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birth did not by any means correspond to the blood upon the track, which destroyed the dis date of his departure. Such an occurrence, to criminating fineness of his scent. A captive the credit of the dames of the crusaders be it was sometimes sacrificed on such Occasions. spoken. was so rare, that it required a mira-! Henry the Minstrel tells a romantic story of culous solution. The lady, therefore, was be- / Wallace, founded on this circumstance. The lieved, when she averred confidently, that the hero's little band had been joined by an IrishSpirit of the Tweed had issued from the river | man, named Fawdon, or Fadzean, & dark, while she was walking upon its bank, and com savage, and suspicious character. After å sharp pelled her to submit to his embraces; and the skirmish at Black-Erne Side, Wallace was forced name of Tweedie was bestowed upon the child, to retreat with only sixteen followers. The who afterwards became Baron of Drummelziar, English pursued with a Border sleuth-bratch, or and chief of a powerful clan. To those spirits bloodhound. In the retreat, Fawdon, tired, or were also ascribed, in Scotland, the

affecting to be so, would go no farther, Wallace,

having in vain argued with him, in hasty anger --- Airy tongues, that syllable men's names

struck off his head, and continued the retreat. On sands, and shores, and desert wildernesses."

When the English came up, their hound stayed When the workmen were engaged in erecting upon the dead body. the ancient church of Old Decr, in Aberdeen The story concludes with a fine Gothic scene shire, upon a small hill called Bissau, they were of terror. Wallace took refuge in the solitary surprised to find that the work was impeded by tower of Gask. Here he was disturbed at midsupernatural obstacles. At length the Spirit of night by the blast of a horn: he sent out his the River was heard to say,

attendants by two and two, but no one returned

with tidings. At length, when he was left alone, It is not here, it is not here,

the sound was heard still louder. The championi That ye shall build the church of Deer;

descended, sword in hand; and at the gate of But on Taptillery,

the tower was encountered by the headless Where many a corpse shall lie.

spectre of Fawdon, whom he had slain so rashly. The site of the edifice was accordingly trans

Wallace, in great terror, fied up into the tower, ferred to Taptillery, an eminence at some dis

tore open the boards of a window, leapt down tance from where the building had been com

fifteen feet in height, and continued his flight up menced. I mention these popular fables because

the river. Looking back to Gask, he discovered the introduction of the River and Mountain

the tower on fire, and the form of Fawdon upon Spirits may not, at first sight, seem to accord

the battlements, dilated to iminense size, and with the generel tone of the romance, and the

| holding in his hand a blazing rafter. superstitions of the country where the scene is Dimly he viewed the Moat-hill's mound. lard.

-St. XXV, p. 7. A fancied moss-trooper, &c.-St, XIX, p. 6. This is a round, artificial mount near Iawick, This was the usual appellation of the ma which, from its name, was probably anciently randers upon the Border a profession diligently used as a place for assembling a national council pursned by the inhabitants on both sides, and

of the adjacent tribes. There are many such by none more actively and successfully than by

mounds in Scotland, and they are sometimes, Buccleuch's clan. Long after the union of this

but rarely, of a square form. crowns, the moss-troopers, although sink in re

Bencath the tower of Hazeldean.--St. XXy, p. 7. putation, and no longer enjoying the pretext of

The estate of Hazeldean, corruptly Hassennational hostility, continued to pursue their calling.

dean, belonged formerly to a family of Scotts. William of Deloraine.-St. xx, p. 6.

On Minto-crags the moon-beams glint.

-St. XXVII, p. 7. The lands of Deloraine are joined to those of

A romantic assemblage of cliffs, which rise Bucclench, in Ettricke Forest They were im- suddenly above the vale of Tevoit, in the immemorially possessed by the Bliccleich family mediate vicinity of the family-seat, from which under the strong title of occupancy, although Lord Minto takes his title. A small platform. on no charter was obtained from the crown until a projecting crag, commanding a most beautiful 1545. Like other possessions, the lands of Delo

prospect, is termed Barnhills' Bed. This Barnraine were occasionally granted by them to

hills is said to have been a robber or outlaw. vassals or kinsmen for Border service. Sat

| There are remains of a strong tower beneath the chells inentions, among the twenty-four gen

rocks, where he is supposed to have dwelt, and tlemen pensioners of the family, William Scott,

from which he derived his name. On the sumcommonly called Cut-at-the-Black, who had the mit of the crags are the fraginents of another lands of Nether Deloraine for his service." And

ancient tower, in a very picturesque situation. again, « This William of Deloraine, commonly

