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to have been powerfully and sig- was always rendered doubly aco nally efficacious.
ceptable by the unostentatious Providence had blessed him with manner in which it was bestowed. ample means, and he employed There are many living at this mothem freely and largely in remov- nient, who can bear ample testiing, to the utmost of his power, the mony to the truth of this declarawants of the necessitous. The tion; and who must often heave tale of distress never came to him a sigh of regret at the loss of so unlieeded, His heart and his hand warm a friend, and so generous a were ever open; and many were benefactor. But, though he himhis acts of charity, which were self can now no longer dispense known only to himself and those it, lis liberality will still be felt in whom he relieved. In him the that splendid, and almost unexpoor had a kind, a constant, an ampled donation of no less a sum unfailing friend ; not that he wish- than 6,7001. in the 3 per cents. ed to encourage a system of beg- consolidated annuities, which, ing, much less that sordid, lazy during his life, he transferred into wretchedness, which sometimes the hands of the five archdeacons is allied to poverty. On the con. for the time being of the diocese trary, he endeavoured to select of London; and the interest of the virtuous and industrious ; and, which he directed to be annually whilst he never refused to give distributed at their discretion, in something to those who seemed sums not exceeding 206., to a to be in need, he always gave certain number of the poorer more readily and liberally to those clergy in that see, who may be who really wanted, and who, he thought to stand most in need of knew, deserved it. His principle relief. This was indeed a noble was, in short, in all cases, if
pos- act of munificence ; and it, will sible, to discriminate; but not to for ages yet to come render his shrink from an act of charity name illustrious, and endear his through a general suspicion of ar- memory to the church of England.
. tifice and deception. The very His mind, naturally active and habit of giving was in his appre- vigorous, required employment ;
; hension more than an equivalent and long habit had made it easy for accidental imposition. To al- and familiar to him. He was bemost all our public charities he sides, a rigid economist of time. more or less contributed ; and Unless illness prevented him, he olten, where it was necessary, to rose constantly at six in the a large amount. Wherever, in- morning, and every part of the deed, positive good could be day had its proper, its allotted ocdone, or positive evil be removed, cupation. It was by this regular, his aid was never wanting. He methodical arrangement,
from was “ glad to distribute, wiiling to which he never deviated, that he communicate."
was enabled to dispatch his pubTo those of his clergy, in par- lic, official business with the ut. ticular, whose situation and cir- most accuracy and precision, and cumstances required assistance, yet to perform other duties not his kindness was unceasing; and it less imperative, in his judgment, than those which strictly attached His disposition, indeed, with the to his episcopal station. He could exception of such occasional never satisfy himself with the mere transient interruptions, arising formal discharge of certain stated from the causes I have mentioned, functions. In every way that was one of the mildest and the good could be done, he spared no sweetest that can be imagined. It pains to do it. He thought his was the index of a heart warmed hours well employed, his labours with all the charities and sympawell repaid, if, by any exertion of thies of our nature, and under the his own, he could benefit a fellow constant influence of a meek, a creature : if he could assuage the benevolent, and a kind religion. anguish of distress, lighten the In all the offices of devotion, pripressure of calamity, calm the dis- vate and public, he was unfailing
, quietude of a troubled mind, inspire and exemplary. Firm in his bethe timid with hope, or lead the lief of Christianity, every thing wanderer into the way of truth. connected with it engaged his atFor all these acts of love, of sym- tention. It was his great end and pathy,of kindness, he never wanted aim to defend, to cherish, to protime. Whatever else might require mote it. The predominant object his attention, he still
found oppor- of all his wishes and desires was, tunity for these. He considered "in every thing he did, to do it to them, as in fact they are, an im- the glory of God.” Yet, amidst portant and indispensable part of a conduct so holy and so
he Christian duty, and admitted no had no melancholy, no austerity, plea of business, no private gratis no gloom. In him were never fication, no personal fatigue, to seen the sanctified look, the de. be an excuse for the neglect of pressed brow, the sullen spirit, the them.
