Henry IV.

with walls of tremendous thickness, situated in the cen | This affront could only be expiated by a jonst with tre of the other buildings, from which, however, it was sharp lances. In the course, Dalzell left his lielmet unusually detached. Here, in case of the outward de- laced, so that it gave way at the touch of his antagonist's fences being gained, the garrison retreated to make lance, and he thus avoided the shock of the encounter. their last stand, The donjon contained the great hall, This happened twice :-In the third encounter, the and principal rooms of state for solemn occasions, and handsome Courtenay lost two of his front teeth. As also the prison of the fortress; from which last circum- the Englishman complained bitterly of Dalzell's fraud stance we derive the modern and restricted use of the in not fastening his helmet, the Scottishman agreed to word dungeon. Ducange (voce Dundo) conjectures run six courses more, cach champion staking in the plausibly, that the name is derived from these keeps hand of the king two hundred pounds, to be forfeited being usually built upon a luill, which in Celtic is called if, on entering the lists, any unequal advantage should Dun. Borlase

supposes the word came from the dark- be detected. This being agreed to, the wily Scot deness of the apartments in these towers, which were manded, that Sir Piers, in addition to the loss of his thence figuratively called Dungeons; thus deriving the teeth, should consent to the extinction of one of ijis ancient word from the modern application of it. eyes, he himself having lost an eye in the fight of Oi

terburn. As Courtenay demurred to this equalization of Note 7. Stanza vi.

optical powers, Dalzell demanded the forfeit; which, Well was he arm'd from head to heel,

after much altercation, the king appointed to be paid In mail and plato, of Milau steel. The artists of Milan were famous in the middle ages and valour. This must appear to the reader a singular

to him, saying, he surpassed the English both in wit for their skill in armoury, as appears from the follow - specimen of the humour of that time. I suspect the ing passage, in which Froissart gives an account of the Jockey Club would have given a different decision from preparations made by Henry, Earl of lereford, afterwards Henry IV., and Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, Earl

Note 9. Stanza xi. Mareschal, for their proposed combat in the lists of

They hail'd Lord Marmion. Coventry. « These two lords made ample provision of

They hail'd him Lord of Fontenaye, all things necessary for the combat; and the Earl of

Of Lutterward, and Scrivelbaye,

Of Tamworth tower and town. Derby sent off messengers to Lombardy, to have armour from Sir Galeas, Duke of Milan. The duke complied Lord Marmion, the principal character of the prewith joy, and gave the knight, called Sir Francis, who sent romance, is entirely a fictitious personage. had brought the message, the choice of all his armour, | carlier times, indeed, the family of Marmion, lords of for the Earl of Derby. When he had selected what Fontenay in Normandy, was highly distinguished. Rohe wished for in plated and mail armour, the Lord of bert de Marmion, Lord of Fontenay, a distinguished Milan, out of his abundant love for the earl, ordered follower of the Conqueror, obtained a grant of tlie casfour of the best armourers in Milan to accompany the ile and town of Tamworth, and also of the manor of knight to England, that the Earl of Derby might be Scrivelby, in Lincolnshire. One, or both, of these nomore completely armed.»-JOINES' Froissart, vol. IV, ble possessions was held by the honourable service of

being the royal champion, as the ancestors of Marmion

Jad formerly been to the Dukes of Normandy. But afNote 8. Stanza vi.

ter the castle and demesne of Tamworth had passed The golden legend bore aright,

through four successive barons from Robert, the faThe crest and moito of Marmion are borrowed from mily became extinct in the person of Philip de Marmion,

Ile the following story. Sir David de Lindsay, first Earl of who died in 20th Edward I. without issue male.

was suceceded in his castle of Tamworth by Alexander Crawford, was, among other gentlemen of quality, ac

de Freville, who married Mazera, his grand-daughter. tended during a visit to London, in 1390, by Sir Wil

