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freight and insurance, have be- town of Manchester and neighcome grievous, in such a degree, bourhood; and also the Petition as to threaten the most solid and of several weavers and spinners of respectable houses with all the colon, handicrafts, artists, and evils of insolvency.
labourers, resident in the town of That it has been the effect of Bolton, in the county of Lancasthis combination of circumstances, ter, or its vicinity, were referred, to produce a general distrust and to examine the matter thereof, want of confidence, whereby the and report the same, with their evil has been incalculably aggraobservations thereupon, to the vated and is daily extending : so House; and to whom the Peti. thai, unless some immediate and tions of persons residing in the effectual remedy be provided, the town of Paisley, and suburbs, consequences will, in the opinion thereof; and of heritors, manufac
, of his meeting, certainly prove of turers, merchants, mechanics, and a fatal description to the trade and labourers of all denominations, manufactures of this city, and the residing in Lancaster, Ayr, and kingdom at lorge, and every in- Renfrew shires, and the manuterest dependant upon them. facturing places adjacent ;-were
That this meeting therefore referred; consider it as incumbent on them Have carefully and maturely to submit these deeply interesting examined the various suggestions matters to the consideration of the submitted to their consideration ; lords commissioners of his Ma. all of which
Comjesty's treasury; humbly solicit. mittee, to be exposed to insuper. ing, that relief may be afforded able objections ; some as being of by a loan of exchequer bills, as a nature too important and too was done in a similar case of com extensive to fall within the limits mercial difficulty (but of a much of inquiry, which the Committee less alarming extent) in the year thought it their duty to prescribe 1793, for such a period, and with to themselves; others as calcu. such regulations, as under all the lated either to restrict the number circumstances herein set forth, of hands when manufactures are shall appear to be just and expe- flourishing; to confine workmen dient.
to a trade, in which, by a change That Messrs. Tho. Reid, J. J. of circunstances, they may be no Angerstein, John Tunno, John longer able to find employ; to Inglis, and the deputies from arrest the progress of improve . Glasgow, and Paisley be request. ment, and of facilities for abridging ed to wait on the Chancellor of labour, on grounds which, at the Exchequer with a copy of former periods, must have been these resolutions.
equally strong against the intro
duction of the loom itself; and to Report on Petition of several infringe on personal liberty in that Weavers, 8c.
most essential point, the free ex. The Committee to whom the èrcise of industry, of skill, and of Petition of several thousand ma- talent :and have especially con. nufacturers and artizans in the sidered the expedient suggested
to them, of administering pecuni- not fail of exciting expectations ary aid out of the public revenue, unbounded in extent, incapable of
“While your Committee fully being realized, and most likely to acknowledge, and most deeply destroy the equilibrium of labour, lainent the great distress of num. and of employment, in the various bers of persons engaged in the branches of manufacture, of comcotton manufacture, in various merce, and of agriculture.” trades connected with it, arising from circumstances which have Report of Committee relative to the caused the sale of cotton goods to State of Appeals in the House of decline, and consequently the de- Lords. mand for labour in these trades, The Earl of Lauderdale, after and in that manufacture, to be observing that the information be. reduced ;--they are of opinion, fore the Committee on this subthat no interference of the legis, ject only extended to the compalature with the freedom of trade, rative increase of business in the or with the perfect liberty of every Court of Chancery between the individual to dispose of his time periods of ten years up to 1755, and of his labour, in the way and and ten years from 1800, moved on the terms which he may judge for an account of the business bemost conducive to his own in- fore that court from 1755 to 1800, terest, can take place, without and the number of Decrees from violating general principles of the 1755 to 1810. first importance to the prosperity The Earl of Liverpool had no and happiness of the community; objection to the motion, but could without establishing the most per- not consent to delay, till the innicious precedent, or even with formation was produced, the meaout aggravating, after a very short sure in contemplation for the time, the pressure of the general more speedy hearing of appeals in distress, and imposing obstacles that House, which he thought it against that distress being ever was of great importance should be removed: or, if the interference passed before the session closed, were extended to all trades and in order that they might begin in occupations, as it manifestly must the next session on the new be, when the system has been arrangement. The motion was acted on in any, without produc- agreed to. The order of the day img great public mischief and was read for taking into considerbeing destructive of the happiness ation the Report of the Committee and comfort of individuals. relative to the state of the Appeals