dismal and desponding counteBut it was not only in the grand nance. Piety, as he felt and feature of benevolence that the understood it, was best exempliBishap displayed the power of re- fied by cheerfulness. He saw no ligion over the heart and conduct. incompatibility in the innocent It was in him a governing and a pleasures of life with the most ruling principle. It was the main unfeigned devotion. He wished spring, which constantly and uni- to render religion as amiable as formly regulated his thoughts and she is venerable; to place her actions. He had, indeed, and who before the eyes of men in her most has not, his foibles and infirmities. alluring and attracting formThey were, however, few, and ve- bright, serene, unclouded, and benial, and almost unavoidable. For nign. In a word, to represent her, instance, amidst the toil and hurry not as the enemy and the bane of of a laborious station, and from happiness, but as the guide, the great anxiety in what he was en- companion, the solace, the delight gaged in, he sometimes betrayed, of man. His own character was in the latter part of his life, a framed on this principle. He was slight impatience ot' manner. But cheerful without levity, serious he instantly checked it, and no and devout without moroseness. one more lamented it than himself. He lived, in short, as he taught others to live; and this it was Schinner, who happened to be at which, far beyond any other cause, Rome upon some affairs of his gave such power, such weight, chapter, took advantage of this such efficacy to his preaching. circumstance, and obtained of the
pope the bishoprick of Sion for himself. This elevation would have
satisfied an ordinary ambition, but CARDINAL OF Sion.
Schinner carried his views further. From the Life of Ulrick Zwingle, Hefelt himself possessed of talents
the Swiss Reformer, by J. G. sufficient to distinguish him on a Hess: translated by Lucy Aikin. wider theatre, and
the situation of
his country furnished him with The Pope's legate, Matthew the opportunity, France had negSchinner, known in history under lected to attach him, but pope the name of the Cardinal of Sion, Julius granted him his entire conacted a very important part in fidence; he made him a Cardinal Switzerland during a number of in 1511, and named him legate of years. Born of poor parents in a the holy see in Switzerland, and village of the Valais, he chose the from that time Schinner remained ecclesiastical profession, as being inviolably attached to Rome. We the only one which could open the may imagine how great an ascenpath of honour to men of every dency was given him by his eccle. class. After studying successively siastical dignities, joined to an at Sion, Zurich, and Como, he artful and insinuating eloquence, returned to his own country, and an austerity of manners rare where he obtained a small cure,
among the prelates of his tinie. He led a sober and laborious life, By his intrigues and his promises, devoting to study the leisure al- he obtained permission of the can lowed by his clerical functions. tons to levy troops for the assistChance brought him acquainted ance of the pope against Louis with Jost de Silenen, bishop of XII. who had just been excom. Sion, who having stopped at his , municated. house on one of his visitations, was greatly astonished to find in the dwelling of a poor parish priest, books of jurisprudence and canon
ZWINGLE. Jaw; and entering into conversa.
From the Same. tion with him, was struck with the extent of his knowledge and his When we think of all that he facility of expression. He assured performed during his abode at him of his protection, and soon Zurich, it seems as if a whole life performed the promise, by con- would scarcely suffice for so many ferring on him the first canonry labours; yet it was in the short vacant at Sion. Some
that he suco wards, Jost de Silenem had several ceeded in changing the manners, contests with the people of the the religious ideas, and the poliValais, in consequence of which he tical principles of his adopted was obliged to quit this country, country, and in founding esta
,blishments, many of which have strangers attracted to Zurich by endured for three centuries. Such the protection afforded to the reis the power of a man who is go- formed, or sent for by Zwingle to verned by a single purpose ; who take part in the labour of public pursues one only end, from which instruction. They came with hahe suffers himself to be diverted bits already formed, with ideas al. neither by fear, nor by seduction! ready fixed, and of an age when The frivolous pleasures and the ardour of youth, so favourable amusements of the world occupied to the formation of friendships, no place in the life of Zwingle; his was past ; but a stronger tie than only passion was to propagate any other united them their truth, his only interest to promote common interest in the new light its triumph ; this was the secret of that began to dawn over Europe. his means, and his success. These learned men communicated