Baldwin de Freville, Alexander's descendant, in the liam Dalzell, who was, according to my authority; reign of Richard I., by the supposed tenure of his casBower, not only excelling in wisdom, but also of a lively dle of Tamworth, claimed the office of royal champion, wit. Chancing to be at ibe court, he there saw Sir Piers Courtenay, an English knight, famous for skill and to do the service appertaining; namely, on the day in tilting, and for the beauty of his person, parading the horse, into Westminster Hall, and there to challenge the

of coronation, to ride completely armed, upon a barbed palace, arrayed in a new mantle, bearing for device an

combat against any who would gainsay the king's title: embroidered falcon, with this rhyme,

But this office was adjudged to Sir John Dymocke, lo I beare a falcon, fairest of flight,

whom the manor of Scrivelby had descended by anWho so pinches at her, his death is dighi

other of the co-heiresses of Robert de Marmion; and it In graith.

remains in that family, whose representative is HereThe Scottish knight, being a wag, appeared next day ditary Champion of England at the present day. The in a dress exactly similar to that of Courtenay, but family and possessions of freville have merged int bearing a magpie instead of the falcon, with a motto the Earls of Ferrars : I have not, therefore, created a ingeniously contrived to rhyme to the vaunting inscrip- new family, but only revived the titles of an old one in tion of Sir Piers :

an imaginary personage. I bear a pie picking at a piece,

It was one of the Marmjon family who, in the reign Who so picks at her, I shall pick as his neso,

of Edward II., performed that chivalrous feat before the very castle of Norham, which Bishop Percy has woven

into his beautiful Ballad, « The Hermit of Warkworth.» • Prepared

The story is thus told by Leland:

p. 597.


In faith.

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« The Scolles came yn to the marches of England, embassies into Scotland. This is alluded to in Stanza and destroyed the castle of Werk and Herbotel, and XXI. p. 64. overran much of Northumberland marches.

Note 11. Stanza xiii. « At this iyme Thomas Gray and his friends defended

Sir Hugh the Heron bold, Norham from the Scoltes.

Baron of Twisel, and of Ford, « It were a wonderful processe to declare, what mis

And Captain of the Hold. chefes cam by hungre and asseges, by the space of xi Were accuracy of any consequence in a fictitious naryeres in Northumberland; for the Scottes became so rative, this castellan's name ought to have been Wilproude after they had got Berwick, that they nothing liam ; for William Heron of Ford was husband to the esteemed the Englishmen.

famous Lady Ford, whose syren charms are said to have « About this tyme there was a great feste made yn cost our James IV. so dear. Moreover, the said WilLincolnshir, to which came many gentlemen and ladies; liam Heron was, at the time supposed, a prisoner in and amonge them one lady brought a heaulme for a Scotland, being surrendered by Henry VIII. on account man of were,

rich creste of gold, to William of his share in the slaughter of Sir Robert Ker of CessMarmion, knight, with a letter of commandment of her ford. His wife, represented in the text as residing at lady, that be should go into the daungerest place in the court of Scotland, was, in fact, living in her own England, and ther to let the heaulme be seene and castle at, Ford.—See Sir RICHARD Heron's curious Geknown as famous. So he went to Norham; whither nealogy of the Heron Family. within 4 days of cumming cam Philip Maubray, yuar

Note 12. Stanza xiii. dian of Berwicke, having yn, his bande 40 men of

The whilos a northern harper rude armes, the very flour of men of the Scottish marches.

Chaanted a rhyme of deadly feud, « Thomas Gray, capitayne of Norham, seynge this,

How the heroe Thirlwalls, and Ridleys all,. etc. brought his garison afore the barriers of the castle, be

This old Northumbrian ballad was taken down froin hind whom cam William, richly arrayed, as al glitter- the recitation of a woman eighty years of


mother ing in gold, and wearing the heaulme, his lady's of one of the miners in Alston-moor, by an agent for present.

the lead mines there, who communicated it to my friend « Then said Thomas Gray to Marmion, 'Sir knight, ye and correspondent, R. Surtees, Esquire, of Mainsfort. be cum hither to fame your helmet: mount upon yowr She had not, she said, heard it for many years; but horse, and ryde like a valiant man to yowr foes even when she was a girl, it used to be sung at merry-makhere at hand, and I forsake God if I rescue not thy body ings, « till the roof rung again, » To

preserve this deade or alyve, or I myself will dye for it.'

