He insists upon those whom he meets doing battle with ima præ rei inaudita novitate formidine perculsus, Mi him: and the clergyman, who makes up an account of Jesu! exclamat, vel quid simile; ac subito respiciens, the district, extant in the Macfarlane MSS. in the Advo- | nec hostem nec ullum alium conspicit, equum solum cates' Library, gravely assures us, that, in his time, gravissimo nuper casu aftlictum, per summam pacem Lham-dearg fought with three brothers whom he met in rivo fluvii pascentem. Ad castra itaque mirabundus in his walk, none of whom long survived the ghostly revertens, fidei dubius, rem primo occultavit, dein conconflict. Barclay, in his « Euphormion,» gives a singu- fecto bello, confessori suo totam asseruit. Delusoria lar account of an officer, who had ventured with his proculdubio res tota, ac mala veteratoris illius aperitur servant, rather to intrude upon a haunted house, in a fraus, qua hominem christianum ad vetitum tale auxtown in Flanders, than to put up with worse quarters ilium peiliceret. Nomen atcunquc illius (nobilis alias elsewhere. After taking the usual precautions of pro ac clari) reticendum duco, cum haud dubium sit quin viding fires, ligbts, and arms, they watched till mid- Diabolus, Deo permittente, formam quam libuerit, immo night, when, behold! the severed arm of a man drop- angeli lucis, sacro oculo Dei teste, posset assumere.» ped from the ceiling; this was followed by the legs, The MS. Chronicle, from which Mr Cradocke took this the other arm, the trunk, and the head of the body, curious extract, cannot now be found in the chapter all separately. The menibers rolled together, united library of Durham, or at least, lias hitherto escaped the themselves in the presence of the astonished soldiers, researches of my friendly correspondent. and formed a gigantic warrior, who defied them both Lindesay is made to allude to this adventure of Ralph to combat, Their blows, although they penetrated the Bulmer, as a well-known story, in the 4th Canlo, Stauza body, and amputated the limbs of their strange anta XXII. P. 86. gonist, had, as the reader may easily believe, little effect The northern champions of old were accustomed peon an enemy who possessed such powers of self-union; culiarly to search for, and delight in, encounters with nor did his efforts make a more effectual impression such military spectres. See a whole chapter on this upon them. How the combat terminated I do not ex- subject in BARTHOLINUS De Causis contemptae Morlis a actly remember, and have not the book by me; but I Danis, p. 253. think the spirit made to the intruders on his mansion the usual proposal, that they should renounce their redemption: which being declined, he was obliged to

CANTO IV. retreat.

The most singular tale of the kind is contained in an extract communicated to me by my friend Mr Surtees of Mainsfort, in the Bishopric, who copied it from

Note 1. Introduction. a MS, note in a copy of Burthogge «On the Nature of

Close to the hut, no more his own,

Close to the aid he sought in vain, Spirits,» 8vo. 1694, which had been the property of the

The mora may find the stiffen'd swain. late Mr Gill, attorney-general of Egerton, Bishop of Durlam. « It was not,» says my obliging correspondent, which these lines were written, suggested, as they were,

I cannot help here mentioning, that, on the night in « in Mr Gill's own hand, but probably an hundred years | by a sudden fall of snow, begivning after sub-set, an older, and was said to be, E Libro Convent. Dunelm. unfortunate man perished exactly in the manner bere per T. C. extract., whom I believe to have been Tho- described, and his body was next morning found close mas Cradocke, Esq. barrister, who held several offices

to his own house. The accident happened within five under the see of Durham an hundred years ago. Mr

miles of the farm of Ashestiel. Gill was possessed of most of his manuscripts.» The extract which, in fact, suggested the introduction of the

Note 2. Jotroduction. tale into the present poem, runs thus:

