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T H E

OXFORD MAGAZINE:

OR,

UNIVERSITY MUSEUM.

CALCULATED FOR

General Instruction and Amusement,

Ο Ν

A PLAN ENTIRELY NEW.

Embellished with COPPER-PLATES, Satirical, Political, and

Scientifical, from Original DESIGNS.

B Y

A SOCIETY OF GENTLEMEN,

Members of the University of OXFORD.

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L O N D ON:
Printed for the AUTHORS, and fold by S. BLADON, at No. 28, and

J. Coote, at No. 16, in Pater - nofter - row, London; Meff.
Fletcher and Hodgson, at Cambridge; Mr. SMITH, at Dublin;
and Mr. ETHERINGTON, at York.

MDCCLXIX.

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The Oxford Magazine ;

For JULY

1769.

N FG.

The

POLICE.

Addreļu to Sir JSIR, I T is not in the least surprising, that But it is matter of just astonishment,

that without any of those extraordilebrated predecessor, to veft the office nary talents, which recommended your of chief civil magistrate for the city and predecessor to the notice of the Great, liberties of Westminster, and indeed of you have been able to carry the point the county of Middlesex, in the fa- of maintaining a superiority over your mily of the F -gs as an hereditary brethren in the commission of the estate, should have met with the de- peace to a much greater length than fired success. The great abilities of he ever aimed at; and that you have the first justice F-g procured him presumed to insult the whole nation, the esteem and confidence of his supe- and every other department intrusted riors, and attracted the veneration of with the preservation of the peace and, the populace : he knew how to avail good order of this great metropolis, himself of the public prepossession in by giving to your little office in Bowhis favour; and by dint of a general street, the very respectable and comprecorrespondence and connection with hensive title of The Police. As not, the printers of newş-papers, pawn- only foreigners, but many of his Mabrokers, keepers of brothels, and a jesty's liege subjects, may be deceived set of infamous wretches called thief- by your pompous display of this selftakers, he acquired the reputation of a erected title, to which you have founemost active magistrate, and almost times added, that you had the fanction wholly engrossed the very profitable and support of the ministry; and that business of the Middlesex justices of the false conclusions may be drawn, such as

At length, when infirmities the imagining that there is an estaba, bore him down, and he could no lished, well-regulated Police in this longer attend the fatiguing duties of great city, of which you are the head; his important ftation, having first laid and that the Right Honourable the, an extenfive foundation for his fuccef- Lord Mayor of London, the Court of sor, he kindly transformed the Re- Aldermen, and many private justices gister-office keeper into a justice of the of the peace, are mere cypliers. It peace; and configning over to you all shall be the business of the ellays under the implements of office, which were the title of The POLICE tu de onnecessaiy for carrying on the scheme of strate, that we have very few regulasupremacy, and for supporting the tions for the internal polity of our cacredit of the justiciary leat in Bow- pital cities which deserve that signifistreet, he religned, and retired with a' cant denornination; and that such is confiderable refumtion.

our deficiency in this respect, compa.

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ritively with our neighbours on the It is apprehended that advice to the continent of Europe, that all the trans- magistracy of the city and liberties of actions of our whole body of magis. Westminster, and of the county of tracy put together, for preserving the Middlesex, could not possibly be inpeace, and for establishing decency, troduced with greater propriety than order, and public decorum, fall short at the present juncture, when the freeof the idea of a complete Police. holders of the county of Middlesex,

For be it remembered, that it is the and the worthy livery of the city of duty of the Police, not only to pre- London, have made it a capital article vent as far as possible the commiffion of the public grievances in their petiof crimes, which are violations of the tions to the King—That the civil maestablished laws of civil society, and to gistracy has been made contemptible bring offenders to justice, but to re- by the appointment of improper and move all annoyances, all nuisances, incapable persons.— The author of every thing that infringes on decency these essays is no stranger to the persons and decorum, everything that is and characters of this newly inlifted Thocking to humanity, or affronting to corps in the ministerial regiment of modesty, every thing that may en court spies and informers; and in du. danger the health of the inhabitants, or course of time will delineate them in subject them to fatal accidents ; and proper cotours. One squeaking, powthat the barely keeping the peace, in dered, perfumed coxcomb, he particuthe limited sense to which it is usually larly wishes to reform, who never enconfined, forins but a small part of the tered into a select fociety, or body of neceffary cares of a good officer of the men, without a view to his own private Police. Shall I render this more fa- interest: this man he would wish to conmiliar to your worship, by informing vert to a patriotic magiftrate, by much you, that it ought to be an object of as the same kind of process as edulcorating much concern to the Police to prevent train oil; and he hopes he shall receive the throwing a peascod or an orange- from fome patriotic society a recompeel in the way of a porter bending be- pence sufficient to lay the foundation neath a heavy burthen, who may there- of his future fortune, and to put him by break a limb, and become useless to in the road of becoming a Middlesex fociety, and to his family, as to send a justice, instead of a poor author, if he inan and horse, upon the first infor- should accomplish this miraculous opemation given at the Bow-street Office, ration. in pursuit of a highwayman : this may He hopes also to convince your worbe sufficient to explain my meaning, ship, that every man having his pecu-, as in future essays the several enormi- liar province assigned him by Proties which daily pass unnoticed, under vidence and the laws of society, it is the very eye of our famous Bow-ftreet the duty of each individual, but more Police, fall be pointed out, and the particularly fo of a magistrate, to conreasons why they are not corrected fine himself afsiduously to the duties of shall be fully explained.

