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he neither returned her caresses with equal warmth, nor the endearing title of daughter, she turned aside her head and wept bitterly; and it was a long time before they could obtain a single word from her.
9. Captain Smith inquired several times what could be the cause of her affliction. " What !” said she," did I not save thy life in America ? When I was torn from the arms of my father, and conducted amongst thy friends, didst thou not promise to be a father to me ? Didst thou not assure me that if I went into thy country, thou wouldst be my father, and that I should be thy daughter ? Thou hast deceived ine; and behold me, now here, a stranger and an orphan.” not difficult for the captain to make peace with this charming creature, whom he tenderly loved. He presented her to several people of the first quality; but never dared to, take her to court, from which, however, she received several favors.
10. After a residence of several years in England, an ex. ample of virtue and piety, and attachment to her husband, she died, as she was on the point of embarking for America. She left an only son, who was married, and left none but daughters; and from these are descended some of the principal characters in Virginia.
THE WORLD AT REST.
Behold the world
Where did Pocahontas spend the remainder of her life ?--Who are her descendants ?
Crowning with hope's bland wreath his shudd'ring nurre,
SETTLEMENT OF RHODE ISLAND.
1. The first European inhabitants of New England came to this country with the professed design of escaping religious persecution ; but the principles of religious liberty at that time were so little understood, that they exercised upon
their fellow Christians, as soon as possessed of the power, the same intolerance which they had professed to view with so much abhorrence in others. The state of Rhode Island, or more properly of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, as it is called in the British charter which constituted it a political community, and under which its civil government is still administered, was originally settled by persons who resorted thither in order to enjoy those rights of conscience in matters of religion which were not allowed them in Massachusetts. The state took its name from the two first settlements within its limits.—That of Providence Planta tions was begun by Roger Williams and his associates in 1636 ; and that of Rhode Island was begun by Dr. John Clark, William Coddington, and others, about the year 1638. Besides these a third settlement was begun by Samuel Gore xon and others, at Pautuxet river, in the year 1641.
2. Roger Williams may with justice be, and he usually is, considered the founder of the state and the parent of the
From what does the state of Rhode Island and Providence Planta. tions derive its name ?-Where and by whom were the three first setNements made ?-What induced them to settle here?
religious freedom which has ever prevailed in it
. He was a native of Wales, born in the year 1598, and had a liberal education, under the patronage of Sir Edward Coke. The occasion of his receiving the favor of that distinguished lawyer was very singular. Sir Edward, one day, at church, ob serving a youth taking notes from a sermon, beckoned and received him into his pew. He obtained sight of the notes, which were a judicious selection of the most interesting sentiments delivered by the preacher. This united with his great modesty induced Sir Edward to solicit the parents of young Williams to let him have the care of their son. The request was readily granted, and he soon entered upon the study of the law.
Mr. Williams received all possible assistance from his generous patron ; but finding this employment not altogether congenial to his feelings, he turned his attention to divinity. After having completed his theological studies and entered upon the duties of the ministry, he was led to embrace the sentiments of the Puritans, with some of whom he shortly afterwards embarked for America, being the 5th of February, 1031.
3. On his arrival he was invited to become an assistant to Mr. Skelton, minister of the religious society in Salem ; but some objections being made by the civil authority, he went to Plymouth, where he preached two or three years, and was held in high estimation by governor Bradford and the people. But Mr. Skelton becoming old, a second application was made to Mr. Williams to become his assistant. With this request he complied, although the general court again altempted to prevent it; and so successful had he been in gaining the affections of the people at Plymouth, that many of them reinoved with him. But his remor al to Salem led immediately to events of great interest to himself and to the country in which he was destined by Providence to act so conspicuous a part. It is stated by his biographers, that in one year he literally filled the place with his obnoxious sentiments. His favorite topic was liberty of conscience, on which he so inuch insisted as to offend a few leading individuals of the congregation; and he further maintained, which was still more offensive, that civil magistrates, as such,
Under whose direction and patronage did Roger Williams receive his education ?-What led sir Edward Cake to educate 1.13?
had no authority from God to regulate or control the affairs of religion. He also insisted that the princes of Europe had no right whatever to dispose of the possessions of the American Indians.
4. The magistrates, apprehending from his peculiar talents and address, that his opinions would extend themselves, made several attempts to convince him of his supposed errors; but, being unsuccessful in these attempts, in October 1635, tlrey passed upon him the sentence of excommunication and banislıment. Permission, however, was given him to remain within the jurisdiction of the colouy till Spring, on condition “s that lie would not go about to draw others to liis opinions." But it being reported to the governor and assistants, that he held meetings in his house for the purpose of inculcating “such points as he had been censured for;" and that he had already drawn about twenty persons to these opinions, intending with them to establish a plantation about Narraganset Bay, "fron which the new infection might easily spread into their churches, the people being much taken with the apprehension of his godliness," it was resolved that he should be sent back to England in a ship then ready to depart. They accordingly sent for him to come to Boston; but be made some excuse for not complying with their request, upon which they issued an order to apprehend and convey him on board the ship. Mr. Williams, however, aware of their designs, had been three days gone before the officer reached the house.)
5. The next that was heard of him was on Šekonk plain, a few miles east of Providence. Here he obtained a grant of land from the chief sachem at Mount Hope, now in Bristul, R. I. but being informed by a letter and messenger from Plymouth, that this place was within their patent, it was resolved to cross the Pawtucket river and take
their abode more immediately with the savages. It is said, that when Mr. Williams and his friend Olney, and Thomas Angel, a hired servant, approached the opposite shore in their canoe, they were met by the savages and saluted by the Indian word, that signifies, what cheer? They then pursued their course till they came to a pleasant spring upon the side of a hill, which is the northerly part of what is now the large and
Who accompanied Roger Williams when he went to Providence, after being banished from Massachusetts ?