rious, though rude rhyme, it is here inserted. Thie « Whereupon he took his cursere, and rode among ludicrous turn given to the slaughter marks that wild the throng of ennemyes; the which layed sore stripes and disorderly state of society, in which a murder was on hym, and pulled hym at the last out of his sadel to

not merely a casual circumstance, but, in some cases, the grounde.

an exceedingly good jest. The structure of the ballad « Then Thomas Gray with al the hole garrison, lette resembles the « Fray of Support, i» having the same irprick yn among the Scottes, and so wondid them and their horses, that they were overthrown; and Marmion, regular stanza and wild chorus. sore beten, was horsid agayn, and, with Gray, persewed

Hoot awa', lads, hoot awa', the Scottes yn chase. There were taken 50 horse of

Ha' ye heard how the Ridleys, and Thirlwalls, and a price: and the women of Norham brought them to the

Ha' set upon Albany · Featherstonbaugh, foote men to follow the chase.»

And takon his life at the Deadman's-haugh?

There was Willimoteswick,
Note 10. Stanza xi.

And Hardriding Dick,
-- largesse, largesse.

And Hughie of Ha and Will of the Wa.
This was the

with which heralds and pursuivants

I cappo' tell a', I canno' tell a', were wont to acknowledge the bounty received from And mony a mair that the de'il may knaw. the knights. Stewart of Lorn distinguishies’ a ballad,

IT. in which he satirizes the narrowness of James V, and The onld man went down, but Nicol, bis son, his courtiers, by the ironical burden,

Ran away afore the fight was begun;

And he run, and he run,
Lerges, lerges, lerges, hay,

And a fore they were done,
Lerges of this new year day.

There was mony a Featherston gat sić a stun,
First lerges, of the king, my chief,

As never was seen since the world begun.
Who came as quiet as a ibief,
And in my hand slid--shillings twae !"

To put bis largenous to the prief, *

I canno' tell a', I canno' tell a',
For larges of this new year day.

Some gat a skelp, and some gat a claw;

But they gar'd the Featherstons haud their jaw,The heralds, like the minstrels, were a race allowed

Nicol, and Alick, and a'. to have great claims upon the liberality of the knights, Some gat a burt and some gat nape; of whose feats they kept a record, and proclaimed them Some had barness, and some gat sta'en. aloud, as in the text, upon suitable occasions. At Berwick, Norham, and other Border fortresses of

• Sce Minstrelay of the Scottish Borler, vol. I,

2 Pronounced Awbony. importance, pursuivants usually resided, whose inviolable character rendered them the only persons that could,

3 Skelp signifies slap, or rather is the same word which was ori

ginally spelled Schlap. with perfect assurance of safely, be sent on necessary 4 Hold their jaw, a vulgar expression still in use.

5 Got stolen, or wero plundered ; a very likely termination of the 1 Two.

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Note 13. Stanza xviii.
Ane gat a twist o' the craig ;'

James back'd the cause of that mock prince,
Ane gat a dunch 'o' the wame;'

Warbeck, that Flemish counterfeit,
Symy Haw gat lamed of a leg,

Who on the gibbet paid the cheat.
And syze ran wallowing' hame.

Then did I march with Surrey's power,

What time we razed old Ayton tower.
Hoot, hoot, the auld man's slain outright!

The story of Perkin Warbeck, or Richard, Duke of
Lay him now wi' his face down :-he's a sorrowful sight. York, is well known. In 1496, he was received honour-
Janet, thou donot,'

ably in Scotland; and James IV., after conferring upon I'll lay my best bonnet, Thou gets a new cudo-man afore it be night.

liiin in marriage his own relation, the Lady Catherine

Gordon, made war on Eugland in behalf of his preten-

To retaliate an invasion of England, Surrey ad-
Hoot away, lads, hoot away.
We's a' be hangid if we stay.

vanced into Berwickshire at the head of considerable Tak

up the dead man, and lay him ahint the bigcingi forces, but retreated after taking the inconsiderable Here's the Bailey o' Haltwhistle,

fortress of Ayton. Ford, in his Dramatic Chronicle of Wi' his great bull's pizzle, That sup'd up the broo', and syne - In tbe piccin.'