Scarce had lamented FORBES paid, etc. « Rem miram hujusmodi quze nostris temporibus Sir William Forbes of Pitsligo, Baronet, unequalled, evenit, teste viro nobili ac fide dignissimo, enarrare haud perhaps, in the degree of individual affection enterpigebit. Radulphus Bulmer, cum e castris quæ tunc

tained for him by his friends, as well as in the general temporis prope Norham posita erant, oblectationis causa respect and esteem of Scotland at large. His « Life of exiisset, ac in ulteriore Tuedæ ripa prædam cum cani- Beattie,» whom he befriended and patronized in life, as bus leporariis insequeretur, forte cum Scoto quodam well as celebrated after his decease, was not long pubnobili, sibi antebac ut videbatur familiariter cognito, lished, before the benevolent and affectionate biogracongressus est; ac ut fas erat inter inimicos, flagrante plier was called to follow the subject of his narrative. bello, brevissima interrogationis mora interposita, al. This melancholy event very shortly succeeded the marterutros invicem incitato cursu infestis animis petiere. riage of the friend, to whom dois introduction is adNoster, primo occursu, equo præacerrimo hostis im- dressed, with one of Sir William's daughters. petu labante, in terram eversus, pectorc et capite læso, guinem mortuo similis evomebat. Quem ut se ægre

Note 3. Stanza i. habentem comiter allocutus est alter, pollicitusque modo auxilium non abnegaret, monitisque obtemperans This personage is a strolling demon, or esprit follet, ab omni rerum sacrarum cogitatione abstineret, nec who, once upon a time, got admittance into a monas Deo, Deiparæ Virgini, Sanctove ullo preces aut vota cf-tery as a scullion, and played the monks many pranks. ferret, vel inter sese conciperet, se brevi eum sanum va He was also a sort of Robin Goodfellow, and Jack o' lidumque restituturum esse. Pre angore oblata con- Lantern. It is in allusion to this crischievous demon ditio accepta est; ac veterator ille, nescio quid obsceni that Milton's clown speaks,murmuris insusurrans, prehensa manu, dicto citius in

She was pinch'd and pallid, she said, pedes sanum ut antea sublevavit. Noster autem, max

And he by friar's lantern led.

Friar Rush.

« The History of Friar Rush» is of extreme rarity, bable that the coronation of his predecessor was not and for some time, eveu the existence of such a book less solemn. So sacred was the herald's office, that, in was doubted, although it is expressly alluded to by Re-1515, Lord Drummond was by parliament declared ginald Scott, in liis « Discovery of Witchcraft.» I have guilty of treason, and his lands forfeited, because he perused a copy in the valuable library of my friend Mr had struck, with his fist, the Lion King-al-Arms, when lleber; and I observe, from Mr Beloe's « Anecdotes of he reproved him for his follies. Nor was he restored, Literature,» that there is one in the excellent collection but at the Lion's earnest solicitation. of thic Marquis of Stafford,

Note 5, Stanza x.
Note 4. Stanza vii.

--Crichtoun Castle.
Sir David Lindesay of the Mount,
Lord Lion King-at-arms.

A large ruinous castle on the banks of the Tyne, The late elaborate edition of Sir David Lindesay's

about seven miles from Edinburgh. As indicated in the Works, by Nr George Chalmers, has probably intro- text, it was built at different times

, and with a very difduced him to many of my readers. It is perhaps to be ferent regard to splendour and accommodation. The reyretted, that the learned editor has not bestowed oldest part of the building is a narrow keep, or tower, more pains in elucidating his author, even although he such as formed the mansion of a lesser Scottish baron; should have omitted, or at least reserved, liis disquisi- but so many additions have been made to it, that there tions on the origin of the language used by the poet :'

is now a large court-yard, surrounded by buildings of but, with all its faults, his work is an acceptable pre-above a portico, and decorated with entablatures, bear

different ages. The eastern front of the court is raised sent to Scottish antiquaries. Sir David Lindesay was

ing anchors. All the stones of this front are cut into well known for his early efforts in favour of the reforined doctrines; and, indeed, his play, coarse as it

diamond facets, the angular projections of which have now seems, must have had a powerful effect

an uncommonly rich appearance. The inside of this upon

the people of his age.