Among the houses cast down by the Earl of called Cut-at-the-Black, was a brother of the an

Hartforde, in 1545, occnr the towers of Easter cient house of Haining, which house of Haining

Barnhills, and of Minto-crag, with Minto town is descended from the ancient house of Hessen

and place. dean." The lands of Deloraine now give an Earl's title to the descendant of Henry the Ancient Riddel's fair domain.-St. XXVIII. p. 7. Seeond, surviving son of the Duchess of Buc The family of Riddell have been verv long in cleuch and Moninouth. I have endeavoured to possession of the barony called Riddell, or Ryegive William of Deloraine the attributes which dale, part of which still bears the latter name. characterized the Borderers of his day,

As glanced his eye o'er Haldon.-St. p. XXX,' 7. By wily turns, by desperate bounds,

Halidon was an ancient seat of the Kerrs oi Had baffled Percy's best bloodhounds.

Cessford, now demolished. About a quarter of -St. XXI, p. 6.

a mile to the northward lay the field of battle The kings and heroes of Scotland, as well as betwixt Buccleuch and angns, which is called the Borderers, were sometimes obliged to study to this day the Skirmish field. See the fourth how to evade the pursuit of bloodhounds. Bar- note on this Canto. bour informs us that Robert Bruce was repeatedly tracked by sleuth-dogs. On one occa

Oid Melros' rose, and fair Tweed ran. " slon, he escaped by wading a bowshot down a

-St. XXXI, p. 7. brook, and thas ba tied the scent.

The ancient and beautiful monastery of Mel. A sare way of stopping the dog w spill rose was founded by King David I. Its rains

cient honged from the Deloraine of Henry the is descentne lanche descendhe Duches folled the

has resirfect shant's scene of the are reporved

ornght. In somme, there are recarved

barei Acana i pe

afford the finest specimen of Gothic architec- rivals in military fame. The issue of the conflict ture, and Gothic sculpture, which Scotland can is well known: Percs was made prisoner, and boast. The stone of which it is built, though it | the Scots won the day, dearly purchased by the has resisted the weather for so many ages, re- death of their gallant general, the Earl of Douglas, tains perfect sharpness, so that even the most who was slain in the action. He was buried at minute ornaments seem as entire as when Melrose beneath the high altar. newly wrought. In some of the cloisters, as is hinted in the next Canto, there are representa -- Dark knight of Liddisdale.--St. x, p. 8. tions of flowers, vegetables, &c., carved in William Douglas, called the knight of Liddisstone, with accuracy and precision so delicate, dale, flourished during the reign of David II: that we almost distrust onr senses, when wo and was so distinguished by his valour, that he consider the difficulty of subjecting so hard a

was called the Flower of Chivalry. Neverthesubstance to such intricate and exquisite modu

less, he tarnished his renown by the cruel murlation. This superb convent was dedicated to der 'of Sir Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie, oriSt. Mary, and the monks were of the Cistertian

ginally his friend and brother in arms. The king order. At the time of the Reformation, they had conferred upon Ramsay the sheriffdom of shared in the general reproach of sensuality and Teviotdale, to which Douglas pretended some irregularity thrown upon the Roman church

claim. In revenge of this preference, the knight men.

of Liddisdale came down upon Ramsay, while he was administering justice at Hawick, seized, and

carried him off to his remote and inacessible CANTO II.

castle of Hermitage, where he threw his unforWhen silver edges the imagery

tunate prisoner, horse and man, into a dungeon, And the scrolls that teach thee to hire and die. and left him to perish of hunger. It is said, the

--St. 1, p. 8.

miserable captive prolonged his existence for The buttresses, ranged along the sides of the

several days by the corn which fell from a graruins of Melrose, are, according to the Gothic

nary about the vault in which he was confined. style, richly carved and fretted, containing

So weak was the royal authority, that David,

although highly incensed at this atrocious murniches for the statues of saints, and labelled with scrolls, bearing appropriate texts of Scrip

der, found himself obliged to appoint the knight ture. Most of these statues have been de

of Liddisdale successor to his victim, as sheriff molished.