Perkin Warbeck, makes the most of this inroad:

SURREY. Are all our braving enemics shrunk back,
In explanation of this ancient ditty, Mr Surtees has Ilid in the fogges of their distemper'd climate,
furnished me with the following local memorandum :-

Not daring to behold our colours wave

In spight of this infected ayre? Can they
Willimoteswick, the chief seat of the ancient family of

Looke on the strength of Cundrestine defac't ;
Ridley, is situated two miles above the confluence of

The glorie of Heydonhall devasted ; that
the Allon and Tyne. It was a house of strength, as ap of Edington cast downe; the pile of Fulden
from one oblong tower, still in tolerable preser-

Overthrowne: And this, the strongest of their forts, pears vation. It has been long in possession of the Blacket

Old Ayton Castle, yeclded and demolisb. d,

And yet not peopo abroad? the Scots are bold,
family. Wardriding Dick is not an epithet referring to Hardie in battagle, but it seems the cause
horsemanship, but means Richard Ridley of Hardriding, 9. They undertake considered, appeares
the seat of another family of that name, which, in the

Unjoynted in the frame on 't.
time of Charles I. was sold on account of

Note 14. Stanza xix. curred by the loyalty of the proprietor, the immediate

For here be some have prick'd as far, ancestor of Sir Matthew Ridley. Will of the Wa' seems

On Scottish ground, as to Dunbar; to be William Ridley of Waltown, so called from its

Have drunk the monks of St Bothan's ale,

And driven the beeves of Lauderdale ; situation on the great Roman Wall. Thirlwall Castie,

Ilarried the wives of Greenlaw's goods, whence the clan of Thirlwalls derived their pame, is si

And given them light to set their hoods. tuated on the small river of Tippel, near the western

The garrisons of the English castles of Wark, Norboundary of Northumberland. It is near the wall, and takes its name from the rampart having been thirled; ham, and Berwick, were, as may be easily supposed,

very troublesome neighbours to Scotland. Sir Richard i, e. pierced, or breached, in its vicinity. Featherstone Castle lies south of the Tyne, towards Alston-moor. blind Baron's Comfort ;» when his barony of Blythe, in

Maitland of Ledington wrote a poem, called « The Albany Featherstonhaugh, the chief of that ancient family, made a figure in she reign of Edward VI. A Lauderdale, was harried by Rowland Foster, the Engfeud did certainly exist between the Ridleys and Fea-/ lish captain of Wark, with his company, to the num

ber of 300 men. They spoiled the poetical knight of therstones, productive of such consequences as the bal

5000 sheep, 200 nolt, 30 horses and

mares; lad narrates. 24 Oct. 22do Henrici &vi.' Inquisitio furniture of his house of Blythe, worth 100 pounds

the whole capt. apud Hautwhistle, sup. visum corpus


Scots (l. 8:6:8), and every thing else that was port. Featherston, Gen. apud Grensilhaugh, felonice inter

able. « This spoil was committed the 16th day of May. fecti, 22 Oct. per Nicolaum Ridley de Unthanke, Gen. Hugon Ridle, Nicolaum Ridle, et alios ejusdem nominis. 1570, (and the said Sir Richard was threescore and

fourteen years


and grown blind,) in time of Nor were the Featherstones without their revenge; for,

pcace ; when nane of that country lippened (expected) 3610 Henrici 8vi, we have-Utlagatio Nicolai Feather such a thing.»«« The Blind Baron's Comfort» consists ston, ac Thonie Nyxson, etc., etc., pro homicidio Will in a string of puns on the word Blythe, the name of Ridle de Morale.

the lands thus despoiled. Like John Littlewit, he had

« a conceit left him in his misery,-a miserable conceit.» 1 Neck.


The last line of the text contains a phrase, by which Silly slut. The Border Barl calls her so, because she was weep

The Borderers jocularly intimated the burning a house ing for her slain husband ; a loss which ho soems to think might be

When the Maxwells, in 1685, burned the castle of Lochsoon repaired.

