And where on each a like success attends,

115 Since this, nor that, the realm he seeks ollends. This, fiv.in oppression Sephano reprieves, That, Actriu first an! Led best relieves: Astolpho one; and one subdues his * heir, And to its rights restores the Papai chair.

120 A youthful Pepin there his legions pours That from Fornaci reach to Judah's shores. See, near Rialto structur'd by his bani's, The towering bridge of Malamocoa stands : Here burns the fight, and hence he seems to fly; 125 He leaves his men beneath the waves to die; While broke by tides, and by strong winds o'er-thrown The huge pile falls, a mass of useless stone. Behold Burgundian Lewis vanquish'd swear No more in Italy the stvord to bear;

130 * Desiderius.

Having left Italy, Alukonso recommence:l lostilities against the pope, and was once more coupelled by Pepin to make peace. To pojednan sillabeled Leo lil. who being ill treiler! by Pascal, an:l Campolo, a priei Baid officer of the church, in the middle of divine service, auri berrig hiline! wiih in prisoment, Neil to Carlman, who sen: him with sleei honours iv Rome', and afterwards coming there himself, was anvinieri by the pontif en peror of the Romans.

Eugenico. Ver. 101. 1 youthful Pemin...] Pepin, son of Charles the Great, weni azainsi the Pencials, and having taken many Islands, he Cuir a bridge to be built, that his holitiers, little wed to neval fight, might sind lens ri-k. But while the Veneus detended thenselves, there areje s fierced storm, that the briilge was de. molished, the builders were buried under the ruins, and the king was forced to abandou his enterprize.

Porcacchi. Ver. 119. Trhold Burgundian Leu is -- Lewis, king of Burgundid, mihing üll espetition into Italy, was conquered by the emperor

Behold him soon his plighted faith forego,
And once again a captive to the foe.
Behold where, mole-like, quench'd his visual ray
Him o'er the Alps his mourning friends convey.
See Arli's Hugo chase with conquering bands 135

he Berengarii from Italian lands :
These once or twice he routs; while these the Huns
By turns assist, by turns Bavaria's sons;
Till forc'd by stronger power he ends the strife,
On terms in pos’d, and soon concludes his lite;

Not long his successor alive remains,
When Berengarius o'er the kingdom reigns.
See Italy another Charles invade
To give the holy pastor needful aid:

Berengarius J. and made prisoner, but set at liberty on his taking an oath never more to invade Ititly. The Burgundiail, afterwards forgetting his oath, renewed hostilities, and being again taken prisoner by Berengarius II. was, as a punishment for his breach of faith, deprived of his sight, and in this condition he returned home.

Porcacchi. Ver. 135. See Arli's Hugo--) Hugo count of Arli, called in by the Italians to their assistance against the Berengarii: he succeeded greatly at first, but being afterwards overpowered, was constrained to ask for peace, and retired to Arli, leaving his son Lothario behind hiin, who suon after died.

Eugenico. Ver. 143. See Italy another Charles invade ) Pope Clement IV. invited Charles of Anjou, brother of St. Lewis king of France, against Manfred, an enemy to the church, who had usurped the kingdom of Naples and Sicily. Charles arriving, overthrew Manfred at Benivento, slew hiin, and took possession of Sicily. Corradino, to whom the kingdom belonged in right of succession, brought a force from Germany, engaged Charles, but was defeated, made pri. soner, and at last beheaded. Charles reigning in Sicily, the Franks began to exercise great tyranny over the Sicilians; and, among other enormities, committed violence on their wives. Hence a plot was coucerted all over the island, that as soon as the vesper bell



Two kings by him in two fierce battles slain,
Manfred and Corradino press the plain!
But soon his people swoln with great success,
With wrong on wrong the conquer'd realm oppress.
See! through the crowded street while vespers call
To hallow'd rites, in murder'd heaps they fall!
The host then show'd (when many a rolling year
Should whirl the planets in their changing sphere)
A Gallic leader from the hill descend,
And on Visconti's earls the combat bend.
See! Alexandria by the threaten'd force
Of France begirt with mingled foot and horse :
Within the walls the duke has fix'd the guard,
Without, an ambush for the foc prepar’d,
See by his toils the heedless Franks ensnar'd.
Lo, Armoniaco their luckless head;
See, some to Alexandria captive led,
While the warm deluge doubling either flood,
The Po and Tanacro run purple blood.
One call'd of Marca, then in turn he show'd
Three Anjoinini namn'd--and thus pursu'd.




rung, the Sicilians, ready armed, should sally forth from their hvuses, and fail upon the Franks; this was put in execution, and eight thousand Franks were slain to revenge the dishonour offered to the Sicilians in the persons of their wives.

