINENT*. ritual light was rolled forth from our
country. It was about the beginning of the preOr the state of religion generally over the conti- sent century, simultaneously with the returning Dent of Europe, whether we look to the more ex
breath of life into the several bodies of our reliclusive Roman-catholic or the professedly protes- gious denominations, and more especially that of tant countries, it is difficult to speak in terms too
our own church, that those noble institutions, melancholy and huıniliating. Like all other great our bible and missionary societies of various rank interests affecting the character, the condition, and and order, sprang up among us; and with the the prospects of humanity, religion is divinely inherent elasticity of zeal and truth, with the selfpermitted to experience its fluctuations and vi- propagating energy of the divine life, aided hy the eissitudes. Its history in this changeful world is newly-opened facilities of continental communimarked by successive epochs of revival and deca- cation, the impulse was gradually imparted with dence. After a long and tedious night of dark- greater or less effect to every accessible country in Dess and superstition, the dawn of the protestant Europe. The high position and influence of reformation of the 16th century arose over an England among the nations gave a decided and awakened and astonished world. To meet the manifest advantage to every effort of which it was exigencies, and to develop and guide the events of the centre of action. Individuals full of energy such an era, men of extraordinary power and wis- and life went abroad, carrying with them their dom-in many cases of faith and piety-were knowledge, their faith, and their love. Associate raised. Under their combined and well-directed institutions were established in almost every coninfluence, the religion of Christ was not only puri- siderable town and city of the continent. Bibles fied from a large proportion of the dross that for in the vernacular tongue were circulated by thoua series of centuries had encrusted over its fair sands, and, taking some range of years, by and lovely form, but also received an impetus of millions; and, with all the efforts of Romanism to action and influence, which for a considerable bar its own territories against the ingress of the number of years gave it a mighty ascendancy over greatest, most powerful, and most irreconcilable the character and conduct of mankind. Even of its enemies-the record of eternal truth-the Romanism itself, where it still maintained its pope has been more than once constrained to dominant position, was constrained to abandon complain, in language of blended sorrow and insome of its grosser abuses, and, where it was sur- dignation, that his widely-extended domains, as Founded by the light of truth, to present a some
well as the more limited fields of protestantism, what more decent exterior. But the tide of life have been sown with these tares of a heretical reand light appeared, with the progress of time, to ligion. lose its force, and to become enfeebled in its ad- And now, in the middle of the nineteenth cena vancing movement. By the middle of the last tury, it may be justly, and it must with interest century, over all the countries of Europe-our and anxiety, be asked, what has been the result of own to a melancholy extent partaking of the uni- all these united and long-continued efforts ? To versal spiritual paralysis-religion, as a positive such an inquiry it may with truth be replied that theory of doctrines, and as a principle of para- in many respects great and important has been
the fruit of these labours. Continental Europe is * From "A Glance at the European Continent; two lectures delivered before the Gateshead Church of England
no longer in that state of complete and absolute Young Men's Society, Oct. 1851. To which is prefixed second spiritual collapse, in which it almost universally la pressions ; a letter addressed to the worshipful and rev. lay at the close of the last century. The eyelids chancellor Raikes. By the rev. J. Davies, D.D., rector of of the morning have been in some measure Gateshead, and master of king James's hospital, county of opened. The dews of a spiritual birth have been Derbarn." London: Seeleys. Dr. Davies is too well known as an able and distinguished author to need our praise. We widely, spread over its surface; and there is some are sure that his judgment of the state of religion on the con
ground to hope-unpromising in many respects tinent, which we haye extracted, will be read with interest -as present appearances may be-that over its reED.
spective countries, when the auspicious and
divinely-appointed moment shall have arrived, a modification of socialism, a cloudy idealism of nation shall be born in a day.
