others to live; and this it was Schinner, who happened to be at which, far beyond any other cause, Rome upon some affairs of his gave such power, such weight, chapter, took advantage of this such efficacy to his preaching. circumstance, and obtained of the

pope the bishoprick of Sion for himself. This elevation would have

satisfied an ordinary ambition, but CARDINAL OF SION.

Schinner carried his views further. From the Life of Ulrick Zwingle, He

felt himself possessed of talents the Swiss Reformer, by J. G. sufficient to distinguish him on a Hess: translated by Lucy Aikin. wider theatre, and the situation of

his country furnished nim with The Pope's legate, Matthew the opportunity, France had nega Schinner, known in history under lected to attach him, but pope the name of the Cardinal of Sion, Julius granted him his entire conacted a very important part in fidence; he made him a Cardinal Switzerland during a number of in 1511, and named him legate of years. Born of poor parents in a the holy see in Switzerland, and village of the Valais, he chose the from that time Schinner remained ecclesiastical profession, as being inviolably attached to Rome. We the only one which could open the may imagine how great an ascenpath of honour to men of every dency was given him by his eccleclass. After studying successively siastical dignities, joined to an at Sion, Zurich, and Como, he artful and insinuating eloquence, returned to his own country, and an austerity of manners rare where he obtained a small cure.

among the prelates of his tinie. He led a sober and laborious life, By his intrigues and his promises, devoting to study the leisure al- he obtained permission of the can. lowed by his clerical functions. tons to levy troops for the assistChance brought him acquainted ance of the pope against Louis with Jost de Silenen, bishop of XII, who had just been excomSion, who having stopped at his municated. house on one of his visitations, was greatly astonished to find in the dwelling of a poor parish priest, books of jurisprudence and canon

ZWINGLE. law; and entering into conversa

From the Same. tion with him, was struck with the extent of his knowledge and his When we think of all that he facility of expression. He assured performed during his abode at him of his protection, and soon Zurich, it seems as if a whole life performed the promise, by con- would scarcely suffice for so many ferring on him the first canonry labours ; yet it was in the short vacant at Sion. Some years after space of twelve years

that he suco wards, Jost de Silenem had several ceeded in changing the manners, contests with the people of the the religious ideas, and the poliValais, in consequence of which he tical principles of his adopted was obliged to quit this country, country, and in founding esta. blishments, many of which have strangers attracted to Zurich by endured for three centuries. Such the protection afforded to the reis the power of a man who is go- formed, or sent for by Zwingle to verned by a single purpose ; who take part in the labour of public pursues one only end, from which instruction. They came with hahe suffers himself to be diverted bits already formed, with ideas al. neither by fear, nor by seduction! ready fixed, and of an age when The frivolous pleasures

pleasures and the ardour of youth, so favourable amusements of the world occupied to the formation of friendships, no place in the life of Zwingle; his was past; but a stronger tie than only passion was to propagate any other united them-their truth, his only interest to promote common interest in the new light its triumph ; this was the secret of that began to dawn over Europe. his means, and his success. These learned men communicated

If Zwingle disdained those plea- to each other all their ideas withsures which can neither enlarge out reserve : they consulted upon the faculties of the mind, nor pro- the works that they meditated, and cure real enjoyment, he at least sometimes united their talents and knew how to appreciate the en- their knowledge in undertakings joyments of intimate society. It which would have exceeded the was in the midst of his friends powers of any one singly. The that he sought relaxation from dangers that they had to fear for labour. His serenity and cheer- themselves, the persecutions to fulness gave a great charm to his which they saw their partizans conversation ; his temper was na- exposed in the neighbouring turally hasty, and he sometimes countries, served to draw the gave way too much to his first bonds of their friendship still feelings, but he knew how to closer. In our days each indivi. efface the painful impression that dual seems to be connected by a he had produced, by a prompt and thousand threads with all the sincere return of kindness. Incap- members of a society ; but these able of retaining the smallest apparent ties have no real strength, degree of rancour from the recol. and are broken by the first shock. lection of his own faults, or those The men of the 16th century

