Dr. Swift, the common friend of both, to eradicate; although, perhaps, he might tend to moderate it. A pacification was at this period the grand object of the new administration, and for that purpose they immediately convoked a parliament more devoted to them, and less attached to the whigs, than the preceding one. “St. John now publickly declared, that the glory of taking cities, and gaining battles, ought to be measured by the degree of utility resulting from these splendid achievements, which at one and the same time might reflect honour on the arms, and shame on the councils, of a nation; that the wisdom of a government consists in regulating its projects by its interests and its strength, and in proportioning the means of execution to the object which it proposes, and the vigour it is to display. He declared that England had lost sight of those rules, and that motives of selfishness and ambition had seduced the grand part of the alliance to depart from the principles which had been agreed upon. He added, that all ideas of conquering Spain ought to be renounced and relinquished, as general Stanhope had just declared, that the people were so attached to Philip V. and professed such a degree of aversion to the archduke, that the country might be overrun until the day of judgment,’ without being conquered. As Spain was the object of the war, and its subversion hopeless, it was, therefore, his opinion, that peace ought to be instantly thought of.” • St. John perceiving that the new parliament was favourable to his views, sent over the abbé Gaultier to Paris in 1711, and by means of his agency, and that of Mr. Prior, he carried on a correspondence with M. de Torcy, and signified to the French minister, that England would treat independently of, and without the concurrence, of Holland. - No sooner did the Dutch learn Vol. 2 N

that the English had commenced a negotiation for peace, than they themselves wished to renew the conferences for a treaty; but their ministers were repulsed, and obliged, to solicit a participation in the diplomatick engagements of England. Meanwhile the queen was so well pleased with the conduct of her ministers, that Harley was created an. earl, and nominated first lord of the treasury, in addition to his former office of chancellor of the exchequer. Although St. John had been overlooked on this occasion, yet he determined to press the business of peace, and accordingly sent Prior, the poet, once more to the court of Versailles, with a memorial, in which he laid down the principles on which it could alone be obtained. That gentleman accordingly repaired to Fontainbleau at the latter end of July, 1711, and, having ascertained that Louis XIV. had received full powers from his grandson, Philip V. returned immediately, with Monsieur Mesnager, to whom the English secretary for foreign affairs observed: “We desire peace, and France stands in need of it; to . obtain this, all intrigue and finesse must be banished. England will not either resume or renew the insupportable pretensions maintained by the Dutch at the former conferences, but she expects a reasonable compensation for herself on account of her expenses, and equitable advantages for her allies; in fine, such terms as may be required for their own security, and such, indeed, as the present situation of affairs entititle them to. A provisional negotiation was the consequence; and preliminaries of peace between England and France were signed soon after, on the part of St. John and the earl of Dartmouth on one side, and the French envoy on the other. Next day Mesnager was introduced to the queen, who received him in a private manner at Windsor. On the 30th of November, the

secretary for foreign affairs notified
to the different ministers at the
court of London, that negotiations
for peace were about to take place
at Utrecht; and, notwithstanding the
violent opposition that ensued on the
part of the count de Gallasch, the
Austrian minister, and the Baunde
Bothmar, envoy from the court of
Hanover; nay, although the duke
and dutchess of Marlborongh, with
all the whigs, together with the
states general, resolutely opposed
the measure, yet Anne and her
ministers, as is well known, suc-
ceeded in the project for a peace.
The services of St. John upon
this occasion were not forgotten
and accordingly her majesty, on the
14th of July, 1712, was pleased to
create him a peer of England, by
the style and title of baron of Ly-
dia Fregoze in the county of Wilts,
and viscount Bolinbroke. This re-
ward was considered as his due, in
consequence of the basis of a new
political balance established by him
in Europe, which subsisted during
a period of about fourscore years;
and, notwithstanding the frequent
wars that intet vened, was never
wholly changed until the late revo-
Meanwhile, a consequence of a
variety of intrigues, the earl of Ox-
ford, who is here accused of keep-
ing up a double correspondence
with the pretender and the house of
Hanover, at the same time, was
about to be disgraced, and his ene-
my, Bolingbroke, to be elevated to
the highest dignities in the state,
when Anne died. This princess, ac-
cording to the editor, who obtained
his information from the late Mrs.
Mallet, was greatly beloved by Bo-
lingbroke, who exclaimed in her
presence: “That the unfortunate
queen was a model of all the vir-
tues; that the unhappy house of Stu-
art had never produced a better so-
vereign; and that no princess ever
deserved so little to be cruelly be-
trayed, as was the case with her late