• Tho Bailiff of Haltwhistlo seems to have arrived when tho fray wood, they said they did so to give the Lady Johnstone was over. This supporter of social order is treated with characteristic light to set her hood.» Nor was the phrase inappliirreverence by the moss-trooping poet.

cable; for, in a letter, to which I have mislaid the reAn iron pot with two ears.

ference, the Earl of Northumberland writes to the king • Willimoteswick was, in prior editions, confounded with Ridles and council, that he dressed himself, at midnight, at Wall, situated two miles lower

, on the same side of the Tyne, th: Warkworth, by the blaze of the neighbouring villages, hereditary seal of William C. Lowes, Esq.

burned by the Scottish marauders.
• Ridley, the bishop and martyr, was, according to some autho-
rities, boru at llardriding, where a chair was preservod, called the

Note 15. Stanza xxi.
Bishop's chair. Others, and particularly his biographer and name-
saku Dir Glocester Ridley, assiga the honour of the martyr's birth to

The priest of Shoreswood,

This churchman seems to have been a-kin to Welsh


s Belly.

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Within the ocean-cave to pray,

the vicar of St. Thomas of Exeter, a leader among the

Note 18. Stanza xxvii. Cornish insurgents in 1549. « This man, says Hollin

The summon's Palmer came in place; shed, « had many good things in him. He was of no

In his black mantle was he clad, great stature, but well set, and mightilie compact: He

With Peter's keys, in cloth of red, was a very good wrestler; shot well, both in the long

On his broad shoulders wrought. bow, and also in the cross-bow; lie handled his handqun and peece very well; he was

A Palmer, opposed to a Pilgrim, was one who made very good wood

it his sole business to visit different holy shrines ; traman, and a bardie, and such a one as would not give his head for the polling, or his beard for the wash. velling incessantly, and subsisting by charity: whereas ing. He was a companion in any exercise of activitie, when lie had paid his devotions at the particular spot

the Pilgrim retired to his usual home and occupations, and of a courteous and gentle behaviour. He descended which was the object of his pilgrimage. The Palmers of a good honest parentage, being borne at Peneverin, in Cornwall; and yet in this rebellion, an arch-captain, tish canons 1242 and 1296. There is, in the Bannatyne

seem to have been the Quæstionarii of the ancient Scoland a principal dooer.»— Vol. IV, p. 958, 410 edition. MS. a burlesque account of two such persons, entitled This model of clerical talents had the misfortune to be

Simmy and his Brother.» Their accoutrements are hanged upon the steeple of his own church.

thus ludicrously described (I discard the ancient spelling). Note 16, Stanza xxii.

Syne shaped them up to loup on leas,

Two tabards of the tartan;
And of that grot where olives nod,

They counted nought what their clouts were
Where, darling of each hjart and eye,

When sewed them on, in certain.
From all the youth of Sicily,

Syne clampit up St Peter's keys,
Saia: Rosalie rutired to God.

Made of an old red garlane: « Sante Rosalia was of Palermo, and born of a very

St James's shells, on t' other side, shows

As pretty as a partane noble family, and, when very young, abhorred so much

Тое, , the vanities of this world, and avoided the converse of

On Symmye and his brother. mankind, resolving to dedicate herself wholly to God

Note 19. Stanza xxix. ! Almigbty, that she, by divine inspiration, forsook lier

To fair St Andrews bound, father's house, and never was more heard of, till her body was found in that cleft of a rock, on that almost

Where good St Rule his holy lay, inaccessible mountain, where now the chapel is built;

From midnight to the dawn of day, and they affirm, she was carried up there by the hands

