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Each genius' that can past events recall
admired and courted by all the princes and states in Europe, and particularly by our Henry VIII. who would have brought him orer to England: he lived in the greatest splendor; but his passion for the fair sex destroyed him in the flower of his age; for being taken with a burning fever, and having concealed from his physicians the true cause of his disteinper, he was improperly dealt with, and clied in the year 1520, on the same day that he was born, in the thirty--eventh year of his age. Cardinal Bembo wrote his epitaph, in which are these lines, which Mr. Pope has translated, and withi the most injudicious flattery applied to his friend Sir Godfrey Kneller,
Hic est ille Raphaël, timuit quo sospite vinci
Rerum magna parens, et moriente mori.
Living, great Nature feard he might outvie
Ariosto was himself contemporary with all the modern artists iere mentioned: he knew Titian well, who drew his picture. The author of the Eysily on Pope, in an anecdote taken from Richardson, mentions, thai Raphael wiih great modesty consulted his friend Ariosto, who was in excellent scholar, on the characters, lives, and countries of the persons whom he was to introduce in the picture of Theology. All that Raphael is ever known to have written, is four letters and a sonnet addressed to Ariosto.
Essay on Pope, vol. ii. p. 46£.
From shades infernal, by his book compellid,
But turn we now to where the rotile lanci
Vei, 31. the shades that hide
Nursinia's cares,.--) The poet here alluries to ihose fil>ulous and imaginary caves or grottos said to be in the mountains of Norcia, and to have been inhabited by the Sybils, of which many fictions are related. Petrarch tells us, that in these 12 luteins is an opening that learls to the grotto of the Cumaan Sybil, where se resided with many of her virgins, all whom every Friday assumed the form of serpents; that whoever entered the cave should not return till a year, a month, and a day were expired, and that if he should, througt, forgetfulness, not depart at the end of that time', he would remain there for ever,
Ver. 19. --- Aiarcomir -] The name of a king, saisi to have reizned in France betore Phiaramond.
King Pharamond, who with his numerous host
Ver. 51. ...Pkaramond... } Pharamond, king of France, reported to be the first who established the Salic law: he lived about the year 418; he has been always heid up as a great prince, but bis history is much involved in table.
That every eye might pictur'd here behold
85 To make fair Italy their yoke obey, Such rash design must seal their certain doom, And build beyond those ills their fatal tomb.
So spoke the host; directing as he stood Each dame's attention: Sigisbert he show'd,
90 Who, tempted hy Mauritius' wealthy stores, From Jove's steep mount his numerous army pours. Behold on Sambro and Ticino's plain, He spreads his troops, whose inroad to sustain See Eutar comes, and with resistless force
95 And dreadful slaughter stops their daring course. See mighty Clovis from the heights descend, A hundred thousand on his march attend.
Sigisbert he show'd, ] Mauritius, emperor of Constantinople and successor to Tiberius, being desirous to drive the Lombards out of Italy, incited Sigisbert, with large offers, to undertake the expedition. Sigisbert, with a vast army, passed the mountains and entered Cisalpine Ga
utar, king of the Lombards, seigning a retreat, attacked him unawares, and cut all his army to pieces.
Ver. 92. ---Jove's steep mouni -.-) A mountain of the Alps, one of the
passes into Italy,
Ver. 97. Sce mighty Clovis---) Clovis V. king of France marched with a great army into Italy against the Lombards, and though, liy ?:hing advantage of the civil discords that had sprung up amongst
See Boniventu's gallant duke oppose,
105 Of Franks and captains to Italia's land: Lut he, alike with Clovis, ne'er shall vicv His arms the power of Lombardy saldue; Nor spoils nor palms are his--th’avenging sword Of Ileaven descending has his latile gor'd.
110 The dead are heap'd: his inen ilie climate burns; The flux destroys---nor one of teu returus.
Of Pepin now, and now of Charles he speaks, And shows where each th’Italian border seeks,
then, to obtain an easy conquest. Grimaolo, duke of Bonivento, having few forces to oppise him, frighed i fint an intention of attaching him, whici ilier, retrccuna, leti liis camp full of provisions and wine. The Falkon intering the camp, the soldiers give themselves to excesin til tey grew into iicateit, and Grimaoido coming upon them in the night, vien they were asleep, killed every mall,
Puicacchi. Ver. 105 Sce Chi?revi- ] Chillibert, uncle of Ciovis, desirous of reveiling the desitii oi huis nephew, int tiree clicrals, with arree greatarmies, into Lomlarly, against Grimaolio: one general dy us, huis army jesteerd we ouer iwe: bli a dreadful distemper breiking out ngint illem, and 1!rey being dise!' prointed of the SUCCours which they expect from the lipieror, the remainder xelined home.
Ver. 113. Oj Pyin 1200,---] Sephuo the seconi, 1;cing rised to the papal chwl, -top!), king of Lombarly, Gasturbed the trauquullity of the church: the poi", cuentotising to collinte him with gifts, had recourse to l'edin kive (of Irace for alle, who pitzed into Italy, and coup().cd phone to tie ir perte. Perin,