ページの画像
PDF
ePub

not on the semblance, on the thing she has given another than us !

girt: surrounded. — hypochondria : an extremely depressed mental condition. Nessus' shirt: a poisoned shirt which caused its wearer much pain. See myths about Hercules. — fourpence-half-penny a day: this amount is nine cents in American money. - servitor: an undergraduate at Oxford whose expenses were partly paid by the university and who was expected to wait at table. — gentleman commoner : a student who paid all his expenses — now called a commoner. “Commons” is the college word for food.

WHAT CONSTITUTES A STATE?

WILLIAM JONES

SIR WILLIAM JONES (1746–1794) was an English writer and scholar of remarkable attainments.

5

10

What constitutes a state?
Not high-raised battlement or labored mound,

Thick' wall, or moated gate;
Not cities proud with spires and turrets crowned ;

Not bays and broad-armed ports
Where, laughing at the storm, rich navies ride ;

Not starred and spangled courts
Where low-born baseness wafts perfume to pride;

No. MEN! high-minded men —

Men who their duties know,
But know their rights, and knowing, dare maintain ; 15

Prevent the long-aimed blow,
And crush the tyrant while they rend the chain !

These constitute a state.

KING LEAR

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE, one of the greatest dramatic poets that ever lived, was born at Stratford, England, in 1564. He was an actor as well as a writer of plays. Many of his stories were frankly taken from other

writers, but the beauty and power of his plays are all his own. A great 5 German critic said of him, “Never was there such a wide talent for the

drawing of character as Shakespeare's.” This king of poets died in 1616. Among his greatest plays are “Hamlet,” “Macbeth,” “King Lear," : “ Julius Cæsar,” and “Romeo and Juliet.”

NOTE. — The play of “King Lear” is considered by some critics to be 10 Shakespeare's greatest work. The story is an old one and found in many

languages. In this scene Lear has called together his court to announce his division of the kingdom. His three daughters attend him.

Lear. Meantime we shall express our darker purpose.

Give me the map there. Know that we have divided 15 In three our kingdom: and 't is our fast intent

To shake all cares and business from our age; Conferring them on younger strengths, while we Unburdened crawl toward death. Our son of Cornwall,

And you, our no less loving son of Albany,
20 We have this hour a constant will to publish

Our daughters' several dowers, that future strife
May be prevented now. ... Tell me, my daughters, —
Since now we will divest us, both of rule,

Interest of territory, cares of state, -
25 Which of you shall we say doth love us most?

5

10

That we our largest bounty may extend
Where nature doth with merit challenge. Goneril,
Our eldest-born, speak first.
Goneril. Sir, I love you more than words can wield the

matter;
Dearer than eye-sight, space, and liberty;
Beyond what can be valued, rich or rare;
No less than life, with grace, health, beauty, honor;
As much as child e'er loved, or father found.
A love that makes breath poor, and speech unable;
Beyond all manner of so much I love you.
Cordelia [aside]. What shall Cordelia do ? Love, and

be silent. Lear. Of all these bounds, even from this line to this, With shadowy forests and with champains riched, With plenteous rivers and wide-skirted meads, We make thee lady: ... What says our second daughter, 15. Our dearest Regan, wife to Cornwall ? Speak. Regan. Sir, I am made Of the self-same metal that my sister is, And prize me at her worth. In my true heart I find she names my very deed of love; Only she comes too short: that I profess Myself an enemy to all other joys, Which the most precious square of sense possesses ; And find I am alone felicitate In your dear highness' love.

20

25

.

Cordelia (aside).

Then poor Cordelia ! And yet not so; since, I am sure, my love's More richer than my tongue. Lear. To thee and thine hereditary ever 5 Remain this ample third of our fair kingdom; No less in space, validity, and pleasure, Than that conferred on Goneril. Now, our joy, Although the last, not least; what can you say to

draw
A third more opulent than your sisters ? Speak.
10 Cordelia. Nothing, my lord.

Lear. Nothing !
Cordelia. Nothing.
Lear. Nothing will come of nothing: speak again.

Cordelia. Unhappy that I am, I cannot heave 15 My heart into my mouth : I love your majesty

According to my bond; nor more nor less.
Lear. How, how, Cordelia ! mend your speech a little,
Lest it may mar your fortunes.
Cordelia.

Good my lord,
You as a father bred me, loved me: I
20 Return those duties back as are right fit,

Obey you, love you, and most honor you.
Why have my sisters husbands, if they say
They love you all? Haply, when I shall wed,

That lord whose hand must take my plight shall carry 25 Half my love with him, half my care and duty:

[graphic]
« 前へ次へ »