I am uncertain if I abuse poetical part of the building appears to have contained a gallicense, by introducing Sir David Lindesay in the cha

lery of great length, and uncommon elegance. Access racter of Lion-Herald sixteen years before he obtained destroyed. The soffits are ornamented with twining

was given to it by a magnificent staircase, now quite that office. At any rate, I am not the first who has

cordage and roselles; and the whole seems to have been been guilty of the anachronism; for the author of | far more splendid than was usual in Scottish castles. « Flodden Field» dispatches Dallamount, which can The castle belonged originally to the Chancellor, Sir mean nobody but Sir David de la Mont, to France, on the message of defiance from James IV. to Henry VIII. enlargement, as well as its being taken by the Earl of

William Crichton, and probably owed to him its first It was often an office imposed on the Lion King-at-arms, to receive foreign ambassadors ; and Lindesay liimself Douglas, who imputed to Crichton's counsels the death did this honour to Sir Ralph Sadler in 1539-40. Indeed, Castle, with his brother, in 1440. It is said to have been

of his predecessor Earl William, beheaded in Edinburgh the oath of the Lion, in its first article, bears reference to his frequent enployment upon royal messages and totally demolished on that occasion ; but the present

state of the ruins shows the contrary. In 1483, it was embassies,

The office of heralds, in feudal times, being held of carrisoned by Lord Crichton, then its proprietor, against the utmost importance, the inauguration of the Kings- King James III. whose displeasure he had incurred by

scducing his sister Margaret, in revenge, it is said, for at-arms, who presided over their colleges, was propor. the monarch having dishonoured his bed. From the tionally solemn. In fact it was the mimickry of a royal Crichton family the castle passed to that of the Hepcoronation, except that the unction was made with wine instead of oil . In Scotland, a namesake and kinsman burns, Earls Bothwell; and when the forfeitures of

Stuart, the last Earl Botliwell, were divided, the barony of Sir David Lindesay, inaugurated in 1592, « was

and castle of Crichton fell to the sliare of the Earl of crowned by King James with the ancient crown of Seot. Buccleuch. They were afterwards the property of the land, which was used before the Scottish kings assumed | Pringles of Clifton, and are now that of Sir John Cala close crown ; » and on occasion of the same solemnity, lander, Baronet. It were to be wished the proprietor dined at the king's table, wearing the crown. It is pro- would take a little pains to preserve those splendid re+ I beg leave to quote a single instance from a very interesting

mains of antiquity, which are at present used as a fold passage. Sir David, recounting his attention to King James V. in for sheep, and wintering cattle; although, perhaps, his infancy, is made, by the learned editor's punctuation, to say, - there are very few ruins in Scotland, which display so The first sillabis that thou did mute,

well the style and beauty of ancient castle-architecture. Was pa, da, lyp, upon tbe lute;

The castle of Crichton has a dungeon vault, called the
Then played I twenty springis perqueir,

Massy-more. The epithet, which is not uncommonly
Quhilk was great pleaour for to hear.
Vol. I, p. 7, 257.

applied to the prisons of other old castles in Scotland,

is of Saracenic origin. It occurs twice in the « Epistolæ Mr Chalmers does not inform us, by note or glossary, what is meape by the king « muling pu, da, lyn, upon the inte ;- but any old Itinerariæ» of Tollius; « Carcer subterraneus, sive, ut woman in Scotland will bear witness, that pa, da, lyn, are the first Mauri appellant, MAZMORBAS,» p. 147; and again, efforts of a child to say, Where's Darid Lindesay? and that the Coguntur omnes captivi sub noctem in ergastula subsubsequent words begin another sentence,

terranea, quæ Turcæ Algerezani vocant MAZMORRAS,» -upon the lute

p. 243. The same word applies to the dungeons of the Then play'd I twenty springis perqueir, ete. In another place, justing lumis,i. e. looms, or implements of " The record expresses, or rather is said to have expressed, the tilting, is facetiously interpreted « playful limbs., Many such mi cause of forse ture to be.- Eo quod Leonem armorum Regem pugno dute errors could be pointed out; but these are only mentioned violassel, dum eum de ineptiis suis admonuit. See Nisbet's Heraldry, lacidentally, and not as diminishing the real merit of the edition. Part IV, chap. 16; and Leslæi Historia, ad Annum 1515.

