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to the book of Tobit, the common traditionary ! erroneous, therefore, the doctrine contained in sneers at “ Tobit and his dog” have led to a whole- such passages of the apocrypha may be (and, to sale and unmitigated censure of this book which it say the least, the statements are ambiguous*, and scarcely deserves. An impartial perusal would not unexceptionable), yet the church entirely disprobably lead to some such conclusion as this : claims such doctrine, inasmuch as she distinctly that the narrative, though not in all respects teaches, in the twelfth article, " that good works worthy of credit, seems to be founded on a real ... cannot put away our sins"; and, in the thirts.
; history, and to be the work of a well-meaning, first article, that "there is none other satisfaction though superstitious and, in several respects, mis- for sin, but that alone,” viz., “the offering of taken author; and that the general tone and Christ once made." tenor of the book are calculated to teach lessons Does it not, then, appear that the common of faith and humble confidence in God. And it objections to the use of the apocryphal lessons is to be observed that chapter v.--the most ob- appointed to be read in our churches have been jectionable—is not read in our churches*. The much overrated and unduly magnified ? For it is book of Judith is simply a narrative penned by evident that the apocryphal books and lessons are an uninspired, and therefore fallible, writer. The appointed to be read solely for the sake of such treacherous conduct of Judith, as recorded in moral instruction as they are calculated to convey, ix. 10, 13, x. 12, 13, xi, and xiii., only teaches and not with a view to inculcate any erroneous that even well-meaning persons may be deceived doctrinal statements which they may happen here by a perverted conscience to erroneously imagine and there to contain. In consenting, therefore
, that to be serving God of which he cannot ap- to their use (which the clergy by their « ex animo" prove-to suppose that the end justifies the means. subscription, and by their public declaration of Judith may possibly have erroneously supposed assent and consent to all” the contents of the the conduct of Jael and Deborah (Judges iv. prayer-book, certainly dot) as “ contained and 17-22, v. 24.27) to be a sufficient warrant for her prescribed in and by the" book of common prayer, conduct in this particulart.
the ministers of our church are not supposed to The bistory of Susannah is certainly calculated acquiesce in, nor can we suppose the church to to remind us of a profitable lesson, viz., the watch- teach either them or the laity to acquiesce in, any ful care of God to interpose in his providence, and such doctrines as may appear contradictory to to reserve his people from the groundless accusa- holy scripture. The prescribed use of certain tions of their enemies.
lessons from the apocrypha appears, therefore, to As to Bel and the Dragon, even this is not afford no reasonable ground for separation from without its moral; and it is evidently intended the subject, it may not be out of place to obserse
our church. And, in concluding this branch of merely as a kind of parable, and ironical exposure that it is a remarkable fact that the words which of the follies and absurdities of heathen idolatry.
were once brought home with power to the mind of With respect to any passages in the apocrypha John Bunyan in one of his fits of rebellion against which seem to teach erroneous doctrine—such as the Lord in the early period of bis religious expeEcclesiasticus iii. 3, 15, 30, xxxv. 3, Tobit xii. rience, and which were instrumental in restoring 9, 15—the sixth article of our church distinctly him to a right mind, were the words of a certain declares that these books are read simply and passage in the beautiful book of Ecclesiasticus
, solely “for example of life and instruction of
Look at the generations of old, and see; did manners," and that they are not to be applied ever any trust in the Lord, and was confounded ? “ to establish any doctrine”; which obviously implies the possible, if not the actual, existence of or whom did he ever despise, that called on him!”
or did any abide in his fear, and was forsaken? some doctrinal errors in these books. However (ch. ii. 10)!
