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scended to the utmost tenderness and care for you; performing the painfullest acts of service, to you in your infancy, as a mother and nurse too. I charge you, before the Lord, honour and obey, love and cherish, your dear mother. Next, betake yourselves, to some honest, industrious course of life; and that not of sordid covetuousness, but for example, and to avoid idleness. And if you change your condition and marry, chuse with the knowledge and consent of your mother, if living, guardians, or those that have the charge of you: mind neither beauty nor riches, but the fear of the Lord, and a sweet and amiable disposition; such as you can love above all this world: and that may make your habitations pleasant and desirable to you. And bein married, be tender, affectionate, . patient, and meek. Live in the fear of the Lord, and he will bless you and your offsprings. Be sure to live within compass; borrow not, neither be beholden to any: ruin not yourselves by kindness to others, for that exceeds the due bounds of friendship, neither will a true friend expect it. Small matters I heed not. Let industry and parsimony go no farther than for a sufficiency for life; and to make a provision for your children [and that in moderation, if the Lord gives you any]. I charge you to help the poor and the needy; let the Lord have a voluntary share of your income, for the good of the poor, both in our society and others: for we are all his creatures, remembering that “he that giveth to the poor lendeth to the Lord.” Know well your incomings, and your outgoings may be better regulated. Love not money nor the world; use them only, and they will serve you; but if you love them, you serve them; which will debase your spirits, as well as offend the Lord. Pity the distressed, and hold out a hand
of help to them; it may be your case: and as you mete to others, God will mete to you again. Be humble and gentle in your coversation, of few words, I charge you, but always pertinent when you speak; hearing out before you attempt to answer; and then speaking as if you would persuade, not impose. Affront none, neither revenge the affronts that are done to you; but forgive, and you shall be forgiven of your Heavenly Father. In making friends, consider well first; and when you are fixed, be true, not wavering by reports, nor deserting in affliction; for that becomes not the good and virtuous, Watch against anger, neither speak nor act in it; for, like drunkenness, it makes man a beast, and throws people into desperate inconveniences. Avoid flatterers, for they are thieves in disguise; their praise is costly, designing to get bythose they bespeak; they are the worst of creatures; they lie to flatter, and flatter to cheat; and, which is worse, if you believe them, you cheat yourselves most dangerously. But the virtuous, though poor, love, cherish, and prefer. Remember David, who, asking the Lord, “Who shall abide in thy tabernacle? Who shall dwell in thy holy hill 2’” answers, “ He that walketh uprightly, worketh righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his heart: in whose eyes the vile person is contemned, but honoureth them who feareth the Lord.” Next, my children, be temperate in all things; in your diet, for that is physick by prevention; it keeps, nay it makes people healthy, and their generation sound. This is exclusive of the spiritual advantage it brings. Be also plain in your apparel; keep
out that lust which reigns too much
and luxury. Read my “ No Cross, No Crown!” There is instruction. Make your conversation with the most eminent for wisdom and piety, and shun all wicked men, as you hope for the blessing of God, and the comfort of your father's living and dying prayers. Be sure you speak no evil of any, no not of the meanest; much less of your superiours; as magistrates, guardians, tutors, teachers, and elders in Christ. Be no busy bodies; meddle not with other folks matters, but when in conscience and duty prest: for it procures trouble, and is ill manners, and very unseemly to wise men. In your families, remember Abraham, Moses, and Joshua; their integrity to the Lord; and do as you have them for your examples. Let the fear and service of the living God be encouraged in your houses, and that plainness, sobriety, and moderation in all things, as becometh God's chosen people: and, as I advise you, my beloved children, do you counsel yours, if God should give you any. Yea, I counsel and command them, as my posterity, that they love and serve the Lord God with an upright heart; that he may bless you and yours, from generation to generation. And, as for you, who are likely to be concerned in the government of Pennsylvania, and my parts of East Jersey, especially the first, I do charge you, before the Lord God and his holy angels, that you be lowly, diligent, and tender; fearing God, loving the people, and hating covetuousness. Let justice have its impartial course, and the law free passage; though to your loss, protect no man against it; for you are not above the law, but the ‘law above you. Live, therefore, the lives yourselves you would have the people live; and then you have right and boldness to punish the trans