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Flodden Field.

ancient Moorish castles in Spain, and serves to show them touch thy body, nor thou theirs; for, if thou do from what nation the Gothic style of castle-building it, thou wilt be confounded and brught to shame.' was originally derived.

By this man had spoken thir words imto the king's Note 6. Stanza xii.

grace, the evening song was near done, and the king

paused on thir words, studying to give him an answer ; Earl Adam Hepburn.

but, in the mean time, before the king's eyes, and in He was the second Earl of Bothwell, and fell in the the presence of all the lords that were about him for field of Flodden, where, according to an ancient English the time, this man vanished away, and could no ways poet, he distinguished himself by a furious attempt to

be seen or comprehended, but vanished away as he had retrieve the day:

been a blink of the sun, or a whip of the whirlwind, Then on the Scottish part, right proud,

and could no more be seen. I heard say, Sir David The Earl of Bothwell then out brast,

Lindesay, lyon-lerauld, and John Inglis the marshal, And stepping forth, with stomach good,

who were, at that time, young men, and special servants Into the enemies' throng he thrast; And Bothwell! Bothwell! cried bold,

to the king's grace, were standing presently beside the To cause his souldiers to ensue,

king, who thought to have laid hands on this man, that But there be caught a wellcome cold,

they might have speired further tidings at him : but all The Englishmen straight down him threw.

for nought; they could not touch him; for he vanished

away betwixt them, and was no more seen.» Adam was grandfather to James, Earl of Bothwell, too Buchanan, in more elegant, though not more imwell known in the history of Queen Mary.

pressive language, tells the same story, and quotes the Note 7. Stanza xiv,

personal information of our Sir David Lindesay : « In

iis (i. e. qui propius astiterant) fuit David Lindesius, For that a messenger from heaven In vain to James had counsel given

Montanus, homo spectatæ fidei et probitatis, nec a liteAgainst the English war.

rarum studiis alienus, et cujus totius vitæ tenor longisThis story is cold by Pitscottie with characteristic sim-sime a mentiendo aberat; a quo nisi ego luec, uti plicity: « The king, seeing that France could get no tradidi, pro certis accepissem, ut vulgatam vanis rumosupport of him for that time, made a proclamation, ribus fubulam omissurus eram.» Lib. XIII.— The king's full hastily, through all the realm of Scotland, both throne in St Catherine's aisle, which he had constructed east and west, south and north, as well in the isles as

for himself, with twelve stalls for the Knights Compain the firm land, to all manner of men betwixt sixty nions of the Order of the Thistle, is still shown as the and sixteen years, that they should be ready, within place where the apparition was seen. I know not by twenty days, 10 pass with boim, with forty days' victual, what means St Andrew got the credit of having been and to meet at the Burrow-muir of Edinburgh, and the celebrated monitor of James IV. for the expression there to pass forward where he pleased. His proclama-in Lindesay's narrative, « My mother has sent me,” tions were hastily obeyed, contrary to the Council of could only be used by St John, the adopted son of the Scotland's will; but every man loved his prince so well, Virgin Mary. The whole story is so well attested, that that they would on no ways disobey him; but every we have only the choice between a miracle or an imman caused make his proclamation so hastily, conform posture.

Mr Pinkerton plausibly argues, from the to the charge of the king's proclamation.

caution against incontinence, that the queen was privy « The king came to Lithgow, where he happened to

to the scheme of those who had recourse to this expebe for the time at the Council, very sad and dolorous, dient, to deter King James from his impolitic warfare. making his devotion to God, to send him good chance

Note 8. Stanza xv. and fortune in his voyage, In this mean time, there came a man, clad in a blue gown, in at the kirk-door, and belted about him in a roll of linen cloth : a pair of

I am glad of an opportunity to describe the cry of brolikings' on his feet, to the great of his legs; with all the deer by another word than bruying, although the other hose and clothes conform thereto; but he load latter has been sanctified by the use of the Scottish