majesty.” It is here also stated, that
her majesty’s constitution was ra-
dically sapped and ruined by the
use of strong liquors. The editor is
at some pains to insinuate, that her
majesty did not die a natural death;
but for this suspicion there never
was any solid foundation whatso-
ever. -
Qn the accession of George I.
Bolingbroke addressed a letter of
congratulation to his majesty; but
instead of being treated the better
for this mark of respect, his papers
were sealed up, and he himself
taught to expect the utmost severity
of royal enmity. The subject of this
memoir, on perceiving the storm,
retired for awhile into the country;
but on receiving secret intelligence
from the duke of Marlborough, that
it was not in his power to protect
him from the rage of the whigs,
who had determined to punish him
as the author of the late pacifica-
tion, he determined to fly. His lord-
ship accordingly embarked private-
ly at Dover on the 7th of April,
carrying with him property to the
amount of about 500,000 francs,
which was intended to support him
during his exile.
On his arrival at Paris, the vis-
count waited on the English ambas-
sadour [the earl of Stair] and as-
sured him that he did not intend to
enter into any connexion whatso-
ever with the jacobites; and he
wrote several letters to the same
purpose to general Stanhope, then
secretary of state. Soon after this,
his lordship retired to St. Clair, in
Dauphiny; and, during his residence
there, was accused, together with
the earl of Oxford, of high treason.
The latter was accordingly sent to
the tower; while against the for-
mer, a bill of attainder was carried.
The tories in England, greatly
displeased at the conduct of the
whigs, who, in their turn, consider-
ed them all as suspected, now sent
an agent to the continent, who had
an interview with the pretender at

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

* A short time after the massacre of the army of French loyalists at cape Quiberon, in 1795, a body of cavalry amounting to 1200, were sent out, but with only three months’ provender in the transports. Not being able to effect a junction with the royal army, the greater part died of hunger on board; and 300 were carried on shore to the little islands Hedick and Houat, where they were killed off by musketry.

t Alluding to his bill in the peers, to prevent cruelty to domestick animals.

The recollected stream, thought’s busy train

shall glance like pictured shadows o'er his mind;

Each airy castle of enthusiast youth Shall dawn upon his fancy, like the towers That sparkle in some forest of romance; Each shade of circumstance that marked the scene of young existence, touched with fairy tint Sheds beauty not its own; that life of hope And generous expectation, when the man Was teeming in the boy, and the young mind Pleased with its own exertion, and acted o’er Each future impulse, and put forth the germs Of native character. It cannot be— Unless his heart is deadened by the touch Of that mere worldliness, which hugs itself In a factitious apathy of soul; Unless, in vain and vacant ignorance, He wondering smiles at those high sympathies, Those pure, unworldly feelings, which exalt Our nature o'er the sphere of actual things; Which lend the poet’s gaze its ecstacy, And bid the trembling note of musick steal Tears down the listener's cheek;-it can

not be But his whole heart must soften and relent Amid these peaceful scenes; but the deep iefs Which time has stamped upon his furrowed brow

Must, for a moment, smooth their thoughtful trace; And e'en the long remorse wild passion leaves, Rest from the goading of its secret sting. Scene of my boyish years I not disown These natural feelings. Let me rest awhile Here on this grassy bank; beneath these elms Whose high boughs murmur with the leafy sound That soothed me when a child: when, truant-like, of the dull chime that summoned me afar Nought heeding, by the river-wave I lay, Of liberty enamoured, and the muse.

As yon gray turrets rest in trembling shade On its transparent depth, the days long past Press on awakened fancy; when, averse From sport, I wandered on its loneliest banks, Where not a sound disturbed the quiet air But such as fitly blends with silentness; The whispering sedge—the ripple of the stream, Orbird’s faint note; and not a human trace, Save of some hamlet-spire in woods immerst, . Spake to the sight of earth's inhabiters. Then have I rushed, prone from the topmost bank, And given my limbs to struggle with the stream, And 'midst those waters felt a keener life. How soft the milky temperature of wave, Salubrious Thames' associate with delight Thy stream to thrilling fancy flows, when faint a I languish in the sun-blaze; and with thee Ingenuous friendships, feats of liberty That recked not stern control, and gravely SWeet The toils of lettered lore, and the kind. smile Of Him,” who e'en unbraiding, could be kind, On soothed remembrance throng. I would not feign A fond repining which I did not feel; I would not have the intermediate years Roll back to second infancy, nor live Again the life that haunts my memory thus With sweet sensations; for the simple child Is all unconscious of his pleasant lot; His little world, like man’s vast universe, Is darkened by its storms; and he, like man, Creates his own disquietudes and fears; And oft with murmurings vain of discontent, Or bursts of idle passion, personates His future part; the character of man. No—'tis the cant of mock misanthropy That dwells on childish pleasures; which the child With light insensibility enjoys, Or rather scorns; while on his eager view The future prospect opens, still in sight,

* Of Mr. Savage, whose name must ever be associated with the blandi doctores of Horace, let me be permitted to indulge the remembrance. His system of tuition was calculated to exemplify the theory of the admirable Locke. He made instruction pleasant; wand was therefore listened to and obeyed on a principle of love. Should these insignifi. cant pages ever meet his eye, he may not be displeased to find that

- The muse attends him to the silent shade. I trust I shall be forgiven the excusable egotism, of paying this tribute of gratitude and respect to an elegant scholar, and most amiable man.

« 前へ次へ »