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different de clad only in kearin the centes erant of
panies he and his whole followers were slain, solarly fitted them. But this policy was not with. that none escaped: the captain afterwards being out its risks. Previous to the battle of Falkirk, searched, they found (as it is reported) his mis- | the Welsh quarrelled with the English inen-attress's letter about him."-HUME's History of the arms, and after bloodshed on both parts, sepaHouse of Douglas.
rated themselves from his army, and the feud
between them, at so dangerous and critical a And fiery Edwarod routed stout St. John.
juncture, was reconciled with difficulty. Ed-St. I, p. 168.
ward II followed his father's example in this * John de St. John, with 15,000 horsemen, had particular, and with no better success. They advanced to oppose the inroad of the Scots. By could not be brought to exert themselves in the a forced march he endeavoured io surprise them, cause of their conquerors. But they had an inbut intelligence of his motions was timeously re different reward for their forbearance. Without ceived. The courage of Edward Bruce, ap- arms, and clad only in scanty dresses of linen proaching to temerity, frequently enabled him cloth, they appeared naked in the eyes even of to achieve what men of inore judicious valour
| the Scottish peasantry; and after the rout of would never have attempted. He ordered the Bannockburn, were massacred by them in great infantry, and the meaner sort of his army, to numbers, as they retired in confusion towards entrench themselves in strong narrow ground. their own country. They were under cominand He himself, with fifty horsemen well harnessed, of Sir Maurice de Berkeley. issued forth under cover of a thick mist, suurprised the English on their march, attacked and
Their chief, Fitz-Louis.-St. ix, p. 169. dispersed them."-DALRYMPLE'S Annals of Scot
Fitz-Louis, or Mac-Louis, otherwise called land.
Fullarton, is a family of ancient descent in the
Isle of Arran. They are said to be of French When Randolph's wae-cry swell d the southern
origin, as the name intimates. They attached gale.-St. 1, p. 168.
themselves to Bruce upon his first landing; and Thomas Randolph, Bruce's sister's son, a re- | Fergus Mac-Lonis, or Fullarton, received from nowned Scottish chief, was in the early part of the grateful monarch a charter, dated 26th Nohis life not more remarkable for consistency | vember, in the second year of his reign (1307), than Bruce himself. He espoused his uncle's for the lands of Kilmichel, and others, which party when Bruce first assumed the crown, and still remain in this very ancient and respectable was made prisoner at the fatal battle of Meth family. ven, in which his relative's hopes appeared to
In battles four beneath their eye, be ruined. Randolph accordingly not only sub
The forces of King Robert lie. mitted to the English, but took an active part
--St. x, p. 169. against Bruce ; appeared in arms against hiin; and, in the skirinish where he was so closely
The arrangements adopted by King Robert for pursued by the bloodhound, it is said his nephew
the decisive battle of Bannockburii, are given took his standard with his own hand. But Ran
very distinctly by Barbour, and form an edifydolph was afterwards made prisoner by Douglas
ing lesson to tacticians. Yet, till commented in Tweeddale, and brought before King Robert.
upon by Lord Hailes, this important passage of Some harsh language was exchanged between
history has been generally and strangely misthe uncle and nephew, and the latter was com
understood by historians. I will here endeamitted for a time to close custody. Afterwards, however, they were reconciled, and Randolph
Two days before the battle, Bruce selected the was created Earl of Moray about 1312. After
field of action, and took post there with his this period he eminently distinguished himself,
army, consisting of about 30,000 disciplined men, first by the surprise of Edinburgh Castle, and
and about half the number of disorderly attenafterwards by many similar enterprises, con
dants upon the camp. The ground was called ducted with equal courage and ability.