Sung to the billows' sound. of angels; for that place was not formerly so accessible St Regulus (Scottice, St Rule,) a monk of Patræ in (as now it is) in the days of the saint; and even now it | Achaia, warned by a vision, is said, A. D. 370, to have is a very bad, and steepy, and break-neck way. In this sailed westward until he landed at Si Andrews in Scotfrightful place, this holy woman lived a great many land, where he founded a chapel and tower. The latter years, feeding only on what she found growing on that is still standing; and, though we may doubt the prebarren mountain, and creeping into a narrow and dread- cise date of its foundation, is certainly one of the most ful cleft in a rock, which was always dropping wet, ancient edifices in Scotland. A cave, nearly fronting and was her place of retirement, as well as prayer; the ruinous castle of the Archbishops of St Andrews, having worn out even the rock with her knees, in a

bears the name of this religious person. It is difficult certain place, which is now open'd on purpose to show of access; and the rock in which it is hewed is washed it to those who come here. This chapel is very richly by the German ocean. It is nearly round, about ten adorned; and on the spot where the saint's dead body feet in diameter, and the same in lieight. On one side was discover'd, which is just beneath the hole in the is a sort of stone altar; on the other an aperture into rock, which is open'd on purpose, as I said, there is a an inner den, where the miserable ascetic, who inhavery fine statue of marble, representing her in a lying bited this dwelling, probably slept. posture, railed in 'all about with fine iron and brass- and regress are hardly practicable. As Regulus first work; and the altar, on which they say mass, is built colonised the metropolitan see of Scotland, and conjust over it.»--Voyage to Sicily and Malta, by Mr Jolinverted the inhabitants in the vicinity, he has some reaDryden (son to the poet), p. 107.

son to complain, that the ancient name of Killrule (Cella

Reguli) should have been superseded, even in favour of Note 17. Stanza xxvi.

the tutelar saint of Scotland. The reason of the change Himself still sleeps before his beads

was, that St Rule is said to have brought to Scotland Have mark'd ten aves, and two erceds.

the reliques of St Andrew. Friar John understood the soporific virtuc of his beads

Note 20. Stanza xxix. and breviary, as well as his namesake in Rabelais. « But

Thence to Saint Pillan's blessed well, Gargantua could not sleep by any means, on which side

Whose spring can frenzied dreams dispel, soever he turned himself. Whereupon the monk said

And the crazed brain restore. to hiin, I never sleep soundly but when I am at sermon St Fillan was a Scottish saint of some reputation. or prayers. Let us therefore begin, you and I, the seven Although popery is, with us, matter of abomination, penitential psalms, to try whether you shall not quickly yel the common people still retain some of the superfall asleep. The conceit pleased Gargantua very well; J stitions connected with it. There are, in Perthshire, and, beginning the first of these psalms, as soon as they several wells and springs dedicated to St Fillan, which came to Beati quorum, they fell asleep, both the one are still places of pilgrimage and offerings, even among and the other.»

the protestants. They are held powerful in cases of

At full tide egress

madness; and, in some of very late occurrence, luna- , August, and sometimes part of September, many of tics have been left all night bound to the holy stone, in the nobility and gentry of the kingdom (for their pleaconfidence that the saint would cure and unloose them sure) do come into these Highland fcountries to hunt: before morning.

where they do conform themselves to the habit of the Highland-men, who, for the most part, speak nothing but Irish; and, in former time, were those people

which were called the Red-Shanks. Their habit isCANTO II.

shoes, with but one sole a-piece; stockings (which they call short hose), made of a warm stuff of diverse

colours which they call tartan; as for breeches, many Note 1. Introduction.

of them, nor their fore fathers, never wore any, but a The scenes are desert now, and bare,

jerkin of the same stuff that their hose is of; their Where Dourish d once a forest fair.

garters being bands or wreathes of hay or straw; with Ettrick Forest, now a range of mountainous sheep-a plaid about their shoulders; which is a mantle of walks, was anciently reserved for the pleasure of the diverse colours, much finer and lighter stuff than their royal chase. Since it was disparked, the wood has hose; with blue flat caps on their heads; a handbeen, by degrees, almost totally destroyed, although,. kerchief, knit with two knots, about their necks: and wherever protected from the sheep, copses soon arise thus they are attired. Now their weapons are-long without any planting. When the king hunted clicre, bows and forked arrows, swords and targets, harquehe often summoned the array of the country to meet busses, muskels, durks, and Lochaber-axes. With and assist his sport. Thus, in 1528, James V. « made these arms I found many of them armed for the huntproclamation to all lords, barons, gentlemen, landward. ing. As for their attire, any man, of what degree men, and freeholders, that they should compear at soever, that comes amongst them, must not disdain to Edinburgh, with a month's victuals, to pass with the