liberty, equality, and fraternity. The blessed At the present moment it must be conceded Saviour of the world, such persons do not object that, viewed as a whole, and with a regard to the their worship; and, like the ancient emperor of
to regard as one, and perhaps the chief, Hero of dominant influences which are in action, the leading countries of the continent are in a state of de Rome, they are not indisposed to give hiin a niche plorable spiritual darkness. France, the most
in the temple of their multitudinous adoration. powerful and influential of them, is a chaos of the
Crossing the frontier of the French republic, we most discordant principles, if the wild and ex
enter Switzerland--the land of the lakes and the treme opinions by which it is agitated be entitled and of comparative freedom and intelligence. But
mountains, of physical beauty and magnificence to the name of principles. It is a cauldron in the air of infidel France has for many years which every element of impiety and immorality; blended its deadening influence with the atmaopposed and excited by the antagonistic efforts of a false and corrupt religion, is sending forth its sphere of this favoured soil; and, while in the
protestant cantons of Switzerland, as in the pestilential and deleterious fumes; and its con
church of Sardis, there are a few, even many tents are ready, at any favourable moment, to boil
names that have not defiled their garments with over into actual violence and devastation. It is a region covered over with a dark cloud, in which have, to a great extent, ceased to be what they
this poisonous miasma, the churches in general the two great electric currents, the positive of a religion degenerated and corrupted into super- Zainglius and Martyr and Bullinger-dars in
were in the days of Farel and Viret and Calrio, of stition, and the negative of a still more debasing which they received, entertained, and cherished infidelity, seem to be on the point of rushing into collision, and of scattering havoc and desolation
our own exiled reformers of the era of the Marian over the land. In France, viewed under a religious
persecution. aspect, there is the comparatively small party of
In Piedmont, forming the richest and the best the protestant faith, with its various shades of province of the kingdom of Sardinia-a soil conprinciple and opinion, and embracing probably secrated with the blood of the early martyrs of the about one-twelfth of the whole population. There faith-true religion, now enjoying a larger mea is the considerable party of tranquillity and order,
sure of practical freedom, perhaps, than in any as they are generally disposed to name themselves, the decidedly Roinan-catholic kingdoms of the in opposition to the turbulent, the restless, and continent, though it must be regarded in the ligte disaffected, who abjure all definite religious profes- of a day of sınall things, is making decided pro sion. This class, comprising the great majority gress. At La Tour, the chief town of the Vaudoi of the ancient noblesse, and of the adherents of population, there is a college, reared chiefly unde the two branches of the deposed Bourbon dynasty, ihe auspices and through the exertions à is deeply imbued with the spirit of the Romish general Beckwith and Dr. Gilly, in which an edo church, and regards its revival and re-establish- cated ministry is to be prepared for the mainte ment in the country as the only means of re- nance and extension of the pure and ancien organizing and consolidating society ; its mem
faith of a church, which, like the burning buah bers almost uniformly identifying religion with
was enveloped in the flame of persecution withou Romanism; and they have been labouring for being consumed. In the course of this year years, not without some success, for its restoration government of this country-liberal and enliga and extension-less, in many cases, from a con
ened beyond any of its Italian neighbours- bas viction of its truth, than from a vague impression been engaged in a vigorous struggle with the that it is essential to the maintenance of the prin- church of Rome for the maintenance of its civi ciple of authority, which has for so many years and legislative rights; and the Sardinian clerg lain prostrate in this agitated country. It is in this headed by archbishop Franzoni, and sustained direction, and with this bearing, that all the recent the power of Rome, affords an instructive exampl. governments of France have so strongly favoured
to our own and other nations of the modest an the claims and pretensions of Home. Nor have delicate limits which that church, wherever it the priests and adherents of that church been possessed of the power, is disposed to put upo backward or inexpert in availing themselves of the ecclesiastical, as contrasted with the secula this manifest tendency. The churches have un. authority. questionably been better attended; and the Of the Italian peninsula, embracing the Roma sermons of Lacordaire and others, during the states, Tuscany, and Lombardy, it is difficult te season of Lent of the present year, have attracted speak with clearness and certainty. In those in great crowds, and have been dexterously adapted teresting and long-oppressed countries politica to the prevailing views and feelings of the higher and religious aspirations are so blended, the one classes of society. But in France there is a vast, movement is so liable to be combined with and and, numerically considered, an overwhelming mistaken for the other, that it would not be safe third party, composed of the disciples and suc- to speak with confidence of the extent to which cessors of Voltaire and the encyclopædists – men the flame of true religious zeal warms and illos who repudiate all revealed religion, and treat mines those numerous altars, which are unie the whole of its doctrines and requirements versally acknowledged to be burning in secret with levity, mocke ry, and contempt; and, if there ever their whole length and breadth. It is cer be any individuals belonging to this body who are tain, however, that in Florence there is a most rewilling to admit, un der a certain vague and inde-markable religious movement, and that its mani finite aspect, the truth of Christianity, it is only as festations, for the present, have been suppressed a system of broad and universal benevolence, a with a virulence of bigotry, a violence of arbitrary
power, rarely exhibited in the light of the 19th cen- jesty, and ate with a seemingly good appetite; tury.
but the paleness of his countenance, and the hollow Ofer Germany and Belgium and Holland, while ghastliness of his eyes, were much remarked. they are not without remarkable individual exam- Nov. 4th.-Dr. Mayerne, the physician, had ples of piety and zeal -- while the grosser forms of before this seriously exhorted the prince to comrationalism have been in some degree vanquished mend himself into the hands of God, and fouod and expelled from their strongholds in the him in a most excellent and religious frame of churches and universities, and the encroachments mind; and the archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. of Romanism have been kept in check-it must, George Abbot, hearing of the desperate state of Devertheless, be acknowledged that true religion, bis highness, now thought it his duty to visit him. as it rose with giant energy from the cradle of His first question to the prince was, whether there the Reformation, has grievously degenerated. For had been any prayers said in his chamber since his years it has ceased to walk abroad with the glow- sickness ? to which his highness answered in the ing eye and vigorous step which marked its cha- negative, alleging the cause to have been the conracter in the persons of Luther and Melancthontinual employment of the physicians, surgeons, and their immediate successors.