the New Park of Stirling; it was partly open,
and partly broken by copses of wood and marshy Stirling's towers,
ground. He divided his regular forces into four Beleaguer'd by King Robert's powers;
divisions. Three of these occupied a front line, And they took term of truce. -St. iv, p. 168. separated from each other, yet sufficiently near When a long train of success, actively im
for the purpose of communication. The fourth proved by Robert Bruce, had made him master
division formed a reserve. The line extended of almost all Scotland, Stirling Castle continued
in a north-easterly direction from the brook of to hold out. The care of the blockade was com
Bannock, which was so rugged and broken as to mitted by the King to his brother Edward, who
cover the right flank effectually, to the village concluded a treaty with Sir Philip Mowbray,
of Saint Ninians, probably in the line of the prethe governor, that he should surrender the for
sent road from Stirling to Kilsyth. Edward tress, if it were not succoured by the King of
Bruce commanded the right wing, which was England before St. John the Baptist's day. The
strengthened by a strong body of cavalry under King severely blamed his brother for the iin
Keith, the Mareschal of Scotland, to whom was policy of a treaty, which gave time to the King
committed the important charge of attacking the of England to advance to the relief of the castle
English archers; Douglas, and the young with all his assembled forces, and obliged him
Steward of Scotland, led the central wing; and self either to meet them in battle with an in
Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray, the left wing. ferior force, or to retreat with dishonour. "Let
The King himself commanded the fourth diviall England come," answered the reckless Ed
sion, which lay in reserve behind the others. ward, we will fight them were they more."
The royal standard was pitched, according to The consequence was, of course, that cach king
tradition, in a stone, having a round hole for its dom mustered its strength for the expected
reception, and thence called the Bore-stone. It battle; and as the space agreed upon reached
is stiil shown on the top of a small eminence, from Lent to Midsummer, full time was allowed
called Brock's-brae, to the south-west of Saint for that purpose.
Ninians. His main body thus disposed, King
Kobert sent the followers of the camp, fifteen And Cambria, but of late subdued,
thousand and upwards in number, to the emiSeni forth her mountain-multitude.
nence in rear of his army, called from that cir
-St. IV, p. 168. cumstance the Gillies' (1.e., the servants') Hill. Edward the First, with the usual policy of a conqueror, employed the Welsh, whom he had obvious. The Scottish left flank, protected by subdued, to assist him in his Scottish wars, for the brook of Bannock, could not be turned; or, which their habits, as mountaineers, particu- J if that attempt were made, a movement by the
understaetail it ful Lie battle, Br there withinen,
arlor he centra, the king the
which their habits.nag in his Scottish wars rad obvious. The scvantages of this positiehui...
on, if the movine Hill, ia be situdorians, only
ist, the Mowbra as a breve rend in pla
bab case, the strege. Secondi enable them
the aficienth of thes, had them
reserve might have covered it. Again, the Eng
The Monarch rode along the van. lish could not pass the Scottish army, and
--St. XIII, p. 170. move towards Stirling, without exposing their The English vanguard, commanded by the flank to be attacked while in march.
| Earls of Gloucester and Hereford, came in sight If, on the other hand, the Scottish line had been
of the Scottish army upon the evening of the drawn up east and west, and facing to the south
| 23rd of June. Bruce was then riding upon a ward, as affirmed by Buchanan, and adopted
little palfrey, in front of his foremost line, putby Mr. Nimmo, the author of the History of
ting his host in order. It was then that the perStirlingshire, there appears nothing to have pre sonal encounter took place betwixt him and Sir vented the English approaching upon the carse,
| Henry de Bohun, a galant English knight, the or level ground, from Falkirk, either from turn
| issue of which had a great effect upon the spirits ing the Scottish left flank, or from passing their of both armies. The Scottish leaders remonposition, if they preferred it, without coming to
strated with the King upon his temerity. He an action, and moving on to the relief of Stir
only answered, “I have broken my good battleling. And the Gillies' Hill, if this less probable
axe." The English vanguard retreated after hypothesis be adopted, would be situated, not in
witnessing this single combat. Probably their the rear, as allowed by all the historians, but
generals did not think it advisable to hazard an upon the left flank of Bruce's army. The only
attack while its unfavourable issue remained objection to the hypothesis above laid down, is,
upon their minds. that the left flank of Bruce's army was thereby exposed to a sally from the garrison of Stirling. What train of dust, with trumpet sound But, first, the garrison were bound to neutral And glimmering spears, is wheeling round ity by terms of Mowbray's treaty; and Barbour
Our leftward flank?-St. XVIII, p. 171. even seems to censure, as a breach of faith, some secret assistance which they rendered their
While the van of the English army advanced, countrymen upon the eve of battle, in placing
a detached body attempted to relieve Stirling. temporary bridges of doors and spars over the
Lord Hailes gives the following account of this pools of water in the carse, to enable them to ad
manæuvre and the result, which is accompanied vance to the charge. Secondly, had this not been
by circumstances highly characteristic of the the case, the strength of the garrison was pro
chivalrous manners of the age, and displays that bably not sufficient to excite apprehension.