had of others, he was equally inacces- something more masculine and sible to the sentiments of hatred, more profound in their affections ; jealousy, and envy. The amiable they were capable of a forgetfulqualities of his disposition gained ness of self which we find it diffihim the attachment of his col. cult to conceive. The friends leagues, who united around him with whom Zwingle had encircled as a common centre ; and it is himself, loved him with that enworthy of remark, that at this pe. tire devotedness which only riod, when all the passions were in belongs to strong minds, without motion, nothing ever troubled the base adulation or servile defer. harmony that prevailed among ence, they did homage to the suthem : yet they were neither unit- periority of his genius, while the ed by family connections, nor by reformer was far from abusing his early acquaintance; they were ascendancy over them, so as to

often say,

make it the means of erecting a in establishing the reformation, new spiritual dictatorship on the and appeared indifferent to his ruins of the old one.

own glory. There is nothing exaggerated in the morality of Zwingle. It · DOMESTIC LIFE OF MR. Fox. announces a man who is a zealous friend of virtue, but who knows

From Mr. Trotter's Memoirs of the world and its temptations;

the latter Years of the Right

Honourable Charles James Fox. who requires from no one a chi. merical perfection, and who, not- The domestic life of Mr. Fox withstanding the severity of his was equally regular and agreeable. own morals, preserves his indul. In summer he rose between six gence for the weakness of others. and seven; in winter before eight.

The more we examine the The assiduous care, and excellent writings of Zwingle, and reflect management of Mrs. Fox, renderon the whole tenor of his life, the ed his rural mansion the abode of more shall we be persuaded that peace, elegance, and order, and the love of virtue and the desire had long procured her the gratiof rendering himself useful, were tude and esteem of those private the sole springs of his actions. friends, whose visits to Mr. Fox, A generous mind,” would he in his retirement at St. Anne's

“ does not consider it- Hill, made them witnesses of this self as belonging to itself alone, amiable woman's exemplary and but to the whole human race. We endearing conduct. I confess I are born to serve our fellow crea. carried with me some of the vul. tures, and by labouring for their gar · prejudices respecting this happiness, even at the hazard of great man! How completely was our repose or our life, we ap- I undeceived! After breakfast, proach most nearly to the Deity." which took place between eight

His whole conduct proves that and nine in summer, and at a little these words were the genuine ex- after nine in winter, he usually pression of his sentiments. If in- read some Italian author with terest had swayed him, he would Mrs. Fox, and then spent the time not bave been contented with a preceding dinner at his literary small income, when it would have studies, in which the Greek poets been easy for him to dispose of all bore a principal part. the property of the church. If he A frugal, but plentiful dinner, had been ambitious of rule, he took place at three or half past would have exacted a blind sub- two, in summer, and at four in mission from his disciples, and winter ; and a few glasses of wine would have preserved to the clergy were followed by coffee. The their former power; if the love of evening was dedicated to walking fame had moved him, he would and conversation, till tea-time, have attached his name to his in- . when reading aloud, in history, stitutions; but he had nothing in commenced, and continued till view but the public good. A near ten. A light supper of fruit, stranger to all personal considera- pastry, or something very trifling, tions, he was wholly occupied finished the day; and at half-past Vol. LIII.

2 D

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ten the family were gone to rest; in Mr. Fox, that made his society and the next and succeeding dawn always new, and always preferable ushered in the same order and to that of most other men. Proelegance, and found the same con- fessional cant, and party ideas in tent, the same happiness, and the general, give a monotony to the same virtuous and useful life. minds of distinguished members

