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THE author is induced to put forth an emended edition of a former pamphlet, in the hope that it may be found useful on the eve of parliamentary discussion. Those persons who are in the habit of making up their minds, as it is called, on these subjects, and thus foreclosing all future examination, will probably feel no curiosity to see how an inquirer of another cast has been toiling his way through difficulties, relinquishing some positions which he once thought tenable, and feeling that the only certain ground he can hold is of such a mitigated character, as will leave him open, with the disingenuous, to the charge of neutrality. Yet he believes, that, upon a fair examination, it will not be found he has relinquished one iota of his first principles ; and he would willingly hope he has only been feeling out with greater precision, what he but rudely grasped at before.

He is still more unfavourable than ever to the bold measure of extinguishing the Poor Laws, and he is not sanguine in any scheme, as such, which shall be proposed for the mitigation of their evils. ?' He relies for their correction a little upon the assistance of the legislature, and a great deal upon

the common sense of mankind, when left to work its own way unimpeded by minute enactments.

It has been the misfortune of all the subjects connected with Political Economy, that mankind have advanced too rapidly upon general principles, instead of being satisfied with a slower progress upon a minute and searching analysis. 1 This has been, and will continue to be, the source of grievous disappointment. If there be any practical good in this science, which is so flattering to the prospects of the politician, it must be, as it is founded on facts; yet at present our experience is so confined, and the facts themselves are in many instances so complex, and hence so irret

concileable, that even the master spirit of the subject was induced to declare he had little reliance on them. The following work is an attempt to pursue the analysis of the Poor Laws somewhat further than has been done before. The author has no ingenious scheme to offer, or discovery to disclose, which shall be the thousandth panacea promising a cure for the malady. His object is rather to further what has been already done by the legislature in the Select Vestry. Act ;-tó establish on a broader basis the new principle there recognised ;-and to furnish them with materials to build up their work yet higher, and to draw a still stronger line of demarcation between the profligate and the industrious, the improvident and the impotent.

Parliament will have to review this measure, and to

and to say whether the principle is to be carried forward or to be abandoned. The repeated discussions which the whole subject has undergone out of doors, will have laid up as large a stock of theoretical and practical knowledge as ever was reaped in so short a period; and the legislature will have gathered in for themselves abundant fruit from their own labours. To suffer the question therefore to expire just now in the hopelessness of a remedy, would be the height of folly. If the attention of the public and of the legislative body is to be roused only when they are jaded by the spur

of circumstances, there is an end to all political foresight, and we are not a whit the forwarder for all our knowledge and experience. The author however entertains better hopes; and feels confident, that though every scheme, which has been proposed, has had its objections, still there are some points on which they all agree ; and his confidence is in these common and universally approved measures, and not in the minute details to which every one has thought it necessary to descend, and on

individual

may

have his peculiar views.

Inasmuch as Mr. Nolan's “ Bill," introduced into Parliament last session, “ to amend the Laws regarding the maintenance and employment of the Poor,” carries for

which every

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