regular flow of his mind at every Soon after Lord Rockingham, upperiod of his life, sufficiently illus- on the warm recommendation of irate his conduct at this peculiar many friends, had appointed Burke and momentous period. Such how- his Secretary, the Duke of Newcasever was this illustrious prelate, tle, wishing probably to procure the who, notwithstanding he scarcely place for some dependant of his ever attended Parliament, and own, waited on Lord Rockingham, spent most of his time in Italy, was over whom his age, party dignity, now called upon to correct the and ancient family connection, had abuses of Parliament, and direct given him much influence, and the vessel of state in that course, even some degree of authority, and where statesmen of the most ex- informed him, that he had unwa. perience, and persons ofthe calmestrily taken into his service a man judgment, have had the misfortune of dangerous principles, and one Totally to fail.–His progress from who was by birth and education a his diocese to the Metropolis, and Papist, anda Jacobite; a calumny his entrance into it, were perfectly founded upon Burke's Irish con. correspondent to the rest of his nections, which were most of them conduct. Through every town on of that persua:ion, and upon some the road he seemed to court, and juvenile follies arising from those was received, with all warlike ho. connections. The Marquis, whose nours ; and I remember seeing genuine whiggism was easily alarmbim pass by the Parliament House ed, immediately sent for Burke, in Dublin, (Lords and Commons and told him what he had heard. were then both sitting) escorted It was easy for Burke, who had by a body of dragoons, full of been educated at the University of spirits and talk, apparently enjoy- Dublin, to bring testimonies to his ing the eager gaze of the sur- Protestantism; and with regard to rounding multitude, and displaying the second accusation, which was altogether the self-complacency of wholly founded on the former, it a favourite Marshal of France, on was soon done away, and Lord his way to Versailles, rather than Rockingham, readily and willingly the grave deportment of a Prelate disabused, declared that he was of the church of England. perfectly satisfied of the falsehood

of the information lie had received,

and that he no longer harboured EDMUND BURKE.

the smallest doubt of the integrity

of his principles; when Burke, The following is taken partly with an honest and disinterested from Lord Charlemont's hand boldness, told his Lordship, that writing.

it was now no longer possible for “ This most amiable and inge- him to be his Secretary ; that the nious man was private Secretary to reports he had heard would proLord Rockingham. It may not be bably, even unknown to himself, superfluous to relate the following create in his mind such suspicions anecdote, the truth of which I can as might prevent his thoroughly assert, and which does lionour to confiding in him, and that no him, and his truly noble patron. earthly consideration should induce him to stand in that relation, him and Sir Charles Sanders, Sir with a man who did not place en


Charles carried me in his coach to 'tire confidence in him.

The mar

Almack's. On the way, Burke was quis, struck with his manliness of the subject of our conversation, sentiment, which so exactly cor- when the Admiral lamenting the responded with the feelings of his declining state of the empire, own heart, frankly and positively earnestly and solemnly declared, assured him, that what had passed, that if it could be saved, it must far from having any bad impres- be by the virtue and abilities of sion on his mind, had only served that wonderful man.” to fortify his good opinion, and Thus far Lord Charlemont. that, if from no other reason, he Something, though slight, may might rest assured, that from his here be added. Burke's disunion, conduct

upon that occasion alone and final rupture with Mr. Fox, he should ever esteem, and place were attended with circumstances in him the most unreserved con- so distressing, so far surpassfidential trust-a promise which ing the ordinary limits of civil he faithfully performed ; neither rage, or personal hostility, that had he at any time, nor his friends the mind really aches at the reafter his death, the least reason to collection of them. But let us repent of that confidence; Burke view him, for an instant, in better having ever acted towards hiin scenes, and better hours. He with the most inviolate faith and was social, hospitable, of pleasing affection, and towards his surviving access, and most agreeably comfriends, with a constant and disin- municative. One of the most terested fidelity, which was proof satisfactory days, perhaps, that against his own indigent circum. I ever passed in my life, was going stances, and the magnificent offers with him tête à têie, from London of those in power. It must, how to Beaconsfield. He stopped at ever, be confessed, that his early Uxbridge, whilst his horses were habits and connections, though feeding, and happening to meet they could never make him swerve some gentlemen, of I know not from his duty, had given his mind what militia, who appeared to be an almost constitutional bent to- perfect strangers to him, he enwards the Popish party. Prudence tered into discourse with them, at is, indeed, the only virtue he does the gate-way of the inn. His connot possess; from a total want of versation, at that moment, comwhich, and from the amiable pletely exemplified what Jolinson weaknesses of an excellent heart, said of him: “ That you could bis estimation in England, though not meet. Burke for half an hour, still great, is certainly diminished. under a shed, without saying that What it was at this period, will he was an extraordinary man." appear from the following fact, Hewas, on that day, altogether unwhich, however trifling, I here commonly instructive and agreerelate as a proof of the opinion able. Every object of the slightest formed of him by some of his notoriety, as we passed elong, wheparty. Having dined at Lord ther of natural or local history, Rockingham's, in company with furnished him with abundant maVOL. LIII.