gressor. Keep upon the square, for God sees you: therefore do your duty: and be sure you see with your own eyes, and hear with your own ears. Entertain no lurchers; cherish no informers for gain or revenge; use no tricks, fly to no devices, to support or cover injustice; but let your hearts be upright before the Lord, trusting in him above the contrivances of men, and none shall be able to hurt or supplant. Oh! the Lord is a strong God, and he can do whatsoever, he pleases; and, though men consider it not, it is the Lord that rules and overrules in the kingdom of men; and he builds up and pulls down. I, your father, am the man that can say, he that trusts in the Lord shall not be confounded. But God, in due time, will make his enemies be at peace with him. If you thus behave yourselves, and so become a terrour to evil doers, and a praise to them that do well, God, my God, will be with you, in wisdom and a sound mind; and make you blessed instruments in his hand, for the settlement of some of those desolate parts of the world, which my soul desires above all worldly honours and riches; both for you that go, and you that stay; you that govern, and you who are governed; that in the end you may be gathered with me to the rest of God. Finally, my children, love one another with a true and endeared love, and your dear relations on both sides; and take care to preserve tender affection in your children to each other: often marrying within themselves, so as it be without the bounds forbidden in God’s law. That so they may not, like the forgetting and unnatural world, grow out of kindred, and as cold as strangers; but as becomes a truly natural and Christian stock, you, and yours after you, may live
* The title of a book of his, in which his religious sentiments are recorded in a style easy, concise, and nervous: his reflections interesting; his arguments, for the most part, just; and generally enforced by illustrations from Scripture.
in the pure and fervent love of God towards one another, as becometh brethren in the spiritual and natural relation. So my God, that has blessed me with his abundant mercies, both of this and the other and better life, be with you all, guide you by his counsel, bless you, and bring you to his eternal glory; that you may shine, my dear children, in the firmament of God’s power, with the blessed spirits of the just: that celestial family, praising and admir
ing him the God and Father of it, for ever and ever. For there is no God like unto him, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob; the God of the Prophets, the Apostles, and martyrs of Jesus; in whom I live for ever. So farewell to my thrice dearly beloved wife and children. Yours, as God pleaseth in that which no waters can quench, no time forget, nor distance wear away, but remains for ever. WILLIAM PENN.
ON THE DEATH OF A FAIR AND UN-
IN dreams of fancy's wildest power,
But, like those shadowy forms untrue
Sad is her story, sad her fate
Yet let me, ere the fatal hour,
Alas! how fails the faultering line ! To give the image back to view,
The perfect whole, almost divine, With charm for charm, and hue for hue, Is more than poesy may do.
What boots to say her forehead bright
What wonder if in heart so soft, . A prey to its own feelings oft— What wonder if within that breast That all the gentler passions knew, The milder sympathies had blest, Love, with the throng, should find a place And every meaner influence chase ? He in that sanctuary grew, And triumphed o'er the rest. Yes, there was one the fervent maid With looks of tenderness surveyed, Far distant, far the thought of ill— And him she loved in truth. She found her fondness all repayed, And with soul's delighting thrill Her vows were plighted to the youth. Ah! hapless pair the wintry blast O'er blooming love's elysium past; Ravaged the bowers of heavenly bliss, And chilled upon your lips the kiss
A father's mandate interposed, Forbade the union love designed; A mother's heart to pity closed: The bands were torn that love had twined. She to another was consigned, And the last spark of joy expired: Yet in her bridal robes attired, Still fain their sterner hopes to crown, The dread destroyers of her own, Poor bleeding dove' though wounded sore, The smile of joy her features wore t But her heart felt that smile no more.
O, love connubial, how thy couch, pro
faned, From rapture changes to a bed of thorns; When by parental pow'r the virgin gained
Must meet embraces which she scorns ! Unhappy bridegroom not for thee Shone the clear star of ecstacy: Veiled were its beams thy nuptial night, Or only shed on thee a cold and sickly light; Destined, though boasting all her charms, To press a joyless bride, reluctant in thy arms. “Ah! to another clime I go,” The drooping fair was heard to say, “Of ruthless force the yielding prey: There death, the only good below, *Tis consolation sweet to know, Will steal me from my woes away, And mix me with the senseless clay: No eye to drop the pitying tear Or mourn me on the passing bier l’”
Another clime the mourner sought,
Peace to thy shade, thou gentle one at rest' No parent clasped thee ere thy slumber deep. The wild waves rocked thee to thy lasting sleep;