Bell seems to be nothing on his head, but syde? red yellow hair behind, metrical translation of the Psalms. and on his haffets,3 which wan down to his shoulders ; | an abbreviation of bellow. This sylvan sound conveyed but his forehead was bald and bare. He seemed to be great delight to our ancestors, chiefly, I suppose, from a man of two-and-fifty years, with a great pike-staff in association. A gentle knight in the reign of Henry VIII., his hand, and came first forward among the lords, cry

Sir Thomas Wortley, built Wantley Lodge, in Wancliffe ing and speiring 4 for the king, saying, he desired io Forest, for the pleasure (as an ancient inscription testispeak with him. While, at the last, he came where the fies) of « listening to the hart's bell,» king was sitting in the desk at his prayers; but when

Note 9. Stanza xv. he saw the king, he made him little reverence or salu

June saw his father's overthrow. tation, but leaned down groffling on the desk before him, and said to him in this manner, as after follows: cruel circumstance of his son's presence in the hostile

The rebellion against James III, was signalized by the • Sir king, my mother has sent me to you desiring you not to pass, at this time, where thou art purposed; for army. When the king saw his own banner displayed if thou does, thou will not fare well in thy journey, nor against him, and his son in the faction of his enemics, none that passeth with thee. Further, she bade thee be lost the little courage he had ever possessed, fled out mells with no woman, nor use their counsel, nor let

of the field, fell from his horse as it started at a woman

and water-pitcher, and was slain, it is not well under· Long

stood by whom. James IV. after the battle, passed to * Asking 5 Medule.

Stirling, and hearing the monks of the chapel-royal de

The wild-buck bells.

1 Buskins.

3 Cheeks.

ploring the death of his father, their founder, he was

Note 12. Stanza xxviii. seized with deep remorse, whieh manifested itself in

in proud Scotland's royal shield, severe penances. See Note 10, on Canto V. The battle

The ruddy lion ramp'd in gold, of Sauchie-burn, in which James III, fell, was fought The well-known arıns of Scotland. If


will be18th June, 1488.

lieve Boethius and Buchanan, the double tressure round

the shield, mentioned p. 83, counter fleur-de-lised or, Note 10. Stanza xxv.

lingued and armed azure, was first assumed by Spread all the Borough-moor below, etc.

Achaius, king of Scotland, contemporary of CharleThe Borough, or Common Moor of Edinburgh, was

magne, and founder of the celebrated League with of very great extent, reaching from the southern walls France; but later aptiquaries make poor Eochy, or of the city to the bottom of Braid Hills. It was an

Achy, little better than a sort of King of Brentford, ciendly a forest; and, in that state, was so great a nui- whom old Grig (who has also swelled into Gregorius sance, that the inhabitants of Edinburgh had permission Magnus) associated with himself in the important duty granted to them of building wooden galleries, projecting

of yoverning soine part of the north-eastern coast of

Scotland. over the street, in order to encourage them to consume the timber; which they seem to have done very effectually. When James IV. mustered the array of the kingdom there, in 1513, the Borough-moor was, ac

CANTO V. cording to Hawthornden, « a field spacious, and delightful by the shade of many stately and aged oaks.» Upon that, and similar occasions, the royal standard is tra

Note 1. Introduction. ditionally said to have been displayed from the Hare

Caledonia's Queen is changed. Stane, a high stone, now built into the wall, on the left

The old town of Edinburgh was secured on the porth hand of the highway leading towards Braid, not far side by a lake, now drained, and on the south by a from the head of Burntsfield-links. The Hare Stone wall, which there was some attempt to make defensible probably derives its name from the British word ar,

even so late as 1745. The gates, and the greater part signifying an army.

of the wall, have been pulled down, in the course of

the late extensive and beautiful enlargement of the city. Note 11. Stanza xxviii.