2 C


terials for conversation. The that he had himself carefully read house at Uxbridge, where the that great poet: his Reflections treaty was held, during Charles on the French Revolution partithe First's time; the beautiful cularly. Of Mrs, Anne Pitt, he and undulating grounds of Bul- said, that she had the most agree. strode, formerly the residence of able and uncommon talents, and Chancellor Jefferies; and Waller's was beyond all comparison, the tomb, in Beaconsfield church- most perfectly eloquent person lie yard, which, before we went ever heard speak.* He always, home, we visited, and whose cha. as he said, lamented that he did racter, as a gentleman, a poet, not put on paper a conversation and an orator, he shortly deline- he had once with her; on what ated, but with exquisite felicity of subject I forget. The richness, genius, altogether gave an uncom- variety, and solidity of her dismon interest to his eloquence ; course, absolutely astonished him. and, although one-and-twenty years have now passed since that day, I entertain the most vivid and

EARL OF MOIRA. pleasing recollection of it. He reviewed the characters of many He was one of Lord Charlestatesinen; Lord Bath's, whom, mont's earliest friends, and for I think, he personally knew, and many years his parliamentary that of Sir Robert Walpole, coadjutor in the House of Peers. which he pourtrayed in nearly the He was a scholar, well versed in same words which he used with ancient as well as modern litera. regard to that eminent man, in his ture; possessed of much and truly appeal from the Old Whigs to the useful information, which he comNew. He talked much of the municated with peculiar agree. great Lord Chatham ; and amidst ableness, for his diction was rea variety of particulars concern- markable for its facility and purity, ing him and his family, stated, and his conceptions clear and unthat his sister, Mrs. Anne Pitt, embarrassed; he was a constant used often, in her altercations with reader; in truth, few men of any

“ That he knew no. rank read so constantly; in his thing, whatever, except Spenser's studies leaned much to scientific Fairy Queen." “ And" continued subjects, and those of natural Mr. Burke, matter how history, which he well understood, that said ; but whoever He was very conversant also in relishes, and reads Spenser, as he the polite arts; and his library, to ought to be read, will have a strong which every one had access, was hold of the English language." a noble collection of books, the These were

his exact words. most useful, as well as the most Many passages and phrases, from agreeable. In politics he was a his own works, abundantly testify, Whig, of true revolution princi

* Lord Bolingbroke admired Mr. Pitt (Lord Chathain) extremely, but not so much as his sister, Mrs. Anne Pitt. The former, he always termed Sublimity Pitt, and the latter, Divinity Pitt. However, he never, I believe, heard Pitt speak in the House of Commons

hiin, to say,




ples, that is, attached to monarchy one gentleman (I lay claim to that and the people.

From the mo- word only as our ancestors unment that he first took his seat in derstood, and limited the use of the House of Lords, to the close it) in either House of Parliament, of his life (a long period), his or out of Parliament, who, if acconduct was that of a truly inde- quainted with him, did not regard pendent Peer. He often opposed, and respect him. His house will he never attempted to vilify or be long, very long, remembered ; debase the Government. With it was for many years the seat of many of the Lord Lieutenants he refined hospitality, of good nature, lived on terms of intimacy or and good conversation; in doing civility; but, I believe, never the honours of it, Lord Moira had once asked a favour from one of certainly one advantage above them. With an elocution most most men, for he had every assistunembarrassed, as I have already ance that true magnificence, the stated, but adapted, perhaps, nobleness of manners peculiar to more to society than public life, exalted birth, and talents for socieand with general political know- ty the most cultivated, could give ledge, he very seldom spoke in him, in his illustrious Countess. Parliament; on one or two occasions he was forced, by idle asperity, to assert himself; he did so,

