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Can equal this !---What carnage shall be spread!
In every part what baneful venom shed !
Whate'er the sculpture shows his rage exceeds ;
Unutterable and detesied deeds!
Long shall the groaning world for mercy slie 315
When these, whose names are read, these chosen few,
Whose fane must shine like Phæbus' beams display'd.
At utmost need shall bring their glorious aid.
Not one shall more the cruel beast appall,
'Than Francis, whom the Franks their sovereign call. 320
Ile first of men !--with happy omens led,
The crown scarce settled on his youthful head,
Shall cross th' opposing Alps, and render vain
Whate'er against him would the pass

maintain;
Impell’u by generous wrath t’avenge the shanie 325
Which from the rustic folds and sheep-cotes came,
With sudden inroad, on the Gallic name.
To Lombardy's rich fields he then descends,
The fiower of Gallia on his inarch attends.
Tu'Ticlvetian power he routs, üs never more

SCO To raise its pride to what it rose before:

of the earth after the deluge. IIc was killed by the arts of Apollo ; in commemoration of which event were insiituted the l'yihian Kines.

Ver. 320. Than Francis,--] The poet, in this allegory, celebrates ile lilerity of the most waigianimous king Francis I, the successer of Lewis XII. who, for the 1:1bounded generosity of his disposition, nay not only be said to have deeply wounded, but in a manner destroyed, the monster Avarice. lle was a munificent patron of art and genius.

Ver. 326. ?Vhich from the rustic folds anil sheep-cotes came---) The poet means the Switzers, who, at that time followed no employment ili their own country but that of shepherds and herdsmen.

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Then to the church's scandal, to the stain
Of either camp, of Florence and of Spain,
He storms the castle, which till then was held, 331
Through strength of bulwark, never to be quell’d.
Where'er he wields bis weapon, prostrate lies
Each hostile standard, or before him ties:
Nor fosse nor rampart can his force oppose,
And strongest walls in vain the town euclose.
This glorious chief shall erery gift possess

3.10
By Heaven decreed the happiest prince it bless :
As Casar brave; his prudence far renown'd,
As his at Thrasymene and Trebia found:
Him Alexander's fortune shall attend :
On every deed in vain our toil we bend,

315 Unless good fortune our designs befriend.

Thus Malagigi spoke, and new desire
In every knight was kindled to inquire
The names of other chiefs, whose arms could quell
The dreadful beast by whom such numbers fell. 350
There, midst the first, was read Bernardo's name,
Whom lierlin's sculpture chronicled to fame :

Ver. 335. Where'er he wieliis, &c.] lle means the emperor / Charles V. whom he compares to C sar for his valour, to Fabius Maximus for his prudence, and to Alexander the Great for his success.

Ver. 351. Bernardo's name, ] This Bernardo was surnamed Divitio, though he was generally called bibiena, from the town of that name near Florence, where he resided. lle attached himself to the fortutie of Giovanni di Medici, afterwards Leo, and was by him created cardin :) of Santa Maria, in Portico. Ile wrote the comedy called Callandra, and caused it to be represented at Rome by the young nobility, in honour of Isabella duchess of Mantua. Ile died at no advanced age, having conceived hopes of obtaining the popedom on the decease of Leo.

355

By him shall Bibiena gain renown,
With neighbouring Florence, and Sienna's town.
No foot shall step before Giovanni's place;
Ghismond or Ludovico's deeds efface.
Francisco see, nor from his generous sire
Brave Frederico shrinks: an equal fire
His kinsmen feel : alike each dauntless look:
Ferrara's there, and here Urbino's duke:
From one of these brave Guidobaldo sprung,
Pursues his sire, with love of glory stung:
With Ottobon there Sinabaldo drives
The raging beast, and each for conquest strives.

360

Ver. 355,6.---Giovanni --- Ghismond --- Ludovico---) Three cardinals, Giovanni Salviati, one of the most ancient and illustrious families of Florence; a man of profound learning and virtue. Ghismondo Gonzaga, created cardinal by Julius II. The third was Ludovico of Arragon, likewise a cardinal.

Ver. 357. Francisco see, .-- ] Francisco Gonzaga, second of the name, and fourth marquis of Mantua : he succeeded to the possessions of his father Frederic at eighteen years of age, and fought against Charles VIII. of France; he was a general of consummate skill and intrepidity, and Charles, enamoured of his worth, in vain endeavoured to corrupt his faith, and detach him from the Venetians.