generosity which reconciles is even to their Thirdly, the adverse hypothesis leaves the rear
ferocity upon other occasions. of the Scottish army as much exposed to the
Bruce had enjoined Randolph, who commanded Stirling garrison, as the left flank would be in
| the left wing of his army, to be vigilant in prethe case supposed.
venting any advanced parties of the English from It only remains to notice the nature of the
throwing suecours into the castle of Stirling.' ground in front of Bruce's line of battle. Being
"Eight hundred horsemen, commanded by Sir part of a park, or chase, it was considerably in
Robert Clifford, were detached from the English terrupted with trees; and an extensive marsh,
army; they made a circuit by the low grounds to still visible, in some places rendered it inacces
the east, and approached the castle. The King sible, and in all of difficult approach. More to
perceived their motions, and, coming up to Ranthe northward, where the natural impediments
dolph, angrily exclaimed, Thoughtless man! were fewer, Bruce fortified his position against
you have suffered the enemy to pass.' Randolph cavalry, by digging a number of pits so close to
hastened to repair his fault, or perish. As he gether, says Barbour, as to resemble the cells in
advanced, the English cavalry wheeled to attack a honeycomb. They were a foot in breadth, and
him. Randolph drew up his troops in a circular between two and three feet deep, many rows of
form, with their spears resting on the ground, them being placed one behind the other. They
and protended on every side. At the first onset, were slightly covered with brushwood and
Sir William Daynecourt, an English commander green sods, so as not to be obvious to an impe
of distinguished note, was slain. The enemy, far tuous enemy
superior in numbers to Randolph, environed All the Scottish army were on foot, excepting
him, and pressed hard on his little band. DOHa select body of cavalry stationed with Edward
glas saw his jeopardy, and requested the King's Bruce on the right wing. under the immediate permission to go and sticcolir hiin. You shall command of Sir Robert Keith, the Marshal of
not move from your ground,'cried the King: 'let Scotland, who were destined for the important
Randolph extricate himself as he best may. I will service of charging and dispersing the English
not alter my order of battle, and lose the advanarchers.
tage of my position.'--' In truth,' replied DouThus judiciously posted, in a situation fortified
las, I cannot stand by and see Randolph perish: both by art and nature, Bruce awaited the
and, therefore, with your leave, I must aid him. attack of the English.
The King unwillingly consented, and Douglas
flew to the assistance of his friend. While Beyond, the Southern host appears.
approaching, he perceived that the English were
--St. xp. 169. falling into disorder, and that the perseverance l'pon the 23rd June, 1314, the alarm reached of Randolph had prevailed over their impetuons the Scottish army of the approach of the enemy.
courage. Halt,' cried Douglas, 'those brave Douglas and the Marshal were sent to recon men have repulsed the enemy : let us not diminoitre with a body of cavalry. The two Scottish nish their glory by sharing it.'"-DALRYMPLE'S commanders were cautious in the account which Annals of Scotland. they bronght back to their camp. To the king in Two large stones erected at the north end of private they told the formidable state of the the village of Newhouse, about a quarter of a enemy; but in publie reported that the English ] mile from the south part of Stirling, ascertain were indeed a numerous host, but ill com the place of this memorable skirmish. The cirmanded, and worse disciplined.
cumstance tends, were confirmation necessary.
to support the opinion of Lord Hailes, that the With these the valiant of the Isles
Scottish line had 'Stirling on its left flank. It will Beneath their chieftains ranked their files.
