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afford annual produce artisicers bank bank of England bill BOOK bullion butcher's-meat cattle cent century CHAP cheaper circulating capital commodities common labour commonly consequence continually cultivation dealers dities division of labour effectual demand eight employed employment England Europe exchange expence fame manner fame quantity fertile frequently gold and silver greater quantity improvement increase industry interest landlord less London manufactures master ment merchant mines money price natural price necessarily necessary obliged occasion ordinary prosits paid paper money parish particular pence perhaps Peru pound sterling pound weight precious metals price of corn price of labour proportion prosits of stock quantity of labour quantity of silver raise real price regulated rent revenue rise rude produce scarce scarcity Scotland seems seldom shillings sirst sive society sometimes subsistence sufficient supply supposed things tillage tion tivated town trade turally value of silver wages of labour wheat whole workmen
44 ページ - The real price of every thing, what every thing really costs to the man who wants to acquire it, is the toil and trouble of acquiring it. What every thing is really worth to the man who has acquired it, and who wants to dispose of it or exchange it for something else, is the toil and trouble which it can save to himself, and which it can impose upon other people.
21 ページ - But man has almost constant occasion for the help of his brethren, and it is in vain for him to expect it from their benevolence only. He will be more likely to prevail if he can interest their self-love in his favour, and show them that it is for their own advantage to do for him what he requires of them.
188 ページ - The property which every man has in his own labour, as it is the original foundation of all other property, so it is the most sacred and inviolable. The patrimony of a poor man lies in the strength and dexterity of his hands; and to hinder him from employing this strength and dexterity in what manner he thinks proper without injury to his neighbour, is a plain violation of this most sacred property.
83 ページ - The commodity is then sold precisely for what it is worth, or for what it really costs the person who brings it to market; for though in common language what is called the prime cost of any commodity does not comprehend the profit of the person who is to sell it again, yet if he sells it at a price which does not allow him the ordinary rate of profit in his...
84 ページ - The market price of every particular commodity is regulated by the proportion between the quantity which is actually brought to market, and the demand of those who are willing to pay the natural price of the commodity, or the whole value of the rent, labour, and profit, which must be paid in order to bring it thither. Such people may be called the effectual demanders, and their demand the effectual demand ; since it may be sufficient to effectuate the bringing of the commodity to market.
7 ページ - But in the way in which this business is now carried on, not only the whole work is a peculiar trade, but it is divided into a number of branches, of which the greater part are likewise peculiar trades.
17 ページ - The shepherd, the sorter of the wool, the woolcomber or carder, the dyer, the scribbler, the spinner, the weaver, the fuller, the dresser, with many others, must all join their different arts in order to complete even this homely production. How many merchants and carriers, besides, must have been employed in transporting the materials from some of...
20 ページ - It is common to all men, and to be found in no other race of animals, which seem to know neither this nor any other species of contracts.