of Teviotdale. But he was soon after slain,

while hunting in Ettricke Forest, by his own god--St David's ruined pile.-St. 1, p. 8.

son and chieftain, William Earl of Douglas, in David the First of Scotland purchased the re

revenge, according to some authors, of Ramsay's putation of sanctity, by founding, and liberally

murder; although a popular tradition, preserved endowing, not only the monastery of Melrose,

in a ballad quoted by Godscroft, and some parts but those of Kelso, Jedburgh, and many others,

of which are still preserved, ascribes the resentwhich led to the well-known observation of his

ment of the Earl to jealousy. The place where successor, that he was a sore saint for the crown.

the knight of Liddisdale was killed is called,

from his name, Williams-cross, upon the ridge of ---Lands and livings, many a rood,

a hill called William Hope, betwixt Tweed and Had gifted the shrine for their souls' repose. Yarrow.

--St. II, p 8. Some years ago, a person digging for stones, The Buccleuch family were great benefactors

about the old Castle of Hermitage, broke into a to the Abbey of Melrose. As early as the reign

vault, containing a quantity of chaff, some bones, of Robert II, Robert Scott, baron of Murdieston

and pieces of iron; amongst others, the curb of and Rankelburn (now Buccleuch), gave to the

an ancient bridle, which the author has since monks the lands of Hinkery, in Ettricke Forest.

given to the Earl of Dalhousie, under the impression that it possibly may be a relique of his brave ancestor. The worthy clergyman of the

parish has mentioned this discovery in his statisSave to patter an Ave Mary,

tical account of Castletown. When I ride on a Border foray.

-St. vi, p. 8.

The moon on the east oriel shone.--St. XI, p. 8. The Borderers were, as may be supposed, very

It is impossible to conceive a more beautiful ignorant about religious matters. But, however

specimen of the lightness and elegance of Gothic deficient in real religion, they regularly told

architecture, when in its purity, than the eastern their beads, and never with more zeal than

window of Melrose Abbey. Sir James Hall of when going on a plundering expedition

Dunglas, Bart., has, with great ingennity and

plansibility, traced the Gothic order through its Beneath their feet were the bones of the deaa. various forms, and seemingly eccentric orna

-St. VII, p. 8 ments, to an architectural imitation of wickerThe cloisters were frequently used as places of work; of which, as we learn from some of the sepulchre.

legends, the earliest Christian churches were

constructed. In such an edifice, the original of So had he seen, in fair Castile,

the clustered pillars is traced to a set of round The youth in glittering squadrons start; posts, begirt with slender rods of willow, whose Sudden the flying jennet wheel,

loose summits were brought to meet from all And hurl the unexpected dart.

quarters, and bound together artificially, so as to -St. viii, p. 8.

produce the framework of the roof; and the traThis mode of fighting with darts was imitated cery of our Gothic windows is displayed in the in the military game called Juego de las canas, meeting and interlacing of rods and hoops, which the Spaniards borrowed from their affording an inexhaustible variety of beautiful Moorish invaders.

forms of open work. This ingenious system is

alluded to in the romance.
-----Thy low and lonely urn,
O gallant chief of Otterburne.-St. X, p. 8.

They sate them down on a marble stone, . The famous and desperate battle of Otterburne

A Scottish monarch slept below. was fought 15th August, 1388, betwixt Henry

-St. XII, p. 8. Percy, called Hotspur, and James Earlof Douglas. A large marble stone, in the chancel of MelBoth these renowned champions were at the rose, is pointed out as the monument of Alexhead of a chosen body of troops, and they were ander II, one of the greatest of our early kings;

to hobert ilyen


Prayer know I hardly one;

he had songs refue king not


others say, it is the resting-place of Waldeve, one, embassy to obtain from the King of France satisof the early abbots, who died in the odour of faction for certain piracies committed by his sanctity.

subjects upon those of Scotland. Instead of The wondrous Michael Scott.-St. XIII, p. 9.