Tobit iv. 10 is founded on Prov. x. 2, xi. 4, Ps. xli. 1,2,3. Ambiguous"; for in Ecclus. v. 4-6, vü, 8, 9, the anthor As to Tobit xii. 9 it is founded partly on Prov. x. 2, xi. 4. appears to discountenance such views as have been attributed And the latter part admits, perhaps, of a favourable explana- to him by reason of the above quoted passages. So, again, tion, so as to mean no more than Luke xi. 41, John xv. 2, 4,5. Baruch iii. 4 would appear to teach that the dead interceded Such an explanation is attempted in the Homily on Alms. for the living, had not ch. ii. 17 previously testified that deeds, pt. ii. pp. 346-350, where, however, the writer has "the dead” cannot "give unto the Lord" either“
"praise" been guilty of an oversight in quoting Tobit as the work of the
or "righteousness.” It refers, therefore, to prayers offered Holy Ghost. As to Tobit xii. 15 the reference to seven while they were yet alive (See Arnald on the passage). angels, and the position of angelic beings, is not contrary to † It has been argued that the "admonition” prefixed to Rev. viii. 2, 3, 4, Luke i. 19; and the unscriptural sentiment, the second book of homilies authorizes alterations of the les“which present the prayers of the saints," is shown by the sons. But Mr. Lathbury states that it relates exclusively commentator, Arnald, to be the interpolation of some t:ans- to Sundays and holydays, and also only to reading a chapter lator. Mr. Haldane appears, therefore, too severe in applying of the “new” testament instead of the old; that it was only to this book the anathema of St. Paul in Gal. i. 8, 9.
in force before the table of proper lessons was added to the † Though the writer of the book of Judges was fully in liturgy, and is now set aside by the Act of Uniformity (Hist. spired to record accurately the sayings and doings of others of Convocation, pp. 169-172). Others have maintained that, (as were the writer of the book of Job and the writers of the as the rubric directs the first lesson to be out of the "Old other books of the bible), it by no means follows that all the Testament,” of which the apocrypha forms no part, so it actions and all the sayiugs so recorded in that book (or other is therefore allowable to substitute lessons of scris ture for books) are agreeable to God's word, avy more than are the those of the apocrypha, especially as the rubric in the evening sayings of Satan and of Job's wife and friends in the book of service is somewhat vague: "Then a lesson of the Old TestaJob. Jael's conduct appears to be indefensible, and contrary to ment as is appointed." To the writer, however, the sixth God's will and word as declared in other parts of scripture (see article and the “Order how holy scripture is appointed to be Deut. xxvii. 24). Nor does it follow that, because Deborah was read" (prefixed to the prayer-book) appear to contradict this a "prophetess,” that therefore her approval of it implies God's opinion. And it seems to him far more consistent with the approval. The prophet Nathan approved of a plan of David's Spirit of our formularies to read the apocrypha from a separate which God afterwards sent him to express his disapproval of volume, than to alter the lessons and to leave the apocrypha (2 Sam, vii.).
bound up with the bible.
REFLEX BENEFITS OF SUNDAY-SCHOOL How often will not a knowledge of these elucidate TEACHING*
an obscure passage, and give great additional
interest to the narrative ? An earnest teacher will Who among us is not conscious of the fact, that strive to make the lesson interesting by explaining man is naturally selfish? Who is there that, the geography of a country—the dress and cus, before entering on any undertaking, has not pro- toms of its inhabitants, their number, religion, and posed to himself the question, “What good will history. His knowledge of etymology will be this do to me?" Now, it might seem that, in taxed, by explaining the meaning and derivation speaking of the benefits wbich accrue to the of words; his powers of discrimination in choosing teacher himself, we were only increasing that sel- subjects, comparison in applying them, concen. fishness which is even now so much too great: tration, in endeavouring to fix the attention of all this is not the case. God has promised that “he on the one thing, of imagination and of reasonthat watereth shall be watered also bimself" ing, will all be abundantly exercised, and gain and a gracious and precious promise it is. We renewed health and strength from the effort. He would not, however, bring it forward as a motive will necessarily be compelled to aim at perspicuity to do what is right and useful, but rather as a of style and simplicity of language. Thus, his certain reward, the looking for which should cheer talents will be laid out to the best advantage, bis us in all our disappointments, and sustain us in all knowledge of men and things become more exten. our difficulties. Very thankful should we be that, sive, and the body brought into greater subjection while the Almighty makes use of us in gaining to all-powerful mind. over from the enemy of souls those who shall swell The spiritual benefits arising from engaging in the great army of the living God, he causes the the work of Sunday-school teaching are so numevery means we use, and even the defeats we suffer, rous that we can only mention few of them, and to make us more bardy soldiers, more patient and those but briefly. By prayer; by bis exhortations faithful servants, and more meet for the kingdom to holiness ; by having his own failings continually of his dear Son.
