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Can equal this !---What carnage shall be spread!
SCO To raise its pride to what it rose before:
of the earth after the deluge. IIc was killed by the arts of Apollo ; in commemoration of which event were insiituted the l'yihian Kines.
Ver. 320. Than Francis,--] The poet, in this allegory, celebrates ile lilerity of the most waigianimous king Francis I, the successer of Lewis XII. who, for the 1:1bounded generosity of his disposition, nay not only be said to have deeply wounded, but in a manner destroyed, the monster Avarice. lle was a munificent patron of art and genius.
Ver. 326. ?Vhich from the rustic folds anil sheep-cotes came---) The poet means the Switzers, who, at that time followed no employment ili their own country but that of shepherds and herdsmen.
Then to the church's scandal, to the stain
315 Unless good fortune our designs befriend.
Thus Malagigi spoke, and new desire
Ver. 335. Where'er he wieliis, &c.] lle means the emperor / Charles V. whom he compares to C sar for his valour, to Fabius Maximus for his prudence, and to Alexander the Great for his success.
Ver. 351. Bernardo's name, ] This Bernardo was surnamed Divitio, though he was generally called bibiena, from the town of that name near Florence, where he resided. lle attached himself to the fortutie of Giovanni di Medici, afterwards Leo, and was by him created cardin :) of Santa Maria, in Portico. Ile wrote the comedy called Callandra, and caused it to be represented at Rome by the young nobility, in honour of Isabella duchess of Mantua. Ile died at no advanced age, having conceived hopes of obtaining the popedom on the decease of Leo.
By him shall Bibiena gain renown,
Ver. 355,6.---Giovanni --- Ghismond --- Ludovico---) Three cardinals, Giovanni Salviati, one of the most ancient and illustrious families of Florence; a man of profound learning and virtue. Ghismondo Gonzaga, created cardinal by Julius II. The third was Ludovico of Arragon, likewise a cardinal.
Ver. 357. Francisco see, .-- ] Francisco Gonzaga, second of the name, and fourth marquis of Mantua : he succeeded to the possessions of his father Frederic at eighteen years of age, and fought against Charles VIII. of France; he was a general of consummate skill and intrepidity, and Charles, enamoured of his worth, in vain endeavoured to corrupt his faith, and detach him from the Venetians.
Ver. 358. ---- Frederico ---} Frederico Gonzaga, son of Francisco, after the death of his father, was by Leo X, made captain general of the Roman church, and of the republic of Florence. He was magnificent, liberal, just, and a great patron of virtue and learning,
Ver. 360. Ferrara's there, and here Urbino's duke:) Alphon 50 of Este, and Francisco Maria delle Rovere.
Ver. 361. Guidobaldo ---} Guidobaldo the second, afterwards duke of Urbino, son of Francesco Maria.
Ver. 363. ---Ottobon.--Sinabaldo.--] Of these names were two noble youths, brothers of the family of Flischi at Genoa. Ottobon was an ecclesiastic. These retired into voluntary exile, that they might not, by a privaie enmity which they had incurred, draw a war
Lewis of Gazalo, with speeding art,
upon their country. There werelilesise tuvo pontifs of the same lame. One was Innocent 15. stoled Sinai itdoof Genoa, of the family of the Flischi. He ordered the cardinasin vear a resi hat, and was a liberal and muniticent pontil. The other, cestrian IV. before called Ortobon, iepiew of pope innoce i IV. of the same family and country, created cardinal ly his tincie.
He vas man of great ability and application, but lived only forty y:after he came to the papal chair,
Ver. 365. Lewis of Gazulo---] Luigi Gonzaga, surnamed Rodamont for his valour, was the son of Ludovico Gonzaga, and Cile Gazilo froni a castle which he heid. This per-on is further spoken vi in the succeeding notes.
Ver. 35). -----two Hippolitos --] One, to whom the poet siedicales his book; the other, son of Alplivisu duke of Ferrari, likewise a cardinal.
Ver. 370. Iwo licrcules ,---] !tercules, the father of Alphonso duke of Ferrara, and his son aiterwards duke of Terrara.
Ver. 371,2. Another Hercules-- third Ilippoli!0---] Hercules Go! zaga, cardinal of Mantua: Hippolito of tive honoureu ionty si Nedicis, curdina) of St. Lovenza. He died by poison, much lamented for bis inany virtues.
Not Julian's son above his sire prevails,
Ver. 373. Not Julim's son--] The brother of Lorenzo of Medicis was calieil Julian, and lost his life in a popular incurrection; but his death was aiterwards severely revenged by the Florentines. His son was Pope Clement VII. bom a few days after his father's death.
Ver. 376. ... --Ferrantes---] Ferrantes Gonzaga, brother to the duke of Mantna, at one time viceroy of the island of Sicily, and afterwards lieutenant of the duchy of Milan, and general of the army for the emperor.
Ver. 377. Unconquer'd Dorca---] See Book xv. note to ver. 218, where his character is displayed at large.
Ver. 378. --- Francisco Sforza---] He means the second Francisco Sforza, son of Ludovico jí Moro, who, having married the daughter of Christiern king of Datia, and sister to Charles V. obtained the duchy of Milan.
Ver. 379. ------two appear, whose bloon illustrious flows
From noble Iroln -- Tuis non le family of the avoli came from Spain, well know: itt Toiedo, and of great repute and antiquity