Each genius' that can past events recall
In living figures on the story'd wall:

But none have yet appear’d, whose wondrous art
Could future deeds by pencill’d forms impart:
Yet have we known some favour'd men adorn
A mystic painting ere the men were born.
But such effect exceeding human power,

Is only work'd by help of magic lore.
The hall I late describ'd had Merlin wrought
In one short night, by subtle demons brought

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admired and courted by all the princes and states in Europe, and particularly by our Henry VIII. who would have brought him orer to England: he lived in the greatest splendor; but his passion for the fair sex destroyed him in the flower of his age; for being taken with a burning fever, and having concealed from his physicians the true cause of his disteinper, he was improperly dealt with, and clied in the year 1520, on the same day that he was born, in the thirty--eventh year of his age. Cardinal Bembo wrote his epitaph, in which are these lines, which Mr. Pope has translated, and withi the most injudicious flattery applied to his friend Sir Godfrey Kneller,

Hic est ille Raphaël, timuit quo sospite vinci

Rerum magna parens, et moriente mori.

Living, great Nature feard he might outvie
Her works, and dying, fears herself may

Pope's Epitaph on Sir G. Kneller.

Ariosto was himself contemporary with all the modern artists iere mentioned: he knew Titian well, who drew his picture. The author of the Eysily on Pope, in an anecdote taken from Richardson, mentions, thai Raphael wiih great modesty consulted his friend Ariosto, who was in excellent scholar, on the characters, lives, and countries of the persons whom he was to introduce in the picture of Theology. All that Raphael is ever known to have written, is four letters and a sonnet addressed to Ariosto.

Essay on Pope, vol. ii. p. 46£.


From shades infernal, by his book compellid,
IIis book all potent! whether sacred held
To black Avernus, or the shades that hide
Nursinia's cares, or drear Cucitus' tide.

But turn we now to where the rotile lanci
To view the pictur'd tales impatient stand,
While torches, rear'd in many a hand, diley
Their mingled rays and emulate the day.
Then thus the castle's lord---The wars thici rise
In yonder forns to meet your wondering eyes,
Are yet unfought--the sage's two-fold art
Reveals the painter's and the prophet's part.
There, in Italian plains our troops are view'd,
By turns subduing and by turns subilu’d.
Whatever good or evil chance attend
The powers that France beyond the Alps shall send
In this apartment Merlin bids appear,
Before th’events by many a hundre! year.
Dispatch'd from Britain's king the propecuno
To Gallia’s king, who held his regal claim
From Marcomir---then hear with wha: intent
This hall he fram’d, and why from Arthur sent.




Vei, 31. the shades that hide

Nursinia's cares,.--) The poet here alluries to ihose fil>ulous and imaginary caves or grottos said to be in the mountains of Norcia, and to have been inhabited by the Sybils, of which many fictions are related. Petrarch tells us, that in these 12 luteins is an opening that learls to the grotto of the Cumaan Sybil, where se resided with many of her virgins, all whom every Friday assumed the form of serpents; that whoever entered the cave should not return till a year, a month, and a day were expired, and that if he should, througt, forgetfulness, not depart at the end of that time', he would remain there for ever,

Ver. 19. --- Aiarcomir -] The name of a king, saisi to have reizned in France betore Phiaramond.

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King Pharamond, who with his numerous host
lias first from France maintain'd his daring post
Beside the Rhine, now meditates to check
Beneath his yoke Italia's haughty neck:
Nor arduous seem'd the task, when day by day
Beheld the Roman empire's power decay.
With British Arthur hence he wills to make
A solemn league the war in band to take. ·
Arthur who ne'er without the counsel sage
Of prophet Nierlin would in arms engage,
(That Merlin, from a demon sprung, whose view
Could trace events, and all the future knew)
From him had learnt, and Pharaniond he shows
To what he rashly must his troops expose,
Should he, ill-fated, on those lands descend
Which Alps, and seas, and Appennines defend.
Him Merlin tells that scarce in future days,
Aking that o'er the Franks his sceptre sways,
Eut sees in Italy his martial train,
By raging pestilence and famine slain :
Short is their time to joy, and long to mourn,
With little gain, with mighty loss they turn
From fruitful fields, where not a venturous hand
Shall plant the lily in forbidden land.
See! Pharımond on him so far depend,
He seeks on other foes his arms to bend;
When Merlin at his will (so gocs the fame)
Employ'u his fienils this magic hall to frame,