MR. BROWNLOW. with a just spirit and his usual good manners. In the earlier part of It was impossible for any one his life he had lived much abroad, who sat and voted with Mr. or in England, in the best com- Brownlow, forseveral years in Parpany of the older part of the court liament, to pass over his death of George the Second, and to his without offering some tribute to last hour retained the agreeable his memory. His ancestors had, and polished manners of that for more than a century, represociety; in this respect it is not sented the county of Armagh, and easy to do him justice : there was he himself became one of its memnothing artificial, nothing forced, bers very early in life. His elecin his good breeding; it was a tion was not only severely concourtesy always flowing, never tested, but became afterwards the wearying, directed to every one, source of a most notable trial of but still measured ; never losing parliamentary strength between sight of the humblest as well as of Primate Stone and Mr. Boyle. the highest in his company, never

Mr. Brownlow had been espoused displaying his rank, and never de- by the former. The only question parting from it. Lord Charle. regarded, at that time, in the montused often to say, that he was Committee of Elections, was, one of the best bred men of his whether the petitioner or sitting age. He had, like other men, his member was most favoured by foibles, but they were slight, and those who had most parliamena too often magnified by illiberality, tary influence. Nothing else was ignorance, and adulation of minis- thought on. This was indecorous terial power; but there was not in the extreme; but it was not an

indecorum of which our House of stood accurately, and the agreeCommons had monopoly, as, till able opera of Midast was, in some Mr. Grenvile's bill, someshing of measure, planned, the airs rea similar profligacy prevailed in St. hearsed, and altogether prepared Stephen's Chapel. The division for the stage, at his house. With on the Westminster election first

the acquirements of the men of shook, and that on the Chippen- rank and fashion of his day, he ham contest removed Sir Robert had their manners, which were Walpole.* '. To ihis field of battle more polished than familiar; but then, this parliamentary Philippi, that deportment, which was seriif I may be allowed the phrase, the ous and dignified, contributed not opposing chiefs always resorted, a little to the gentleman-like air, and decided their pretensions to and agreeable solemnity which power. The Priinale carried Mr. formerly distinguished the House Brownlow's election, I think, by of Commons. It has long since one vote, in a very full house; the vanished. struggle was violent. Mr. Brown. low retained his situation upwards of forty years, and was one of the LORD CHARLEMONT. most independent members that ever sat in the House of Com- To write the life of such a man, mons of Ireland. Whenever he may be, perhaps, impartially conspoke, he was heard with peculiar sidered as a matter of some diffiattention and respect. To orato- culty. Thoughi engaged much, rial powers he laid no claim ; but and acting the most honourable he delivered his sentiments with part in political life, he could not uncommon perspicuity, great neat- be strictly called a statesman; ness, great elegance, and, occa- though a member of an ancient, sionally, with a tempered fire and deliberative assembly, he was not spirit, which were felt by every an orator ; though possessed of one around him; he never spoke the purest taste, and distinguished at any length. With the rules by many literary performances, and proceedings of the House, which dohonour to his memory, he he was well acquainted; and had cannot, without a violation of hisso general a knowledge of parlia- torical truth, be entitled to the mentary affairs, that, on the resig. name of an eminent author; and nation of the Speaker's chair by though the distinguished lender of Mr. Ponsonby, he was proposed many gallant bands, he will find no to succeed him, and very nearly place among the conquerors, or obtained it. He had many ac

desolators of mankind. Nil horum. complishments; music he under- But he was better than all this.

In an interview with Mr. Peiham, then Minister, Mr Dodington fraukly acknowledges, that he (Mr. Pelbam) could turn out two or more gentlemen, on a petition, notwithstanding their undisputed election at a particular Borough, or eren County. They were Dodington's Parliamentary friends. I quote from memory. See bis Diary

+ This original and very popular Opera, was written by Kane O'Hara, Esq. a mau of talent and genius.

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