and apothecaries about him, and that he had not been put in mind of it till then, but that he had not failed to pray quietly by himself. The answer being very satisfactory to the archbishop, he again asked whether his highness would now henceforward be pleased to have his prayers in the chamber? The prince readily consented to this, inquiring which of his chaplains was present ; and, finding Dr. Milbourne, dean of Rochester, to be attending, he ordered him to be called, as one whom he bad always esteemed for his learning, character, and abilities as a preacher.
The archbishop in the meantime, not willing too much to disquiet the prince, said prayers that evening at his bed-side in a low voice ; upon which his highness desired him to raise it, and repeated
the confession of his faith, word for word, after (Prince Henry.)
his grace. Next morning, the archbishop came
in great haste to his highness; and, gently asking DEATHS OF EMINENT CHRISTIANS*.
him how he did since he last saw him, and finding
little or no hope remaining, he began to prepare No, XVI.
the prince against the fear of death. He observed that “the preparation for death, and the thinking and meditating upon it, could not bring on the
awful event the sooner, but, on the contrary, (Died 1612, aged 18.)
would fortify him so much the more against it."
He reminded him of the excellence and immorThe death of Henry, prince of Wales, eldest son tality of the soul, the inexpressible happiness of bf king James the First, diffused universal grief good men in another state, the misery of the prethroughout the nation. On the Sunday previous sent, and the insignificancy of all the vain, into biš decease, it being the custom of his house constant, momentary, and frail pleasures of it in to have the sermon early when the court was near, comparison of the joys of heaven, with many because he was accustomed after his own to hear other topics of a like nature. the king's preacher, when he was informed that Mr. , ,
The archbishop, having thus prepared him to Southwark, one of his majesty's chaplains, was hear, went further, and acquainted him of the exready to preach before his highness, he, contrary ceeding great danger which he was in, and that, to his late habit of being in bed, and though he though he might recover, as he hoped he would, then found himself drowsy and ill, arose, and be- yet he might also die. And, since it was an irregan to dress himself; for he had a great esteem vocable and inevitable necessity that all must once for Mr. Wilkinson 'as a preacher ever since he die, sooner or later, death being the reward of sin, had heard, long before, a sermon of his upon the his grace asked, if it should so fall out, whether last judgment, which his highness afterwards
or no he was well pleased to submit himself to the spoke of with high approbation. He did not make will of God? To which the prince answered, the preacher wait long for him in the chapel, ceeded to questions concerning his faith, first of
“ with all his beart." The archbishop then prowhere the sermon was upon a very seasonable the religion and church wherein he lived, which topic, Job xiv. 1 :“ Man that is born of a woman of few days, and full of trouble ; " and in it church ; tben of his faith in Christ only, by whom;
his highness acknowledged to be the only true were represented with proper force and extent the niseries peculiarly attending the highest stations and in whom, without any merit of his, he could in life. The prince having commended this ser- be assured of the remission of all his sins. This nen, went to Whitehall, where he heard another the prince professed to be his sincere beliet. Lastly, with the king. After this he dined with his ma- of the resurrection of the body, everlasting life,
and the happiness of heaven; all which the prince • From "Last Hours of Christian Men.” confessed, hoping to enjoy it with all the saints.
After this conference, with much more to the same Therefore Christ desireth his father to lead and conpurpose, the archbishop, fearing too much to dis- duct his church in truth and verity, whiles it is here quiet the prince, took his leave of him with many
in fight and persecution with the devil, until it come pious exhortations.