My ingenious and valued friend, Mr Thomas Campbell, O'er the pavilions flew.

proposed to celebrate Edinburgh under the epithet here I do not exactly know the Scottislı mode of encamp borrowed. But the « Queen of the North » bas not been ment in 1513, but Patten gives a curious description of so fortunate as to receive from so eminent a pen the that which he saw after the battle of Pinkie, in 1547 :

proposed distinction. « Here now to say somewhat of the manner of their

Note 2. Introduction. camp: As they had no pavilions, or round houses, of

Flinging the white arms to the sea. any commendable compas, so wear there few other tentes with posts, as the used manner of making is;

Since writing this line, I find I have inadvertently and of these few also, none of above twenty foot length, borrowed it almost verbatim, though with somewbat but most far under: for the most part all very sump

a different meaning, from a chorus in « Caractacus:» tuously beset (after their fashion), for the love of

Britain beard the descunt bold, France, with fleur-de-lys, some of blue buckram, some

She flung her white arms o'er the sea, of black and some of some other colours. These white

Proud in ber leafy bosom to unfold

The freight of barmony. ridges, as I call them, that, as we stood on Fauxsyde Bray, did make so great muster towards us, which I did

Note 3. Totroduction. take then to be a number of tentes, when we came, we

Since first, when conquering York arose,

To Henry meek she gave repose. found it a linen drapery, of the coarser cambryk in dede, for it was all of canvas sheets, and wear the ten llenry VI. with his queen, his heir, and the chiefs of ticles, or rather cabyns, and couches of their soldiers; his family, fled to Scotland after the fatal battle of the which (much after the common building of their | Towton. In this note a doubt was formerly expressed, country beside) had they framed of four sticks, about whether Henry VI. came to Edinburgh, though his qucen an ell long a piece, whearof (wo fastened together at certainly did ; Mr Pinkerton inclining to believe that he one end aloft, and the two endes beneath stuck in the remained at Kirkcudbright. But my noble friend, ground, an ell asunder, standing in fashion like the Lord Napier, has pointed out to me a grant by Henry, bowes of a sowes yoke; over two such bowes (one, as it of an annuity of forty merks to his lordship's ancestor, were, at their bead, the other at their feet), they John Napier, subscribed by the king himself at Edinstretched a sheet down on both sides, whereby their buryh, the 28th day of August, in the thirty-ninth year cabin became roofed like a ridge, but skant shiut at both of his reign, which corresponds to the year of God ends, and not very close bencath on the sides, unless 1461. This grant, Douglas, with his usual neglect of their sticks were the shorter, or their wives the more accuracy, dates in 1368. But this error being corrected liberal to lend them larger napery; howbeit, when they from the copy in Macfarlane's MSS. p. 119, 120, removes had lined them, and stuff'd them so thick with straw, all scepticism on the subject of llenry VI, being really with the weather as it was not very cold, when they ac Edinburgh. John Napier was son and heir of Sir Wear ones couched, they were as warm as they had Alexander Napier, and about this time was Provost of been wrapt in horses' dung.»-Partens Account of Edinburgh. The hospitable reception of the distressed Somerset's Expedition.

monarch and bis family called forth on Scotland the


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encomium of Molinet, a contemporary poet. The Eng- knife, spear, or a good axe instead of a bow, if worth Jish people, he says,

tool.: their armour to be of white or bright harness. Ung nouveau roy créerent

They wore white hats, i. e. bright steel caps without Par despiteux vouloir,

crest or visor. By an act of James IV. their weaponLe vieil en deboutérent,

shawings are appointed to be held four times a -year, Et son legitime boir,

under the aldermen or bailiffs.
Qui faylyf alla prendro
D'Escosse le garand,

Note 8. Stanza iii.
De tous siècles le mendre,
Et le plus tollerant.

On foot the yeoman 100.
Récollection des Aventures.

