Elsevier's Dictionary of Chemoetymology: The Whys and Whences of Chemical Nomenclature and Terminology
Elsevier, 2006/10/30 - 442 ページ
Noting a marked lack of comprehensiveness and/or contemporaneity among typical reference works on chemical etymology, as well as a somewhat spotty coverage of chemical terms and their etymology in comprehensive dictionaries and textbooks the author decided to write an up-to-date desk reference on chemical etymology which would satisfy the needs of casual readers as well as those of more demanding users of etymological lore. Characteristic user-friendly features of the present work include avoidance of cumbersome abbreviations, avoidance of entries in foreign alphabets, and a broad coverage of all chemical disciplines including mineralogy. Biological, medical, geological, physical and mathematical terms are only considered where they appear of interest to mainstream chemists.
This book does not provide definitions of terms (unless required in the etymological context) nor guidance as to the timeliness of different nomenclature systems. The typical user will from the outset be well aware of the exact meaning of the terms he or she focuses on and only require the etymological background to be used. Examples of sources which have been drawn upon in the preparation of this book, apart from the extremely useful Internet resource Google, are listed, but an exhausting enumeration would be tiresome and impractical..
* an up-to-date desk reference on chemical etymology
* characteristic user-friendly features
* broad coverage of all chemical disciplines
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20th century abbreviation aldehyde amine an(e anagrammatically anth(o antibiotic’s Arabic archaic name az(a bacterial genus name bacterial species name biochemist blue born British chemist Sir carbon century German chemist century US chemist chemist Johann coined by contraction coined by variation compound’s derived from a(n derived from eka derived from is(o derived from pyr(o derived from thi(o derived with contraction diminutive Emil Hermann Fischer equation named French chemist fungal fungal genus name fungal species name gallic acid genus name German chemist German chemist Karl German physicist Greek herbs idin(e in(e Italian chemist Japanese chemist Latin name method named methyl mineral mineral’s locality mineralogist mycin obsolete name ol(e plant process named reaction named rearrangement named referring rock species rule named Russian chemist salt shrubs SiO2 species name Streptomyces specific epithet spectroscopy statin sterol Streptomyces Swiss chemist synthesis named toxin trademark ultimately derived unsuccessfully suggested name Wilhelm
vii ページ - Corp. 1. NN Greenwood and A. Earnshaw, Chemistry of the Elements, 1st ed., Pergamon Press, New York, 1984. 2. ME Weeks, Discovery of the Elements, 7th ed., updated by HM Leicester, J. Chem. Educ. (1968). 3. SC Bevan, SJ Gregg, and A. Rosseinsky, Concise Etymological Dictionary of Chemistry, Applied Science Publishers Ltd., London, 1976. 4.