If Zwingle disdained those plea- to each other all their ideas withsures which can neither enlarge out reserve : they consulted upon the faculties of the mind, nor pro- the works that they meditated, and cure real enjoyment, he at least sometimes united their talents and knew how to appreciate the en- their knowledge in undertakings joyments of intimate society. It which would have exceeded the was in the midst of his friends powers of any one singly. The that he sought relaxation from dangers that they had to fear for labour. His serenity and cheer- themselves, the persecutions to fulness gave a great charm to his which they saw their partizans conversation ; his temper was na. exposed in the neighbouring turally hasty, and he sometimes countries, served to draw the gave way too much to his first bonds of their friendship still feelings; but he knew how to closer. In our days each indivi. efface the painful impression that dual seems to be connected by a he had produced, by a prompt and thousand threads with all the sincere return of kindness. Incap- members of a society; but these able of retaining the smallest apparent ties have no real strength, degree of rancour from the recol. and are broken by tlie first shock. lection of his own faults, or those The men of the 16th century had of others, he was equally inacces- something more masculine and sible to the sentiments of hatred, more profound in their affections ; jealousy, and envy. The amiable they were capable of a forgetfulqualities of his disposition gained ness of self which we find it diffihim the attachment of his col. cult to conceive. The friends leagues, who united around him with whom Zwingle had encircled as a common centre; and it is himself, loved him with that enworthy of remark, that at this pe. tire devotedness which only riod, when all the passions were in belongs to strong minds, without motion, nothing ever troubled the base adulation or servile defer. harmony that prevailed among ence, they did homage to the suthem: yet they were neither unit- periority of his genius, while the ed by family connections, nor by reformer was far from abusing his early acquaintance; they were ascendancy over them, so as to
make it the means of erecting à in establishing the reformation,
, a new spiritual dictatorship on the and appeared indifferent to his ruins of the old one.
own glory There is nothing exaggerated in the morality of Zwingle. It DOMESTIC LIFE OF Mr. Fox. announces a man who is a zealous friend of virtue, but who knows
From Mr. Trotter's Memoirs of the world and its temptations ;
the latter Years of the Right
Honourable Charles James Fox. who requires from no one a chi. merical perfection, and who, not- The domestic life of Mr. Fox withstanding the severity of his was equally regular and agreeable. own morals, preserves his indul- In summer he rose between six gence for the weakness of others.
and seven ; in winter before eight. The more
we examine the The assiduous care, and excellent writings of Zwingle, and reflect management of Mrs. Fox, renderon the whole tenor of his life, the ed his rural mansion the abode of more shall we be persuaded that peace, elegance, and order, and the love of virtue and the desire had long procured her the gratiof rendering himself useful, were tude and esteem of those private the sole springs of his actions. friends, whose visits to Mr. Fox, “A generous mind,” would he in his retirement at St. Anne's often say,
6 does not consider it- Hill, made them witnesses of this self as belonging to itself alone, amiable woman's exemplary and but to the whole human race. We endearing conduct. I confess I are born to serve our fellow crea. carried with me some of the vultures, and by labouring for their gar · prejudices respecting this happiness, even at the hazard of great man! How completely was our repose or our life, we ap. I undeceived! After breakfast, proach most nearly to the Deity." which took place between eight
His whole conduct proves that and nine in summer, and at a little these words were the genuine ex- after nine in winter, he usually pression of his sentiments. If in- read some Italian author with terest had swayed him, he would Mrs. Fox, and then spent the time not have been contented with a preceding dinner at his literary small income, when it would have studies, in which the Greek poets been easy for him to dispose of all bore a principal part. the property of the church. If he A frugal, but plentiful dinner, had been ambitious of rule, he took place at three or half past would have exacted a blind sub- two, in summer, and at four in mission from his disciples, and winter ; and a few glasses of wine would have preserved to the clergy were followed by coffee. The their former power; if the love of evening was dedicated to walking fame had moved him, he would and conversation, till tea-time, have attached his name to his in- when reading aloud, in history, stitutions; but he had nothing in commenced, and continued till view but the public good. A near ten. A light supper of fruit, stranger to all personal considera- pastry, or something very trifling, țions, he was wholly occupied finished the day; and at half-past VOL. LIII.