ページの画像
PDF
ePub
[ocr errors]

present

[ocr errors]

men and grooms of the bed-cham- of his incapacity, it may seem inber, the equerries, the captain of congruous that the very momentthe yeomen of the guards, and the ous circumstance of restoring him captain of the band of gentlemen to his high functions should be pensioners. Her Majesty is to be decided upon by a kind of secret assisted by a coui

puncil, the memo junta; and although the characters bers of which are named in the of its members in the present inbill; and in case of their death or stance preclude all suspicion of resignation, she has authority to collusion, yet it may perhaps be nominate others from among the „wished that such a precedent had members of the privy-council. not been established for future

The important affair of the re- times. storation of the King to authority The feelings of the Regent on is provided for in the following his accession to power were soon manner :--The Queen's council made known in a way the nation are to meet from time to time, and had not been prepared to expect. make a declaration of the state of It was announced that the his Majesty's health, of which a ministers were to be continued in copy is to be transmitted to the office. 'Asthe restrictions inposed President of the privy-council, to upon him, though some diminube published in the London Ga- tion of his influence, by no means zette; and they may examine the prevented him from effectually attending physicians on oath. The supporting an administration of Queen and council are to notify his own choice, it was obvious that the King's restoration to health by some other cause had produced instrument sent to the privy- this unexpected determination. council, who are then to assemble And it cannot be doubted that the and enter the instrument; after expected short term oftheregency which entry, his Majesty may by operated as well to disincline the his sign-manual require the privy- Prince to the delicate and somecouncil to assemble, and at his what invidious task of marking out

. pleasure require proclamation to the members of a new ministry, issue, when the powers of this act as to render the persons themare to cease. The members of the selves.who possessed his confidence council appointed by this bill are, unwilling to come forward and the archbishops of Canterbury and take upon them, at such a critical York, the duke of Montrose, the period, the burthen and responsiearl of Winchelsea, the earl of bility of offices which they were Aylesford, lord Eldon, lord Ellen- likely to hold for so short a time. borough, and sir William Grant. In a letter which has been made

It cannot escape observation, public, as that by which his Royal that the King's resumption of Highness apprized Mr. Perceval power is placed entirely in the of bis intention not to remove from hands of the Queen and her coun- their stations, those whom he cil, and that no public body is found in them as his Majesty's vested with a cognizance of the official servants, he explicitly de

fact of his recovery. As an exa- clares, « that the irresistible im* mipation by both houses of par- pulse of filial duty and affection liament preceded the declaration to his beloved and afflicted father

a

a

leads him to dread that any act of earnest wish of an amicable terthe Regent might, in the smallest mination, consistent with the ho. degree, have the effect of inter- nour of the kingdom, and the prefering with the progress of his So- servation of its maritime rights vereign's recovery, and that this and interests. Of domestic conconsideration alone dictates the ceros, it slightly adverted to the decision now communicated to Mr. commercial difficulties of the Perceval.” This motive, certainly country, and the deficiency of the laudable in itself, must have been revenue in Ireland, but held forth, enforced by the persuasion that as matter of consolation, the fact his Majesty was in a progress of a greater product of the revespeedily to resume the reins of nue of Great Britain in the last government; for had there been year than was ever before known, only a distant probability of such though unạided by any new tax. an event, continuing to maintain It expressed the usual confidence a system of government which in in the zeal and liberality of the his judgment he disapproved; Commons " for the support of the would have been a violation of the great contest in which his Majesty Regent's duty to the public, which is necessarily engaged," and conno sentiment of filial duty could cluded with the Regent's anxious justify.