brought before him; by the examples of humble, The least of the good which we shall derive child-like faith, sometimes visible in the children; from engaging in the work will be the moral | by greater insight into the human heart which he benefits, and these are by no means insignificant. will gain-by all these things the teacher will be There will be the habits of punctuality and per- benefited. severance, which, when carried out in business The first step in acquiring strength is to feel affairs during the week, will certainly lead to your own weakness. This, in a spiritual sense, prosperity. There will be the advantage of accus- you will undoubtedly do, if you enter on your toming yourself to restrain your anger, check work with heart-felt zeal and love. Knowing rash words, and avoid all appearance of evil; how weak and impotent you are-feeling your greater sensibility in feeling for and alleviating inability to eradicate one single sin, or instil one the destitute condition of the poor, and thankful- good desire or virtue into the bear-will lead you ness that you yourself are removed from poverty; to lean more and more on the Rock of ages, that a more lively interest in the well-being of society, his strength may be made perfect in you, Trusting and more enlarged views of your duty towards love will grow in your hearts towards him who your neighbour; an increased desire to be what chooses the weak things of the world to confound you seem to be”; not to hurt the feelings of the strong, and who renews the strength of those others, as you would do by laughing at a child who wait on him. for an answer wbich, in its innocence, it might Faith, hope, and charity will be loved and think a very proper one. You will see more practised. Faith will grow in the teacher by his clearly the evil consequences of a vicious, and the continually having to look up to him who is the good effects of a virtuous life, exhibited in the object of our belief and worship. As he studies parents and friends of the children with whom the sacred page, he will be more firmly assured you will be brought in contact; and, more than that “God is faithful who hath promised"; and, all, you must have the moral courage to avow by constantly having to undergo disappointments, boldly that you are on the Lord's side. These and meeting with rebuffs, he will look forward to will be seen to be no trifling advantages ; but the bright crown of immortality. laid up for the there are yet still greater ones to be considered. faithful servant. As faith is belief in the pro
Of the second of these the intellectual-we mises, so hope is the certain expectation of the have now to speak. To be able to teach we!), a thing promised. And these Christian graces will man must understand his subject; and, to do this, adorn his life; for charity-universal love-must be must make himself acquainted with all the animate the breast of every true believer in Christ, minutiæ of it: nothing, whether in science, lite- of every one who partakes of the Spirit of the rature, or art, that bears upon the matter he may Redeemer, whose love passeth knowledge. How bave in hand, should be neglected. He should be much more so of one whose occupation it is to able to enunciate his truths clearly, and to illus- spend the hours of the sabbath in making known trate them by suitable examples. Continued prac- to those little ones, whom our Lord was pleased tice will enable him to do this; and his own intel- to suffer to come unto him, the mercy and lovingleet will become daily more bright, and his powers kindness of their God and Saviour! This love of mind enlarged, by a regular preparation of the for the bodies and souls of the children must be lessons for Sunday.
shown them, their affections will be gained, and In how many places, in the scriptures, do we the teacher will have the satisfaction of knowing Dot find allusicns to ancient manners and customs? that he is beloved by his pupils; his joy will be
• From “ Practical Hints to Sunday-school Teachers" ; great, and he will have the peace which passeih by R. Yeld. London : Groombridge, 1852.