Fornari.

Ver. 358. ---- Frederico ---} Frederico Gonzaga, son of Francisco, after the death of his father, was by Leo X, made captain general of the Roman church, and of the republic of Florence. He was magnificent, liberal, just, and a great patron of virtue and learning,

Fornari.

Ver. 360. Ferrara's there, and here Urbino's duke:) Alphon 50 of Este, and Francisco Maria delle Rovere.

Ver. 361. Guidobaldo ---} Guidobaldo the second, afterwards duke of Urbino, son of Francesco Maria.

Ver. 363. ---Ottobon.--Sinabaldo.--] Of these names were two noble youths, brothers of the family of Flischi at Genoa. Ottobon was an ecclesiastic. These retired into voluntary exile, that they might not, by a privaie enmity which they had incurred, draw a war

365

Lewis of Gazalo, with speeding art,
Warms in the monster's neck the feather'd dart:
Ilis dart and bow had Phoebus gift sniply'd,
When Miars the falchion girded to his side.
See tivo lippolitos of Este’s breed;
Two llerculcs, and next of kindred seed
Another Hercules, and rear him shine
A third Hippolito: this last the line
Of Medicis : the first Gonzaga's race:
All these with equal warmth the inonstor chase

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upon their country. There werelilesise tuvo pontifs of the same lame. One was Innocent 15. stoled Sinai itdoof Genoa, of the family of the Flischi. He ordered the cardinasin vear a resi hat, and was a liberal and muniticent pontil. The other, cestrian IV. before called Ortobon, iepiew of pope innoce i IV. of the same family and country, created cardinal ly his tincie.

He vas man of great ability and application, but lived only forty y:after he came to the papal chair,

Fornari.

Ver. 365. Lewis of Gazulo---] Luigi Gonzaga, surnamed Rodamont for his valour, was the son of Ludovico Gonzaga, and Cile Gazilo froni a castle which he heid. This per-on is further spoken vi in the succeeding notes.

Ver. 35). -----two Hippolitos --] One, to whom the poet siedicales his book; the other, son of Alplivisu duke of Ferrari, likewise a cardinal.

Fornari.

Ver. 370. Iwo licrcules ,---] !tercules, the father of Alphonso duke of Ferrara, and his son aiterwards duke of Terrara.

Forngri.

Ver. 371,2. Another Hercules-- third Ilippoli!0---] Hercules Go! zaga, cardinal of Mantua: Hippolito of tive honoureu ionty si Nedicis, curdina) of St. Lovenza. He died by poison, much lamented for bis inany virtues.

Forori.

373

Not Julian's son above his sire prevails,
Sor in his brother's steps Ferranes fulis:
Unconquer'd Dorea shows an equal mind:
By none Francisco Sforza left behind.
See two appear, whose blood illi:stric!!s fors
From noblo Avolo, whose banner shows
The rock which whelm’dl beneath Typilens bore,
Typhous Ml with serpents cover'd o'er.
Scarce one so prompt as thesc in noble deed,
Scarce one so prompt to make the monster bleed.

380

Ver. 373. Not Julim's son--] The brother of Lorenzo of Medicis was calieil Julian, and lost his life in a popular incurrection; but his death was aiterwards severely revenged by the Florentines. His son was Pope Clement VII. bom a few days after his father's death.

Fornari.

Ver. 376. ... --Ferrantes---] Ferrantes Gonzaga, brother to the duke of Mantna, at one time viceroy of the island of Sicily, and afterwards lieutenant of the duchy of Milan, and general of the army for the emperor.

Fornari,

Ver. 377. Unconquer'd Dorca---] See Book xv. note to ver. 218, where his character is displayed at large.

Ver. 378. --- Francisco Sforza---] He means the second Francisco Sforza, son of Ludovico jí Moro, who, having married the daughter of Christiern king of Datia, and sister to Charles V. obtained the duchy of Milan.

Fornari.

Ver. 379. ------two appear, whose bloon illustrious flows

From noble Iroln -- Tuis non le family of the avoli came from Spain, well know: itt Toiedo, and of great repute and antiquity

Forari.

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