-wishes that he might be enabled That his Royal Highness really to restore unimpaired into his regarded his situation as that of Majesty's hands the government the ceremonial, rather than the of his kingdom. ' efficient, head of the state, was The customary addresses inecho apparently indicated by his de- to the speech were moved in the clining to open the parliament in House of Lords by the Earl of person, and delivering by com- Aberdeen, seconded by Lord Eliot; mission, on Feb. 12, a speech in in the House of Commons, by Mr. no respect different (except in as Milnes, seconded by Mr. Richard far as it touched upon the circum- Wellesley. In the upper house, stance of the regency) from that EarlGrosvenor rose to make some which the ministry would have observations' on the speech and dictated had the King still been address. To the former, he obsitting on the throne. With re- jected chiefly on account of the spect to foreign affairs, the speech meagreness of its information, expressed satisfaction on account and its total silence respecting of the fresh opportunities afforded many important objects. In the during the last campaign for dis- address he said he could not con playing the valour of his Majesty's cur, provided it were considered forces by sea and land; specifying as a pledge to persist in the conthe instances of the reduction of test in the peninsula, concerning the islands of Bourbon and Am- which he thought that the house boyna, the repulse of the threat- had not heard enough to satisfy .ened attack upon Sicily, and the those who entertained doubts on frustrating of the enemy's designs the policy of sending further reinupon Portugal and Cadiz. Inforcements to maintain the war in alluding to the disputes now pend. those countries.. ing with America, it declared an Lord Grenville followed on the

[ocr errors]

were

same side, and stated the ques. freest commercial intercourse betion to be, Is it advisable that the tween the two countries, the in. mode of assistance to be pursued calculable advantages of which by this country should be to make both knew from experience. It ourselves principals in this war, was never the intention of the by embarking the whole of our British government to provoke a disposable force in the issue of contest with the United States. such a contest, where our enemy The measures which we could bring the whole force of compelled to adopt were for the the continent of Europe to oppose purpose of vindicating and assertus ? This question he did not he-ing our rights ; rights which insitate to answer negatively; and volved the honour, the security, therefore protested against pledg, and the prosperity of the country. ing the house to agree to the em

If the effects of these measures ployment of any additional force have incidentally fallen upon the in the peninsula. His lordship commerce of America, it is not also touched

upon the negociation the fault of the British governwith America, expressing

his sense ment. It is to be lamented that

. of the great importance of the innocent parties should suffer by issue, and his hopes that no fur- the arrangements we were comther opportunities would be peg- pelled to adopt in defence of our lected of bringing about a tho- honour and interests; but the rough reconciliation.

sense of that honour and those io. The Earl of Liverpool took up terests would never have allowed the defence of the address; and any other course to be taken." with regard to the war in the After these explanations, the adpeninsula, he observed, that it dress was carried nemine dissencontained no kind of pledge to tiente. support any specific mode of car- In the House of Commons no rying on that war; yet when the debate of consequence occurred subject should come before them, when the address was first moved ; he did not despair of being able but when the report of it was to convince their lordships, that brought up on the following day, the system adopted with respect Mr. Hutchinson 'rose, and made to Spain and Portugal was the several remarks on the conduct of best that could have been pur- ministers with respect to the consued. In the conclusion of his tinental war, and on the duty of speech he thus expressed the sen- the house plainly to represent to timents of the ministry with re- the Regent the embarrassed state spect to America : “ He had no of the empire from commercial hesitation in declaring, that go- distresses, the discontents prevavernment fully appreciated the lent in Ireland, and other difficul. value of that connexion; that ties in which the nation had been they were disposed to act towards plunged by incapable ministers, the United States in the most and which rendered an honourable conciliatory manner; and that peace highly desirable. there was no political object for The question being then put which they were more anxious and carried for receiving the rethan to establish the fullest and port, Mr. Whitbread, in a speech