preparing a new equipage and splendid retinue,

the ambassador retreated to his study, opened Sir Michael Scott of Balwearie flourished his book, and evoked a fiend in the shape of a during the 13th century, and was one of the am- huge black horse, mounted upon his back, and bassadors sent to bring the Maid of Norway to forced him to fly through the air towards Scotland upon the death of Alexander III. By a France. As they crossed the sea, the devil inpoetical anachronism, he is here placed in a sidiously asked his rider what it was that the later era. He was a man of much learning, old women of Scotland muttered at bedtime? A chiefly acquired in foreign countries. He wrote less experienced wizard might have answered a cominentary upon Aristotle, printed at Venice that it was the Pater Noster, which would have iu 1496, and several treatises upon natural phi- I licensed the devil to precipitate him from his losophy, from which he appears to have been back. But Michael sternly replied, “What is addicted to the abstruse studies of judicial astro- that to thee? Mount, Diabolus, and fiy !" When logy, alchymy, physiognomy, and chiromancy. he arrived at Paris, he tied his horse to the gate Hence, he passed among his contemporaries for of the palace, entered, and boldly delivered his a skilful magician. Dempster informs us, that message. An ambassador with so little of the he remembers to have heard, in his youth, that pomp and circumstance of diplomacy was not the magic books of Michael Scott were still in received with much respect; and the king was existence, but could not be opened without about to return a contemptuous refusal to his danger, on account of the fiends who were there demand, when Michael besought him to suspend by invoked.

his resolution till he had seen his horse stump ----Salamanca's cave.-St. XIII, p. 9.

three times. The first stamp shook every Spain, from the reliques, doubtless, of Arabian

steeple in Paris, and caused all the bells to ring:

the second threw down three of the towers of learning and superstition, was accounted a favourite residence of magicians. Pope Sylvester,

the palace; and the infernal steed had lifted his

hoof to give the third stamp, when the king who actually imported from Spain the tise of the

rather chose to dismiss Michael with the most Arabian nunerals, was supposed to have learned there the magic for which he was stigmatized by

ample concessions than to stand to the probable

consequences. Upon another occasion, the the ignorance of his age. There were public schools where magic, or rather the sciences sup

magician, having studied so long in the moun

tains that he became faint for want of food, sent posed to involve its mysteries, were regularly

his servant to procure some from the nearest taught, at Toledo, Seville, and Salamanca. In

farm-house. The attendant received a charlish the latter city they were held in a deep cavern,

denial from the farmer. Michael commanded the mouth of which was walled up by Queen Isabella, wife of King Ferdinand.

him to return to this rustic Nabal, and lay before In a romantic history of Roderic, the last

him his cap or bonnet, repeating these wordsGothic king of Spain, he is said to have entered

Maister Michael Scott's man one of those enchanted caverns. It was situated

Sought meat, and gat nane. beneath an ancient tower near Toledo, and when When this was done and said, the enchanted the iron gates which secured the entrance were bonnet became suddenly inflated, and began to unfolded, there rushed forth so dreadful a whirl run round the house with great speed, pursued wind that hitherto no one had dared to penetrate by the farmer, his wife, his servants, and the into its recesses. But Roderic, threatened with reapers, who were on the neighbouring har'st an invasion of the Moors, resolved to enter the rigg. No one had the power to resist the fascicavern, where he expected to find some pro nation, or refrain from joining in the pursuit of phetic intimation of the event of the war. Ac. the bonnet, until they were totally exhausted cordingly, his train being furnished with torches with their ludicrous exercise. so artificially composed that the tempest could Michael, like his predecessor Merlin, fell at not extinguish them, the king with great diffi last a victim to female art. His wife, or conciculty penetrated into a square hall inscribed all bine, clicited ont of him the secret that his art over with Arabian characters. In the midst could ward off any danger except the poisonous stood a colossal statue of brass, representing a qualities of broth made of the flesh of a sow. Saracen wielding a Moorish mace, with which Such a mess she accordingly administered to the it discharged furious blows on all sides, and wizard, who died in consequence of eating itseemed thus to excite the tempest which raged surviving, however, long enough to put to death around. Being conjnred by Roderic, it ceased his treacherous confidante. from striking until he read, inscribed on the right hand, " Wretched monarch, for thy evil hast

The words that cleft Eildon hills in three, thou come hither;" on the left hand, Thou shalt And bridled the T'iceed with a curb of stone. be dispossessed by a strange people;" on one