be remembered, that Randolph commanded in
-St. xip. 170. fantry, Daynecourt cavalry. Supposing, thereThe men of Argyle, the islanders, and the fore, according to the vulgar hypothesis, that Highlanders in general, were ranked in the rear. the Scottish line was drawn up, facing to the They must have been numerous, for Bruce had south, in the line of the brook of Bannock, and reconciled himself with almost all their chief consequently that Randolph was stationed with tains, excepting the obnoxious MacDougals of his left flank resting upon Milntown bog, it is Lorn.
morally impossible that his infantry, moving
the English up his troops the grounet;
glas saw blessed hard on Randolph.
where its resuch litttle usn for the second not
from that position, with whatever celerity, could English archers. As the bowmen had no spears cut off from Stirling a body of cavalry who had nor long weapons fit to defend themselves already passed St. Ninians, or, in other words, against horse, they were instantly thrown into were already between them and the town. disorder, and spread through the whole English Whereas, supposing Randolph's left to have ap army a confusion from which they never fairly proached St. Ninian, the short movement to recovered. Newhonse could easily be executed, so as to in Although the success of this manoeuvre was tercept the Engiish in the manner described. evident, it is very remarkable that the Scottish
generals do not appear to have profitted by the Responsive from the Scottish host,
lesson. Almost every subsequent battle which Pipe-clang and bugle-sound were toss'd.
they lost against England, was decided by the --St. xx, p. 171.
archers, to whom the close and compact array of There is an old tradition, that the well-known the Scottish phalanx afforded an exposed and Scottish tune of “Hey, tutti taitti," was Bruce's ] unresisting mark. The bloody battle of Halimarch at the battie of Bannockburn. The late doun-hi!!, fought scarce twenty years afterMr. Ritson, no granter of propositions, doubts wards, was so completely gained by the archers, whether the Scots had any martial music, quotes that the English are said to have lost only one Froissart's account of each soldier in the host | knight, one esquire, and a few foot-soldiers. At bearing a little horn, on which, at the onset, the battle of Neville's Cross, in 1346, where they would make such a horrible noise, as if all David II was defeated and made prisoner, John the devils of hell had been among them. He de Graham, observing the loss which the Scots observes, that these horns are the only music sustained from the English bowmen, offered to mentioned by Barbour, and concludes, that it charge and disperse them, if a hundred men-atmust remain a moot point whether Bruce's army arms were put under his command. “But, to were cheered by the sound even of a solitary confess the truth," says Fordun, “ he could not bagpipe.
procure a single horseman for the service proIt may be observed in passing, that the Scot posed." of such litttle use is experience in war, tish of this period certainly observed some musi where its results are opposed by habit or precal cadence, even in winding their horns, since judice. Bruce was at once recognised by his followers from his inode of blowing. But the tradition,
Each braggart churl could boast before, true, or false, has been the means of securing to
Twelve Scottish lives his baldric bore ! Scotland one of the finest lyrics in the language,
-St. XXIV, p. 172. the celebrated war-song of Burns, -"Scots, wha Roger Ascham quotes a similar Scottish prohae wi' Wallace bled."
verb," whereby they give the whole praise of
shooting honestly to Englishmen, saying thus, Now onward, and in open view,
*that every English archer beareth under his The countless ranks of England drew.
girdle twenty-four Scottes." Indeed Toxophilus
-St.XXI, p. 171. says before, and truly of the Scottish nation, (pon the 24th of June, the English army ad- The Scottes surely be good men of warre in vanced to the attack. The narrowness of the theyre owne feates as can be; but as for shootScottish front, and the nature of the ground, did inge, they can neither use it to any profite, nor not permit them to have the full adyantage of yet challenge it for any praise.".-- Works of their numbers, nor is it very easy to find out Ascham. what was their proposed order of battle. The It is said, I trust incorrectly, by an ancient vanguard, however, appeared a distinct body. English historian, that the "good Lord James of consisting of archers and spearmen on foot, and Douglas " dreaded the superiority of the Eng. commanded, as already said, by the Earls of lish archers so much, that when he made any Gloucester and Hereford. Barbour mentions l of them prisoner, he gave him the option of that they formed nine divisions; but it really losing the forefiger of his right hand, or his right appears that there was no room or space for eye, either species of mutilation rendering him them to extend themselves, so that, except the / incapable to use the bow. I have mislaid the vanguard, the whole army appeared to form one | reference to this singular passage. solid and compact body.