to a perfect and absolute consolation, whereas no trou
ble may molest it. For then, and not before (to what On Friday morning, after some medicine, he perfection soever we come), shall we be satisfied ; as had a little rest ; but this was of short continu- David saith, “ The plentifulness of pleasure and joy is ance, for he soon relapsed : his sight and senses
in the sight and contemplation of thee, O Lord !” Por failed, his hearing became difficult, and all the then shall the mind of man fully be salisfied, when he, signs of approaching death appeared. In this being present, may presently behold the glorious exigence the archbishop of Canterbury, being pre- majesty of God; for God hath then all joys present to sent, saw that it was now the critical moment of him that is present with him, and then man knoweth administering some consolation to the prince, if Gol, as he is known of God. These joys in the end of he yet had any remains of cousciousness; and, troubles should give the troubled man the more coucoming to him, put him in mind of all those things
rage to bear troubles patiently, and be persuaded (as which he had said to him the day before, calling life be not worthy of the joys to come, which shall be
St. Paul teacheth) that the troubles of this present on him aloud, in his ear, to remember Jesus revealed to us, when Christ cometh to judge the quick Christ; to believe, hope, and trust in him, with and the dead.–Bishop Hooper, on Psalm xxiii. assured hope of mercy; to lift up his heart, and
INVITATION TO SEEK GOD IN TROUBLE.-Now prepare himself to meet the Lord Jesus, with many other such exhortations. He then spoke more
as the word of God, and the examples contained in the loud than ever in his ear: “Sir, hear you me? same, declare that God can and will help in the time
of trouble and adversity; so doth it declare that men hear you me ? hear you me? If you bear
be bound to call and seek for help in the time of ad. certain sign of your faith, and hope in the blessed versity. As we read in Isaiah the prophet, where God resurrection, give us for cur comfort a sign, by crieth out in this sort : "Ye that be athirst, come to lifting up of your hands." This the prince did, the waters," &c. In St. Matthew Christ comandeth lifting up both his hands together. The arch- all men that be troubled to come unto him. Also in bishop then desired him to give still another sign, the psalms he biddeth all men call upon him in the by lifting up his eyes, which the prince having days of their heaviness, and he will hear them, and done, they let him alone. The archbishop like deliver them. Again, he willeth us to ask, and it shall wise, with a flood of tears, poured out by his be given unto us.-Bishop Hooper. highness' bed-side a most pathetic prayer. During the whole time, from three in the morning till night, there was continual prayer in the house, and in every place where the prince's danger was
Poetry, known. His highness at last, a few minutes before eight at night, on Friday, the 6th of No
SACRED SONNETS. vember, 1612, at the age of eighteen years, eight months, and seventeen days, expired, having sup
No. XXX. ported his long illness with a calmness and composure seldom seen*.
(For the Church of England Magazine.) REFLECTION.-Some die in infancy, some in youth, these in manhood and those in the ripeness
By Mrs. PENDEREL LLEWELYN. of old age; but blessed is he whom, when his Master cometh, he shall find watching.
"Set your affections on things above, not on things on the earth.”
The golden-beakéd blackbird's voice of gladness
Bursts from the beechen bouglıs, and far along
The mountain-steep trilleth the sky-lark's song The Cabinet.
In gushing music, where no note of sadness
Is heard to mar the melody most sweet. THE COMFORT OF THE TRUE BELIEVER IN
The snowdrops bloom, once more our paths to greet; THE MIDST OP TROUBLE.—The dangers of this life
And we will welcome them to earth again, be no more than God can and will put from us, or
Although their simple beauties round us shed preserve us in them, when they come unto us without danger; alsı) the troubles of this world be not per- Twined round our hearts by love's eternal chain,
Still touching memories of the loved and dead, petual nor damnable for ever, but be for a time
Now froin our daily paths for ever fledonly sent from God, to exercise and prove our
In faith we look to heaven, nor look in vain : faith and patience. At the last we learn that, the
They who in life sought Christ and his dear love, troubles being ended, we begin and shall continue for
Through him dwell ever blessed in peace above. ever in endless pleasure and consolation, as David showeth. So doth Christ make an end with his dis- Llangynwyd Vicarage. ciples when he hath committed them, for the time of this life, to the tuition of the heavenly Father, whiles he is bodily absent: he saith, at length they shall be where he is himself, in heaven for ever. For in this life, albeit the faithfuls of God have consolation in Lcoun: Published for the Proprietors, by JOHN God's promises, yet is their joy very dark and obscure HUGHES, 12, Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's; and to be by reason of troubles both without and within-outwardly by persecution, inwardly by temptation. procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and Country. * Life of Henry, prince of Wales, eldest son of king James
PRINTED BY ROGERSON AND TUXFORD, the First. By Thos. Birch, D.D.
246, STRAND, LONDON.
divided into various tribes; but in their lowest
state they seem to be some of the most degraded There are two nations which mainly occupy the members of the human family. Their colour is southern parts of Africa. These are the Hottentots not black, but of a dark brown. Their hair is and Kafirs. The former were once spread over generally black, short, and woolly; their lips the region now known as the Cape Colony ; and at prominent, their nose flattened ; their feet very present, though dispossessed of much they formerly singularly formed. The Kaffirs are of a blackisi occupied by European settlers, they are for the grey, and are generally well made: their lips are most part within its limits, where they are esti- thick, and hair curly'; their nose approaching mated at about 30,000. The Hottentots present, to an arched form. of course, physical and moral varieties, and aré Most of the South Africans devour flesh greedily