--St. XIII, p. 9. shoulder, " I invoke the sons of Hagar;" on the Michael Scott was, once upon a time, much other, I do mine office." When the king had embarrassed by a spirit, for whom he was under deciphered these ominous inscriptions, the statue the necessity of finding constant employment. returned to its exercise, the tempest commenced He commanded him to build a cauld, or damanew, and Roderic retired to mourn over the head, across the Tweed at Kelso ; it was accompredicted evils which approached his throne. Ile plished in one night, and still does honour to the caused the gates of the cavern to be locked and infernal architect. Michael next ordered that barricaded; but in the course of the night the Eildon Hill, which was then a uniform cone, tower fell with a tremendous noise, and under should be divided into three. Another night its ruins concealed for ever the entrance to the was sufficient to part its suunmit into the three mystic cavern. The conquest of Spain by the picturesque peaks which it now bears. At Saracens, and the death of the unfortunate Don length the enchanter conquered this indefatiRoderic, fulfilled the prophecy of the brazen gable dæmon, by employing him in the hopeless statue.

and endless task of making ropes out of sea

sand. The bells would ring in Notre Dame.-St. xlii, p. 9. That future antiquaries may lay no omission

That lamp shall burn unquenchably to my charge, I have noted one or two of the

--St. XVII, p. 9. most current traditions concerning Michael | Baptista Porta, and other anthors who treat of Scott. He was chosen, it is said, to go upon an natural magic, talk much of eternal lamps, pre

ug furnine tempesat difti,

e n possessed in coke edes on Photions, the state

, the dau composedent receipts.com

traditise, or Jedd from bens, they there is a bap

tended to have been found burning in ancient the truth of the story ; although, I must own. I sepulchros. One of these perpetual lamps is cannot help thinking there must be some missaid to have been discovered in the tomb of representation in it." Tulliola, the daughter of Cicero. The wick was To this acconnt I have to add the following supposed to be composed of asbestos. Kircher particulars from the most respectable authority. enumerates three different receipts for con Besides constantly repeating the word tint! tint! structing such lamps ; and wisely concludes, Gilpin Horner was often heard to call upon Peter that the thing is nevertheless impossible. Delrio Bertram, or Be-teram, as he pronounced the imputes the fabrication of such lights to magical word; and when the shrili voice called Gilpin skill.

Horner, he immediately acknowledged it was He thought, as he took it, the deud man frowned.

the summons of the said Peter Bertram : who -St. XXI, p. 9.

seems therefore to have been the devil who had

tint, or lost, the little imp. William of Deloraine might be strengthened in this belief by the well-known story of the Cid Ruy Diaz. When the body of that famous Christian champion was sitting in state by the high altar, where it remained for ten years, a certain malicious Jew attempted to pull him by the

CANTO IIL. beard: but he had no sooner touched the formidable whiskers, than the corpse started up, When, dancing in the sunny beam, and half unsheathed his sword. The Israelite

He marked the crane on the Baron's crest. fled, and so permanent was the effect of his

--St. IV, p. 11. terror, that he became Christian.

The crest of the Cranstons, in allusion to their The Baron's Duarf his courser held

name, is a crane dormant, holding a stone in his

--St. XXXI, p. 10. foot, with an emphatic Border motto, Thou shall The idea of Lord Cranstorn's Goblin Page is

want ere I want. taken from a being called Gilpin Horner, who

Much he marvelled a knight of pride, appeared, and made some stay, at a farm-house

Like a book-bosomed priest should ride. ainong the Border mountains. A gentleman of

-St. Vili, . 11. that country has noted down the following particulars concerning his appearance:

"At Unthank, two miles N. E. from the church "The only certain, at least, most probable,

of Ewes), there are the ruins of a chapel for account that ever I heard of Gilpin Horner, was

divine service, in time of popery. There is a from an old man of the name of Anderson, who

tradition, that friars were wont to come from was born, and lived all his life at Todshawhill, in

Melrose, or Jedburgh, to baptize and marry in Eskedale-muir, the place where Gilpin appeared

this parish; and from being in use to carry the and stayed for some time. Ile said there were

mass-book in their bosoms, they were called by two men, late in the evining, when it was grow

the inhabitants Book a-bosomes. There is a man ing dark, employed in fastening the horses upon

yet alive, who knew old men that had been bapthe uttermost part of their ground that is, tying

tized by these Book a-bosomes, and who sass their fore feet together, to hinder them from

one of them, called Hair, used this parish for a travelling far in the night), when they heard a

very long time."- Macfarlane's MSS. voice, at some distance, crying, tint! tint! tint.*

