« 前へ次へ »
He fought a thousand glorious wars,
And more than half the world was his,
And somewhere now, in yonder stars,
Can tell, mayhap, what greatness is.
Napoleon : Napoleon Bonaparte, emperor of the French, after a series of brilliant military successes, met with defeat, and died in exile in 1821. His character is an interesting study, and different opinions are still held as to his real greatness. wrack: ruin, destruction. Wrack, wreak, and wreck come from a word meaning to drive out or punish. poetical license for heirs or successors. Napoleon had only one son, who died before he was twenty. — rood : a rood is a measure of length, sixteen and a half feet. — borrowed from his enemies : Napoleon was buried in English ground at St. Helena. Later his body was brought to Paris. It was on the occasion of the second funeral that this poem was written.
CHARACTER OF THE HAPPY WARRIOR
William WORDSWORTH (1770 – 1850) was one of the greatest of English poets. Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Southey are known as the Lake Poets, because they lived in the lake district of England and described that region. Wordsworth was a poet of remarkable but unequal powers.
Who is the happy warrior ? Who is he
Upon that law as on the best of friends;
Who, if he rise to station of command,
THE CIVILIZATION OF THE INCAS
WILLIAM H. PRESCOTT
WILLIAM HICKLING PRESCOTT (1796–1859) was an American historian whose brilliant success, like that of Parkman, was won under hard conditions of constant suffering and almost total blindness. Prescott's special
subject was that of Spanish conquest and civilization. 5 NOTE. This description of the Peruvian palaces is taken from the
“ Conquest of Peru.” The discoverer of Peru and the chief hero of its conquest was Francisco Pizarro (1496–1541).
The royal palaces were on a magnificent scale, and, far from being confined to the capital or a few principal 10 towns, were scattered over all the provinces of their vast
empire. The buildings were low, but covered a wide extent of ground. Some of the apartments were spacious, but they were generally small, and had no communication
with one another, except that they opened into a common 15 square or court. The walls were made of blocks of stone
of various sizes, rough-hewn, but carefully wrought near the line of junction, which was scarcely visible to the eye. The roofs were of wood or rushes, which have perished
under the rude touch of time that has shown more 20 respect for the walls of the edifices. The whole seems to
have been characterized by solidity and strength rather than by any attempt at architectural elegance.
But whatever want of elegance there may have been in the exterior of the imperial dwellings, it was amply
compensated by the interior, in which all the opulence of the Peruvian princes was ostentatiously displayed. The sides of the apartments were thickly studded with gold and silver ornaments. Niches prepared in the walls were filled with images of animals and plants curiously wrought 5 of the same costly materials; and even much of the domestic furniture, including the utensils devoted to the most ordinary menial services, displayed the like wanton magnificence! With these gorgeous decorations were mingled richly colored stuffs of the delicate manufacture 10 of the Peruvian wool, which were of so beautiful a texture that the Spanish sovereigns, with all the luxuries of Europe and Asia at their command, did not disdain to use them.
But the favorite residence of the Incas was at Yucay, 15 about four leagues distant from the capital. In this delicious valley, locked up within the friendly arms of the sierra, which sheltered it from the rude breezes of the east, and refreshed by gushing fountains and streams of running water, they built the most beautiful of their 20 palaces. Here, when wearied with the dust and toil of the city, they loved to retreat, wandering amidst groves and airy gardens that shed around their soft, intoxicating odors, and lulled the senses to repose. Here, too, they loved to indulge in the luxury of their baths, replenished 25 by streams of crystal water which were conducted through subterranean silver channels into basins of gold. The