“ But above all, your Commits in the House of Lords. The Re. tee are most decidedly of opinion, port was read by the clerk at the that grants of pecuniary aid to table as follows: " Resolved, any particular class of persons suf. That it is the opinion of this Comfering under temporary distress, mittee, that it is indispensably pewould be utterly inefficacious as cessary, and that it so appears to to every good purpose, and most be from the great number of Apobjectionable in all points of peals and Writs of Error now de: view; particularly as they could pending in the House, amounting together to 338, of which 296 are same, that there is a considerable Appeals, and 42 Writs of Error, increase thereof, taking together that a greater proportion of the the whole of the different kinds of time of the House of Lords should business transacted in the Court; be employed in hearing Appeals, and that it is therefore expedient, than has been hitherto allotted to in order to secure at the same time this part of the business of the a sufficient attendance upon the House ; and that it will be expe- House of Lords by the Lord Chandient, therefore, that the House cellor, and sufficient means forcarshould determine to sit for this pur- rying on the business in the Court pose at least three days in every of Chancery, that an additional week during the session, meeting Judge in the Court of Chancery at ten o'clock, at latest, on each day should be appointed, till the present arrear of causes “ Resolved, That it appears to shall have been considerably re- this Committee to be expedient duced, and subsequently two days that such Judge should hold his in the week at least, meeting at office during good behaviour, and the same hour. That as the above that he should be of a rank corregulation will unavoidably take respondent with that of the up a large portion of the time of Master of the Rolls. the Lord Chancellor, which would “Resolved, That it is the opinion have been employed in other judi. of this Committee, that it is er cial duties, as appears from the pedient to revive the practice statement contained in the Appen. which formerly prevailed in the dix, of the periods during which House of Lords of limiting the the Lord Chancellor usually sits in period in each session, after which the Court of Chancery, it is ab- Appeals shall not be received in solutely necessary that some relief that session. should be afforded to him in the 66 Resolved, That it is the opidischarge of such other judicial nion of this Committee, that it is duties.
expedient to order all the parties “Resolved, That it is the opinion in the Appeals and Writs of Error, of this Committee, not only that which may be depending at the the judicial business of the House close of the present session in the of Lords hath so increased as to House of Lords, to lay the prints require, and to be likely to con- of their cases upon the table of the tinue to require, a greater portion House, before the end of the of the Lord Chancellor's time first week in the next session than was heretofore necessary for of parliament, in order that the the execution thereof, and there. House may be enabled to form fore to disable him from giving some judgment of the nature of "sufficient attendance in the Court the cases which have been brought of Chancery, but that it also ap- before them; and that it should be pears from the statements in the an order of the House that the Appendixes of the comparative prints in all cases of Appeals and quantity of business in the Court Writs of Error should be here: at different periods, its judicialesta- afier laid upon the table of the blishments having continued the House, within a time to be limited
after such Appeals and Writs of should proceed in the most exError have been presented." peditious way until the whole ar.
The Earl of Liverpool, after an rear was extinguished ; and that able and perspicuous commentary' it would be proper to introduce on the necessity of adopting mea- into that part of the Resolution, sures for the more expeditious instead of the present words, the transaction of the judicial busi- following: “Until the then exness of the House, and the be- isting arrear of causes sliall be neficial tendency of adopting the extinguished.” Resolutions, recommended by the The Earl of Liverpool repeated Committee, moved their lord. his argument in favour of the Reships to agree to the first Re- solution as it now stood; and solution.