Bows and quivers were in vain recommended to the
Note 4. Introduction.

peasantry of Scotland, by repeated statutes : spears and the romantiestrain,

axes seem universally to have been used instead of Wbose Anglo-Norman tones whilere

them. Their defensive armour was the plate-jack, Could win the royal Henry's ear.

hauberk, or brigantine : and their missile weapons Mr Ellis, in his valuable introduction to the « Spe cross-bows and culverins. All wore swords of excellent cimens of Romance,» has proved, by the concurring temper, according to Patten, and a voluminous handtestimony of La Ravaillère, Tressan, but especially the kerchief round their neck, « not for cold, but for cutAbbé de la Rue, that the courts of our Anglo-Norman ting. The mace also was much used in tlie Scottish kings, rather than those of the French monarchs, pro- army. The old poem, on the battle of Flodden, menduced the birth of Romance literature. Marie, soo tions a band after mentioned, compiled from Armorican originals, and translated into Norman-French, or romance lan

Who manfully did meet their foes,

With leaden mauls, and lances long. guage, the twelve curious Lays, of which Mr Ellis has given us a précis in the Appendix to his Introduction. When the feudal array of the kingdom was called The story of Blondel, the famous and faithful minstrel forth, caclı man was obliged to appear with forty days' of Richard I., needs no commentary.

provision. When this was expended, which took place

before the battle of Flodden, the army melted away Note 5. Stanza i.

of course. Almost all the Scottish forces, except a few The cloth-yard arrows flew like bail.

kniglits, men-al-arms, and the Border-prickers, who This is no poetical exaggeration. In some of the formed excellent light cavalry, acted upon foot. counties of England, distinguished for archery, shafts of this extraordinary length were actually used. Thus,



Stanza vi. at the battle of Blackheath, between the troops of

A banquet rich, and costly wines. Henry VII, and the Cornish insurgents, in 1496, the In all transactions, of great or petty importance, and bridge of Dartford was defended by a picked band of among whomsoever jaking place, it would seem, archers from the rebel army, « whose arrows,» says present of wine was an uniform and indispensable preHollinshed, « were in length a full cloth-yard.» The liminary. It was not to Sir John Falstaff alone that Scottish, according to Ascham, had a proverb, that such an introductory preface was necessary, however every English archer carried under his belt twenty-four well judged and acceptable on the part of Mr Brook ; Scots, in allusion to his bundle of unerring shafts. for Sir Ralph Sadler, while on embassy to Scotland, in Note 6. Stanza ii.

1539-40, mentions with complacency, « the same night To pass, to wheel, the croupe to gain,

came Rothesay (the herald so called) to me again, and And bigla cursett, that not in vain

brought me wine from the king, both white and red., The sword-sway might descend amain

Clifford's Edition, p. 39.
On foeman's casque below.

Note 10. Stanza ix.
The most useful air, as the Frenchmen term it, is

- bis iron belt,
territerr; the courbettes, cabrioles, or un pas et un

That bound his breast in penance pain, sault, being fitter for horses of parade and triumplı

In memory of his father slain. than for soldiers: yet I cannot deny but a demivolte

Few readers need to be reminded of this belt, to the with courbettes, so that they be not too high, may be useful in a fight or meslee, for, as Labroue hath it, in weight of which James added certain ounces every year

that he lived. Pitscottie founds his belief, that James bis Book of Horsemanship, Monsieur de Montmorency was not slain in the battle of Flodden, because the having a horse that was excellent in performing the English never had this token of the iron-belt to show demivolte, did, with his sword, strike down two ad

to any Scotsman. The person and character of James versaries from their horses in a tourney, where divers of

are delineated according to our best historians. His the prime gallants of France did meet; for, taking his romantic disposition, whiich led him highly to relish time, when the borse was in the height of his courbette, gaiety, approaching to license, was, at the same time, and discharging a blow then, his sword fell with such tinged with enthusiastic devotion. These propensitics weight and force upon the two cavaliers, one after sometimes formed a strange contrast. He was wont, another, that he struck them from their horses to the during his fits of devotion, to assume the dress, and grounds-Lord Herbert of Cherbury's Life, p. 48.

conform to the rules, of the order of Franciscans; and Note 7. Stanza ii.

when he had thus done pedance for some time in lle saw the hardy burghers there

Stirling, to plunge again into the tide of pleasure. ProMarch arm'd, on foot, with faces bare.

bably, too, with no vnusual inconsistency, he someThe Scottish burgesses were, like yeomen, appointed times laughed at the superstitious observances to which to be armed with bows and sheaves, sword, buckler, he at other times subjected himself. There is a very

that a

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