But this cannot be without the exercise of and call for help of God her husband, and goeth to no patience-long-suffering ; for much will there be to strange god for aid or succour, although she be burned annoy and to try the temper to the utmost. As we with the sun, and a miserable sinner. The like is to before said, if he is consistent, he must increase in be seen in the prodigal son. Although he was never godliness--goodness and faith. Meekness must so beggarly, miserable, sinful, wretched, and unkind show itself; for every day he will feel that he has to his father, yet he said, Even as I am, with my misenothing to be proud of, that all his powers are ries, I will go to my father, and tell him that I havo
offended against him and against heaven. The father, nothing to accomplish the work of themselves. when he saw him, spat not at him, reviled him not
, Temperance in all things he will strive after ; asked no account of the goods he had viciously spent, knowing that nian must not live by bread alone, laid not to his charge his filthy conversation with but by every word that proceedeth out of the whores and harlots, neither did he cast into his teeth mouth of God." Thus we see that all the “ fruits how he had dishonoured him and his family; but, of the Spirit” will increase and ripen in bim, by when he saw him afar off, he was moved with comhis keeping in that path of duty where God's passion, ran to meet him, took him about the neck, Smiles cheer him on his way, and in which he and kissed him.-Bp. Hooper. finds bis highest pleasure.
FAITH IS THE GIFT OF GOD.-Therefore, seeing Seeing, now, that the reflex benefits, moral, this faith, that believeth God particularly to save a intellectual, and spiritual, are so great, think you man, let us pray that, when we see how God hath
private person, is only God's gist, and cometh not of not that you are more than repaid for your been the rock of salvation to others he will be so labours ? Never mind if you cannot see any good unto us likewise. For it is a singular gift of God to in the children arising from them; it will come say boldly, stedfastly, and merrily, from the bottom one day; but do you look to yourself. Have you of the heart, unto him: “Thou, Lord, art my rock, gained no advantages? Are you none the better, my salvation, and my comfort.” And he that feeleth wiser, happier ? If you have not, if you are not, in himself, for himself, God to be his salvation, bath there is something radically wrong. Either you such a treasure, that all treasures beside it are nothing are not in earnest, or you are wanting in faith, or to be esteemed, and he will not pass of goods, lands, you are a “blind leader of the blind.” In that nor life, for this faith's sake.-Bp. Hooper. case, set about amendment at once, and expect the blessing which you will doubtless receive. If, on self-examination and reflection, you find that you
HYMNS FOR THE SUNDAYS IN THE YEAR. have been benefited, do not be satisfied. Remember, God “giveth more grace”; and re
BY JOSEPH FEARN. member, too, that, if your blessings are so great and many, so is your responsibility great. Bat, fear (SUGGESTED BY SOME PORTION OF not; trust in him who is the helper of all those who
VICE FOR THE DAY). put their trust in him, and go on--go, and prosper.
(For the Church of England Magazine). “ Be ye sted fast, unmoveable, always abounding
FIFTH SUNDAY AFTER EASTBR. in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that yoar labour is not in vain in the Lord.”
« The Father himself loveth you."-JOHN xvi. 27. " Sow in faith, or tears or seed
What blessed words! which Jesus spake,
With all his sufferings in view :
“Ask in my name whate'er thou wilt,
For God my Father loveth you."
O sweet assurance! full of peace
To those disciples sad and few :
“ I leave the world, and go my way,
But God my Father loveth you."
'He loved his people from the first;
To manifest his love I came;
And ye have loved me, and he
Will hear what's offer'd in my name."
My soul! can'st thou no comfort take,
What time thy sins their power renew ?
Jesus hath wash'd those sins away,
And God the Father loveth you.
Yes, God so loved thee that he gave
His only Son to bleed and die;
That sinners might be justified,
And live with him beyond the sky.
I will rejoice at grace so free:
But God the Father loveth me.
SOLOMON'S Song.–That book of Solomon is to be Jondon: Published for the Proprietors, by JOHN read, to see how mercifully God comforteth a troubled HUGHES, 12, Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's; and to be and deformed soul by sin: and yet God layeth it not prorrired, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and Conntry. to the soul's charge, that hath Christ to her husband.