wear it; for if they do, then they will disdain to hunt, king where he pleased, lo danton the thieves of Teviot

or willingly to bring in their dogs; but if men be kind dale, Annandale, Liddesdale, and other parts of that unto them, and be in their habit, then are they concountry; and also warned all gentlemen that had good quered with kindness, and the sport will be plentiful. dogs, to bring them, that he might hunt in the said This was the reason that I found so many noblemen country, as he pleased : The whilk the Earl of Argyle, and gentlemen in those shapes. But to proceed to the Earl of Huntley, the Earl of Athole, and so all the the hunting: rest of the gentlemen of the Highlands, did, and « My good Lord of Mar having put me into tha! brought their hounds with them in like manner to hunt shape, I rode with him from his house, where I with the king, as he pleased.

saw the ruins of an old castle, called the castle of « The second day of June the king passed out of Kindroghit. It was built by King Malcolm Canmore Edinburgh to the hunting, with many of the nobles (for a hunting house), who reigned in Scotland when and gentlemen of Scotland with him, to the pumber Edward the Confessor, Harold, and Norman William of twelve thousand men; and then past to Megcitland, reigned in England. I speak of it, because it was the and hounded and hawked all the country and bounds: last house I saw in those parts; for I was the space of that is to say, Grammat, Pappert-law, St Marylaws, twelve days after, before I saw either house, corn-field, Carla virick, Chapel, Ewindoores, and Longhope. I or habitation, for any creature, but deer, wild-horses, heard say, he slew, in these bounds, eighteen score wolves, and such like creatures, - which made me of harts.)

doubt that I should never have seen a house again. These huntings had, of course, a military character, « Thus, the first day, we travelled eight miles, where and attendance upon them was a part of the duty of a there were small cottages, built on purpose to lodge in, vassal. The act for abolishing ward, or military which they call Lonquhards. I thank my good Lord tenures, in Scotland, enumerates the services of bunt- Erskine, he commanded that I should always be lodged ing, hosting, watching, and warding, as those which in his lodging: the kitchen being always on the side of were in future to be illegal.

a bank: many kettles and pots boiling, and many spits Taylor, the water poet, has given an account of the turning and winding, with great variety of cheer,mode in which these huntings were conducted in the as venison baked; sodden, rost, and stewed beef; mulHighlands of Scotland, in the seventeenth century, ton, goats, kid, hares, fresh salmon, pigeons, hens, cahaving been present at Braemar upon such an occasion : pons, chickens, partridge, muir-coots, heath-cocks,

« There did I find the truly noble and right honour- caperkellies, and termagants; good ale, sacke, white and able lords, John Erskine, Earl of Mar; James Stuart, claret, tent (or allegant), with most potent aquavitæ. Earl of Murray; George Gordon, Earl of Engye, son « All these, and more than these, we had continually and heir to the Marquis of Huntley; James Erskine, superfluous abundance, caught by falconers, fowlers, Earl of Buchan; and John, Lord Erskine, son and heir fishers, and brought by my lord's tenants and purto the Earl of Mar, and their Countesses, with my much veyors to victual our camp, which consisteth of fourhonoured, and my last assured and approved friend, teen or fifteen hundred men and horses. The manner Sir William Murray, knight of Abercarney, and bun- of the hunting is this: Five or six hundred men do dred of others, knights, esquires, and their followers; rise early in the morning, and they do disperse themall and every man, in general, in one habit, as if selves divers ways; and seven, eight, or ten miles comLycurgus bad been there, and made laws of equality: pass, they do bring, or chase in the deer, in many herds for once in the year, which is the whole month of (two, three, or four hundred in a herd), to such or such a

place, as the noblemen shall appoint them; then, when · Piuscottie's History of Scotland, folio edition, p. 143.

day is come, the lords and gentlemen of their com

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