It had much of glamour might.-St. ix, p. 11. One of the men, named Moffat, called out, What de'il has tint you ? Come here. Im

Glamour, in the legends of Scottish superstimediately a creature of something like a human

tion, means the magic power of imposing on the form appeared. It was surprisingly little, dis

eyesight of the spectators, so that the appeartorted in features, and misshapen in limbs. As

ance of an object shall be totally different from soon as the two men could see it plainly, they

the reality. run home in a great fright, imagining they had Nou, if you ask ucho gave the stroke, met with some goblin. By the way Moffat fell,

I cannot tell, so mot I thrire; and it ran over him, and was home at the

It was not given by man alive. -St. X, p. 12. honse as soon as any of them, and stayed there a long time; but I cannot say how long. It

Some writer upon Dæmonology tells us of a was real flesh and blood, and ate and drank,

person, who was very desirous to establish a was fond of cream, and, when he could get at it,

connexion with the invisible world; and failing would destroy a great deal. It seemed a mis

in all his conjurations, began to entertain doubts chievous creature; and any of the children whom

of the existence of spirits. While this thought it could master, it would beat and scratch with

was passing through his mind, he received, from out mercy. It was once abusing a child belong

an unseen hand, a very violent blow. He had ing to the same Moffat, who had been so fright

immediately recourse to his magical arts; but

was unsuccessful in evoking the spirit, who had ened by its first appearance; and he, in a pas.

made his existence so sensibly felt. sion, struck it so violent a blow upon the side of

A learned the head, that it tumbled upon the ground; but

priest told him, long after, that the being who it was not stunned, for it set up its head directly,

had so chastised his incredulity, would be the and exclaimed, Ah, hah, Will o' Moffat, you

first whom he should see after his death. strike sair!'(viz., sore.) After it had stayed there

The running stream dissolved the spell. long, one evening, when the women were milk

--St. XIII, p. 12. ing the cows in the loan, it was playing among

It is a firm article of popular faith, that no enthe children near by them, when suddenly they heard a loud shrill voice cry three times, Gilpin

I chantment can subsist in a living stream. Nay, Horner!' It started, and said, That is me, I must

if you can interpose a brook betwixt you and away;' and instantly disappeared, and was never

witches, spectres, or even fiends, you are in perheard of more. Old Anderson did not remember

fect safety, Burns's inimitable Tam o' Shanter it, but said he had often heard his father, and

turns entirely upon such a circumstance. The other old men in the place, who where there at

belief seems to be of antiquity. Brompton inthe time, speak about it, and in my younger

forms us, that certain Irish wizards could, by years I have often heard it mentioned, and never

spells, convert earthen clods, or stones, into fat met with any who had the remotest doubt as to

pigs, which they sold in the market; but which always resumed their proper form, when driven

by the deceived purchaser across a running * Tint signifies lost.


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ing the ceevening.

His buckler scarce in breadth a span,

Belted Will Howard.--St. VI, p. 14. No longer fence had he;

Lord William Howard, third son of Thomas, He never counted him a man, Would strike below the knee.

Duke of Norfolk, succeeded to Naworth Castle,

and a large domain annexed to it, in right of his -St. XVII, p. 12.

wife Elizabeth, sister of George Lord Dacre, To wound an antagonist in the thigh, or leg, who died without he rs male, in the the Ilth of was reckoned contrary to the law of arms.

Queen Elizabeth. By a poetical anachronism,

he is introduced into the romance a few years On Penchryst glous a ba le of fire,

earlier than he actually flourished. He was And three are kindling on Priesthaughsuire.

warden of the Western Marches; and from the

-St. XXVII, p. 13. rigour with which he repressed the Border exThe Border beacons, from their number and cesses, the name of Belted Will Howard is still position, formed a sort of telegraphic communi famous in our tradition. In the Castle of Nacation with Edinburgh. The Act of Parliament worth, his apartments, containing a bedroom, 1455, c. 48, directs that one bale or faggot shall oratory, and library, are still shown. They imbe warning of the approach of the English in any press us with an unpleasing idea of the life of a manner; two bales, that they are coming indeed; lord warden of the marches. Three or fonr four bales blazing beside each other, that the strong doors, separating these rooms from th. enemy are in great force.

rest of the castle, indicate apprehensions of trea

chery from his garrison; and the secret winding On many a cairn's gray pyramid,

passages, through which he could privately deWhere urns of mighty chiefs lie hid.