thought it would be better to leave Earl Stanliope cordially agreed the point to the subsequent diswith the noble Secretary, that cretion of the House, according every thing which tended to dise to circumstances, as they were patch in such cases was desirable; now guided in several other points
; but with the Resolution as now of a nature nearly similar. proposed he could not agree. It The question was then put on proceeded on a principle that a an amendment, as suggested by number of cases should be left or Earl Grey, which was negatived kept untried. This, he thought, without a division. was wrong, as they should proceed The Earl of Liverpool then until the whole arrear should be moved the adoption of the second wiped off, instead of " consider. resolution. ably reduced," as the Resolution The Earl of Lauderdale re. had it ; and he should move to curred to his former argument, amend it accordingly.
that the House had not sufficient The Earl of Liverpool reminded information before them, as to the the noble earl, that the Resolution business of the court of Chancery, referred only to Appeals and Writs to warrant the adoption. of Error. The House bad other The Lord Chancellor briefly judicial business to attend to, and observed upon the vast increase which occupied a great portion of of the number of appeals in that their lordships' time, as the cases of House since the periods adverted the Berkeley and the Banbury peer- to by the noble Earl : it was tenages this session amply evinced. fuld. There must always, from the na
The Earl of Lauderdale, in reture of the thing, be some cases ply, contended, that the infor. remaining untried, and he thouglit mation required was essentially it would be preferable to leave ihe necessary, to enable the House to Resolution as it stvoil, when the form a judgment of the merits of a rear should be considerably re- the question. When Lord Loughduced, the House could decide on borough presided in that House, the most preferable mode of pro. there was only one year of appeals ceeding under the circumstances. in arrear, and yet they had no in
Earl Grey approved of the formation us to the state of the amendment.. He thought they · Chancery business at that period. He meant not to speak either in troy, and that the said pound troy praise or depreciation of the con. should be divided into 62 shillings, duct of any noble Lord while in
or into other coins in that proporthat situation. He only wished tion. they should be informed as to the 3. That since the 15th
of matter of fact.
the reign of King Charles the Earl Grey, referring to the in- Second, the indentures of his crease of balances in the hands of Majesty's Mint bave uniformly the accomptant-general, observed, directed, that all gold used for that it was no proof of the increase coin should consist of ll oz. of of the general business of the pure gold, and 1 oz. of alloy in court of Chancery.
each pound troy; and that the Lord Redesdale entertained a said pound troy should be divided contrary opinion. That increase, and coined into 44 guineas, and combined with many other noto- one half-guinea, or into other rious circumstances, demonstrated coins in that proportion. an increase of business in Chan- 4. That by a proclamation of cery. It was increased also in the 4th year of the reign of King consequence
of the additional George the First, it was ordered business thrown upon the court and directed, that guineas, and the by the various acts of parliament. several other gold coins therein
named, should be current at the The resolution was then agreed rates and values then set upon to; as were also the remaining them, viz. the guinea at the rale resolutions,
of 21s, and other gold coins in the
same proportion; thereby estaResolutions proposed by Mr. Horner blishing, that the gold and silver in the Committee on the Report
coins of the realm should be a leof the Bullion Committee.
gal tender in all money payments
and a standard measure for ascerRESOLUTIONS.
taining the value of all contracts 1. That the only money which for the payment of money, in the can be legally tendered in Great relative proportion of 1547 Britain, for any sum abovetwelve. pounds weight of sterling silver to pence in the whole, is made either one pound of sterling gold. of gold or silver, and that the 5. That by a statute of the 14th weight, standard, and denomina- year of the reign of his present tion, at which any such money is Majesty, subsequently revived and authorized to pass current, isfixed, made perpetual by a statute of the under his Majesty's prerogative, 39th year of his reign, it is enactaccording to law.
ed, That no tender in payment of 2. That since the 43rd year of money made in the silver coin of the reign of Queen Elizabeh, the this realm, of any sum exceeding indentures of his Majesty's Mint the sum of 251. at any one time, have uniformly directed, that all shall be reputed in law, or allowed silver used for coin should consist to be legal tender, within Great of 11 oz. 2 dwts. of fine silver, and Britain or Ireland, for more than 18 dwis. of alloy in each pound according to its value by weight,