Down! down! in headlong overthrow, See where yon barefoot Abbot stands,
Horseman and horse, the foremost go. And blesses them with hifted hands.
St. XXIV, p. 172, -St. XXI, p. 171.
It is generally alleged by historians, that the "Maurice, abbot of Inchaffray, placing himself
of English men-at-arms fell into the hidden snare ou an eminence, celebrated mass in sight of the
which Bruce had prepared for them. Barbonr Scottish ariny. He then passed along the front
does not mention the circumstance. According bare-footed, and bearing a crucifix in his hands,
to his account, Randolph, seeing the slaughter and exhorting the Scots, in few and forcible
made by the cavalry on the right wing among words, to combat for their rights and their
the archers, advanced courageously against the liberty. The Scots kneeled down. "They
inain body of the English, and entered into close yield,' cried Edward; see, they implore mercy
combat with them. Douglas and Stuart, who _. They do,' answered Ingelrai de Umfraville,
I commanded the Scottish centre, led their division .but not ours. On that field they will be victo
also to the charge, and the battle becoming rions, or die." "-Annals of Scotland.
general along the whole line, was obstinately
inaintained on both sides for a long space of Forth, Marshal, on the peasant foe!
time; the Scottish archers doing great execution We'll tame the terrors of their bow,
among the English men-at-arms, after the bowAnd cut the bow-string loose!
men of England were dispersed. -St. XXII, p. 172.
And steeds that shriek in agony. The English archers commenced the attack
-St. XXIV, p. 172. with their usual bravery and dexterity. But I have been told that this line requires an exagainst a force, whose importance he had learned | planatory note; and, indeed, those who witness by fatal experience, Bruce was provided. Al the silent patience with which horses submit to small but select body of cavalry were detached | the most crnel usage, may be permitted to doubt, from the right, under command of Sir Robert that, in moments of sudden and intolerable Keith. They rounded, as I conceive, the marsh anguish, they utter a most melancholy cry. called Milntown bog, and, keeping the firm | Lord Erskine, in a speech made in the House of ground, charged the left rank and rear of the Lords, upon a bill forenforcing humanity towards animals, noticed this remarkable fact, in language, contrived to conceal inimself during the fury of which I will not mutilate by attempting to re the pursuit, and when it was somewhat slackpeat it. It was my fortune, upon one occasion, ened, approached King Robert. " Whose prito hear a horse, in a moment of agony. utter a soner are yoll, Sir Marinaduke?" said Bruce, to thrilling scream, which I still consider the most whom he was personally known. "Yours, sir," melancholy sound I ever heard.
answered the knight. “I receive you," an
swered the king, and, treating him with the utLord of the Isles, my trust in thee
most courtesy, loaded him with gifts, and disIs firm as Ailsa Rock:
missed him without ransom. The other prisoners Rush on with Highland sword and targe,
were all well treated. There might be policy in 1, with my Carrick spea, men charge.
this, as Bruce would naturally wish to acquire -St. XXVIII, p. 173.
the good opinion of the English barons, who When the engagement between the main were at this time at great variance with their bodies had lasted some time, Bruce made a de king. But it also well accords with his high and cisive movement, by bringing up the Scottish re- chivalrous character. serve. It is traditionally said, that at this crisis, he addressed the Lord of the Isles in al
0! give their hapless prince his due. phrase used as a motto by some of his descen
-St. xxxi, p. 173. dants, "My trust is constant in thee." Barbour Edward IT, according to the best authorities, intimates, that the reserve "assembled on one showed, in the fatal field of Bannockburn, perfield," that is, on the same line with the Scottish sonal gallantry not unworthy of his great sire forces already engaged; which leads Lord Hailes and greater son. He remained on the field till to conjecture that the Scottish ranks must have forced away by the Earl of Pembroke, when all been much thinned by slaughter, since, in that I was lost. He then rode to the Castle of Stirling, circumscribed ground, there was room for the and demanded admittance; but the governor, reserve to fall into the line. But the advance of remonstrating upon the imprudence of shutting the Scottish cavalry must have contributed a himself up in that fortress, which must so soon good deal to form the vacancy occupied by the surrender, he assembled around his person five reserve.
hundred men-at-aris, and, avoiding the field of
battle and the victorious army, fled towards To arms they flew, -axe, club, or spear,
Linlithgow, pursued by Douglas with about And mimic ensigns high they rear.
sixty horse. They were augmented by Sir -St. XXX, p. 173.