PRINTED BY ROGERSON AND TIXORD, Also there is to be seen that the soul is bold to seek
246, STRAND, LONDON,
DEATHS OF EMINENT CHRISTIANS. nor more uncertain than the time when, I have
thought it the first and chiefest wisdom for a man No. XXII.
to prepare himself for that which must one day
come, and always be ready for that which may REV. NICHOLAS FERRAR*.
every hour happen ; especially considering how (Died 1637, aged 47.)
dangerous any error is here which cannot be
amended; neither is any one the nearer to death DESCENDED from bishop Ferrar, who suffered for having prepared for it
. It is, then, a thing of martyrdom in the Marian persecution, he was the esceeding madness and folly to be negligent in so third son of Nicholas Ferrar, a merchant in the weighty a matter, in respect whereof all other
I here confess my own city of London, who, with sir Thomas and sir things are trifles. Hugh Middleton, traded to the East and West wretchedness and folly in this, that, through the Indies, and who asssociated much with sir John common hope of yonth, I have set death far from Hawkins, sir Francis Drake, sir Walter Raleigh, me, and, persuading myselftbat I had a long way and other illustrious men, with whom he was
to go, have walked more carelessly than I ought. anxious in all their expeditions to plant the Chris- The good Lord God be merciful unto me. tian religion in the new world." Our Nicholas
“Indeed I have a long way to run, if death Ferrar, the son, travelled abroad, when young, stood still at the end of threescore years; but God for the sake of restoring bis health. Having bid knows if he be not running against me, if he be adieu to Cambridge, be wrote the following re- not ready to grasp me, especially considering the fections on death as a farewell to his family, many dangers wherein I am now to hazard myself, which were found by his mother in the drawer of in every one whereof death dwells. If God be his table after he had left:
merciful to me, and bring me safe bome again, I "Since there is nothing more certain than death, will all the days of my lite serve him in his taber
nacle, and in his holy sanctuary. • From "Last Hours of Christian Men ; or an Account of the Deaths of some eminent Members of the Church of Eng.
“I hope he who hath begun this mind in me land;" by the rev. H. Clissold, M.A. London : Society for will continue it, and make me to walk so as I may Promoting Christian Knowledge.
be always ready for him, when he shall come, No. 945.
either in the public judgment of all the world, or weak and faint, without ease, and almost without in private judgment to me by death. This is my strength, encompassed with melancholy thoughts, purpose, and this shall be my labour.
and overwhelmed with anguish; when, on one side, “And you, my most dear parents, if God shall his distemper increasing upon him, the physician take me from you, I beseech you, be of good com- tells him that he is past all hope of lite, and, on fort, and be not grieved at my death, which I un- the other, his friends urge him to dispose of his doubtedly hope shall be to me the beginning of worldly goods and share bis wealth among themeternal happiness. It was od that gave me to that wealth which be procured with trouble and you ; and, if he take me from you, be not only preserved with anxiety--that wealth which he non content, but joyful that I am delivered from the parts from with sorrow ; when again the priest vale of misery. This God that hath kept me ever calls on bim to take the preparatory measures for since I was born will preserve me to the end, and his departure; when he himself now begins to be will give me grace to live in his faith, to die in his assured that here he hath no abiding city ; that favour, to rest in his peace, to rise in his power, this is no longer a world for him ; that no more and to reign in his glory.
suns will rise and set upon him; that for him “I know, my most dear parents, your tender there will be no more seeing, no more bearing, no affections towards your children, and fear your more speaking, no more touching, no more tasting, grief if God take me away. I therefore write and no more fancying, no more understanding, no leave this, that you might know your son's estate, more remembering, no more desiring, no more and assure yourselves that, though he be dead to living, no more delights of this sort to be enjoyed you, yet he is alive to God.