Ver. 51. ...Pkaramond... } Pharamond, king of France, reported to be the first who established the Salic law: he lived about the year 418; he has been always heid up as a great prince, but bis history is much involved in table.

That every eye might pictur'd here behold
The future actions of the Franks foretold;

And each descendent of the nation know
That while their powers against a barbarous foe
With social aid defend th’Italian state,
Conquest and honour shall their arms await.
But should they ever seek with hostile sway

85 To make fair Italy their yoke obey, Such rash design must seal their certain doom, And build beyond those ills their fatal tomb.

So spoke the host; directing as he stood Each dame's attention: Sigisbert he show'd,

90 Who, tempted hy Mauritius' wealthy stores, From Jove's steep mount his numerous army pours. Behold on Sambro and Ticino's plain, He spreads his troops, whose inroad to sustain See Eutar comes, and with resistless force

95 And dreadful slaughter stops their daring course. See mighty Clovis from the heights descend, A hundred thousand on his march attend.

Ver. 90.

Sigisbert he show'd, ] Mauritius, emperor of Constantinople and successor to Tiberius, being desirous to drive the Lombards out of Italy, incited Sigisbert, with large offers, to undertake the expedition. Sigisbert, with a vast army, passed the mountains and entered Cisalpine Ga

utar, king of the Lombards, seigning a retreat, attacked him unawares, and cut all his army to pieces.


; but

Ver. 92. ---Jove's steep mouni -.-) A mountain of the Alps, one of the

passes into Italy,

Ver. 97. Sce mighty Clovis---) Clovis V. king of France marched with a great army into Italy against the Lombards, and though, liy ?:hing advantage of the civil discords that had sprung up amongst

See Boniventu's gallant duke oppose,
With strength unequal, such a host of foes.

Behold be icigns a passage free to leave;
Ilis well-laid shares the hostile train deceive;
Who, lur'd by wines of Lombardy, remizin
Like insects caught, with fearful havoc slain.
See Childibert has sent a numerous band

105 Of Franks and captains to Italia's land: Lut he, alike with Clovis, ne'er shall vicv His arms the power of Lombardy saldue; Nor spoils nor palms are his--th’avenging sword Of Ileaven descending has his latile gor'd.

110 The dead are heap'd: his inen ilie climate burns; The flux destroys---nor one of teu returus.

Of Pepin now, and now of Charles he speaks, And shows where each th’Italian border seeks,

then, to obtain an easy conquest. Grimaolo, duke of Bonivento, having few forces to oppise him, frighed i fint an intention of attaching him, whici ilier, retrccuna, leti liis camp full of provisions and wine. The Falkon intering the camp, the soldiers give themselves to excesin til tey grew into iicateit, and Grimaoido coming upon them in the night, vien they were asleep, killed every mall,

Puicacchi. Ver. 105 Sce Chi?revi- ] Chillibert, uncle of Ciovis, desirous of reveiling the desitii oi huis nephew, int tiree clicrals, with arree greatarmies, into Lomlarly, against Grimaolio: one general dy us, huis army jesteerd we ouer iwe: bli a dreadful distemper breiking out ngint illem, and 1!rey being dise!' prointed of the SUCCours which they expect from the lipieror, the remainder xelined home.


Ver. 113. Oj Pyin 1200,---] Sephuo the seconi, 1;cing rised to the papal chwl, -top!), king of Lombarly, Gasturbed the trauquullity of the church: the poi", cuentotising to collinte him with gifts, had recourse to l'edin kive (of Irace for alle, who pitzed into Italy, and coup().cd phone to tie ir perte. Perin,

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