Porcacchi. Ver. 151. The host then show'd -- ) The count of Armagnac, a Frank, came with twenty thousand soldiers in aid of the Florentines and Bolognese, against Galeazzo duke of Milan, who, having left a numerous garrison in Alexandria, with the rest of his forces attacked the enemy; at the same time that they were attacked by those from the city, and cut all the Franks to pieces; he count dying soon after of his wounds in prison,

Porcacchi. Ver. 161. One calll of Marca--.) Joan queen of Naplestock for her husband James cout of Marca, who descended for the kings of

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Behold low ost have these with numerous bands
Disturb'il the Brucian and the Dacian lands;
The Larsians vex'd, and Salentinian train :
Pet vain the force of France, and all as vain
The lattian succours, there to give a place

To one small remnant of the Gallic race.
Ost as the Frank his force for battle shows,
Alphonso and Ferrantes shall oppose,
Shin their native lands expel their focs.
See Chaules the eighth, who from the Alps descends, 175
While all the lower of France his march attends.
He passes Liri; not a sword he draws,
Or resis a spear, yet to his sovereign laws
The rcalm submissive yields, save where opprest
Bencath the rock Typhæus heaves his breast. 180

France, on condition that he should be contented with the title of prince of Tiranto, duke of Calabria, and vicar of the kingdom; and that the admini«ration of public aliairs should remain with her. But he, attempting to seize the whole government, and calling him. self king, she, with ide assistance vs Francis Sforza, deprived him of all. Lukovic), Rinieri, and John of Anjou, asserting their pretensions to the crown, were severally defeated by Alphonso and Ferrandy: these the poet calls the Anjoinini.

Porcacchi. Ver. 173. ScCharles the eighth---] Charles VIII. king of France, assisted by Ladorico Sforza duke of Milan, a imortal enemy to Alphonso of Arragon, king of Naples, came with all the French mobility, and a vast army into Italy. Alphonso, giving way to the beiier fortune of Charles, loit the kingilom to his son lerrando, and retired with his treasures to Sicily, Ferrando, unable to make head azainst the Franks, was soon divesied of all his fortresses and places except the isle of Ischia, galiantly defended by Inico dei Vasio. At length all the princes of Italy, alamed at ile rapid victories of Charles, entered into a league against him. The Neapolitans, detesting the haughty government of the Franks, recalled Ferrando, who, assisted by the Venetians, recovered the kingdom.


IIere, not unquestion’d, conquering Charles arrives,
Against him Inico del Vasto strives,
In whom the race of Avolo survives.

The castle's lord directing thus the view
Of Bradamant to forms which Merlin drew,

185 And pointing Ischia to her sight he said: Ere more from chief to chief your eyes are ledd, Hlear what to me reveald in times of old, While yet a child my aged grandsire told, Truths which to him his father oft made known, 190 Through sons succeeding sons deliver'd down From Merlin's self, whose wondrous art display'd Yon story's deeds in various tints pourtray'd; Who when he show'd yon castle on the rock To Pharamond, he thus the king bespoke.

195 “ From him whose gallant arms yon height defend A chief, his country's glory, shall descend : Less graceful Nereus, less in battle nan'd Achilles; less for art Ulysses fam'd: Less swift was Ladas; loss in council sage

200 Nestor who tanght so long a wondering age. Nor yet so merciful or literal found Was ancient Cæsar through the earth renown'd. The gifts of these in nubing can compare With him who draws in Ischia vital air:


Ver. 197. A chief, his country's glory, --) Alphonso del Vasto, mentioned Book xv. Ver. 199.

Nereus, -- A Grecian commander, celebrated for the beauty of his person by Ilomer.

Ver. 200. ----Ladas ;---] The name of a nessenger of Alexander the Great, remarkable for his swiftness, inentioned by Catullus, Martial, and Solinus.

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