Lawrence Abernethy with twenty more, whom The followers of the Scottish camp observed, Donglas met in the Torwood upon their way to from the Gillies' IIill in the rear, the impression join the English army, and whom he easily perproduced upon the English army by the bringing snaded to desert the defeated monarch, and to up of the Scottish reserve, and, prompted by the assist in the pursuit. They hung upon Edward's enthusiasm of the moment, or the desire of flight as far as Dunbar, too few in number to asplunder, assumed, in a tumultuary manner, such sail him with effect, but enough to harass his arms as they found nearest, fastened sheets to retreat so constantly, that whoever fell an intent poles and lances, and showed themselves stant behind, was instantly slain or made prilike a new army advancing to battle.
soner. Edward's ignominous flight terminated The unexpected apparition, of what seemed a at Dunbar, where the Earl of March, who still new army, completed the confusion which al professed allegiance to him, "received him full ready prevailed among the English, who fled in gently." From thence, the monarch of so great every direction, and where pursued with im an empire, and the late commander of so gallant mense slaughter. The brook of Bannock, ac- and numerous an army. escaved to Bamboronch cording to Barbour, was so choked with the in a fishing-vessel. bodies of men and horses, that it might have Bruce, as will appear from the following docubeen passed dry-shod. The followers of the ment, lost no time in directing the thunders of Scottish camp fell upon the disheartened fugi
Parliamentary censure against such part of his tives, and added to the confusion and slaughter. subiects as did not return to their natural alleMany were driven into the Forth, and perished glance after the battie of Bannockburn, there, which, by the way, could hardly have happened, had the armies been drawn up east
Nor for De Argentine alone, and west, since in that case, to get at the river,
Through Ninian's church these torches shone, the English fugitivcs must have fled through
And rose the death-prayer's airful tone. the victorious army. About a short mile from
-St. xxxv, p. 174. the field of battle is a place called the Bloody The remarkable circunstances attending the Folds. Here the Earl of Gloucester is said to death of De Argentine have been already nohave made a stand, and died gallantly at the ticed. Besides this renowned warrior, there head of his own military tenants and vassals. fell many representatives of the noblest houses He was much regretted by both sides; and it is | in England, which never sustained a more said the Scottish would gladly have saved his bloody and disastrous defeat. Barbour says that life, but, neglecting to wear his surcoat with 1 two hundred pairs of gilded spurs were taken armorial bearings over his armour, he fell un from the field of battle; and that some were left known, after his horse had been stabbed with the author can bear witness, who has in his
possession a curious antique spur, dug up in the ''Sir Marmaduke Twenge, an English knight,
hind, wantly, that nough tomber to
Folds meer en standing tenants dels and it is bloody and disaster som gildi
A PO E M.
ADVERTISEMENT TO FIRST EDITION, 1813. THE scene of this poem is laid at Rokeby, near Greta Bridge, in Yorkshire, and shifts to the adjacent fortress of Barnard Castle, and to other places in that vicinity.
The time occupied by the action is a space of Five Days, three of which are supposed to elapse between the end of the Fifth and beginning of the Sixth Canto.
The date of the supposed events is immediately subsequent to the great battle of Marston Moor, 3rd of July, 1644. This period of public confusion has been chosen, without any purpose of combining the Fable with the Military or Political Events of the Civil War, but only as affording a degree of probability to the Fictitious Narrative now presented to the Public.
on Behanges fence,
The Moon is in her summer glow,
Then from old Baliol's tower looks forth,
Heads slee science, wity dream.