scend into the guard-room, or even into the dun

--St. XXIX p. 13. geon, imply the necessity of no small degree of The cairns, or piles of loose stone, which crown

secret superintendence on the part of the the summit of most of our Scottish hills, and are

governor. As the ancient books and furniture foundin other remarkable situations,seem usually,

have remained andisturbed, the venerable apthough not universally, to have been sepulchral

pearance of these apartments, and the armour monuments. Six fiat stones are commonly found

scattered around the chamber, almost lead us to in the centre, forming a cavity of greater or

expect the arrival of the warden in person. Nasmaller dimensions, in which an urn is often

worth Castle is situated near Brampton, in placed. The author is possessed of one discovered Cumberland. Lord William Howard is ancestor beneath an immense cairn at Roughlee, in

of the Earls of Carlisle. Liddesdale. It is of the most barbarous construction; the middle of the substance alone

Lord Dacre.-St. VI, p. 14.. having been subjected to the fire, over which, The well-known name of Dacre is derived from when hardened, the artist had laid an inner and the exploits of one of their ancestors at the slege outer coat of unbaked clay, etched with some of Acre or Ptolemais, under Richard Cour de very rude ornaments; his skill apparently being Lion. There were two powerful branches of that inadequate to baking the vase when completely name. The first family, called Lord Dacres of finished. The contents were bones and ashes, the South, heid the castle of the same name, and and a quantity of beads made of coal. This seems

are ancestors to the present Lord Dacre. The to have been a barbarous iipitation of the Roman other family, descended from the same stock, fashion of sepulture.

were called Lord Dacres of the North, and were barons of Gilsland and Graystock. A chieftain of the latter branch was warden of the West

Marches during the reign of Edward VI. HO "CANTO IV.

was a man of a hot and obstinate character, as Great Dundee.-St. II, p. 14.

appears from some particulars of Lord Surrey's The Viscount of Dundee, slain in the battle of

letter to Henry VIII, giving an account of his Killycrankie.

behaviour at the siege and storm of Jedburgh. For pathless march and mountain cell,

The German hagbut-men.-St. vi, p. 14. The peasant left huis lowly shed.-St. III, p. 14.

In the wars with Scotland, Henry VII and The morasses were the usual refuge of the

his successors employed numerous bands of Border herdsmen, on the approach of an English army. Caves, hewed in the most dangerous and

were in the English army six hundred hackinaccessible places, also afforded an occasional

butters on foot, and two hundred on horseback, retreat. Such caverns may be seen in the pre

composed chiefly of foreigners. cipitous banks on the Teviot at Sunlaws and Ancram, upon the Jed at Hundalee, and in many Their pleited garments therewith well accord, other places upon the Border. The banks of the All jadge and frounts with divers colours deckt. Eske, at Gorton and Hawthornden, are hollowed into similar recesses.

His ready lances Thirlestane brare
Billhope Stag.-St. V, p. 14.

Arrayed beneath a banner bright.

--St. VIII, p. 15. There is an old rhyme, which thus celebrates the places in Liddisdale, remarkable for game :-- Sir John Scott of Thirlestane flourished in the

reign of James V, and possessed the estates of Bilhope braes for bucks and raes,

Thirlestane, Gamescleuch, &c., lying upon the And Carit haugh for swine,

river of Ettricke, and extending to St. Mary's And Tarras for the good bull-trout,

Loch, at the head of Yarrow It appears that If he be ta'en in time.

when James had assembled his nobility and The bucks and roes, as well as the old swine,

their feudal followers at Fala with the purpose are now extinct; but the good bull-tront is still

of invading England, and was, as is well known, famous.

disappointed by the obstinate refusal of his

peers, this baron declared himself ready to follow Of silver brooch and bracelet proud.-St v, p. 14. the king wherever he should lead. In memory

As the Borderers were indifferent about the of his fidelity, James granted to his family a furniture of their habitations, so much exposed charter of arms, entitling them to bear a border to be burned and plundered, they were propor

of fleurs-de-luce, similar to the tressure in the tionally anxious to display splendour in decora- royal arms, with a bundle of spears for the crest; ting and ornamenting their females.

motto, Ready, aye ready.

ge of the his successorso per At the battle of Piney hack

tinc any anxious plondere d$, so muchas

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