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

of considerable length, stated in during his Majesty's incapacity; detail all that he thought objec- the restrictions laid upon his Royal tionable in the Regeni's speech, Highness by the Regency bill; and and in those of the mover and se- the defects of the representation conder of the address, particularly in parliament. The Regent's andwelling on the little satisfaction swer was guarded and general: presented by the state of affairs in the feelings suggested by his sithe peninsula, and the impolicy of tuation were however expressed, persisting in a system which could where he assured the addressers, lead to nothing but the further ex- that “ the happiest moment of haustion of our resources. Hecon his life would be when, by the cluded with declaring his resolu- blessing of Providence, he should tion, whilst the same measures be called upon to resign the were continued, to continue in the powers now delegated to bim, same unrelaxed, systematic, and into the hands of his beloved and vndeviating opposition to themrevered father and sovereign." He was answered in a spirited Another proof of the manner manner, not without a mixture of in which the Regent viewed the personal acrimony, by Mr. Per temporary authority with which ceval. Other members afterwards he was invested, was afforded in joined in the debate, which was a communication made to the no farther important than as it House of Commons on Feb. 21, showed that the relative state of by the Chancellor of the Exchethe ministry and the opposition quer, stating, that his Royal was not at all changed by the res Highness, on being informed that gency; the latter party evidently a motion was intended to be made regarding the Prince as only the for some provision for the Renominal head of the government, gent's household, declared that and in no wise personally inter- he would not, for his own perested in the support of an admi- sonal magnificence, add another nistration not of his own appoint- burthen to those already imposed ment. The address, however, on the nation. The fact was furpassed without a division. ther explained by Mr. Adam,

An address of a very different who said, that the Regent put complexion from the Lord Mayor, into his hands the letter from Mr. Aldermen, and Commons, of the Perceval, mentioning the intendcity of London, was presented to ed provision, accompanying it the Regent on February 24th. It with written instructions, that was, in fact, a strong remonstrance, should any proposition for an respecting the insult lately receiv- establishment, or a grant from ed by the corporation of London, the privy purse, be made to the through the ministers of the crown; house, he should inform that asthe grievances and distresses un- sembly, that his Royal Highness dergone by the country in general; declined it, and that, during a the criminal deception practised temporary regency, he would not by ministers in carrying on the accept that which ought to be. government by the royal authority long to the crown.

CHAPTER II.

Debates on Mr. Wellesley Pole's Circular Letter respecting an intended

Delegation from the Irish Catholics.

THE

[ocr errors]

NHE first subject of import- any such representative, delegate, ance that came before the

or manager. And

you are to comconsideration of the Regency Par- mupicate these directions, as far Jiament was a circular letter sent as lies in your power, forth with by Mr. Wellesley Pole, Secretary to the several magistrates of the to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, county. to the sheriffs and chief magistrates N. B. Sheriffs are to act under of all the counties in that kingdom. the warrant of magistrates in cases It was in the following terms : where the crime has been com

Dublin Castle, Feb. 13, 1811. mitted. Sir,— It being reported that the By command of his Grace the Roman Catholics in the county of Lord Lieutenant, .. are to be called together,

W. W. Pole. or have been called together, to When information of this pronominate or appoint persons as ceeding arrived in England, it exrepresentatives, delegates, or ma- cited much surprise and alarm; nagers, to act in their behalf as

and on February 18th the Earl of members of an unlawful assembly Moira brought the matter before sitting in Dublin, and calling it. the House of Lords. After recit. self the Catholic Committee, you ing the substance of the circular are required, in pursuance of the letter, he said, “ Standing as this provisions of an act of the thirty- extraordinary transaction did at third of the King, ch. 29, to cause present, he could not but feel the to be arrested, and commit to pri- greatest anxiety. Every body who son (unless bail shall be given) all mixed in good company had, for persons within your jurisdiction, the last two days, been a witwho shall be guilty of giving, or ness of the general feeling and having given, or of publishing, astonishment it had created. The or having published, or causing or sudden return of Mr. Secretary having caused to be given or pub- Pole to that .country had caused lished, any written or other notice much surprise, and occasioned a of the election or appointment in great variety of suggestions as to any manner, of such representa- the probable reason of it. From tive, delegate, or manager as afore this important measure, adopted

, said; or of attending, voting, or so speedily after his arrival there, acting, or of having attended, it might certainly be inferred, that voted, or acted, in any manner, the measure had been settled by. in the choice or appointment of the government of this country,

« 前へ次へ »