his station, and not to launch out into Occasional hints for the improvement a variety of capricious idle projects, of our Police shall be given with all when his time would be much better due deference and submision to Sir employed in acquiring a greater degree 1-n, and his brethren in the commis- of skill and perfection in the vocation fion of the peace, founded on a course to which it has pleased God to call of observations made during a refi- him. On this principle he thinks Sir. dence at sundry periods in almost all jen might employ his leifure hours in the principle cites of Europe, parti- examining the equity, expediency, and cularly in those from which we import public utility of the regulations estaevery folly and every foible, while we blified in the department of the Police scornfully reject, proud of our own in foreign countries, or in reviewing fuperior wisdom, every wholesome re the laws, statutes, and customs of his gulation for tlie welfare and conve own, in order to procure ihe revival Biance of polished focieties.

and enforcement of some that are ob

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folete, and the repeal of others, which abilities to poverty, to ruin, and mitime and change of manners have ren- fery, and totally incapacitating them dered useless. Leaving the idle parade for the service of their country in of presiding at public charitable insti- the rank of life which their birth and tutions to such as Lord Hd or his finished education might have entitled grace of G-n, who, after a course them to have filled honourably-Of of many years wallowing in obsceni. the most shameful breaches of hospity, gluttony and riot, may fix a name, tality and violations of private trust and think to immortalize their me. and confidence. Of men so infamous mory on the entablatures of hospitals, as to repay the obligations of friendby taking this hackneyed penitential thip, by the worst of robberies, the road to heaven.

seduction of the wives and daughters If to check the spur to industry, if of their most intimate acquaintance, to weaken the strong tie "of parental and often of their greatest benefacaffection, and the pleasing anxiety of tors. Of such a libidinous disposition providing for an infant offspring, if circulating amongst our to loosen the matrimonial band, by must render them objects of detestafacilitating the means of enjoying tion and abhorence both at home idleness and indolence be politic, then and abroad, and muit in the end deall these institutions are equally lo; feat the grand object of every civiotherwise, on a strict fcrutiny, it is lized society, population. And all to be feared many of them will be this notwithstanding, the Lieutenant de found to be detrimental to the true Police, is constantly giving his friendly interest of a commežcial state, admonition in the front of the Public obstruction to the establishment of Advertiser, the sale of which he pro

true Police, and expence motes for his own interest, being a which might be converted into a proprietor, that few robberies will better channel. The regular dif- escape detection, especially if all percussion of a maxim apparently, fo fons robbed make use of that paper to unpopular shall follow in due order, 'ad-vertise their lufés in. upon fome future occasion ;

in the Were half the pains taken to sup. mean time it is to be hoped you press gambling,—to enforce the exewill leave to the marine fociety, the cution of the laws against all trans. care of cloathing and sending to fca freilors, in all times, and at all places, Such friendless boys as they fall however highly distinguished by rank think objects of their patriotic scheme. or title ; and had the Lieutenant And that you will not by fresh ad de Police, the spirit to visit Ar's vertisments and subscriptions unne Charlotte Hy's, and some other cessarily increase the public expences, polite places of private resort for the and drain the country of plougli-boys, practice of public vices, and to ina thepherds, and cow-herds, nor the lift, that the makers of the laws town of boys for tradefinen's shops, thould be the first on whom they and other domestic employments. fhould be obligatory and binding, What your popularity gains on this that are bestowed on promoting the fubject, it more than loses on another. success of the Public Advertiser by Must it not give umbrage to every informations, and advertisements of lover of his country,' to observe the petty, larcenies, Sir san might be amasing increase of impiety, profli- enabled to acquaint the public--that gacy, and debauchery extending their few robberies, very few adulteries, and baleful influence to all ranks through- only a very small number of fashionout the kingdom, but more parti. able, honourable, or political murders, cularly in the city and liberties of will be committed. Westminster, scarce a day paling But this cannot be expected, if the without intelligence of some skilful civil magiftrate is penfioned by bawds, manceuvre of dignified gainblers strip- pimps, whores, vintners, and gam ping young heirs of their fortunes, blers, and under this consideration and reducing men of family and grants his countenance, or private con

nivance,

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