by him, but that death will at one stroke deprive “I now most humbly beseech you to pardon him of all these things; that he will speedily be me in whatsoever I may have at any time displeased carried out of the house which he had called his you; and I pray God to bless and keep you, to own, and is now become another's; that he will give you a happy life here, and everlasting in be put into a cold narrow grave; that earth will the world to come.
be consigned to earth, ashes to ashes, and dust to 6. Your most humble and obedient son, dust: let any man duly and daily ponder these
“ N. FERRAR. things, and how can it be that he should dare" “ Postscript.- My dearest brothers and sisters, Here the strength of this good man failed him. if I live, you shall find me a faithful and loving The third day before his death, he summoned brother unto you all : if I die, I beseech you, by all his family round him, and then desired his the fear of God, by the duty to your parents, by brother to go and mark out a place* for his grave, the bond of nature, by the love you bear me, that according to the particular directions he then gave. you all agree in perfect love and amity:.' And When his brother returned, saying it was done as account every one the other's burden to be his; so he desired, he requested them all, in the presence may plenty and prosperity dwell among you. So of each other, to take out of his study three large prays your faithful and loving brother,
hampers full of books, which had been there locked “N. FERRAR."*
up many years; and said, “ They are comedies, On his return home from this journey be ad- tragedies, heroic poems, and romances. Let them dressed himself to his mother, and showed her be immediately burnt upon the place marked out in a writing, signed, a vow which he had made for my grave; and, when you shall have so done, with great solemnity—that, since God had so often come back and inform me.” When information heard his most humble petitions, and delivered was brought him that they were all consumed, be bim out of many dangers, and in many desperate desired that this act might be considered as the calamities had extended' his mercy to bin, he testimony of his disapprobation of all such producwould therefore now give himself up continually tions, as tending to corrupt the mind of man, to serve God to the utmost of his power in the and improper for the perusal of every good and office of a deacon, into which office he had that sincere Christian. On the 1st of December, 1637, very morning been regularly ordained ; that he he found himself declining very tast, and desired had long ago seen enough of the manners and the to receive the sacrament of ihe Lord's supper; vanities of the world; and that he did hold them after which, and taking a most affectionate tareall in so low esteem, that he was resolved to spend well of all his family, without a struggle or a the remainder of his life in mortifications, in de groan, he expired in a rapturous ecstasy of devovotion, and charity, and in a constant preparation tion. Thus lived, and thus died, Nicholas Ferrar, for death. And in these acts he spent the re. the best of sons, of brothers, and of friends, on mainder of his days at Steeple Gitting. We are told, in the memoir of this remarkable
* "Mark out a place."-Bishop Turner, in his brief meman, that, about three months before his death, before the death of Nicholas Ferrar, at about eight o'clock in
moirs of Nicholas Ferrar, gives this narrative :-"Three days perceiving in himself some in ward faintness, and the morning, he summoned all bis family around him, and apprehending that his last hour was now drawing addressed his brother John to this effect : Brother, I would very near, he broke off abruptly from writing any have you go to the church, and at the west end, at the door further upon a subject which was then under where we enter the church, I would have you measure from consideration, and began to write down “Con
the steps seven feet to the westward, and at the end of those
seven feet there let my grave be made.' His brother stood templations on Death,” in the following words :
almost drowned in tears, as in truth were all the standers-by; “The remembrance of death is very powerful to indeed never had a family more cause to bewail a loss. Mr. restrain us from sinning. For he who shall well Ferrar continued : Brother, the first place of the length of consider that the day will come (and he knoweth
seven feet I leave for your burying-place: you are my elder not how soon) when he shall be laid on a sick bed,
brother: God, I hope, will let you there take up your resting
place, till we all rise again in joy.'” It was on the place thus Life of Nicholas Ferrar, by Dr. Peckard, in Dr. Words-marked out for his own grave that his comedies, tragedies
, &c. worth’s Eccl, Biog., vol. iv.
were by his orders burned, as hereafter narrated.