At the period to which I allude, of society. Accustomed to view he was beginning to turn his at- things constantly in one way, and tention to an historical work, and not seeking for new ideas, but our readings after tea were direct. rather occupied in advancing or ed to the furtherance of this grand defending their old ones, their and useful object. Happy were conversation does not create new those evenings, when the instruc sensations, and frequently wearies tion of the historian--the pointed rather than delights. Mr. Fox remarks of the statesman-and all himself was so little obtrusive in the ease aud happiness of domestic this respect, that I recollect feeling society were united. The occa- a good deal of embarrassment at sional visits of men of talents and first, on observing how frequently high character sometimes pleas- he was inclined to silence, waiting ingly interrupted the evening's for others to begin a conversation. employment; but I have never I soon discovered, however, that seen Mr. Fox more perfectly he was pleased at its originating happy than when we were quite with another; and, so great was alone. He was so utterly divested his benevolence, as well as unof a wish to shine, or of any ap- bounded his capacity, that whatpetite for flattery, that he in no ever was started in the smallest manner required what is called degree interesting, useful, or nacompany, to enliven or animate tural, received illustration and in. him. A lover of nature, and con- dulgent investigation from him. sequently an enemy to art, he How well do I recollect the morn. held, I think, above every quality, ings when he came down to breaksincerity and unaffectedness; and, fast-how benignant and cheer. being also of a character singu- ful-how pleased with every thing larly domestic and amiable, he-how free from worldly passions, found in his little circle all he and worldly views he was ! Nor wished and wanted. To his other were Mrs. Fox's captivating manattainments he had added a very ners conducive in a faint manner considerable knowledge of Botany; to the harmonizing of every thing and, without making it a primary around; the watchful and refined object, enjoyed every pursuit con- attention she paid to her guests, nected with agriculture, in a high anticipated every thing they could degree.

desire, and charmed away every Though many estimable, and feeling of embarrassment, which subsequently very elevated cha- diffidence, in the presence of so racters, visited at St. Anne's Hill, exalted a character, might be apt I never liked it so well as when to occasion. we were quite alone. There was Atbreakfast, the newspaper was a perfect originality of character read, commonly by Mr. Fox, as

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well as the letters which had ar- in a certain degree of contempt
rived; for such was the noble con respecting the Irish, which, one
fidence of his mind, that he con- day or other, will, I fear, generate
cealed nothing from his domestic events fatal to the repose of both
circle, unless it were the faults or islands.
the secrets of his friends. At such
times, when the political topics of
the day were naturally introduced Mr. Fox's Visit to M. de la
by the paper, I never could ob-

FAYETTE. From the same. serve the least acrimony or anger On the morning of the 24th of against that party which so sedu- September we left Paris for the Jously, and indeed successfully country

There was nothing had laboured to exclude him from striking in that part through which the management of affairs, by mis- we passed, formerly called the isle representations of his motives, of France. As we approached rather than by refutation of his La Grange, it became evidently arguments.

a corn district. The towers and In private conversation, I think, wood of the chateau appeared in he was rather averse to political peaceful repose as we drove near, discussion, generally preferring and when we gained a full view of subjects connected with natural the building, I felt great emotion. history, in any of its branches; It was the residence of a great but, above all, dwelling with de- and good man--a patriot and light on classical and poetical sub- friend to mankind, whose life had jects. It is not to be supposed, been consecrated to virtue and however, that, where the interests liberty. Such truly was M. de la and happiness of millions were Fayette. The chateau was of a concerned, he preserved a cold very singular construction, quadsilence. Herather abstained from rangular, and ornamented by hopeless and useless complaining, Moorish towers at each angle, than withheld his mite of com- which had no unpleasing effect. passion and sympathy for those A ruined chapel was near the who suffered under a pernicious

mansion; the fosse was filled up system. As my acquaintance through neglect and a long lapse commenced with Mr. Fox towards of time. We drove into the courtthe evening of his days, and at the yard. The family came to the period when a rebellion in Ireland hall to meet us. That good and was followed, by what has been amiable family, happy in themfallaciously styled a Union, I selves, and rejoicing to see the had the opportunity of observing illustrious friend of La Fayette ! his great humanity, and his free- Can I forget that moment! No dom from prejudice, in regard to silly affectation-no airs of idle that country. In this respect he ceremony were seen at the resi. ever seemed to me to stand alone dence of him who gloriously and among English politicians, many successfully had struggled for of whom are liberal enough in America, and had done all he their own way, but all of whom could for France ! agree in a love of dominion, and M. de la Fayette and Madame

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